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by bis son, who eminently inherited the talents of his family, and died in 1763.'

GREGORY (JOHN), professor of medicine in the university of Edinburgh, was born at Aberdeen in 1724. He was the third son of James Gregory, M. D. professor of medicine in King's college, Aberdeen, by Anne, daughter of the rev. George Chalmers, principal of King's college there. His grandfather was David Gregory of Kinardie, and his grand-uncle the James Gregory, whose life we have first given, the inventor of the reflecting telescope. Though the father of Dr. John Gregory died when he was very young, his education was carefully superintended, and he made a rapid progress in his studies, and like the rest of his ancestors became deeply versed in mathematical knowledge. He also cultivated an elegant and just taste, clearness and beauty of expression, with precision of judgment, and extensive knowledge. He was the early, intimate, and constant friend and associate of Drs. Gerard, Beattie, and the other eminent men who belonged to the university of Aberdeen. In 1742, he went to Edinburgh to prosecute the study of medicine, and thence to Leyden in 1745, and to Paris in 1746, for further improvement. On his return he was appointed professor of philosophy in King's college, Aberdeen, and had at the same time the degree of M. D. conferred upon him. He held this professorship for a few years. In 1754, he went to London, where he cultivated the acquaintance, and fixed the esteem and friendship of some of the most distinguished literati ibere. Edward Monta rue, esq. an eminent mathematician, maintained a firm friendship for the doctor, founded on a similarity of manners and studies. His lady the celebrated Mrs. Montague, and George lord Lyttelton, were of the number of his friends ; and it is not improbable that he would have continued in London, and practised there in his profession, if the death of his brother Dr. James Gregory, professor of physic in King's college, Aberdeen, in 1756, had not occasioned his being recalled to his native university to fill that chair. His occupations in physic now began to be active; he gave a course of lectures in physic, and practised in his profession, with great success. In the

"Biog. Brit.-Hutton's Dictionary.- leig's Supplement to the Encyclop. Britan.-Letters by Eminent Persous, 1813, 3 vols sro, by which we have been enabled to correct the date of Dr. Gregory's death, giren erroneously by all his biographers,

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above-mentioned year, while at London, he was elected a fellow of the royal society. In 1766, on the death of Dr. Robert Whytt, the ingenious professor of the theory of physic at Edinburgh, Dr. Gregory was called to succeed him, as his majesty's first physician in Scotland ; and about the same time he was chosen to fill the chair of professor of the practice of physic, which was just resigned by Dr. Rutherford. Dr. Gregory gave three successive courses of practical lectures. Afterwards by agreement with his ingenious colleague, Dr. Cullen, they lectured alternate sessions, on the practice and institutions of medicine, with just and universal approbation, till the time of Dr. Gregory's death.

The doctor having attained the first dignities of his profession in his native country, and the most important medical station in the uviversity, far from relaxing from that attention to the duties of his profession which had raised him, endeavoured to merit the rank he held in it, and in the public esteem, by still greater exertions of labour and assiduity. It was during this time of business and occupa. tion, that he prepared and published his practical Syllabus for the use of students, which, if it had been finished, would have proved a very useful book of practice; and likewise, those admired “ Lectures on the Duties, Office, and Studies of a Physician.”

Dr. Gregory, for many years before his death, felt the approach of disease, and apprehended, from an hereditary and cruel gout, the premature death, which indeed too soon put a period to his life and usefulness. In this anxious expectation, he had prepared “A Father's Legacy to his Daughters.” But for some days, and even that preceding his death, he had been as well as usual ; at midnight, he was left in good spirits by Dr. Johnstone, late pbysician in Worcester, at that time his clinical clerk; yet at nine o'clock in the morning of the 10th of February, 1773, he was found dead in his bed.

Dr. Gregory was tall in person, and remarkable for the sweetness of his disposition and countenance, as well as for the ease and openness of his manners. He was an universal and elegant scholar, an experieuced, learned, sagacious, and humane physician-a professor, who had the happy talent of interesting his pupils, and of directing their attention to subjects of importance, and of explaining difficulties with simplicity and clearness. He entered with

great warmth into the interests and conduct of his hearers, and gave such as deserved it every encouragement and assistance in his power: open, frank, social, and undisguised in his life and manners, sincere in his friendships, a tender husband and father : and an unaffected, cheerful, candid, benevolent man.

Dr. Gregory married in 1752, Elizabeth, daughter of William lord Forbes : he lost this amiable lady in 1761 : she left the doctor three sons and three daughters. His eldest son, James Gregory, M. D. now professor of medieine in Edinburgh, is likely to perpetuate the honours of this learned family, which has given sixteen professors to British universities.

Dr. Gregory published: 1. “ Comparative View of the state and faculties of Man with those of the Animal World,” 8vo. This work was first read to a private literary society at Aberdeen, and without the most distant view to publication. Many hints are thrown out in it on subjects of consequence, with less formality, and more freedom, than if publication had been originally intended. The author put his name to the second edition of this work; many additions are also joined to it; and it is dedicated to George lord Lyttelton, who always professed a high esteem for the author and his writings. This work, indeed, if the author had left no other, must convince every one, that, as a man of science, he possessed extensive knowledge, exquisite taste and judgment, and great liberality of mind. 2. 6 Observations on the duties and offices of a Physician, and on the method of prosecuting inquiries in Philosophy," 1770, 8vo, published by one who heard the professor deliver them in lectures; but they were acknowledged, and republished in a more correct form, by the author, in the same year. 3. “ Elements of the practice' of Physic for the use of Students,” 1772, republished 1774, and intended as a text book, to be illustrated by his lectures on the practice of physic; but he died before he had finished it, and before he had finished the first course of lectures which he gave on that text.

The doctor's death happened while he was lecturing on the pleurisy. His son, Dr. James Gregory, finished that course of lectures, to the general satisfaction of the university; and published in 1774, a small tract of his father's, entitled “A Father's Legacy to his Daughters ;" which was written solely for their use (about eight years before


the author died) with the tenderest affection, and deepest concern for their happiness. This work evinces great knowledge of human nature, and of the world, and mani. fests such solicitude for their welfare as strongly recommends the advice which he gives. In 1789, all his works were published together in 4 vols. 8vo, with a life of himself, and an account of his family."

GREGORY (John), a learned divine of a different family from the preceding, was born November 10, 1607, at Agmondesham, in Buckinghamshire. There appeared in his infancy such a strong inclination to learning, as recommended him to the notice of some persons of the best rank in the town; and, his parents being well respected for their piety and honesty, it was resolved to give him a liberal education at the university, the expence of which they were not able to support. To this purpose, he was chosen at the age of fifteen, by Dr. Crooke, to go with sir William Drake to Christ church, in Oxford, whom he attended in the station of a servitor, and he was soon after retained by sir Robert Crook in the same capacity ; Dr. George Morley, afterwards bishop of Winchester, was their tutor. Mr. Gregory made the best use of this favour, and applied so closely to his studies, for several years at the rate of sixteen hours each day, that he became almost a prodigy for learning. He took his first degree in arts in 1628, and commenced master in 1631; about which time, entering into orders, the dean, Dr. Brian Duppa, gave him a chaplain's place in that cathedral. In 1634, he published a second edition of sir Thomas Ridley's 6 View of the Civil and Ecclesiastical Law,” 4to, with notes; which was well received, and afforded the world eminent proofs of his extensive knowledge; the notes shewing him well versed in historical, ecclesiastical, ritual, and oriental learning, and a considerable master of the Saxon, French, Italian, Spanish, and all the eastern languages. All these acquisitions were the pure fruit of his own industry; for he had no assistance, except for the Hebrew tongue, in which Mr. Joha Dod, the decalogist, gave him some directions, during one vacation that he resided with him near Banbury. His merit engaged the farther kindness of Dr. Duppa; and, when that prelate was promoted to the bishopric of Chichester in 1638, he made Mr. Gregory his domestic chaplain, and

Life prefixed to his Works, and in the Manchester Memoirs, 1786.

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some time after gave him a prebend in that church. His patron also continued his favours after his translation to the see of Salisbury in 1641, when he seated him in a stall -of that cathedral. : But he did not enjoy the benefit of these preferments long : being a firm loyalist, as well as his patron, he was deprived of both by the tyranny of the usurpers, and was reduced some years before his death to great distress. In these circumstances, he was taken into the house, of one Sutton, to whose son he had been tutor ; this was an obscure ale-house on Kiddington-green, near Oxford, where he died March 13, 1646, of an hereditary gout, with which he had been troubled for above twenty years, and which at last seized his stomach. His corpse was carried to Oxford, and interred, at the expence of some friends, in that cathedral. He was honoured with the acquaintance and favour of the greatest men of the age, and held a correspondence with several eminent persons abroad, as well Jews and Jesuits, as others. His works are, “ Notes and Observations on some passages of Scripture,” published a little before his death in 1646, 4to, and besides being reprinted four times in the same form, were translated into Latin, and inserted in the “ Critici Sacri.”. His posthumous works were published by his friend Mr. John Gurgany, B. D. of Merton college, in a quarto volume, entitled « Gregorii Posthuma," 1650, 1664, 1671, and 1683. This volume contains, I. “A Discourse of the LXX Interpreters; the place and manner of their interpretation.” II. “A Discourse declaring what time the Nicene Creed began to be sung in the Church.” III.“ A Sermon upon the Resurrection, from 1 Cor. xv. verse 20.” IV.“ Kasvay deútep , or, a Disproof of him in the third of St. Luke, verse 36."? V.“ Episcopus Puerorum in die Innocentium.? VI. “ De Æris & Epochis, shewing the several accounts of time among all nations from the creation to the present age.”?

VII. The Assyrian Monarchy, being a description of its · rise and fall.” VIII. 6 The description and use of the • Terrestrial Globe.” Besides these, he wrote a tract en

titled “ Alkibla,” in which he endeavoured to vindicate the antiquity of worshiping towards the East. There is a manuscript of his entitled “ Observationes in loca quædam excerpta ex Johannis Malelæ chronographia," in the public library at Oxford ; and he intended to have published a Latin translation of that author with annotations. He

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