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tranory of Christ
ham, archbishop of Canterbury. Grimani is said to have translated from the Greek some homilies of Chrysostom." -· GRIMBOLD, GRIMBALD, or GRIMOALD (NichoLAS), a poet of considerable rank in his time, was a native of Huntingdonslıire, and received the first part of his academical education at Christ's college in Cambridge, where he became B. A. in 1539 or 1540. Removing to Oxford in 1542, he was elected fellow of Merton college; but, about 1547, having opened a rhetorical lecture in the re. fectory of Christ church, then newly founded, he was transplanted to that society, which gave the greatest encouragement to such students as were distinguished for their proficiency in criticism and philology. The same year he wrote a Latin tragedy, which probably was acted in the college, entitled “ Archipropheta, sive Joannes Baptista," dedicated to the dean, Richard Cox, and printed Colon. 1548, 8vo. In 1548, he explained all'the four books of Virgil's Georgics in a regular prose Latin paraphrase, in the public hall of his college, which was printed at Love don in 1591, 8vo. He wrote also explanatory commentaries, or lectures, on the “ Andria” of Terence, the Epistles of Horace, and many pieces of Cicero, perhaps for the same auditory. He translated Tully's Offices into English, which he dedicated to the learned Thirlby, bishop of Ely, printed at London, 1553, 8vo, and reprinted in 1574 and 1596. He also made translations from some of the Greek classics; but these, Mr. Warton thinks, were never pub. lished; among others was the “ Cyropædia.”? Bale men. tions some plays and poems, but not with sufficient precision to enable us to know whether they were in Latin or English. It is allowed, however, that he was the second English poet after lord Surrey who wrote in blank verse, and added to Surrey's style new strength, elegance, and modulation. In the disposition and conduct of his ca. dences, says our poetical historian, he often approaches to the legitimate structure of the improved blank yerse, although he is not quite free from those dissonancies and asperities, which in his time adhered to the general character and state of English diction. Both Mr. Warton and Mr. Ellis . have given specimens of his poetry from " The Songes written by N. G." annexed to the Songes and Sonnettes of uncertain Auctours" in Tottell's edition of
1 Tiraboschi.--Moreri.-Greswell's Politian.-Roscoe's Leo.
. lord Surrey's Poems (reprinted in the late edition of the English poets). As a writer of verses in rhyme, Mr. Warton thinks that Grimbold yields to none of his contemporaries, for a masterly choice of cbaste expression, and the concise elegancies of didactic versification ; and adds that some of the couplets in his “Praise of Measure-keeping," or moderation, have all the smartness which mark the modern style of sententious poetry, and would have done honour to Pope's ethic epistles. It is supposed that he died about 1563. Wood and Tanner, and after them, Warton, are decidedly of opinion that be is the same person, called by Strype « one Grimbold,” who was chaplain to bishop Ridley, and who was employed by that prelate while in prison, to translate into English Laurentius Valla's book against the fiction of Constantine's Donation, with some other popular Latin pieces against the papists. In Mary's reign, it is said that he was imprisoned for heresy, and saved his life by recantation. This may be true of the Grimbold mentioned by Strype, but we doubt whether be be the same with our poet, who is mentioned in bigh terms by Bale, on account of his zeal for the reformed doctrines, without a syllable of his apostacy, which Bale must have known, and would not have concealed.
GRIMSTON (SIR HARBOTTLE), a celebrated lawyer, and master of the rolls in the seventeenth century, descended from a very ancient family, was born at Bradfieldhall, near Manningtree, in Essex, about 1.594. Where he had his early education is not known, but he studied law in Lincoln's-inn, and practised with considerable suc.cess. In August 1638 he was chosen recorder of Colchester, and representative for that place in the parliament which met at Westminster April 13, 1640, and again in the parliament which met Nov. 3 of the same year. The measures he at first supported were those of the party which finally overthrew the government, and although he argued .chiefly against such abuses as might have been reformed by a better understanding between the conflicting parties, yet his violence against the court, and particularly a bitter speech he made against archbishop Laud, seem to prove that he was too much swayed by the popular clamour of the times, and too readily became one of the committees
1 Bale and Tanner. Warton's Hist. of Poetry.-Ellis's Specimens.--Athen. Oxon, vol. I. new edit. by Bliss.'
dress of griepunishment ade one
for the redress of grievances, real or imaginary, as well as for bringing those to punishment who were most obnoxious to the people. In 1642 he was made one of the lieutenants of the county of Essex, in pursuance of the parliament's ordinance for the militia, and in August the same year, came down to Colchester and proclaimed sir John Lucas a traitor, for intending to assist the king. When he came, however, to penetrate more deeply into the designs of the reformers, he began to withdraw his countenance from them, and when in 1647 be was appointed one of the commissioners to treat with the king at Newport, in the isle of Wight, his majesty had every reason to be pleased with his candour and moderatiơn. On his return to parliament, he argued for accepting the king's concessions, and being at the same time one of the commissioners for disbanding the army, was, among others, forcibly excluded from the house by a party of soldiers. After the murder of the king, he went abroad for some time, but in 1656 we find him elected to Cromwell's parliament as one of the sixteen representatives for the county of Essex, but not approved by the council, against whose decision he signed a spirited remonstrance. In February 1659-60 he was chosen one of the new council of state, in whom the executive power was lodged by the remains of the long parliament that restored Charles II.; and a few months after, he was also chosen speaker of the house of commons in what was called the 5 Healing parliament” which met April 25, 1660.' In May following, he waited on the king at Breda, and on his majesty's arrival, and the settlement of the government, was appointed master of the rolls Nov. 3, 1660, which office he filled for nearly twenty-four years with great ability and integrity. He was also appointed in the same year chief steward of the borough of St. Alban's, and recorder of Harwich, and from the restoration'to the time of his death, continued to represent Colchester in parliament. For several years he entertained Dr. Gilbert Burnet, afterwards bishop of Salisbury, as his chaplain, or preacher at the rolls; and much assisted him in his “ History of the Reformation." Bur'net in his “ Own Times” has given an affectionate and probably faithful character of sir Harbottle, who appears to have been a man of real worth, piety, and moderation i his latter days. Sir Harbottle died Dec. 31, 1683, aged about ninety, and was buried in the chancel of St. Michael's chuch, St. Albau's. He was twice married, first to Mary, daughter of sir George Croke, an edition of whose 6 Reports” he published, 3 vols. folio; and secondly to Anne, daughter of sir Nathaniel Bacon, of Culford-hall, in Suf, folk. Other particulars of his family may be seen in our authorities?
GRINDAL (EDMUND), archbishop of Canterbury, was born in 1519, at Hinsingham, a small village in CumberJand. After a suitable foundation of learning at school, he was sent to Magdalen-college, in Cambridge, but removed thence to Christ's, and afterwards to Pembrokehall; where, having taken his first degree in arts, he was chosen fellow in 1538, and commenced M. A. in 1541, having served the office of junior bursar of his.college the preceding year. In 1548 he was appointed senior proctor of the university, and is said to have often sat as assessor to the vice-chancellor in his courts. In 1549 he became president (vice-master] of his college ; and being now, B. D. was unanimously chosen lady Margaret's public preacher at Cambridge; as he was also one of the four disputants in a theological extraordinary act, performed that year for the entertainment of king Edward's visitors.
Thus distinguished in the university, his merit was observed by Ridley, bishop of London, who made him his chaplain in 1550 ; perhaps by the recommendation of Bucer, the king's professor of divinity at Cambridge, who soon after his removal to London, in a letter to that prelate, styles our divine " a person eminent for his learning and piety.” And thus a door being opened to him into church - preferments, he rose by quick advances. His patrou the bishop was so much pleased with him, that he designed for him the prebend of Cantrilles, in St. Paul's church, and wrote to the council (some of whom had procured it for furnishing the king's stables) for leave to give this living, as he says, “ to his well deserving chaplain, who was without preferment, and to whom he would grant it with all his heart, that so he might have him continually with him and in his diocese to preach," adding, that he was known to be both of virtue, honesty, discretion, wisdom, and learning.” What effect this application had does not appear, but the præcentor's place becoming yacant soon after, his lordship on August 24, 1551, colo
! Biog. Brit. -Burnet's Own Times-Collins's Peerage, by Sir E. Brydges, art. Verulam.--Clarendou's History Chauncy's Hertfordshire.
lated him to that office, ,which was of much greater value, and likewise procured him to be made one of his majesty's chaplains, with the usual salary of 40l. in Decem, ·ber of the same year. On July 2, 1552, he obtained a
stall in Westminster-abbey ; which, however, he resigned to Dr. Bonner, whom he afterwards succeeded in the bishopric of London. In the mean time, there being a design on the death of Dr. Tonstall, to divide the rich see of Durham into two, Grindal was nominated for one of these, and would have obtained it, had not one of the courtiers got the whole bishopric dissolved, and settled as a temporal estate upon himself. · In 1553, he fled from the persecution under queen Mary into Germany; and, residing at Strasbourg, made him. self master of the German tongue, in order to preach in the churches there; in the disputes at Francfort about a new model of government and form of worship, which was to be different from the last liturgy of king Edward, be sided with Cox and others against Knox and his followers. Returning to England on the accession of Elizabeth, in 1558, he was employed among others, in drawing up the new liturgy to be presented to the queen's first parliament; and was also one of the eight protestant divines, chosen to . hold a public dispute with the popish prelates about that
time. His talent for preaching was likewise very serviceable, and he was generally appointed to that duty on all public occasions. On May 15, 1559, he preached at St. Paul's at the first reading of the common-prayer before the privy-council, nobility, lord mayor, and aldermen. About the same time he was appointed one of the commissioners in the north, on the royal visitation for restoring the supremacy of the crown, and the protestant faith and worship. This visitation extended also to Cambridge, where Dr. John Young being removed for refusing the oath of supremacy, from the mastership of Penbroke-hall, Grindal was chosen by the fellows to succeed him in 1559, This office, however, he accepted with reluctance, and finding that he could not reside, he resigned it in May 1562, if not before ; yet so bighly was he beloved by the society, that the three succeeding masters were chosen by his recommendation...
In July the same year, he was nominated to the bishopric of London, vacant by the deposition of Bonner. The juncture was very critical, and the fate of the church