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He proceeded B. D. in 1616, in which year he published · at Oxford, “ Synopsis Antiquitatum Hebraicarum, &c." à
collection of Hebrew antiquities, in three books, 4to. This he dedicated to his patron; and, obtaining some time after from him the rectory of Brightwell in Berkshire, he resigned his school, the fatigue of which had long been too great for him. Amidst his parochial duties, he prosecuted the subject of the Jewish antiquities; and, in 1625, printed in 4to, “ Moses and Aaron, &c.” which was long-esteemed an useful book for explaining the civil and ecclesiastical rites of the Hebrews. He took his degree of D. D. in 1637, but did not enjoy that honour many years; dying upon his parsonage in 1642-3, and leaving a wife, whom he had married while he taught school at Abingdon.
Besides the pieces already mentioned, he published 66. Three Arguments to prove Election upon Foresight by Faith ;" which coming into the hands of Dr. William Twisse, of Newbury in Berkshire, occasioned a controversy between them, in which our author is said not to have appeared to advantage.'
GOEREE (WILLIAM), an eminent and learned bookseller, was born Dec. 11, 1635, at Middleburg. Losing his father early in life, he was so unfortunate as to have a harsh father-in-law, who, being no scholar himself, would not permit the young man to devote his time to study, but forced him to choose some business. Goerée fixed on that of a bookseller, as one which would not wholly exclude bim from the conversation of the learned, nor from the pursuit of his studies; and he accordingly found time enough, notwithstanding his necessary occupations, to cultivate bis genius, and even to write several valuable books, in Flemish, on architecture, sculpture, painting, engraving, botàny, physic, and antiquities. He died May 3, 171), at Amsterdam. His principal works are, “ Jewish Antiquities," 2 vols. fol.; “ History of the Jewish Church, taken from the Writings of Moses," 4 vols. fol. ; “ Sacred and Prophane History,” 4to; " Introduction to the practice of universal Painting," 8vo; “ Of the Knowledge of Man with respect to his Nature, and Painting," 8vo; “ Universal Architecture," &c.
GOETZE (GEORGE HENRY), a learned and zealous Lutheran, was born at Leipsic in 1668, studied at Wir.
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'temberg and Jena, and exercised his functions as a minis. '
ter in various parts of Germany. He was the author of many very singular works in Latin and German, of which Moreri gives a list of 152, but the greater part of these are dissertations; or theses, on various subjects of divinity, sacred criticism, and ecclesiastical history. He was lastly superintendant of the churches at Lubec, and died in that city, March 25, 1729. The most distinguished among his Latin works are, « Selecta ex Historia Litteraria," Lu- . becæ, 1709, 4to; “ Meletemata Annebergensia," Lubecæ, 1709, 3 vols. 12mo, containing several dissertations, which have appeared separately."
GOEZ (DAMIAN DE), a Portuguese writer of the sixteenth century, was born at Alanquar near Lisbon, of a noble family, in 1501, and brought up as a domestic in the court of king Emanuel, where he was considered both as a man of letters and of business. Having a strong passion for travelling, he contrived to get a public commission; and travelled through almost all the countries of Europe, contracting as he went an acquaintance with all the learned. At Dantzic he became intimate with the brothers John and Olaus Magnus; and he spent five months at Friburg with Erasmus. He afterwards went to Padua, in 1534, where he resided four years, studying under Lazarus Bonamicus; not, however, without making frequent excursions into different parts of Italy. Here he obtained the esteem of Peter, afterwards cardinal Bembus, of Christopher Madruciu's, cardinal of Trent, and of James Sadolet. On his return to Louvain in 1538, he had recourse to Conrad Goclenius and Peter Nannius, whose instructions were of great use to him, and applied himself to 'music and poetry; in the former of which he made so happy a progress, that he was qualified to compose for the churches. . He married at Louvain, and his design was to settle in this city, in order to enjoy a little repose after fourteen years travelling; but a war breaking out between Charles V. and Henry II. of France, Louvain was besieged in 1542, and Goez, who has written the history of this
siege, put himself at the head of the soldiers, and contri· buted much to the defence of the town against the French, when the other officers had abandoned it. When he was old, John III. of Portugal, recalled him into his country,
Moreri.--Niceron, vol. XXIII.
in order to write the history of it; but as it became first necessary to arrange the archives of the kingdom, which he found in the greatest confusion, he had little leisure to accomplish his work. The favours also which the king bestowed upon him created him so much envy, that his tranquillity was at an end, and he came to be accused; and, though he cleared himself from all imputations, was confined to the town of Lisbon. Here, it is said that he was one day found dead in his own house; and in such a manner as to make it doubted whether he was strangled by his enemies, or died of an apoplexy; but other accounts inform us, with more probability, that he fell into the fire in a fit, and was dead before the accident was discovered. This happened in 1560, and he was interred in the church of Notre Dame, at Alanquar. He wrote “ Fides, Religio, Moresque Æthiopum;" 66 De Imperio et Rebus Lusita.. norum ;" 6. Hispania;"“Urbis Olissiponensis Descriptio;' “ Chronica do Rey Dom Emanuel ; - Historia do Principe Dom Juaö;" and other works, which have been often printed, and are much esteemed. Antonio says, that, though he is an exact writer, yet he has not written the Portuguese language in its purity; which, however, is not to be wondered at, considering how much time he spent, out of his own country.'.
GOFF (THOMAS), a divine and dramatic writer, was born in Essex, about 1592, and was educated at Westminster-school, from which, at the age of eighteen, he entered as a student of Christ Church college, Oxford. Here he completed his studies, and, by dint of application and industry, became a very able scholar, obtained the character of a good poet, and, being endowed with the powers of oratory, was, after his taking orders, esteemed an excellent preacher. He had the degree of B. D. conferred on him before he quitted the university, and, in 1623, was preferred to the living of East Clandon, in Surrey. Here, notwithstanding that he had long been a professed enemy to the female sex, and even by some esteemed a woman-hater, he unfortunately tied himself to a wife, the widow of his predecessor, who was a Xantippe, and he being naturally of a mild disposition, became at last unable to cope with so turbulent a spirit, backed as
1 Antonio Bibl. Hisp, ---Qlement Bibl. Curieuse,Chaufepie.-Niceren, vol. XXVI.
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she was by the children she had by her former husband. It was believed by many, that the uneasiness he met with in domestic life shortened his days. He died in July 1629, being then only thirty-five years of age, and was buried on the 27th of the same month at his own parish church. He wrote several pieces on different subjects, among which are five tragedies; none of which were published till some years after his death. Philips and Winstanley have ascribed a comedy to this author, called “ Cupid's Whirligig;". but with no appearance of probability ; since the gravity of his temper was such, that he does not seem to have been capable of a performance so Judicrous. In the latter part of his life he forsook the stage for the pulpit, and wrote sermons, some of which appeared the year he died. With the quaintness common to the sermons of James Ist's time, they have a portion of fancy and vivacity peculiar to himself. To these works may be added, his « Latin Oration at the Funeral of sir Henry Savile,” spoken and printed at Oxford in 1622; another in Christ Church cathedral, at the funeral of Dr. Godwin, canon of that church, printed in London, 1627.' .
GOGUET (ANTONY-Yves), an ingenious French writer, was born at Paris in 1716, where his father was an advocate, and himself became a counsellor to the parliament. By close study, and by great assiduity in his pursuits, he produced in 1758 a work that obtained a temporary reputation, and was translated into English, entitled “Origine des Loix, des Arts, des Sciences, et de leur Progrès chez les anciens Peuples,” 3 vols. 4to; reprinted in 1778, in six volumes 12mo. This work treats of the origin and progress of human knowledge, from the creation to the age of Cyrus, but displays more genius than erudition, and is rather an agreeable than a profound work. He died of the small-pox, May 2, 1758, immediately after the publication of his work; leaving his MSS. and library to his friend, Alexander Conrad Fugere, who died only three days after him, in consequence of being deeply affected by the death of Goguet, who was a man of much personal worth. Goguet had begun another work on the origin and progress of the laws, arts, sciences, &c. in France, from the commencement of the monarchy, the loss of which the admirers of his first production much regretted. 1 Ath. Ox. vol. I.-Biog. Dram...Gent. Mag. vol. LXVIII. p. 558. ? Dict. Hist.
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GOLDAST (Melchior HAIMINSFELD), a laborious writer in civil law and history, was born at Bischoffsel in Switzerland, in 1576, and was a protestant of the confession of Geneva. He studied the civil law at Altorf under Conrade Rittershusius, with whom he boarded; and returned in 1598 to Bischoffsel, where for some time he had no other subsistence but what he acquired by writing books, of which, at the time of publication be used to send copies to the magistrates and people of rank, from whom he received something more than the real value; and some of his friends imagined they did him service in promoting this miserable traffic. In 1599 he lived at St. Gal, in the house of a Mr. Schobinger, who declared himself his patron; but the same year be went to Geneva, and lived at the house of professor Lectius, with the sons of Vassan, whose preceptor he was. In 1602 he went to Lausanne, from a notion that he could live cheaper there than at Geneva. His patron Schobinger, while he advised him to this step, cautioned bim at the same time from such frequent removals as made him suspected of an unsettled temper. But, notwithstanding Schobinger's caution, he returned soon after to Geneva; and, upon the recommendation of Lectius, was appointed secretary to the duke of Bouillon, which place he quitted with his usual precipitation, and was at Francfort in 1603, and had a settlement at Forsteg in 1604. In 1605 he lived at Bischoffsel; where he complained of not being safe on the score of his religion, which rendered him odious even to his relations. He was at Francfort in 1606, where he married, and continued till 1610, in very bad circumstances. Little more is known of his history, unless that he lost his wife in 1630, and died himself Aug. 11, 1635. He appears to have been a man of capricious temper, and some have attributed to him a want of integrity. The greatest part of the writings published by Goldast are compilations arranged in form, or published from MSS. in libraries; and by their number he may be pronounced a man of indefatigable labour. Conringius says he has deserved so well of his country by publishing the ancient monuments of Germany, that undoubtedly the Athenians would have maintained him in the Prytaneum, if he had lived in those times; and adds, that he neither had, nor perhaps ever will have, an equal in illustrating the affairs of Germany, and the public law of the empire.