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COMMON SENSE APPLIED TO THE AMERICAN QUESTION.

253 peared. Rome or Revolution is the Italian recognize the South as belligerent could decision, and now, as after Villafranca, be- only benefit the South. The queen's neufore Gaeta, and by the death-bed of Cavour, trality proclamation supported this inference, the chief of the Revolution must give way. and the despatch of troops and material to

We have said nothing of the design'at- Canada and the West Indies gives it potributed to the emperor, and mentioned tency. The North and South accept it in openly by his cousin, of uniting Italy and that way. There is no use in vindicating France in a coalition against Germany, for, the proceeding as right, because many things true or false, it has little influence on the most unjust and impolitic are done within unity of the peninsula. Napoleon could the law. The effect of the proceeding is to lead disunited Italy more easily than Italy be estimated in reference to the suspicion raised to the rank of a great power. Naples excited. under Murat, and Northern Italy under Vic- A notion prerailed, and still prevails, in tor Emmanuel, would have been far more this country that the secession is a factobedient allies than Italy united is at all a permanent fact. Government obviously likely to become. With Venetia still in thinks so, otherwise it would never have Austrian hands, Italy can be relied on for talked of neutrality; for neutrality was out any policy tending to weaken Germany; but of the question as long as the seceders were that temptation removed, it is not in France to be considered rebels. Regarded as a fact, that the united kingdom, to which the free- what have we to gain or fear? Nothing to dom of the Mediterranean must be a neces- fear territorially from the war, be it short or sity, will find her natural ally. Divided long ; for if we do not interfere with the parItaly would, we believe, be more acceptable ties they will not interfere with us. What to Napoleon than any existing arrangement; have we to gain ? A diminution of the but divided Italy means Italy discontented, strength of the Union, and a more desirable and Napoleon would sooner strive with Eus tariff with the North and South-with the rope than encounter the Revolution face to North, because it would not be the interest face.

of the North to maintain a tariff which would give us the Southern market; with the

South, because it would want cheap goods. From The Liverpool Journal.

But is not all this a gross misconception A LITTLE COMMON SENSE APPLIED TO

-a fearful miscalculation ? Either the South THE AMERICAN QUESTION.

will accomplish its independence by its own MISCONCEPTION and mistake attend on efforts or by aid of ours. Choose which alevery novel question. The secession move- ternative you like, and our loss is certain. ment is a novel question, and it is to a great No one who knows the world, or who is extent misunderstood in this country. Too acquainted with the teaching of history, will much partisanship prevails on the merits of believe for a moment that the South, unthe dispute; the South has numerous friends aided, can effect a separation from the Union. on the Liverpool Exchange, and the North To suppose such a thing is to outrage comvery few admirers. To be impartial is to mon sense. The North has men, money, an give offence, perhaps to make enemies; and army and a navy. It is a concentration of our file at this moment is loaded with letters forces the South is the reverse. of remonstrance on the supposition that we and navy of the States, though small, are are unduly friendly toward the Northerns. perhaps the most perfect in the world. The Yet we have only endeavored after impar- best treatises on both have been written by tially giving a free hearing to the advocates American officers, and Mr. Russell's letters of both sides. We never sacrificed to par- testify to their efficiency; compared with tiality of any kind ; and if we have preferred the army and navy of the South their any interest apart from humanity and civi- strength is potent. Mr. Russell's letters are lization it was that of Liverpool and Great perfectly reliable—the only letters that are Britain. Not as a proof of our indepen- reliable. In war popular feeling must be dence, but as a matter of serious thought, obeyed. The feeling of the North is for the we are about to apply a little common sense war, and it would be insanity to suppose to the American question.

that the North will abandon the war until It is open to our Government to take ac- the South succumbs. tion on this question. It may avail itself It is useless to speak of the Southerns as of the dispute to weaken the Union, and desperate, as dying before surrendering, for punish the Northerns for their hostile tariff those who see in this character a power of by at once recognizing the independence of resistance forget that they are describing the the Confederation. All its recent proceed- Southerns as men hardly within the pale of ings tend in that way. The disposition to society or civilization. The war will, there

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The army

fore, be short or protracted; the shorter the from her at home and abroad. We will albetter for us, and therefore the less we do ways be in a condition to master her, howshort of interference to protract it the better, ever big she grows. This we intend to make for then the trade to America would resume apparent by and by: its usual channels, and all be prosperity. Our inferences fairly are : First, that our The proceedings of our Government, how- Government is grossly wrong in doing any ever, in their effect on the North and South, thing to encourage the South to persevere, are directly calculated, by inspiring hope in and would be terribly wrong to aid a sepathe South, to prolong the war. If hostilities ration. Any attempt of this kind would continue for only a year, the loss to us may quickly involve the ministry in ruin. The be counted in millions.

mercantile mart in this case is not the kingShould we in deference to a large national dom, for no matter what the commercial policy, interfere, recognize the independence world may say, the country would reprobate of the South, and afford aid, what then? any aid given to slaveholders in their atThat is the question which, we suspect, has tempt to malign the principles of liberty. not been properly considered by those who Driven to extremities, the North would let wish to see secession prosper ; but it is a loose the slaves—and, then, what? The question in which are involved very serious slaves, according to Mr. Russell

, are, inland considerations. We could do it, are able to and on the borders, watching the dispute do it, but what would be the immediate ef- for their own benefit. fect--the inevitable consequence? The first With every possible respect for the geneffect would be a war with the Northern tlemen on "Change who have honored us States. We could not conquer these, we with their advice, in the form of remonwould not attempt it, but we would impov- strance, we beg to solicit their attention to erish them ; but in proportion, for the time, our dispassionate view of the case. Their as we injured them we would injure our- views, we are satisfied, if acted upon, would selves. Lancashire, as it did before, would produce a calamity not experienced in Engbe reduced to a state of ruin ; trade would land since the days of the Orders in Counlanguish, distress would be universal. The cil. people might, in the absence of imported breadstuffs from America, be exposed to famine or famine prices, and national dis

THE DAY'S DUTY. content would enable designing men to sow If any thinking man will take a retrospecsedition. This is not a fancy sketch. What tive view of the last seven months ; will conwould we have done this year without bread- trast the events of the day and the attitude stuffs from America ?

of the country in the last weeks of June with There interposes another consideration. the events and the situation of affairs in the What would France do ? Profit by the op- last weeks of December ; will compare the portunity to humble England. Join the state of the public mind then, vacillating, Americans, arouse the French Canadians weak, timorous, and unenlightened, to the and the Irish ultramontanes, and, peradven- bold, determined, vigorous, and intelligent ture, tax the valor of our volunteers by in- purpose that now animates it, he will see a vading our coast. There is in all this not change more remarkable than any thing else one statement that is improbable; they pos- in our history, and far more portentous than itively assume the form of facts. We could the boldest prophet would a year ago have beat them all, France and America, but at ventured to foretell. It is possible that we what a cost, and all for what? For results have not yet exhausted all the wisdom that that could never take place. The South, may be gathered from that six months' exsuccessful, would have to enact a tariff prac-perience ; it is possible that, marvellously tically more prohibitive than that now of the rapid as the sequence of events has been, North, reprehensible as that is, for the South unexpectedly as effects have followed causes, could support a separate government only they are to be matched, perhaps more than in two ways—duties on exports or duties on matched, by events that are yet to come. imports. "There is nothing else available Hitherto the providence of God has been for revenue. Her whole cotton produce visible in the progress of affairs, and he has would hardly suffice for the expense of a ruled the weakness, the short-sightedness, government. She would have to build ships, and the selfishness, as well as the wrath of to create an army, and where would the man to praise him. The pillar of fire by money come from?

night and the cloud by day were not more The fear of the growing strength of the visible to the Hebrews as they fled from Union is an idle one. She has more to fear Egyptian bondage, than the hand of an overfrom us on her own continent than we have ruling Providence leading this people, for six months past, out of a political servitude and built a bridge to go dry-shod over the which was fast growing to a civil and social Red Sea, instead of wetting their sandals by bondage. We frankly avow our belief in entering upon the path that the Almighty had this, as the only explanation, of why we have opened for them through the parted waters not again and again miscarried in this crisis -if, we say, some unhappy creature shall of our national life. There was wanting for insist upon wasting a half-hour in that way, many months both among the people and let it be wasted, and then have done with their leaders, forethought, foresight, and him and it. If there be any thing that by faith, and hardly a week has passed when, common consent of all men of all sections as we look back upon it, it is not marvellous and of all parties can be borne no longer, it is in our eyes that we were not overwhelmed the men and the measures that propose now by irrevocable disaster. But neither lies, to get out of our national troubles in any nor treachery, nor thieft, nor treason, nor other way than by fighting out. The nation imbecility, nor cowardice, nor want of wis- wish to see the position neither played nor dom, nor public nor private villainy have paltered with, neither delayed nor dallied prevailed against the good cause; but we with; but they do wish to see, first, every have gone on from victory to victory, over act of the President thus far in the war made compromises, concessions, delays, complica- legal, where that is a necessary formality; tions, and frauds, till at length a people, and then they want men and money prohitherto divided, uncertain, timid, and un- vided for use - not for a show on paper, not comprehending, have risen, as one man, with reference to something to be done in with eyes anointed, and minds newly opened, the future, not in case of certain contingenand have shaken themselves free from all cies, not with regard to some possible supsigns of lethargy and doubt with the will and posititious potentiality—but for use, now. In strength of an aroused and angry giant. these three little words lie, in the people's

But as hitherto we had failed to see that we minds at this moment, great force and meanwere about to enter upon a new and momen- ing. They want movement. Waiting, betous epoch in our history, as we had failed yond a certain point, is not in accordance to understand the character of that epoch, with the Northern character.

It is only let us at least be sure, now that we are sur- south of Mason and Dixon's line that they rounded by the light of the new day, that we have patience and leisure to wait for viginstumble, and blunder, and are blind no tial crops. Northern staples grow and are longer. We trust that Congress needs no harvested in a year. The North believes word of admonition and advice, for its mem- that the present crop of treason is ripe bers are fresh from the people, and under- enough to cut down, and it thinks the cradles stand the purpose and spirit by which they in hand are enough, at least, to begin the are governed. If those gentlemen carry with harvest, and they are resolved that there them one positive and fixed idea to Wash- shall be no unnecessary delay. ington, it is, we trust, and we believe, not Such is the duty of Congress—to provide only that the day of compromise, but the day ample means in men and money for immeeven of a talk of compromise, has passed diate use. We do not meddle with details ;

The less talk of any kind we do not presume to advise them how to during the present session of Congress the go to work, what sequence and direction to better ; but talk of that sort is absolutely in- give to their labors, but we beg them to tolerable, and not to be endured. If there recognize the great fact that the nation they shall be here and there some poor fool-poor represent is to renew its life, or that liberty fools are always about everywhere - who and self-government on this continent are to shall insist upon offering and reading his not come to a sudden end before this year is out ; able plan-plan as notable and timely as an and the people think it is about time someessay upon the probable advantage it would thing decisive was done about it.- Tribune, have been to the Hewbrews to have waited 4 July.

away forever.

The seventh volume of “Documents and Cor- | February, 1801, to August, 1802. At this rate respondence," written or dictated by Napoleon the probable estimate of the whole collection I., is just out from the imperial press, and con- cannot be less than thirty volumes. tains the emanations of that great mind from

trees

THE OLD COUPLE.

One draught from the living waters It stands in a sunny meadow,

Shall call back his manhood's prime; The house so mossy and brown,

And eternal years shall measure With its cumbrous old stone chimneys,

The love that outlived time. And the gray roof sloping down.

But the shapes that they left behind them, The trees fold their green arms around it,

The wrinkles and silver hair, The trees, a century old ;

Made holy to us by the kisses And the wind goes chanting through them,

The angel had printed there, And the sunbeams drop their gold.

We will hide away 'neath the willows,

When the day is low in the west; The cowslips spring in the marshes,

Where the sunbeams cannot find them,
And the roses bloom on the hill;

Nor the winds disturb their rest.
And beside the brook in the pastures
The herds go feeding at will.

And we'll suffer no telltale tombstone,

With its age and date, to rise The children have gone and left them,

O'er the two who are old no longer,
They sit in the sun alone !

In the Father's house in the skies.
And the old wife's cars are failing,
As she harks to the well-known tone

DAY-DREAMS.
That won her heart in her girlhood,
That has soothed her in many a care,

I, OFTEN lying lonely, over seas,
And praises her now for the brightness

At ope of day, soft-couched in foreign land, Her old face used to wear.

Dream a green dream of England; where young She thinks again of her bridal

Make murmur, and the amber-striped bees How, dressed in her robe of white,

To search the woodbine through, a busy band, She stood by her gay young lover

Come floating at the casement, while new In the morning's rosy light.

tanned

And tedded hay sends fresh on morning breeze Oh, the morning is rosy as ever,

Incense of sunny fields, through curtains But the rose from her cheek is filed;

fanned And the sunshine still is golden,

With invitations faint to Far-away: But it falls on a silvered head.

So dreaming, half-awake, at ope of day,

Dream I of daisy greens, and village pales, And the girlhood dreams, once vanished, And the white winking of the warmèd may Come back in her winter time,

In blossomy hedge, and brown oak-leaved Till her feeble pulses tremble

dales, With the thrill of spring-time's prime. And little children dear, at dewy play, And looking forth from the window,

Till all my heart grows young and glad as they ; She thinks how the trees have grown,

And sweet thoughts come and go, like scented Since, clad in her bridal whiteness,

gales She crossed the old doorstone.

Through an open window when the month is

gay. Though dimmed her eye's bright azure, And dimmed her hair's young gold;

But often, wandering lonely, over seas,

At shut of day, in unfamiliar land, The love in her girlhood plighted

What time the serious light is on the leas, Has never grown dim nor old.

To me there comes a sighing after case They sat in peace in the sunshine,

Much wanted, and an aching wish to stand Till the day was almost done;

Knee-deep in English grass, and have at hand And then, at its close, an angel

A little churchyard cool, with native trees, Stole over the threshold stone.

And grassy mounds thick laced with ozier

band, He folded their hands together

Wherein to rest at last, nor further stray. He touched their eyelids with balm;

So, sad of heart, muse I, at shut of day, And their last breatli floated upward,

On safe and quiet England; till thought ails Like the close of a solemn psalm.

To an inward groaning deep, for fields fed gray

With twilight, copses thronged with nightin: Like a bridal pair they traversed

gales, The unseen, mystical road,

Home-gardens, full of rest, where never may That leads to the beautiful city,

Come loud intrusion ; and, what chiefly fails “ Whose builder and maker is God." My sick desire, old friendships fled away.

I am much vext with loss. Kind memory lay Perhaps in that miracle country

My head upon thy lap, and tell me tales They will give her lost youth back; of the good old time, when all was pure and And the flowers of a vanished spring-time, Will bloom in the spirit's track.

-All the Year Round.

gay!

No. 896.—3 August, 1861.

CONTENTS.

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PAGE. 259 289 291 293 295 299

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1. Oration on the Fourth of July, 1861,

Edward Everett, 2. Dr. Johnson and Blondin,

Punch, 3. What are We Fighting for?

Knickerbocker, 4. Europe and Secession Fourteen Years ago, History of Swiss Secession, 5. Foot-Soldier's March-Shoes,

Edmund About, 6. Locked In!.

Chambers's Journal, 7. Explorations and Adventures in Equatorial Åfrica,

Economist, 8. Gray v. Du Chaillu,

Saturday Review, 9. Mr. Dallas on England's Policy towards America,

Examiner, 10. America: Is the Success of the North possible Economist,

? 11. England and America,

Saturday Review,

306 309

313 314 316

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POETRY. — The Lady Grace, 258. Three Times, 258.

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SHORT ARTICLES.- Teaching of the Church, 288. Bold Title for a Book, 290. What They are Fighting for What They have lost, 292. The Contemptible Yankees, 294. (There is something in this article worthy of attention. Some of the “ Yankees ” carried their “ peace at all price” so far as to have deceived the other side. The chivalry did not start this war suddenly; they began seven years ago, and felt their way : at first they used force in Kansas. As some people bore this very patiently the chivalry proceeded to knock down in his seat and beat nearly to death a Massachusetts Senator. And as some people bore this patiently, nay cheerfully, there was certainly no reason to think they would not bear any thing else.] Romeo Coates, 298. Meteorological Instruments, 305. Population of European Cities, 305. The Value of Opposition, 312. Polly the Porter, 320. Affairs at West Point, 320. A Compliment to the North, 320.

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Last week we gave the patriotic article of Dr. Breckenridge of Kentucky.. Half this number is filled by Mr: Everett's able Oration. Next week we shall publish an Oration delivered by a descendant of the only man in whom Washington rested unlimited confidence-John Jay. The Orator is worthy of his great ancestor. We hope to print afterward, the excellent Letter-stirring the heart like a trumpet—of a Kentucky patriot

_" faithful among the faithless”-to whom we owe much of the opportunity of fighting for the National existence-Joseph Holt.

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