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wise it imagines to be doomed. On the first prosperous. On the second supposition we supposition we may trust to the healing in- can but denounce the wickedness of such a fluence of time to bring it to that wiser and policy, and express our earnest hope, as well cooler frame of mind, when it will distin- as our firm conviction, that it will utterly guish friends from foes, and when it will fail of its mark, and perhaps bring about a acknowledge that England has no other de- second and still more deplorable and damsire than to see both of them happy and aging disruption on the heels of the first.

POLLY THE PORTER.—The Messager du Nord | admissible into the academy has been enlarged states that on the Edinburgh and Glasgow line by the addition of but twenty-three. The comthe Directors, in consequence of the neglect of plement in 1812 was two hundred and fifty.

The visitors, therefore, recommend that the the porters to call out the names of the stations, corps be raised to four hundred cadets, that each have placed parrots at those points, and that the United States Senator, and each United States well-tutored birds shriek out the necessary in- Representative, be allowed, respectively, to nomformation, to the perfect satisfaction of travel inate one, and that the remainder be appointed lers. A contemporary affects to discredit the by the President at his discretion. statement, but Mr. Punch believes that it is per- the late Board is, that the cadets be hereafter

Another and quite important suggestion of fectly correct, except that the employment of the parrots was not rendered necessary by the taught the use of the telegraph, so as to become make their provincial utterances comprehended reduce it to four years, which was the term origneglect of the porters, but by their inability to practical operators. The course of study now

covers a period of five years. It is proposed to by educated travellers. The same inconven-inally adopted. The graduation of two classes ience is felt in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Lincoln- this year, the fourth and fifth, will create a large shire, and other semi-civilized regions, and Mr. number of vacancies, and will considerably inPunch is happy to hear that the Directors on most of the lines have resolved to meet the diffi- crease the size of the class which will enter upon

its studies this summer. In the whole corps culty in the same way as the Scotch authorities have done. A large and choice assortment of there remains but thirteen cadets from the South, gray parrots is now being trained at the Geo- and but one of these is from the Cotton States. graphical Society's house, and as soon as the birds are sufficiently apt, they will be placed upon the various stations. They will not inter

A COMPLIMENT TO THE NORTH.—The Safere with the present porters, who will yelp, clip, vannah Republican says, “In times of great pubscream, grunt, and make the other noises com- !ic excitement a great many stories are invented prehensible by the inhabitants of the localities, in both sections with the view of adding to the. while to the inquiry of the Christian traveller, public irritation. Of this class is the statement, the accomplished parrot will politely and disa generally believed, that it is unsafe for a citizen tinctly state, in English, the name of the station of the Confederate States to put his feet on the at which the train may be stopping. A brute soil of the enemy. This is not true. Of course of Mr. Punch's acquaintance (a hateful brute) it is advisable and best in times like these for adds that this finding employment for parrots is Southern men to remain at home, but in cases

cal consequence of the new system of where their families are at the North, and they creating occupation for—but, no, Punch will be desire to bring them home, or in any other urhanged if he writes a word against women. gent necessity, we have no doubt of their ability Punch.

to go and return with perfect safety. The ouly condition is, attend to your own business, and

leave the affairs of others alone. We know a AFFAIRS AT West Point.-The Board, number of gentlemen of this state, some of which has just closed its session, recommended them of this city, who have recently gone North an increase in the number of cadets. The max- and returned without the slightest molestation. imum number that can now be admitted, is two We yesterday saw a letter from a resident of hundred and seventy-three, while the barracks Savannah now in New York, in which he ex. to the buildings are capable of accommodating presses his astonishment at the respect with four hundred. Although, in the last forty-nine which he is everywhere treated, after all the years, the population of the country has been bloodthirsty stories he had read in the news. multiplied fourfold, the legal number of cadets papers."

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No. 897.—10 August, 1861.

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CONTENTS.

PAGB. 1. The Great Conspiracy and England's Neutrality, John Jay, Esq.,

323 2. Mr. Froude's Story about Queen Elizabeth, . Saturday Review,

347 3. The “ Milk-White Hind:” the next Pope, Spectator,

350 4. An Only Son,

Dublin University Magazine, 352 5. Phi Beta Kappa Poem,

Elbridge Jefferson Cutler, 368 6. Projected Subjugation of the South,

Economist,

370 7. American Civil War,

Saturday Review,

372 8. The Fate of Virginia,

London Review,

374 9. Modern Notes on Virginia,

N. Y. Tribune,

375 10. A New French Champion of the Union, N. Y. Evening Post,

378 11. A French View of the Southern Idea of Direct Trade,

Opinion Nationale,

380 12. The Origin of Yankee Doodle,

Poughkeepsie Eagle,

382

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POETRY.-Parting Hymn, 322. Two Moods, 322. National Hymn, 322. The Drum's Wild Roll: Phi Beta Kappa, 368. The Blackbird, 369.

SHORT ARTICLES.--Slang, 349. Treason in Texas, 354. The Envelope Mania, 367. S. Austin Allibone, LL.D., 384. A New and Rational Explanation of the Diseases peculiar to Infants and Mothers, 384.

NEW BOOKS. EXPLORATIONS AND ADVENTURES IN EQUATORIAL AFRICA ; with Accounts of the Manners

and Customs of the People, and of the Chase of the Gorilla, the Crocodile, Leopard, Elephant, Hippopotamus, and other animals. By Paul B. Du Chaillu. With numerous Illus

trations. Harper and Brothers, New York. THE CIVIL VaR IN AMERICA : or the Slaveholder's Conspiracy. By the Rev. Wm. Henry

Channing. Published in Boston by Walker, Wise, & Co.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LIT TELL, SON, & CO., BOSTON.

For Six Dollars a year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually fopwarded free of postage.

Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumes, handsomely bound, packed in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars a volume.

ASY volume may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a halfin numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to completo any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.

PARTING HYMN.

II.
BY OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES.

What lifts me and lightens ?
"Dundee."

Enriches and brightens

The day, the mere day, the most marvellous FATHER of Mercies, Heavenly Friend,

day? We seek thy gracious throne;

Oh, joy, that it's mine! To thee our faltering prayers ascend,

An invisible wine Our fainting hearts are known !

Pours quick through my spirit; and Heaven is From blasts that chill, from suns that smite,

benign, From every plague that harms ;

And the earth full of wonders, and both of them In camp and march, in siege and fight,

mine,Protect our men-at-arms !

What first shall I do, shall I say?

See the bareheaded frolicsome babes as they run Though from our darkened lives they take

Go skipping from right foot to left foot in fun,What makes our life most dear,

'Tis the pleasure of living; We yield them for their country's sake

Too long I've o'erlook it, With no relenting tear.

In sulk and misgiving, Our blood their flowing veins will shed,

And lunatic fret; Their wounds our breasts will share;

But it wakes in me yet Oh, save us from the woes we dread,

Though the world has rebuked it: Or grant us strength to bear !

Oh, city and country! Oh, landscape and sun !

air cloudy and breezy, Let each unhallowed cause that brings

And stars, every one! The stern destroyer cease,

Gay voices of children! Thy flaming angel fold his wings,

All duties grown easy,
And seraphs whisper Peace!

All truths unbewild'ring,
Thine are the sceptre and the sword, Since lise, life immortal, is clearly began !

Stretch forth thy mighty hand, -
Reign thou our kingless nation's Lord,
Rule thou our throneless land !

NATIONAL HYMN.
-Atlantic Monthly. Nation of nations, whom God has brought forth

From the East and the West, the South and the

North,
TWO MOODS.

From great persecutions to this land ye came,
BY WILLIAM ALLINGHAM,

For freedom to worship his glorious Name.

Say! shall our nation forever endure, Slow drags this dreary season ;

Glorious and happy and peaceful and pure ? The carth a lump of Icad ;

We've not forgotten whose hand gave us this The vacant skies, blue skies or brown,

The national freedom-the national bliss Bereft of joy and hope.

The prosperous years of our wide-spreading I cannot find a reason

thrift, To wish I were not dead,

We know by their blessedness they are God's Unfastened and let slide, gone down

gift. A dump and dusky slope.

'Tis he made our nation so long to endure, I recognize the look of care

Glorious and happy and peaceful and pure. In every face; for now I share

Ruler of nations ! before thee we bow. What makes a forehead wrinkles wear,

Thou didst exalt us, and thou bringest low; And sets a mouth to mope.

Purge us with trials and we shall be clean : A sombre languid yearning

Wash us completely from national sin. For silence and the dark:

Then shall our nation forever endure, Shall wislı, or fear, or wisest word,

Glorious and happy and peaceful and pure. Arouse me any more?

Blest 'mong the nations our Union shall stand, What profits book-leaf turning?

Though chastened betimes, yet upheld by God's Or prudent care and cark?

hand; Or folly's drama, seen and heard

Her virtues exalted, and still shall she be And acted as before ?

“ The land of the brare and the home of the No comfort for the dismal day;

free.It cannot weep, or work, or pray;

Thus shall our nation forever endure, A useless pauper, thin and gray,

Glorious and happy and peaceful and pure. With no good thing in store.

R. T. T.

I.

AN

ANNIVERSARY OF AMERICAN INDE

THE GREAT CONSPIRACY, AND ENG- character of the men who laid the foundation LAND'S NEUTRALITY

of our national glory and of the broad prinADDRESS DELIVERED AT Mt. KiSCO, new ciples of right on which they based the ediYORK, ON THE 4TH OF JULY, 1861, THE 86th fice of American freedom !

Those years have passed; their results are PENDENCE, BY JOHX JAY, ESQ.

written on the map of America, on the page My Fellow-Countrymen :- We have as- of history, and to-day, the 4th of July, 1861, sembled to celebrate the eighty-sixth birthday the American Congress convenes again at of American Independence, and we come to the call of the President at the capital beargether under circumstances that seem to ing the name of Washington, to meet the make us contemporaries and co-actors, as it question, whether the republic is to be mainwere, with our fathers of the Revolution. tained in its integrity with the Constitution The crisis which they met, and which their proclaimed by Washington, based on the heroism decided after a seven years' war will of the majority, or whether it is to be with Great Britain, again meets us face to sundered and shattered by a defeated faction face. The early scenes of their struggle for that sets at defiance the will of the people, constitutional liberty have found in our re- and would trample the Constitution in the cent experience a historical parallel of even dust. chronological exactness.

If ever the spirits of the departed are perThe blood of Massachusetts, shed at Lex- mitted to revisit the scenes they loved, and ington on the 19th of April, 1775, was not "hover like angels around the steps of their shed more gloriously than that of the sons successors, we may suppose that Hancock of the same old commonwealth, who, march- and the Adamses, Sherman and Wolcott, ing by our national highway to the defence Carroll and Livingston, Jefferson and Frankof our common capital, were slain at Balti- lin, Robert and Lewis Morris, Wilson and more on the 19th of April, 1861.

Rush, and all their noble compeers, look The midnight ride of Paul Revere, famed down from heaven in this hour upon the in history and song, rousing the sleepers as Congress at Washington; and God grant he passed to hasten to defend their country, that the sturdy spirit which inspired the first created no deeper emotion among the col-Congress may equally inspire the last ! onists of that day than did our electric wires “ Whatever may be our fate,” said John flashing far and wide the news of the assault Adams, with prophetic vision, after the adopon Sumter, and the massacre at Baltimore, tion of the Declaration, “ be assured that this and thrilling with a simultaneous burst of Declaration will stand. It may cost treasure sympathy the loyal heart of the American and it may cost blood, but it will richly compeople.

pensate for both. Through the thick gloom On the 4th of July, 1776, the Congress of the present I see the brightness of the futhat met in the state-house at Philadelphia ture as the sun in heaven. We shall make approved the solemn instrument that de- this a glorious, an immortal day. When we clared the independence of the American are in our graves our children will honor it. colonies, and announced to the world the They will celebrate it with thanksgiving, with birth of a nation. Eighty-five years have festivities, with bonfires, with illuminations. rolled by; the actors in that eventful scene | On its annual return they will shed tears, not have long since gone to their graves; their of subjection and slavery, not of agony and disnames belong to history; their sons have tress, but of exultation, of gratitude and of joy. grown to manhood and age and have fol- Sir, before God, I believe the hour is come: lowed them to the unseen world ; and we of all that I have, all that I am, all that I hope the third and fourth generation occupy the for in this life, I am now ready here to stake stage they trod, and represent the nationality upon it, and I leave off as I began, that live which then was born. Eighty-five years of or die, sink or swim, survive or perish, I am almost uninterrupted prosperity and unex- for the Declaration. It is my living sentiampled growth! eighty-five years of culture ment, and by the bleşsing of God it shall be and experience in a century of progress such my dying sentiment - Independence now, and as the world has never seen before ! eighty- independence forever!” five years of thoughtful reflection on the The integrity and independence of our country are again in peril, and to-day the is- orable--perhaps as memorable in history as sue is with us. We come together now, not that which we have met to celebrate. The as in past years, to rejoice over a national action of the Congress now assembled will domain boundless in extent, peopled by coun- decide whether the national independence es trymen differing it may be in their views and tablished against the united strength of the institutions, but united in loyalty and affec- British empire in ’76 is to fall ignominiously tion, at peace in their own borders, and with before the attacks of a rebel minority of our the great arm of the Union protecting its citi- own countrymen in '61. zens alike on sea or land, at home or in for- It is to decide the question whether in the eign climes. But we meet in sadness to over- next century our descendants shall refer to look a divided nation, and to listen to the the 4th of July as the forgotten birthday of tramp of martial forces larger than ever be an extinct republic, or whether, when we fore trod the soil of America: the one army shall sleep with our fathers and our children bearing proudly aloft the stars and stripes, shall slumber by our side, their grandsons and keeping step to the music of the Union; shall meet as we do this day to bless our memthe other grasping the banner of rebellion ories as we bless those of our Revolutionary and the black flag of piracy, proclaiming death sires: to spread to the breeze from the Atlanto the Constitution and the Union, and ruin tic to the Pacific, on every hill-side and in to the commerce of the republic.

every valley, the flag of our Union, the stars Several states, about one-fourth of our and stripes that we so proudly love, and join whole number, profess to have resumed their their voices in swelling the cry of Adamssovereignty and seceded, as they term it, from Independence now, and independence for the Federal Union; and certain persons proever!” fessing to act in their name, have extempor- While the great issue, the success or failure ized what they call the Southern Confederacy, of the American experiment, the continuance elected a President, Jefferson Davis, and a of our Union or its disintegration, rests imVice-President, Alexander H. Stephens, or- mediately with the President and with Conganized an army, issued letters of marque, gress, it rests in an almost equal degree upon and declared war on the people and the each one of us. The American people are at Government of the Uvited States: and they once citizens and sovereigns—the fountain bave publicly announced, through Walker, and source of the supreme authority of the the Secretary of Davis, their intention of land, and to us, the people, will our servants speedily seizing our capital at Washington, in Congress naturally and properly look for with its national archives and muniments of guidance in this extremity. Already have title.

you seen how fairly an honest executive repTo meet the rebel force arrayed against the resents the sentiment of the majority of his capital, President Lincoln has called upon countrymen, availing himself of their counthe loyal states, and at the word, fresh from sels; gathering strength from their energy and the plough, the loom, and the work-shop, fresh determination, and so directing the Governfrom college scats and the professor's chair, ment that its action keeps time to the beating from the bar, the pulpit, and the counting of the national pulse. Already in response house, fresh from every department of Ameri- to the nation's call has the national Governcan industry, the army of the Union is in the ment arisen in gigantic strength from the field, and the world awaits the impending depths of imbecility to which it had fallen, to crisis. Europe looks on with undisguised and a position of grandeur, dignity, and power, wondering interest, and while France and which has silenced the half-uttered sarcasms Germany seem instinctively to appreciate our of European declaimers about the internal situation, the British Cabinet and the British weakness of popular institutions. press have strangely blundered, and have

Most of you—perhaps all of you—have muttered something we do not understand, made up your minds deliberately, intelliabout "rights of belligerents," "a wicked gently, and dispassionately in regard to war," and the “ bursting of the bubble of de- your duty, and it is a general and proper senmocracy."

timent among us that this is a time for enSuch, in brief, is our position at home and ergetic action, not for discussion. But still abroad, and this day is destined to be mem-l as I am here, honored by your appointment

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