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WE MUST FIGHT.
To maintain the respect of the world we the waving of the flag of the slave-trader must maintain first the integrity of our na- over the fearful horrors of the middle pastional territory, and next the integrity of sage. our fundamental principles. As for the ar- Gentlemen, as in our Revolutionary struggument that if the rebellion is crushed har- gle our fathers had to contend with the mony can never be restored, Canada fur- timid and the avaricious, who feared the nishes the refutation. The bloody feuds of evils of war, and continually cried peace ! 1838 have hardly left a trace to mar the peace ! where there was no peace, so may tranquil prosperity which marks the prog- we expect to be constantly hampered by ress of that great province. There is rea- declaimers in favor of compromise. I do not son to believe that the Union men of the stop to consider the fitness of our lending South await but the coming of the Federal an ear to such a cry until the insult to forces in sufficient strength, to show them- flag has been atoned for, and until our suselves again the cordial supporters of the premacy is acknowledged, for the great mass Federal Government. But even if this were of the people of the country will be unaninot so, and there was reason to fear a long mous on this point; they will regard the period of distrust and disaffection, the fact bare suggestion of treating with the rebels remains that the interests of the American whose hands are stained with the blood of people imperatively demand that the integ- the sons of Massachusetts, of Ellsworth and rity of the Union shall be preserved whether of Winthrop, of Greble and of Ward, as a the slavery propagandists of the South like personal insult, and will reply to it as it or like it not.
did Patrick Henry, “ We must fight! I repeat it, sir, we must fight! The sword is
now the only pen with which we can write This is one of those decisive epochs that " peace” in enduring characters on the map occur in the history of all great nations. of America. One came to our fathers in 1776. Submis- The day of compromise is gone.
“ That sion to usurped authority, or national inde- sort of thing," as the Secretary said, “ ended pendence, was the issue; and on the day we with the 4th of March.” We have had decommemorate they chose the latter; and the viccs enough for saving the Union, devices force of their example on the world is yet suggested by the men who are now striving to be determined. To-day the imperious to destroy it. demand comes from slavery, “submit, or There is one good old plan provided by be destroyed !” Already has a blow been the Constitution that was successfully pracstruck by slavery at our Republic the force tised by Washington and Jackson. We of which reverberates through the world. are about to try that; let us try it thoroughly; Two hundred millions of debts due from it is simply the due execution of the laws by rebels to loyal citizens are repudiated, the whatever degree of force the exigency may business of the country is arrested, bank- require. If our army of three hundred ruptcy stares us in the face; worse than all, thousand men is insufficient, a million stand our flag has been insulted, our prestige im- ready to follow them to field. paired, and from foreign courts we have received treatment that our American pride THE DIGNITY OF OUR POSITION AND DUTIES. can illy brook. Honor, interest, self-re- It would be difficult, my countrymen, to spect, and the highest duty call upon us to exaggerate the solemn importance of our crush, and crush speedily, the insolent trai- national position. A struggle for life and tors whose secret and atrocious perfidy has death has commenced between freedom and temporarily crippled us ; and while we recall slavery, and on the event of the struggle the motives that combine to compel us to depends our national existence. resistance, let us not forget the duty which falter, let us compromise, let us yield, and this nation owes to the oppressed race who the work of our fathers and the inheritance are the innocent cause of all our troubles, of our children, our own honor and the and who have no friends to look to but our hopes of the oppressed nationalities of the selves, to prevent the spreading of slavery world, will be buried in a common grave ! over every foot of American territory, and Let us be demoralized by defeat in the field
or what is infinitely worse, by submission to Let us with this sleepless vigilance on our rebellion, and in foreign lands a man will part, repose a generous confidence in our blush and hang his head to declare himself President, who has won the generous apan American citizen. A whipped hound plause of his Democratic opponents, nor should be the emblem of the Northern man scan too impatiently the warlike policy of who whimpers for a peace that can only be Scott. gained by dishonor.
Like all true-hearted and brave veterans, But let us remember our fathers who, he wishes to spare as far as possible the blood eighty-five years ago, this day made univer- alike of loyal soldiers and deluded rebels, sal freedom and equal right the corner-stone and to carry with the flag of our Union not of this Republic ; let us exhibit, as we have simply the power to make it respected but begun to do, their stern resolve and high the more glorious attributes that cause it to devotion in behalf of constitutional freedom, be loved. “Not,” to adopt the words of Gor. and we shall secure for our children and Andrew of Massachusetts, "to inaugurate a our children's children a gigantic and glori- war of sections, not to avenge former wrongs, ous nationality, based upon principles of not to perpetuate ancient griefs of memories Christian civilization, such as the world
of conflict," will that flag move onwards un
til it floats again in its pride and beauty over has never seen before.
Richmond and Sumter, and Montgomery and There is nothing impossible, nothing im- New Orleans; but to indicate the majesty of probable in our speedy realization of a glori- the people, to retain and re-invigorate the ous future.
institutions of our fathers, to rescue from The seeds of this rebellion have long the despotism of traitors the loyal citizens lurked in our system : for years it has been of the South, and place all, loyal or rebel, coming to a head, and simply from want of sential to the welfare of the whole.
under the protection of a Union that is esproper treatment, it has now burst with an
The eyes of the whole world are this day gry violence; but the pulse of the nation fixed upon you. To Europeans themselves, beats coolly and calmly, the partial local in- Europeans questions sink to insignificance flammation but serves to exhibit the lusty compared with the American question now to health of the body politic, and when this re- be decided. Rise, my countrymen, as did bellion is extinguished, and its cause re
our fathers on the day we celebrate, to moved, we may hope that we are safe from twofold aspect, as regards America and as
the majestic grandeur of this question in its an organized rebellion for at least a century regards the world. Remember that with the to come.
failure of the American Republic will fall With what speed this rebellion shall be the wisest system of republican government crushed, depends solely upon yourselves. which the wisdom of man has yet invented, Let public feeling lag throughout the land, and the hopes of popular freedom cherished and the War Department will lag in Wasb- throughout the globe.
Let us, standing by our fathers' graves, ington. Let us become careless and indif
swear anew and teach the oath to our chilferent about the matter, and contractors will dren, that with God's help the American Recheat our soldiers, incompetent officers will public, clasping this continent in its embrace, expose them to defeat, official indifference shall stand unmoved, though all the powers will produce general demoralization. of slavery, piracy, and European jealousy,
But let us keep ever in mind the lesson should combine to overthrow it; 'that we we have so dearly learned—that eternal vig- shall have in the future, as we have had in ilance is the price of liberty. Let the ad- one destiny; and that when we shall have
the past-one country, one Constitution, and ministration and the army feel that their passed from earth, and the acts of to-day every act is canvassed by an intelligent peo- shall be matter of history, and the dark ple, and when approved, greeted by a hearty power now seeking our overthrow shall have appreciation; that every branch of industry been itself overthrown, our sons may gather awaits the ending of the war, and that from strength from our example in every contest every part of the land comes the cry of " for- with despotism that time may have in store ward,” and the arm of the Union at Wash- to try their virtue, and that they may rally ington will obey the heart of the nation, dom and the rights of man, with our olden
under the stars and stripes to battle for freewhenever a prayer rises in its behalf, or its war-cry, “ Liberty and Union, now and forflag kisses the breeze of heaven.
lever, one ar.. inseparable.”
From The Saturday Review. , erer's confidence in the perfect soundness of JIR. FROUDE'S “STORY FROM THE AR- his own theories--that he will begin to allow CHIVES OF SIMANCAS."
that the “history books," as he modestly STIMULATED, apparently, by the discov- calls the works of all previous historians, eries of Mr. Motley, Mr. Froude has been are less contemptible than he has imagined searching in foreign archives for evidence -and that he will do a little justice to the respecting English history. It would have illustrious men, such as Fisher, More, and been well for his reputation if he had re- Pole, whose reputations he has fanatically sorted in the first instance to this, which, as sacrificed to that of his Tudor Dagon? Of opinion in England was gagged under the one thing he may be sure that the longer Tudor despotism, is in fact almost the only he defers this unwelcome but expiatory procindependent source of information. He has ess, the more severe will be the Nemesis of given us the result of his researches among Truth. the French archives in the appendix to his We are, however, not prepared to jump to Pilgrim. The letters of the French ambas- the conclusion that Mr. Froude's present sadors which he has there printed are enough charges against Elizabeth are perfectly well in themselves to demolish his theory of founded, any more than we were to agree Henry VIII.'s character and government. with the extravagantly enthusiastic view he He has exercised some candor in producing formerly took of her character and governsuch damning testimony against himself, and ment. The witness on whose testimony the he would have exercised still more candor whole story depends, is Alvarez de Quadra, by admitting its weight, instead of sticking Bishop of Aquila, ambassador of Philip II. as he does to all his paradoxes, and sneering in London during the first five years of at the rational view of the question as the Elizabeth, in whose correspondence with his Italian view, with the French ambassador's government all these scandals have been decisive confirmation of it under his eyes. found. The first point, of course, is to ascer
The “Story” which he has now brought tain exactly what sort of man De Quadra us from the archives of Simancas, if it be was, and whether he was a competent and true, is as fatal to his heroine as the French credible witness. Little has been hitherto archives have been to his hero. He had known about him. He is not even menprepared us for an apotheosis of Elizabeth tioned in the Biographie Universelle. Some as extravagant as his apotheosis of Henry account of his mission, and some inkling of VIII. She was to be “the great nature these scandals, is given in the Memorias de which had remoulded the world.” (Hist. la Real Academia de la Historia (vol. 7). rol. ii. p. 142.) It was a scandalous thing The title of this paper is Apuntimientos para in his eyes that “the purity of Elizabeth la historia Del Re Don Felipe Segundo de should be an open question among our his- Espana, por lo tocante á sus relaciones con torians, although the foulest kennels must la Reina Isabel de Inglaterra. The author, be swept to find the filth wherewith to defile Don Thomás Gonzalez, keeper of the archives it.” He has now been “sweeping a ken- of Simancas, states that he has had access nel” himself, and the result is that he “de- to the original diplomatic correspondence of files” Elizabeth with worse filth than ever the period, including, no doubt, the same was cast upon her name before. He would letters of De Quadra which have furnished now have us believe, on the authority of his the discoveries of Mr. Froude. One fact is recent researches, that she made Leicester given in this paper which materially affects • master of her government and of her own De Quadra's credibility as a witness against person ;” that she was privy at least to the the character of Elizabeth. It appears that murder of Leicester's wife ; that for the sake in 1563 Elizabeth wrote to Philip, “comof her guilty love she was ready to sell Eng- plaining bitterly of his ambassador, Don Allend and the Reformation to Spain; that varez de Quadra, Bishop of Aquila, who, Cecil alone saved the country from her, and notwithstanding his great knowledge, expeher from herself; and that for these offences rience, prudence, and ability in the manage
her own council were on the point of de- ment of affairs, was by no means to her lik• priving her of the throne. Is it vain to hope ing, because he meddled with that which was
that this discovery will moderate the discov- I not in his province, and fomented the dis
From The Spectator. the system by which the States of the pope THE MILK-WHITE HIND."
and the city of Rome would constitute, so to SELDOM, even in the Eternal City, has a speak, property in mainmort, set apart to all scene been witnessed such as that now pre- which is inscribed nowhere above the rights
Catholicity, and placed in virtue of a right sented to the world in Rome.
The pope, which regulate the fate of all other soverworn out with misery and care, doubtful of eignties. I confine myself to remarking that his own will, doubtful even, it is said, of the the oldest, as well as the most recent historirighteousness of his cause, is slowly sickening cal, traditions do not appear to sanction that of incessant defeat. Around his bed the car- doctrine; and that England, Prussia, Russia, dinals are splitting in factions, intriguing with and Sweden, powers separate from the France, intriguing with Austria, preparing a
Church, signed at Vienna by the same right schism in the Church, and doubting whether as France, Austria, Spain, and Portugal
treaties which restored to the pope the posseseven in despair they can find the strength for sions he had lost. a last contest with the age. The French “I hasten to proclaim that the highest conemperor hopes to secure a pope who will siderations of propriety are in accord with the abandon the “non possumus,” and surrender most important social interests in requiring the temporal power. The Sanfedisti are plot- that the Chief of the Church may maintain
himself on the throne which has been occuting to fly to Verona and there elect a pope of the old stamp, a man who will yield noth- pied by his predecessor for so many centuries. ing, even to fate. The people are watching very firm on that subject, but it thinks also
The opinion of the emperor's Government is all with a dull hope that some end to their that the prudent exercise of the supreme aumisery may be attained at last. The foreign- thority, and the consent of the populations, ers have quitted the city, the populace are are in the Roman States, as elsewhere, the starving amidst their ruins, and exile and im- first conditions of the solidity of the Govern
ment." prisonment are still daily inflicted. The
pope is still strong to inflict suffering, and amidst incessant intrigue, the conflict of principles,
The temporal power, then, is not a sacred hopes, and fears, Antonelli still finds time to right, is not a mystery which laymen must resecure his treasure, and punish his personal ceive, as they receive hell, in undoubting foes.
though horrified respect. It is simply “ a The passions of all parties, already bitter to sovereignty,” subject to the laws which affect a degree, liave been envenomed by the des- all other sovereignties liable to change-to patch in which M. Thouvenel announces to revolution, and even to extinction. The patthe Catholic powers the recognition of the rimony of St. Peter is not even the property kingdom of Italy. The French faction see
of the Church, but a state, subject, like every in it the certainty of ultimate triumph, the other state, to the public law, administered Austrians the loss of their lingering hope that by the representatives of Europe. Those a Sanfedist might yet be allowed to assume representatives have dealt with it before, and the tiara in Rome. It is not, however, the may deal with it again, and their orthodoxy mere fact of the recognition which so greatly remains without influence on their political disturbs the Conclave. That was expected, right. That doctrine, never yet frankly acand the purple has not wholly extinguished knowledged by a Catholic kingdom, is, we Italian pride, even in the highest rank of need not say, fatal to the last argument in Italian priests. But the despatch lays down defence of the temporal power. If the conthe principle on which the right to rule Rome tent of the people is essential to sovereignty, must at last be decided, and that principle is the pope has no rights in Rome. If the prufatal to the sovereignty of the popes
. In the dent exercise of authority is a first condition midst of expressions, cautious beyond the of right, the prize has been forfeited by the habitual reserve of diplomacy, M. Thouvenel absence of the condition. If, finally, collecdrops one paragraph which it requires no di- tive Europe has power to decide on the
Roman question, the pope reigns by a sufplomatic skill to explain :
ferance which it needs only the assembling “I do not, however, consider it useful to of a congress to exhaust. The principle of discuss here, with the necessary development, I papal dominion is surrendered, and the pope
pend our judgment entirely as to these murder! Mr. Froude has forgotten the excharges till we have the whole of the evi- cellent reason which he has already given in dence for them before us.
his History (vol. i. p. 50) for the misery of Meanwhile, it is curious to observe Mr. Elizabeth's last years. “In the 7th and the Froude laying his ground for the delicate 8th of Elizabeth, there are indications of the transition from that which he has already truck system; and towards her later years said respecting the character of Elizabeth to the multiplying statutes and growing comthat which he sees he shall now have to say. plaints and difficulties show plainly that the “Her intellect grew with her years, and her (trading) companies had lost their healthy thwarted passions were compelled, for the vitality, and, with other relics of feudalism, future, to expend themselves in trifling. were fast taking themselves away. There But these dark hours of her trial left their were no longer tradesmen to be found in sufshadows on her to the last. She lived with ficient numbers who were possessed of the a hungry and unsatisfied heart, and she died necessary probity; and it is impossible not miserable." With so fine a graduation of to connect such a phenomenon with the deep colors is “ the great nature which remoulded melancholy which in those years settled down the world” shaded off into the betrayer of common sense should resume its reign in the
on Elizabeth herself.” Surely, it is time that England, the paramour of Dudley, and the treatment of history, and that this rodomonaccomplice of a most cruel and unnatural tading should have an end.
Slang.-The Times has had some pleasant | abjure slang and every thing fast, and to re-escorrespondence on the subject of the indisposi- tablish the distance that used to be held between tion to matrimony in the bigher circles, and the the sexes? We cannot but think that the result marked preference which the young men give to would be advantageous. There would in that the society of certain equestrian ladies called the case be contrast between highly educated ladies Horsebreakers. The defence of the gentle- and the Horsebreakers instead of comparison, men may perhaps be that they find slang overy- and they would no longer have between them in where, and that the slang is better done by the common the language of slang, with the superiladies to the manner born than by those who ority on the side of those to whom it is most have taken it up as a fashion, and a means of put- natural and congenial. We may be indig. ting themselves on easy terms with fast young nantly told that ladies are not ehargeable with
Curious it is to mark the correspondence slang, but if so, they are much belied by the between dress and manners. Slang came in young men who profess to be overdosed wiih it, with the young ladies when they took to male and to find it where they do not search for or apparel, jackets with huge buttons as big as desire it. Let us add that renouncement of it saucers, and wide-awakes. The clothing of the on the part of the young men would be no small thoughts took the turn of the clothing of the reform, for the use of it for all occasions is adperson, and certainly not with a graceful or verse to the faculty of expression. A youth homage-compelling effect. Every one, indeed, now does not think of how lic may best convey his must have remarked the familiarity that has thought, whatever it may be, but resorts to some sprung up in the relations of the youth of the ready-made slang phrase. He is proud of the present generation. There is not the gallant at- station of a gentleman, he would be ashamed to tention and deference that used to be paid by the appear like the vulgar in any respect but one, in young man to the young lady. If there is ad- which his language has the same clothing as that miration, it is of a free-and-easy kind, not a of every cockney apprentice and shop-boy. timid, respectful admiration, but boldly asking Yet it is here exactly that education should give acceptance. Of course there are many ex- him the greatest superiority, as next to giving ceptions, nay, what we observe upon may be ideas its business is to cultivate the powers of the exception, not the rule, but such as it is, it expression. There are thousands of young men is so conspicuous as to seem to mark the char- now who would be reduced to speechlessness if acter of the manners of the day. Now suppose the slang of which their diction is composed the mothers of Belgravia and Mayfair, instead were struck out of it. The dependence is really of complaining that the young men will not pro- a very abject one, and their ideas become as pose, and that they seek the society of the poverty-struck as their faculties of expression. Horsebreakers, were to exhort their daughters to 1--Examiner.