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POETRY. Mrs. Browning's last Poem, 514. The Crisis, 514. Dependence on God, 614. After the Battle, 528. Not Yet! 528. After Three Days, 546. Alas! 546. Armageddon, 576.
SHORT ARTICLES.—Daniel Safford, 527. Balloons in War, 542. Female Printers, 542. Signs of Poisons, 545. Book Sale, 545. The Comet, 558. Not exactly Rosewater, 571.
REBELLION RECORD, No. 16,- and Illustrations of Nos. 1-12. Containing a map of the U.
S., and portraits of Generals Scott, Fremont, Anderson, Butler, and of Jefferson Davis.
G. P. Putnam, New York. RECREATIONS OF A COUNTRY Parson; Second Series. Ticknor and Fields, Boston. Tou BROWN AT OXFORD: a Sequel to School Days at Rugby. Part Second. Ticknor and
Fields, Boston. THE UPRISING OF A GREAT PEOPLE. The United States in 1861. From the French of Count
Agenor de Gasparin. By Mary L. Booth. Third Edition. New York : Charles Scribner.
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MRS. BROWNING'S LAST POEM.
THE CRISIS. A VIEW ACROSS THE ROMAN CAMPAGNA.
Our country's fate! for good or ill, on us the
burden lies; 1861.
God's balance, watched by angels, is hung across
the skies. OVER the dumb campagna-sca,
Shall Justice, Truth, and Freedom turn the Out in the offing through mist and rain,
poised and trembling scale ? St. Peter's Church heaves silently
Or shall Evil triumph, and robber Wrong pre
vail ? Like a mighty ship in pain,
Shall the broad land, o'er which our flag in Facing the tempest with struggle and strain.
starry splendor waves, Forego through us its freedom, and bear the
tread of slaves ? Motionless waifs of ruined towers, Soundless breakers of desolate land!
The Crisis presses on us; face to face with as it The sullen surf of the mist devours
stands, That mountain-range upon either hand,
With solemn' lips of question, like the Sphinx Eaten away from its outline grand.
in Egypt's sands : This day we fashion Destiny! our web of Fate
we spin; And over the dumb campagna-sea
This day, for all hereafter, choose we holiness or Where the ship of the Church heaves on to Even now, from starry Gerizim, or Ebal's cloudy
wreck, Alone and silent as God must be
We call the dews of blessing, or the bolts of The Christ walks !-Ay, but Peter's neck Is stiff to turn on the foundering deck.
cursing down! By all for which the martyrs bore their agony
and shame; Peter, Peter, if such be thy name,
By all the warning words of truth with which Now leave the ship for another to steer,
the prophets came; And proving thy faith everinore the same
By the Future which awaits us; by all the hopes
which cast Come forth, tread out through the dark and drear,
Their faint and trembling beams across the blackSince He who walks on the sea is here!
ness of the past; And by the blessed thought of Him who for
Earth's freedom died, Peter, Peter !-he does not speak
O my people ! O my brothers ! let us choose the He is not as rash as in old Galilee.
the righteous side!
John G. WHITTIER. Safer a ship though it loss and leak,
Than a reeling foot on a rolling sea!
DEPENDENCE ON GOD.
In the mid silence of the voiceless night,
Whom in the darkness doth my spirit seek, Peter, Peter!-he does not stir
O God! but thee?
“ The broil on the shore, if the Lord should Some vague impression of the day foregone, wish,
Scarce knowing what it is, I fly to thee,
And lay it down.
In token of anticipated ill,
My bosom takes no heed of what it is, Fisher of fish wouldst thou live instead,
Since 'tis thy will.
Cheating the market at so much a head, For, oh! in spite of past and present care,
Passes that silent, soli:ary lour,
My God, with thee! At the triple crow of the Gallic cock
More tranquil than the silence of the night, Thou weep'st not, thou, though thine eyes be More peaceful than the silence of that hour, dazed :
More blest than any thing, my spirit lies What bird comes next in the tempest-shock?
Within thy power. .. Vultures! See,-as when Romulus gazed, To inaugurate Rome for a world amazed !
For what is there on carth that I desire,
Of all that it can give or take from me?
Or whom in heaven doth my spirit seek,
O God! but thee?
From The New Englander. grandfather,” wholly to relieve the public PRIVATE CHARACTER OF THOMAS JEF-mind of its settled convictions. FERSON.
Jefferson has now been dead about six and The Life of Thomas Jefferson. By Henry S. thirty years, and before the prescribed time, Randall
, LL.D. New York; Derby and before his half century of posthumous fame Jackson. 1858. 3 vols. 8vo. North American Review, No. 188, July, 1860. the course of human events it becomes neces
has run out, his canonization is called for. "In The North American Review, following the sary,” if not to install him outright in sainta partisan biography of Dr. Randall, has under-ship, to take the steps of initiation, to begin the taken to defend the private character of ceremony by examining bis credentials
, exThomas Jefferson. It is one of the few in- tolling his virtues, concealing his faults, exposstances in which that able quarterly has left ing his remains, and by pointing his adorers to the discussion of grave questions in history to the beatified object of their worship. Before, give a like importance to family affairs and however, he is admitted to full celestial honors, trivial details, at the risk of doing some dam- we have something so say in disparagement age to its fame for affording only “ solid arti- of his claims to such exaltation. cles.” Its thrifty laurels in the logical de- “ The characters of her great men,” says the partment seem not to have been cared for any Review, by way of introduction, “ are a part more than its usual conservatism when cer- of the nation's wealth. For a time, while tain topics of Christian faith and duty claim party conflict rages, the people may seem inits attention. Over-confident in hasty con- different to this portion of their possessions ; clusions, and disposed to cast " theological nay, one half of them may appear to take odium” upon the religion of New England pride in destroying it. But the lapse of a fifty years ago, it has stepped forth with the generation or two removes much that is exalacrity of an accepted champion to vindicate traneous and accidental from the history of the private character of a man, who, whatever the conspicuous agents in public events ; may be said of his intellectual eminence or charges that were based not on facts but on distinguished public services, has certainly inferences pass into oblivion; and acts that never been esteemed for moral purity or prac- were viewed with abhorrence when recent, tical piety.
are seen in retrospect to have been excusaIn some old pamphlets before us relating to ble, innocent, and even praiseworthy. Such Jefferson's personal history, though particular has been the case with regard to Mr. Jefferinstances of disgraceful conduct or impious son.” This paragraph, with the exception of speech are affirmed or denied, his reputation the last sentence, is certainly true, and we for free thinking and loose morality is admit- have to add only, what is equally clear, that ted. The wonder seems to be that the good in estimating the nation's wealth in great people of the country should make such an men much will depend upon the genuineness ado about the private failings of a public man of the article. Spurious greatness, or greatexposed to peculiar temptations. What con- ness reckoned by figures of speech without temporaneous writers and speakers affirmed, exact calculations, or at its appraisement in posterity has believed. Rumor has been very market, or on a sliding scale to meet the decommunicative on the subject. The offensive mand of “ progressive history,” will not, matales afloat now, particularly in the region of terially, add to that species of property of Monticello, concerning the practices of the which the Review speaks. “This portion of great statesman during his repose from official their possessions,” too, to which at times the duties and after his final retirement to private people may seem indifferent, admits of valualife, would fill two or three volumes as bulky tion according to kind as well as quality. as Dr. Randall's. Many of these anecdotes Intellectual power, lasting achievements in are probably false or exaggerated statements state policy, diplomacy, or letters, moral exof facts generally credited. It will require, cellence in public or private life, are worth however, more than one short article, even more than physical force, transient, political, though indorsed by so respectable a review or literary honors, or the most polished deas the North American, and founded on a portment without the charm of virtue. If in granddaughter's recollections of her “dear our baste to multiply our treasures, we mistake, for example, a politician for a statesman, Dr. Johnson, in “Lives of the Poets," a wordy professor of morality for one of its says in substance that compliance with times, practical disciples, or infer from the existence and desire to please friends, constitute the of one useful art, trait, or accomplishment, great bane of biography. There never was that others must be present, or that distinction a fuller confirmation of the truth of this sayin one sphere of action confers fame in ing than in the new version of Mr. Jefferanother, our real capital in great and good son's private history. The publication of his men is essentially reduced. For the benefit correspondence, in 1829, by his grandson, to of the detective police,” likenesses of the whom the papers were bequeathed, was not principal rogues in the city of New York are quite satisfactory all round the circle of his arranged in a gallery. There are to be seen admirers and surviving friends. The Reeminent individuals, public men in various de- view is pleasant and particular over that separtments of human enterprise, “ leading lection, and discourses upon its merits in pick-pockets,” * leading burglars," "general this style : "The publication of Mr. Jefferthieves," “ notable counterfeiters," robbers, son's writings did much to change the impresforgers, and assassins. Upon looking at their sion of his character in the minds of the countenances, feigned names, etc., the thought younger portion of his countrymen, and they occurred to us, Is the wealth of the nation saw with surprise that the man, so held in much enhanced by such possessions as are abhorrence, had been engaged during his here represented ? Would it be enhanced, whole career in laying open his heart to if, on account of the superior intelligence his numerous correspondents, avowing most of these men, their dexterity in the use of freely his opinions on public events and wcapons, or handicraft at various trades, in- abstract topics, and that no unworthy sentisinuating address and confidential manners, ment, no base motive, no selfish views could great and good qualities should be ascribed to be traced in a single line of the voluminous them ;-if, after the Carlyle fashion, there collection.” Professor Tucker, however, in should be inscribed upon their portraits“ hero his Memoirs, takes an opposite view of the as king,” “ hero as priest,” “ hero as saint,” same production. "The maledictions of his “ hero as man of letters ?” We would not by enemies," he says, “have of late years been this general comparison press the portrait more frequent than the commendations of of the third president of the United States into his friends. From the want of caution in such companionship, but would have it remain making that publication (his papers and in the gallery of American statesmen. Our correspondence), "owing, it is presumed, to complaint, however, begins when he is not a mistaken opinion of the claims of the pubtruly represented; when through the labori- lic, the ill-will which had been felt against ous performance of Dr. Randall,--who, in his Mr. Jefferson received a new impulse, and portraiture, viewed as a work of art, has was, in a measure, imparted to a new genemixed ample materials without seeming to ration.” The North American, too, felt that know exactly how to use his brush,-assisted after all something was wanting, as a means by the graceful sketching of the Review, the of knowing the true character of the man, old and familiar character of Thomas Jeffer- before the advent of Dr. Randall's biography. son comes up with a new and radiant face; It speaks of the value of having the testiwhen qualities are ascribed to him which he mony of those who saw Mr. Jefferson most never had ; opinions which he never held; closely and for the longest time, and then sentiments which he never uttered; when on says: “Mr. Randall has produced this for account of his strong intellect, eminent ser- us by direct questioning of Mr. Jefferson's vices in behalf of his country, courteous man- descendants." Let us see, then, how this ners and domestic attachments, he is pro- gentleman proceeded to obtain the desired jected in such gigantic proportions of moral information by his “ direct questioning ?” excellence that all his imperfections fade The manner in which this was done we may away; when having filled one high office as infer from the inquiries put to Dr. Dunglichief of a party or chief of the state, he is ex- son, and from his response, which we quote. alted to another, and when this hero, as high " You ask,” says Dr. Dunglison, “what were priest of democracy, becomes ex officio a high his private virtues that appeared conspicupriest in holy orders.
ous to all his acquaintances. I would say, in your language, that he was always, in my while the letter-writer speaks only of what observation, ‘peculiarly decorous, modest, she presumed to be her grandfather's sentiand decent in all things.'” With such ques- ments, the reader can judge which of the two tioning of Mr. Jefferson's descendants, it is descriptions lacks the necessary gradations not surprising that their replies should cover and qualifications of expression, and whether more than all debatable ground, and that the “ Jackson portrait” is “too highly colthere should be no longer "something want- ored." ing,” but something to spare.
Thomas Jefferson Randolph, when quegDaniel Webster, who visited the " sage of tioned, stated in a letter to Dr. Randall that Monticello " in 1824, had criticised, in a he had seen in the countenance of his grandprivate correspondence, his person, dress, father expressions of sorrow, but never the manners, and opinions ; had mentioned, slightest expression of anger or unquietness. among other peculiarities, his being “ad- Some of the elder members of the family dicted to French tastes, French manners, and had seen such expressions in two instances, French principles ;” had said that though he and had spoken of them as remarkable. was “often unjustly attacked by the Feder- This incongruity required explanation and alists, they did him no injustice in charging conference. Two anecdotes are furnished upon him a preference for French opinions, which are minutely related, giving the exwhether in politics, morals, or religion." act time, place, and circumstances in which “These descriptions," says Dr. Randall, this phenomenon was visible, and “the noble “appearing to us to lack some necessary and serene countenance of Mr. Jefferson " gradations and qualifications of expression, was obscured by a passing cloud. Everywe sought an opinion on them from one as thing, in short, in these Memoirs seems to familiar with Mr. Jefferson, his views and be explained in a way most satisfactory to modes of expression, as one ever was, and the surviving friends and relations of the received the following reply : “My dear Mr. great statesman, from grave questions in Randall, Mr. Webster's description of Mr. politics and theology, down to his predilecJefferson's personal appearance does not tions for “red breeches,” for which he was please me; though I will not stop to quarrel distinguished as our minister near the court with any of the details. The general im- of France. pression it was calculated to produce seemed Now if these extracts and our comments to me an unfavorable one; that is, a person upon them seem to any person to be frivowho had never seen my grandfather, would, lous, we reply that in our opinion they are from Mr. Webster's description, have thought necessary to a correct understanding of the him rather an ill-looking man, which cer- motives of the committee of conference and tainly he was not. It would, however, be adjustment over the dilapidated condition of difficult for me to give an accurate descrip- the character before us, and as preliminary tion of one I so tenderly loved and deeply to what we have chiefly in view in writing venerated.” Mr. Webster had referred to this article--the religious opinions of Thomas Jefferson's expressed alarm at the prospect Jefferson. Some of our readers may not be of seeing Jackson president of the United aware of the serious and combined efforts of States, and to his strictures on Wirt's Life his friends to exalt him in the estimation of of Patrick Henry. Dr. Randall offers the his countrymen as having been eminent in following testimony obtained from the source piety, and in case of a failure to deliver him already referred to. “Mr. Webster has too from the charge of freethinking or unbelief. highly colored the Jackson portrait. I do Dr. Randall, the principal expounder of the not remember to have heard Mr. Jefferson Jeffersonian creed, opens a long chapter with speak of Jackson except with reference to the assertion that “ Mr. Jefferson was a pubthe general idea that a (military) chieftain lic porfessor of his belief in the Christian rewas no proper head of a peaceful republic. ligion.” What is meant by a public profesIn like manner I never heard him speak of sor of belief in the Christian religion, may Wirt's Life of Patrick Henry with the amount be inferred from the following specificaof severity recorded by Mr. Webster.” As tions : “In all his most important early the observations of the latter, however, are state papers, in his inaugural addresses, and specific, relating to what he saw and heard, in many of his annual messages, there are