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mudists are agreed; the passage we quoted From all these premises, we think we may about the corruption of Jewish blood in the fairly draw the following conclusions: that a phrase “Mæson is dead, Media is sick, Per- large number of the ten tribes remained in sia is dying,” referred quite as much to mar- the northern parts of the ancient kingdom of riages with the Ten Tribes as with heathen. Israel, after the captivity of Shalmaneser,
The Israelites were placed by the king of whose descendants were known as “ GaliAssyria “ in Halah and Habor, by the river leans” in the gospel history, and that the of Gozan, in the cities of the Medes.” The southern part only, viz: Samaria, was settled Talmudists inform us that in their day Ha- by strangers from the east; that a considerlah is Halvaoth ; Habor is Adiabene; the able number-perhaps about ten thousand river Gozan is Ginzak. Ptolemy speaks of returned with Ezra from Babylon ; for these it Chaboras, Chalatis, and Ganzanitis; there was, as well as the Galileans, that Ezra ofis little difficulty in identifying these names. fered “twelve bullocks for all Israel” (viii. Again, we have in the Talmud directions 35) ; that another large portion remains to about marriage:"provision is made concern- this day in the places to which they were caring espousals, that they contract not with ried captive, and are known under the any of the Ten Tribes.” Again, we read in general title of “Jews.” Maimonides conEzra (ii. 64), that only forty-two thousand fesses that in his time all distinction of tribe three hundred and threescore returned to and family had been lost. | We must also Jerusalem ; of those only about thirty thou- give some credence to the conjecture of sand are reckoned by families ; perhaps the Lightfoot, viz: that a considerable body of other ten thousand were of the Ten Tribes. these were converted to Christianity by the Again, it is not quite clear that the whole of unknown land (a thing now conceived of them), Galilee was carried captive by Shalmaneser but that the preaching of the apostles came also to an equal estent with Samaria. The ap- this with the greatest assurance, upon the credit
to them, as well as to other nations, One may say plication of the prophecy (St. Matt. iv. 14), of St. James, who writes his Epistle to the whole “The land of Zabulon, and the land of Neph- twelve tribes, -and also upon the credit of the
tribes are sealed, thalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jor- chap. vil. And the words of our Saviour argue
Apocalyptic, in whom the twe dan, Galilee of the Gentiles; the people the same thing respecting the twelve apostles, that which sat in darkness saw great light; they all twelve heard the sound of the gospel,
were to judge the twelve tribes, implying that and to them which sat in the region and concerning the reception or rejection of which that shadow of death, light is sprung up,” would judgment was to be. hardly be applicable, unless a remnant at is the apostle to be understood treating of the call
Under this notion, unless I am much mistaken, least of those tribes remained there. Fur- ing of Israel
, Rom. xi. ; not of the Jews only, but ther, when King Josiah restored the religion of the whole twelve tribes of Israel, owlekapinov. of Judah, he extended his reformation to the speaks at ver. 26, namely, that hardness, or “blind
And this is that mystery, concerning which he extinct kingdom of Israel, showing pretty ness happened to Israel LTÒ MÉpous, by parts, or clearly that a large number of Israelites still separately;' first, the ten tribes were blinded,
soine hundreds of years after, the two tribes; and inhabited that country, and that he was per- both the one and the other remained under that mitted by its suzerain to exercise a certain state, until the fulness of the Gentiles came in, control over the inhabitants. *
when the gospel entered, and so all Israel,
dudekúovhos, the whole twelve tribes,' namely, other tribes joined themselves to the Jews on their they who were the retujia, the remnant, kui return from the Babylonish captivity, as I have ÉK20;ūv zápuro5, according to the election of grace,' before observed, and these by the names of those ver. 1, were saved. . , And so (which is a great tribes might still be preserved among their descend- mystery), first, the Gentiles were blinded; and, avts, yet it is not to be supposed that all were so; after them, the ten tribes were blinded; and, after but that some of the names of those other tribes them, the two tribes were blinded; all 'lying were wholly lost, and no more in being in the time under that miserable condition, until all at last of Ptolemy Phiiadelphus; and that, therefore, no were enlightened by the gospel, and closed together such choice could then be made out of them for in one body. And that the apostle spake of his the composing of this version."'--Prideaux's Con- own times when the gospel was newly brought to nexion, P't. ii. Book I. pp. 51-52.
the Gentiles, he himself sufficiently ratifies and ** But now, if the seats, cities, countries of makes known by those words, 'Ev viv kalpo, the Ten Tribes in the times of the Talmudists were
. At this present time,' ver. 5."--Lightfoot, Talso well known, much more were they so in the mulical Ixercitations on the first Ep. 1o Cor.' times of the apostles; which were not so far re- † “ Hinc Familiæ inter nos confusæ sunt, ita ut moved from their first captivity. That people, dignosci nequeant inter se, nec e locis ipsorum therefore, skulked not [latuil] in I know not what cognosci."- Maimon. De Lotione Manuum, c. iv.§ 4.
preaching of the apostles; perhaps that the destruction of them took place under the greater part of the Oriental Christians in the Tatar invaders. first century was composed of converted Jews We have confined ourselves strictly to the and Israelites ; that they, in successive gener- limits allowed by the title of this article, and ations, lost their peculiarities of race and have omitted much connected with the bisfeature, through intermarriage and abandon- tory of dispersed Israel of exceeding interest ing of peculiar customs. Perhaps there may be -e.g. the Platonic development in Alexan some truth in Dr. Wolff's conjecture of the dria; the Homeritic kingdom in Arabia ; and Israelitish origin of the Persian Nestorians; the doubtful one of Kozar. The first is worthy and finally, that a great number adopted the of an article by itself; for the second, we idolatry of the countries in which they lived, must refer our readers to Gibbon and Milman; and have lost their nationality; that a fearful for the last, to Basnage.
In a recent number we stated that the United | any other station, so long as proper metallic States Government had decided to employ the connection is maintained. Enterprising aeronauadvantages of balloon reconnoissances in their tists must not, however, forget that a balloon impending warfare. We now understand that offers a tempting mark for artillery or rifle pracMr. Allan, a member of the Rhode Island marine tice; and one of the newly invented percussion artillery, who has had great experience in aerial shells, filled with a spontaneously inflammable navigation, has been appointed aeronautical en- liquid, would be about as welcome a visitor in gineer to the United States Government, and a balloon, as a red-hot shot in a powder magawill be employed during the war in taking ob- zine.- London Review. servations of the enemy's movements, etc. The balloon and its engineer accompany the United States army. Professor Lowe has recently made an ascent at Washington, with the
The Victoria Press, under the presidency of view of ascertaining how far balloons could be Miss Emily Faithful, is about to issue a volume made available, by telegraphing the results of called the " Victoria Regia,” dedicated, by perobservations by means of a wire to the earth. mission, to Her Majesty the Queen, and under Proper telegraphic apparatus was accordingly her especial patronage, as a perfect specimen of taken up, together with some gentlemen con- the success of the Victoria Press, and also as a nected with the telegraph company. The wire proof of the support afforded to them by the was unwound from a wheel as the balloon rose, names most distinguished in literature. The and when a sufficient elevation was obtained, volume will be edited by Miss Adelaide A. telegraphic signals were passed to the observers Procter, and will contain original contributions beneath. The first message was sent to the from Tennyson, Thackeray, Barry Cornwall, President; and as our readers may feel an in- Kingsley, Frederick Maurice, Dean Milman, terest in this, as being, we believe, the first tele- Anthony Trollope, the late Leigh Hunt, Miss graphic message received from the clouds, we Muloch, Mrs. Clive, the authoress of " Paul give it vesbatim. It was as follows :
Ferroll,” the late Mrs. Jameson, Lady Georgina “Balloon Enterprise, Washington.
Fullerton, Mrs. Grote, the Hon. Mrs. Norton,
and many others. We may take the TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. of giving an unqualified denial to the statement
opportunity “Sir:- This point of observation commands made by some journals, that the Victoria Printan area nearly fifiy miles in diameter. The city, ing Press in Great Coram-street is a failure as a with its girdle of encampments, presents a su- woman's printing-office. There are eighteen perb scene. I take great pleasure in sending young women employed at the Victoria Press, you this first dispatch ever telegraphed from an who are making considerable progress as comaerial station, and in acknowledging my indebted-positors, and there are only three men employed ness to your encouragement for the opportunity in training and clicking for these apprentices. of demonstrating the availability of the science of In the press-room men only are employed, as aeronautics in the military service of the country. that branch of the business is unsuitable for wo“Yours respectfully,
We hear that the Victoria Press is al"T S. C. LOWE."
ready self-supporting, and in every way fulfilOf course there is no theoretical difficulty in ing the desires of its promoter, Miss Emily telegraphing from a balloon as well as from Faithful.- London Review.
From The Spectator, 22 June. American sense of the Invisible" seems to GAS ON THE BRAIN.
be of this Mesopotamian kind. It is perfectly MR. EMERSON has protestel, in his latest inarticulate. It wants to express a restlesswork, against the English impression that all ness and intensity of feeling which is as yet Americans are born with water on the brain, quite unprovided with definite words of intel
though he adds that "it must be admitted lectual shape. Instead or setting itself to . there is a little there." The expression find that shape, and pruning all expression
is an extremely felicitous one. It describes except such as is likely to promote wise that peculiar tendency to dilation in ideas and action, it grasps at almost the first symbolic feelings which is constantly threatening to acts, the first string of interjectional phrases carry the American clear off his legs,--to that occurs, for relief, and evaporates in viomake him a kind of balloon inflated with lent demonstrations which represent transcendental sentiment. It looks as if there steady and coherent purpose. had been, to use a chemical image, the press- Nothing grieves us more than to see the ure of a few moral atmospheres removed regular symptoms of this “gas on the brain," from the English character by its migration so strongly indicated by the Northern party to America, which had previously kept this in the present American struggle. It is a gas in combination with the more solid ele- time for work and not for talk—for the comments of life, leaving that which in England pressed excitement of silent action, not for was but a latent and passive element, to es- the spasmodic excitement of effervescing cape freely on the other side of the Atlantic, wrath. Every American who loves his counand lend a tinge of bewilderment to the try should lend her his arm, if he can, and whole tenor of their otherwise rather earthly keep his tongue, even if he cannot, for the life. Mr. James Russell Lowell, whose gen- gravest explanations of fact, such as Mr. ius has enough in it of the American element Motley has recently put forward with adto enable him to appreciate its true character mirable temper and skill. But here we have with the most delicate accuracy, has said in an honest friend of the North, Mr. George his preface to the Bigelow Papers, “A Francis Train, summoning as many as he strange hybrid, indeed, did circumstances be- can find on the London newspaper staff to get here in the new world, upon the old witness the inflation of his brain with this Puritan stock; and the earth never before peculiarly American compound of sulphursaw such mystic practicalism, such niggardous and laughing gas, that is so abhorrent, geniality, such calculating fanaticism, such we will not say only to English taste and cast-iron enthusiasm, such unwilling humor, feeling, but to all taste and feeling except such close-fisted generosity; yet, after all the American. It is not very easy to believe this, speculative Jonathan is more like the Eng- that screaming like the following expresses lishman of two centuries ago, than John Bull a grave indignation and a settled resenthimself is. He has lost somewhat in solidity, ment, yet so, doubtless, it is :become fluent and adaptable, but most of the
“Have you ever been at Niagara ? Stand original groundwork of character remains with me on the banks, and mark the fierce John Bull has suffered the idea of the Invisible struggle of logs and canoes – birds and to be very much fattened out of him. Jona-beasts in that terrible battle of the rapids. than is still conscious that he lives in the Once drawn into that ravenous maelstrom, world of the Unseen as well as the Seen." all control is lost—they cannot return, but Perhaps : nor have we the least wish to see
turning round and round in the myriad
whirlpools for days and nights, they at last the transcendental and inarticulate senti- plunge into the abyss below, no more to be ment, which evidently heats the brain of seen forever; so is it with the chiefs of the America, disappear without leaving deep Pirate League, Thompson, Stephens, Wingtraces of the supernatural behind. It is quite field, Walker, Davis, Floyd, Slidell, Toombs, possible, as we have heard suggested, that the Mallory, Yulee, Benjamin, Cobb, Wise, old woman who thanked God for the comfort Rhett, Keitt, Yancey, Breckenridge, Bayshe had derived from that blessed word ard, Green, Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Pryor
--they are now in the rapids of the French Mesopotamia,” had a religious feeling in her of Revolution which they have created, and ere which the roll of that polysyllabic name the Reign of Terror is over they will make seemed a faint echo. But a good deal of the the fearful plunge, and pass over the falls,
where all the devils are holding a jubilee in It is, indeed, a very serious case of gas on hell in that dark sepulchral dungeon of the the brain, and we deeply regret its exhibiinfernal regions especially reserved for trai- tion before an English newspaper-writing tors."
audience, whom it evidently irritated into This was received with loud laughter, but an attitude of protest, if not contempt. Is we regret and resent it because it does a it compatible with a really earnest feeling great injury to the cause which, of all politi- for the political crisis in America ? We sincal causes, we have most at heart at the cerely believe it is; but it is so far more present moment. What can do more harm expressive of unreasoning excitement, of an in England than such passages as the fol- intellect in convulsions, of mind that wellowing? Some of us they irritate, and some comes instead of dreading the access of pothey fill with a feeling of mockery for the litical delirium, that it inspires Englishmen whole Northern cause. Either feeling is bad unjustly with a profound distrust for the —the last is fatal to our duty as a nation; cause on behalf of which such rant is poured yet who can tell how much of this feeling forth. such passages as these may not inspire ?- We must consider fairly the causes which
have made the American brain what it is, “I tell you that there is danger, and we must not be apathetic–I warn you, gentle before we allow its exhibitions to excite in us men-I sincerely believe that if you do not revulsion and scorn. They are in a great express yourselves warmer than you have measure at work in many of our colonies, done, in less than two weeks the American especially those in which climate tends to inambassador will be in England, and Eng- crease that relaxation of the physique which land and America will be at war. Be not always acts injuriously on the nervous systoo apathetic. I would warn you lest you tem. The truth is that the Englishman canundo the course of forty years and find yourselves lying in the lap of negro slavery. I not be removed without injury from that am earnest, I assure you,
I what I
compact but stratified society in which his my father and mother and dear sisters lie in hereditary organization has been matured. New Orleans, hostages to that fatal climate. His practical character is in a state of wholeMy grandfather had a large plantation and some compression between the superincummany slaves in Baltimore. I love my coun- bent weight of the aristocracy, and the not try and will defend its flag. I prefer war to less powerful pressure of the great mass of dishonor. I cannot cease to think we shall love that beautiful idea, the flag. I want a
the working class below, which obliges it to union of lakes, a union of states, a union weigh well what it can and what it cannot of sympathies, a union of hearts, a union of justify to men of wholly different types of hands, and the flag of our Union forever. thought and life. But this wholesome re(Cheers.) Gentlemen, I would have the stars straint once removed, the natural egotism, and stripes indorsed on our fraternity. the boundless self-confidence of the AngloGentlemen, this is what I wanted: an ex; Saxon race takes a sudden and bewildering pression of opinion from you here. I tell you you are too apathetic. If you cannot
So long as it is held fairly
development. express warmer sentiments for the Northern down, either by class-pressure or by a vivid country, if you are afraid to speak, if you religious faith, or by both causes, this selfhave not pluck, say so. (Cheers.) If you confidence is only an elastic force, which were all members of Parliament, or if I had gives power to the national character, and met the ministry, I might have expected to enables it 10 achieve its many great sucfind their mouths shut. I am surprised at
But once let it be liberated from this apathy. You do not know which side
this constraint-let generations grow up all you are on. I sincerely believe that, by George, you are all secessionists, inasmuch of one type of thinking, and under the inas, in two or three points, I hear some fluence of a faith that tends to evaporate speakers get up and speak on its principles. rapidly into intellectual idealism and this I believe, if I take this meeting as a guide, egotism and self-confidence, which before the American ambassador will be in Paris only resisted overwhelming compression, next week.”
now expand into volumes of noxious and Is not this a strong case of what the Big- blinding vapor. The English character is elow Papers so happily term “thrashin exceedingly ill-suited to the atmosphere of round like a short-tailed bull in fli-time?" universal political sympathy. It fermen's
under the heat of close contact with elements | American feeling and speech, that the seeds of exactly the same kind. It needs the inter- of similar excitement lie deep in our own orspersing of many non-conducting strata to ganization, and are only to be repressed by keep it cool and vigorous. Wherever, whether a habit of steady respect for the convictions in Australia or in Canada, we see Englishmen of minds of different types from our own, all of one class and type associated together, and a firm grasp of a faith that is strong there we see a gradual process of deteriora- enough to control as well as to stimulate us. tion going on, the fumes of egotism and impa- In America all causes have concurred to tience gradually swallowing up the clear and stimulate a temperament that stands in the patient reflection which the collisions of va- greatest need of strong compression. Clirious desires and interests in the old country mate, democratic institutions, equality of more or less promote. Men give easy vent rank, and constant contact with an excitable to impulses which they know are shared by race in the most exciting of all relations, that the mass of their countrymen, and the re- of servile inferiority, have done much to counaction of the popular warmth upon their teract the controlling influence of a strong mind renders such desires more intense and faith, and to sublimate it into a new intelmore blind, and their expression more ex
tual ilus. If the fever of the Engtravagant.
lish temperament is still in a measure latent, It is well never to forget, when we are in- we have to thank no one less than ourcensed or amused with the extravagance of selves.
SIGNs-MANUAL OF THE Poisons.—Specific / ara paralyzes the motor nerves; that strychnia Action of Different Poisons. The narcotic poi- attacks the sensitive portion of the nervous syssons, as a class, occasion stupor, the narcotico- tem, and excites fatal reflex actions : that digiacrids, delirium. Nux vomica, and the several talis, upas antiar, corrowal, and wao, veratrine, various plants of which strychnia is the active tissue throughout the body, and on the heart as
and several other poisons, act on the muscular principle, affect the spinal cord, producing vio- a muscle. There remains, then, but one exlent attacks of tetanus; conia, the active princi- planation of the action of poisons, when once ple of hemlock, paralyzes the whole muscular introduced into the bloodvessels, namely, that system; arsenic, even when applied externally, they are carried with the blood to the organs or causes inflammation of the mucuous membrane tissues on which they act: some by the coronary of the alimentary canal; mercury attacks the arteries to the heart, which they paralyze; others salivary glands and mouth; cantharides the to the spinal marrow, exciting fatal tetanic urinary system ; antimony the lungs; manganese spasms; others, to the brain, proving fatal by the liver (and this is an effect of copper ;) chro- an indirect action on the respiration; and othmate of potash the conjunctiva of the eyes; iodine ers, again, to the lungs, causing an arrest of the the lymphatic glands; lead the muscular system capillary circulation, and consequent asphyxia. generally (and this, too, is an occasional effect of arsenic); and spurred rye produces gangrene of the limbs. Poisonous substances used in the On Monday, July 15th, Messrs. Sotheby and arts also reveal their effects upon the system Wilkinson commence a three days' miscellanethrough their specific actions. Thus the dropped ous sale of books, including the libraries of the hand betrays the use of lead, paralysis agitans late Adey Repton, Esq., F.S.A., and the Rev. that of mercury, gangrene of the jaws that of Dr. Wrench. "Many of the lots are most valuphosphorus, and a peculiar rash, with the forma- able and curious, and comprise some rare poettion of small ulcers about the nostrils, ears, bends ical pieces. Lot 329 is particularly worthy of of the arms and scrotum, the employment of the notice, being a complete set of the London Rearsenite of copper.
view, from its commencement in May, 1749 to Considerable and very important additions 1841 inclusive, with indexes, two hundred and have been lately made to our knowledge of the forty volumes. The London Review, which for action of poisons, and of the proximate cause of a considerable period enjoyed the reputation of death in poisoning, by M. Claude Bernard. He being the first literary journal in Europe, is a has shown by well-devised experiments on ani- scarce work in so complete a form, the Fonthill mals that the more active poisons attack partic. copy, only one hundred and seventy-four, vollar tissues or organs essential to life—that woor- umes, having sold for £44, 128. 6d.
THIRD SERIES. LIVING AGE. 746