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man nature in which is written the inalienable then, that the Constitution is a compact beright of resistance to intolerable wrong. And tween sovereign states, makes, in itself, nothto this blended and we think confused con- ing for the right of secession. It does not ception, the Southern movement has actually bring us one step nearer to that right than be corresponded. It has been a curious blend- fore. We must still look into the instrument ing of legitimate and revolutionary, of peace- itself
, and see what is the work which these ful and warlike elements. While asserting, several sovereignties have performed; what in speeches and resolutions, the right of peace- powers they have deposited in it; what they sul withdrawal, its warlike preparations and have withheld. warlike acts evinced a consciousness that the proceeding contained other than peaceful ele- NOT A LEAGUE, BUT A GOVERNMENT. ments. Let us examine briefly both of these And looking at that instrument, blindness grounds, both the alleged right of constitu- itself can scarcely avoid seeing that our tional withdrawal, and the validity of the fathers formed, not a league, or confederareasons for inaugurating a revolution. tion, but a government. Without obliter
The right of secession is based on what is ating the previous accidental colonial divisa favorite doctrine with Southern statesmen, ions, they overlaid them, bound them round, that the Constitution is a compact between interpenetrated them, by an all-encompasssovereign states, which, therefore, they have ing and paramount national Union. Does a right to annul at pleasure. The premises this need confirmation ? Look at what they in this argument we do not propose now to did. They took from the states the power discuss. In regard to the question before us, to levy armies, to create navies, to make war we believe it a matter of entire indifference or peace, to enter into treaties with each other whether the Constitution was formed by the or with foreign powers, to coin money, to states as such, or by the immediate act of the levy imposts on imported goods, to institute whole people. The real question is not in postal regulations, and interlaced the whole what manner the thing was done, but what territory with the ramifications of one vast was actually done; not in what precise ca- judicial system centering at the seat of the pacity the citizens of the country acted in national authority. They created all the framing the instrument, but what sort of an different branches of a complete civil polity, instrument they framed; what kind of a cen- legislative, executive, and judicial; and tral authority they created ; what powers they without making one syllable of provision conferred upon it, and what powers they with- for the withdrawal of any of the parties to held. Whatever be the functions and powers the arrangement, expressly declared that no of the Constitution, it surely makes no differ- state should pass a law conflicting with the ence whether the people came directly under laws of the United States within its own its obligations, or acting through their estab- borders. Now, whatever may have been lished
organs as separate states. A sovereign the purpose of the framers of the Constitustate, we suppose, has the same right to tion, can there be any doubt as to what they modify at pleasure its form of government did? Was there ever an instance in the which it originally had to create it. And it history of mankind in which independent yet remains to be established as a principle of and sovereign states yielded up such powers political ethics, that a sovereign state is not and functions to a mere transient partnerequally bound by the obligations which it has ship, dissolvable at pleasure, and that too at voluntarily assumed, as any private, or any the pleasure or caprice of any single one of number of private individuals. In private eth- the parties? The idea is in the last degree ics, the right to give implies the right to take, preposterous. Whether they meant it or but not the right to take back what you have not, our fathers framed a Constitution, a unreservedly surrendered. Whether it be an government for a nation with an organic individual, or a state, no matter how sovereign life, and not a congeries of loosely aggre-and, in fact, the more completely sovereign gated communities. The Southern people the stronger the argument-obligations sol-talk of the sovereign state of Virginia, or emnly assumed must be abided by until we of South Carolina, and that, under the Conare released from them by the power to which stitution of the United States. What sort we have made the surrender. The theory, of a sovereign state is that, we must ask,
which cannot build or own a ship, a fort, a And precisely this process of nationalizamint, an arsenal, a custom-house, a post- tion augments indefinitely the practical difoffice, which cannot make a treaty, which ficulties of secession. Had the present outcan neither send nor receive an ambassador, break occurred immediately after the organwhose very name, in fact, is as utterly un- izing of the Government, though not less known to the diplomacy of the world as if it vicious in theory, it would have been fraught lay in the planet Neptune, or the tail of the with less practical injustice. No vast sums last comet? which is all woven over with the of money had then been expended to enlarge, net-work of an exterior judicial and exterior consolidate, and improve the national domain. postal system ? Is this a sovereignty to be No series of forts, as Monroe, Pulaski, Sumproud of ? Are such the sovereign states to ter, Pickens, would have been at once obwhich the haughty chivalry of the Old Do-jects and strongholds of war. The mouth of minion, and the sons of the Huguenots de- the Mississippi was in the hands of France, light to vow a paramount allegiance ? No Florida in the hands of Spain, Texas in the wonder that the votary of state rights chafes hands of Mexico. No national capital had under a system whose hard and stubborn as yet received the expenditure of millions facts stand in such contemptuous defiance of on millions of money, and gathered around his theory,
it the hopes and affections of the people. For ourselves, we joyfully and gratefully In short, no series of living processes had accept the facts. We regard the Constitu- been long going forward, assimilating, unition itself as little else than the expression fying, binding the several parts into one orof a pre-existing nationality. It was the off- ganic whole, “vital in every part,” and which spring of a moral, almost of a natural neces- could scarcely, “but by annihilating, die.” síty. Sprung from the same origin, with the Secession is now emphatically venesection, same language, the same religion, and to a the severing of the veins and arteries of the large extent the same habits and political living body. affinities, with territorial divisions merely accidental, the people flowed together as
RIGHT OF WITHDRAWAL. naturally as kindred drops mingle into one. But the right of constitutional withdrawal Their union under a single government was denied, have the South grounds for revolua part of the “pre-established harmony" of tion ? May they throw themselves back on things. There might be questions as to spe- that “ higher law” which justifies any peocific forms of union, as to a government more ple in throwing off an intolerable yoke, in or less centralized: but a common govern- disowning a government which ceases to ment, that should sway, as with a single employ its powers for the good of the govbreath, this vast homogeneous mass, lay in the erned ? Such is no doubt the honest connecessity of the case. It was already grounded viction of multitudes of the Southern people. in the nationality of the people; it had to be But where lies the wrong? The clear-sightdeclared rather than created. And we have ed Vice-President of the Southern Confedbeen gratified to see the process of nation- eracy had failed to discover it when, in his alization, which must infallibly go on under speech of November last, he declared the the working of such a government-to see disuniort movement a revolt from the best the life of the states more and more absorbed and most beneficent government on earth. into the all-assimilating life of the nation. It can scarcely lie in the acts of the national It has been my country, and not my state, administration, for in this the South has had that has stirred our patriotic pride ; and from the beginning, according to its frequent while the excelsior banner that symbolized and just boast, a paramount share. Nearly the Empire State has been dear to us, our all our Presidents have been men, either paramount devotion has been given to the elected from the South, or in whose favorstars and stripes, that in every corner of our able disposition the South has reposed full vast territory, and in every quarter of the confidence. By an exceptional feature in world, told us of our country, and under our representation, it has been accorded a whose glorious blazonry we have been rap-, more than proportionate influence in our idly advancing to political and moral su- councils, while the unity of Southern action premacy.
on all questions specially affecting Southern interests has enabled it generally to over-provements, postal service. We need but rule the divided counsels of the North. If point to the vast territories which have been our protective traiff has been a grievance to obtained by purchase, or arms, or both, and some portions of the South, it has been a annexed to the Southern territory, and made vast benefit to others; while the policy, the depository of Southern institutions. whether for good or for evil, originated with Louisiana, with the immense territory wathe South, and was at the outset opposed by tered by the lower Mississippi, Florida, the North; and even where it has borne Texas-what millions of treasure, what rivers
of blood have been lavished that these rast somewhat hardly, the evil has been in no regions, large enough of themselves for an proportion to the benefits onferred by the empire, might go to extend the domain and national government. We need but refer to swell the social and political influence of the forts, navy-yards, custom-houses, harbor im- South!
GOYON AND DE MERODE.
UNDER the heading of “Curiosities of LiterA LAY OF LEICESTER SQUARE.
ature,” Mr. Hotten, of Piccadilly, has just pabAh ! ’ave a you eerd ze news wheech ’ave occur collection of books and literary curiosities, com.
lished a catalogue of a singularly interesting joost now? Monsignor de Mérode wiz Goyan 'ave von row.
prising jest-books, bibliography, heraldry, vol. Ze Général demand, and Monsignor deny,
umes of humor and pleasantry, black-letter
books, works condemned to be burnt, or whose Surrender of Zouave for some offence to try.
authors were imprisoned or whipped to death, To Général Goyon, of Monsignor Mérode, interspersed with numerous literary anecdotes. Ze ansare, in inglees exprased, vas “ Yon be Amongst the more noticeable works we observa blowed ;
an unpublished manuscript of Roger Bacon; an I vill a not give op ze unfortunate to you: autograph manuscript of the poet Burns; TynYour mastère ees von rhog, von ombog, and von dall's new Testament, 1552; and a very curioas doo !”
book entitled “L'Art de Bien Discourir ;” or
the art of manufacturing sermons and essays to Ze Général Goyon, to hear zis bad language order, in any quantity and upon any subject. Spoke of Napoléon, flew into von great ràge ; « Aha!” he cry,
ze coat protects you what you wears,
LORD BROUGHAM, as President of the Social Else I wode give you two great boxes on ze Science Congress, will himself deliver the in
augural speech. It is understood that in this
address he will enlarge on the benefits of the “ Take off your priestly robbs which keeps your Book Unions Bill, which he introduced to the shoulders warm,
House of Lords this session, would confer on And I of Général will change ze uniform
the progress of popular education His lordZat now on your honneur I’ave inflicted stain, ship has already intimated his intention of bringI may you render satisfaction on ze plain.”
ing the Book Unions Bill again before the Lords Monsignor de Mérode replied, “You'll me ex
next session. cuse; Ze offer to accept, for why I most refuse." Monsignor de Mérode," say Général Goyon, Engineers," with an account of their principal
MR. MURRAY announces “ The Lives of the “To me it plain appears zat you are von pol- works ; comprising also a history of inland com
munication in Britain, by Samuel Smiles, author “Ze boxes of your ears vat causes you no pain, of the “Life of George Stephenson,” and “ SelfSince as you zem accept zey morally remain, Help.” The first two volumes will contain Sir Behold, you see ze tip of zis extended toe; Hugh Myddelton, and other early engineers, Conceive zat you arrest ze kick I make just so !” James Brindley and the Duke of Bridgewater,
James Smeaton, John Rennie, and Thomas TelMonsignor de Mérode did zereupon retreat, ford. Like von small dog wiz tail between his hinder
feet, Ze soldier of him claimed surrender by and by, It is stated that Mr. Buckle's new volume is And seat him down to eat von plate of omble pie. intended to contrast the civilization of Germany
-Punch. and the United States.
THE LIVING AGE.
POETRY. - The Opening of the Leaves, 690. Sun and Rain, 690. The Sunny Side the Way, 690. A Call to Action, 690. De Profundis, 735. Other Worlds, 736. Coming Home, 736. Crown and Cross, 736.
SHORT ARTICLES. — In Press, 706, 722, 725. “ Soda Residues," 706. Louis Philippe's Opinion of Washington, 722. Meeting of Astronomers, 722. Christian Consciousness, 725. Liberty, 727. Cut Flowers, 727. A Note on Sudden Deaths, 731. Night Telegraph Army Signals, 731. The Employment of Camels in California, 731.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LIT TELL, SON, & CO., BOSTON.
For Six Dollars & year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually for. warded free of postage.
Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumes, handsomely bound, pucked in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars a volume.
ANT VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a halfin numbers.
ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly cahance their value.
690 THE SUNNY SIDE THE WAY.-A CALL TO ACTION.
Our hearts have days of sunshine,
But, freshness to retain,
We must have times of cloudiness-
We must have night and rain.
Cottage Carols,” by John Swain.
The earth no longer grieves ;
THE SUNNY SIDE THE WAY
COLDLY comes the March wind
Coldly from the north-
Yet the cottage little ones
Gayly venture forth:
Free from the cloud the firmament
Free from sorrow they,
The playful children choosing
The sunny side the way.
Sadly sighs the North wind
Naked boughs among,
Like a tale of mournfulness
Told in mournful song:
But the merry little ones,
· Happy things are they, If songs of praise be given
Singing like the lark, on
The sunny side the way.
There the silvery snowdrop-
Daffodils like gold-
Primroses and Crocuses
Poor? those cottage little ones ?
Poor! no-rich are they,–
With their shining treasures on
The sunny side the way.
Coldly oft, the winds blow
On the way of life,
Spreading in the wilderness,
Care, and pain, and strife;
Yet the heart may shelter have,
Cold though be the day,
Choosing like the little ones,
The sunny side the way.
Cottage Carols,” by John Swain.
A CALL TO ACTION.
We are living, we are dwelling,
In a grand eventful time;
In an age on ages telling,
To be living is sublime.
Hark! the waking up of nations,
Truth and Error to the fray.
Hark ! what soundeth ? 'tis creation
Groaning for its latter day?
Will ye play, then, will ye dally,
With your music and your wine?
Up! it is Jehovah's rally !
God's own arm hath need of thine.
Hark! the onset ! will ye fold your
Faith-clad arms in lazy lock?
Up, oh, up>thou drowsy soldier ;
Worlds are charging to the shock.
Worlds are charging-heaven beholding;
Thou hast but an hour to fight;
Now the blazoned cross unfolding,
On, riglit onward, for the right.
A. C. COXE.