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behind the town. But what most arrests the eye is the elevation The following account of a recent visit to this scene which was to me quite unexpected—the immense wall of the

of the whole place, and, above all, that most striking feature, of judgment, is from the pen of a correspondent of the mountains of Moab seeming to overhang the lower hills of Daily News

Judah, from which they are only separated by that deep mys“ At midnight the loud tolling of the convent bell called the terious gulf of the Dead Sea. Well might Moses from their brethren (of St. Saba) to their nocturnal devotions in the chapel; summit

overlook the Promised Land. Well might Orpah return thence the strong swell of some three dozen manly voices as to a near country—and Naomi be reminded of her sorrows. musically chanting the litany, came rolling in upon us with Well might'her descendant David choose their heights as the sleep-dispelling effect till an hour before dawn, when, having refuge for his aged parents when Bethlehem was no longer safe imbibed a fortifying draught of hot coffee, and made the usual for them.”—Stanley's Sinai and Palestine. small contribution to the convent treasury, we took leave of these hospitable St. Anthonies, and proceeded on our way to

Correspondence. the Dead Sea. Odd patches of the gloomy lake were visible from time to time, as we rode over 18 miles of even more barren and scorched mountains than those we had already crossed; We have received some interesting letters from various corresbut it was not till we were within a quarter of a mile of the pondents; but we find it quite impossible to give them all a beach, that the whole sheet of its waters fell at once under the place, at least, to the full extent of their wishes. We must eye. Here, heightened and confirmed, did the idea of utter therefore present our readers with an abridged summary of desolation strike the minds of all: a deathlike repose seemed to

their contents. hang over everything, and the only traces of vegetation that could be seen were a few half-withered bushes of camel-thorn A correspondent, whose signature is Beta, wishes to know on the edge of the plain, and the green line of trees and jungle whether 2 Thess. ii. 1, 2 does not prove that the coming of the that marks the winding course of the Jordan downwards from Lord to take his church is manifestly distinct from His day; the Sea of Galilee. For a distance of thirty yards from the and observes that the apostle Paul here, appears to assign His water, the shore was deeply furrowed, as if by the action of coming and the gathering of the saints unto him, as a reason former and higher waves, and strewed with drifted wood bleached for their not being disquieted with the thought that the day of almost white by the sun. At nine o'clock the heat was be-Christ was already come. coming oppressive, and we lost no time in making preparations for a bathe. For several hundred yards in the water the lake

The same correspondent wishes for an explanation of 1 Cor. was no more than five feet deep, but this was sufficient to test

x. 11: “Upon whom the ends of the world are come.” the alleged marvellous buoyancy about which travellers have said and written so much; and the result enables me to add our joint testimony to that which has been given by others. Each asks a number of questions, from which we select

the following:

Another correspondent, who calls himself “A Subscriber," of us did our utmost to sink by lying flat upon the water, with perfectly empty lungs, by twisting ourselves up into all possible shapes, and by endeavouring by the strongest downward pressure In reference to John iii. 13, where are Enoch and Elijah, if to get below the surface; but in vain. In fact, as one of my they are not ascended up into heaven? and where are the saints companions remarked, if it had been possible to raise a sail, we that have died since the days of Abraham and Moses ? might have skimmed across the lake without the movement of a limb. So also of the nauseous bitterness and sliminess of the

In reference to 2 Cor. iii. 18, is it in this world that we are water, I have read no account that at all exaggerates the actual promised to behold with open face the glory of the

Lord, and fact: putrid sea water intensely salined might perhaps resemble it in taste, but nothing short of a solution of glue mixed with to be changed into his image ? rancid oil, could equal the stinking clamminess with which it adheres to one's skin, hair, and beard; matting, when it dries, We insert the following letter, which has been sent to us for the hair in such a way that it requires no little subsequent this purpose, in the hope that the Satan-deluded author of the labour to effect its disentanglement and purification. The pamphlet referred to, and his approving readers may see it, smarting effect upon the eyes and the inner membrane of the peruse it, and take warning ere it be too late :nose, was intensely painful; and the general result of the bathe was extreme lassitude and stiffness for nearly half an hour

2, Little's Lane, Wolverhampton. after. After a collation under the shade of our Arab's cloak,

7 Oct., 1856. raised canopy-wise on four pieces of driftwood, we again mounted,

To Mr. Charles F. Jones. and turning our backs on this Judean Avernus, cantered rapidly

Sir, — Having recently received from you a very singular over the plain towards the point at which the Jordan is usually pamphlet, called “Marriage and Morals in Utah," I am convisited—the spot fixed by tradition as that of the Saviour's strained to say a few words upon it to you. This I do both as baptism by John. The distance from the sea to this point is a Christian man, and as a servant of the Lord; not as being about three miles, and over the whole of the route we trod not appointed to any office, or as giving forth the sentiments of upon a single blade of grass-vegetation, in fact, there was any class of persons. none. On all sides the ground was whitened with a saline

Observe! I do not write in the tone of offence, or as one crust-such as I had before met with in the great plain of offended, but with much pain and sorrow of heart that anything Tabreez-brought out by the action of the sun after rain, from so defiling and injurious to the truth should have emanated a soil strongly impregnated with this mineral.” J. N. L. from any class of persons calling themselves "saints” (holy

persons), and should ever have been wickedly fathered upon BETHLEHEM,

the character of the ever blessed God, the object of all true “Fan away to the east rises the conical hill where Herod died, adoration and worship. and now we mount the ridge of which that hill is the eastern In this pamphlet I am pained to observe that there is nothing extremity, and crowning the crest of the opposite ridge is a long said about what can give relief to a troubled conscience; about line of houses, with the massive and lofty convent. There was

the calling of "saints” to heaven, and their walking worthy of a shout which ran down the long file of horsemen, followed by that “calling"; and about the person and work of the Son of deep silence— BETHLEHEM!'

God: but only about the perpetuation of our species, and the "It is a wild bleak hill, amidst hills equally bleak—if bleak desire to get possession of as wide a space of the earth as posmay be applied to hills which are terraced with vineyards ; in sible; as if our whole destiny and need re met in such carnal autumn, of course, rich and green, and which now in part wave wretched pursuits as these. Is it not monstrous that anything with corn.

One only green plain, I believe, of grass, hangs so low and grovelling can occupy “saints” (and that too in



laying down principles for the government of a new state), and had to the traditions which would explain what was obscure can be made the subject of their teaching? How suited to in Moses. inflame the passions of the carnal heart, from the dominion of Now on the occasion, when the question concerning the which Jesus came to deliver us.

resurrection was put to Jesus, the Pharisees and the Sadducees And because a species of polygamy was permitted in early had sunk their differences, in order to crush him whom they times, yet, after its condemnation by our Lord Jesus Christ believed to be their common enemy. They wished to catch (after the folly and sin of man have made his own desire mani. him in his words; to draw him on to say something upon fest), it is assunied in this pamphlet, that polygamy is still which a legal charge might be founded. By placing before him to continue; and to this, abominable adultery is added. It is the difficulty concerning the woman and her seven husbands, further intimated that this is what is meant by the “everlasting they thought they might entangle him in his talk. For if he covenant,” although it is quite plain that that covenant had refused to evade this difficulty — either as the Sadducees did, by to do with the earth, and that even to this day it has not re- denying the resurrection, or the Pharisees, by appealing to the ceived its full accomplishment. “Now to Abraham and his traditions (and his own unvaried teaching proved that he would seed were the promises made. He saith not, and to seeds, as adopt neither expedient)—then they concluded he must find of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ,” Gal. fault with the book of Moses itself; either because of its silence iii. 16. “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent respecting the resurrection, or for its proposing a law which led forth his Son. ... to redeem,” &c., iv. 4-1. Is it, then, to so perplexing a result. more wives, or redemption, that poor, fallen, and degraded man The Saviour avoided this dilemma with a skill which called wants. And yet, alas for the blindness of such writers ! it is forth the admiration of some of his opponents. For, said he, taught in this pamphlet, that marriage and the earth are what Moses himself, i.e. the law, in its entire and obvious import, we are to be occupied about, and not redemption. And when supposes that God had blessings to give to bis friends which, God says to the "saints" at Corinth, 2 Epis., v. 17, "Old things in this life, they never obtained. The law promised possession are passed away, behold all things are become new"; i. e., of of Canaan : the patriarchs did not obtain those promises. course, only to real Christians, here are other self-called "saints," Therefore he who called himself the God, specially of Abraham, according to your pamphlet, teaching that it is the old creature Isaac, and Jacob, and who yet did not give them the blessings we are to be occupied about. With you it is the old Adam, the of the law during their life, must have intended to bestow those earth, and more wives; with God it is the new creature, the blessings, which he had sworn to give them, in some other Second Adam, the Lord from heaven, 1 Cor. xv. 47. Does such way. a perversion of the truth come from heaven or hell ?

If the patriarchs died and never were to rise again, what had Sir, it is shocking to father such sentiments as these upon a Jehovah done for them? If they reappeared on the earth, holy God," who is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity, and Jehovah had still the blessings to bestow upon them; he suill who cannot look upon sin ”! And were I not instructed from could fulfil the promise of giving to them the good land. Holy Scripture to believe that such things should come in

Yours, &c., W. H. J. these “last days," I should indeed wonder that hell itself could ever invent things so truly wicked and defiling as those recom- That the Lord in Matt. xxii. 31, was proving the resurrection mended in your pamphlet. Let me solemnly remind you of of the dead, rather than the existence of the Spirit, as some what is said of false prophets and teachers : "To the law, and to have taken it, is evident from his words: “As touching the the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is resurrection of the dead," (or as it is in Luke, "Now that the because there is no light (morning, see margin) in them," Isa. dead are raised,") “have ye not read, I am the God viii. 20. Such doctrine is not of the morning, but is of the night of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." and “darkness," John iii. 20, 21. " If any man, or an angel Mark! He did not say, I was the God of Abraham, Isaac, and from heaven, preach any other gospel than that which I have Jacob, when they lived; nor, I am the God of the spirits of preached...... let him be accursed,” Gal. i. 8.

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; but, I am the God of Abraham, Let marriage and morals in Utah” be what they may, it Isaac, and Jacob. Now the spirit of Abraham is one thing, and will soon be seen that “many will come and say, Lord ! Lord ! Abraham himself is another; as the spirit of a man, his unopen to us....but then will I profess unto them, I never knew clothed state is not the man, it is only one part of him ; as the you : depart from me,” &c., Matt. vii. 15 — 23. And further on body (whether natural or spiritual) is the other, both together in time, “the heavens will pass away, and the elements melt forns the man; so if Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were dead with fervent heat," &c., 2 Peter ii. 10. We want something (and God is not the God of the dead), and God declared himself that will secure us then and now! What has marriage and to Moses as their God, it follows then, one of two things, either morals to do with meeting the need of the human conscience, that the three patriarchs (not their spirits, a part of them), were furnishing an adequate object for new-born affections, and lift- living, and to be so, their bodies must have risen, or that they ing a poor soul into the presence of God, and giving him the should rise at some future time, and God spoke anticipatively assurance that God loves him in Jesus?

and in the divine certainty of that event, as being the God of I could say mueh more, but forbear, praying that a holy and the living. But there is more than this (and for the sugges. merciful God may rebuke the daring impiety of the Mormons, tion, I am indebted to a Christian brother), viz., that the and in his great mercy rescue them from their delusion. “If faithfulness of God is connected with their resurrection, because our gospel be bid, it is hid to them who are lost," &c., 2 Cor. iv. God made with them certain unconditional promises, not only 3, 4. With proper estimation suited to the case,

to their “seed," but to them individually and personally, that I am, Sir, yours truly,

they (as well as their seed) should possess the land of Canaan RICHARD TIMLEY. - the promise was, " To thee and to thy seed." These pronies

the patriarchs never realized (whatever the children of Israel THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.

did in part, or will do when the heir, the true “seed," comes),

they wandered about and confessed they were strangers and The words which Jehovah spake to Moses were quoted by the pilgrims in the very land promised to them; so Moses at the Redeemer, because they expressed that general sense of the bush would be reminded of the promise and God's faithfulness Old Scriptures which the Sadducees forgot, and on account of to fulfil, when he proclaimed himself as their God, as it must which forgetfulness they " denied the resurrection from the necessitate their resurrection, in order to obtain possession of dead." They based their creed upon the fact that the law of that country which God had given them. Moses makes but small, if any allusion to any such a resur. No wonder, then, the multitude were astonished at his docrection.

trine, and the Scribes said, Master, thou hast well said; when The Pharisees--the academical opponents of the Sadducees out of the very letter of the “law” they boasted of and by that -admitting the same fact, turned it to their own account, by very father Abraham they trusted in, Jesus could indisputably pretending that the law, by itself, was insufficient to prove their doctrine of a resurrection, and that recourse must therefore be * See also a valuable pamphlet on the “First Resurrection." W.

prove, not only a resurrection, but the necessity of one, which hope that even thus the wrath of man shall praise the Lord. many of thein denied.

As for the poetry, or hymns as they are called, we shall cite For proof we, however, may refer both to Old and New Mr. Binney's opinion in our notice of his letter. Testament Scripture. We see God's promise to Abraham,

Non-Conformist Theology ; or Serious Considerations for Gen. xiii. 15, and xvii. 7, 8—10 Isaac, xxvi. 3, to Jacob, xxviii. Churches, Pastors, and Deacons ; being Seven Letters to the 13, in which the land was given to each, to " thee and to thy Principals and Professors of the Independent and Baptist seed." (Compare Acts vii. 5, and Heb. xi. 13—0). Shewing Colleges of England. By John Campbell, D.D. (London: how they never received or enjoyed the land for a possession; W. H. Collingridge.) This is the next pamphlet, we believe, and although we understand that they looked by faith beyond in the order of the “ Rivulet Controversy.” It contains Dr. the earthly promise, and sought a heavenly city, (prepared for Campbell's defence of the Morning Advertiser ; his review of all the children of faith, though God has provided some better Mr. Lynch's hymns, and proof that they are Unitarian in their thing," a higher glory for us, the church, as being the body and tendency; his remarks on Mr. Anderson's opinion of the Disbride of Christ),

which they will have at the same time, and in senting ministers in London ; his observations on the new association with the church; nevertheless the good thing, the theology called Negative, or Christless; and his exposure of earthly blessing, they will obtain also, because faithful is he Rationalistic and Unitarian principles. We cannot approve of that has promised; and may God by his Spirit lead us into all the spirit in which this pamphlet is written, nor can we endorse truth, for his name's sake.

Ε. Ι. Η.

his opinion concerning the Nonconformist colleges in general, though we believe there are some which deserve the praise he

has indiscriminately bestowed. Our Study.

The Gospel Cottage Lecturer : addressed to the Spiritually

Poor. Part XIX. (London : W. H. Collingridge.) This little The Life of Luther, written by himself; or, the Autobiography publication is very much to our mind. This part contains of Luther, in passages extracted from his writings, including his four lectures on "True Spiritual Worship,” and one lecture on experiences, struggles, doubts, temptations, and consolations ; with Rev. xxii. 17. We like the plainness and simplicity of style additions and illustrations. Collected and arranged by M. adopted in its pages, and the pleasing and persuasive unction Michelet. (W. H. Collingridge, London.) The tirst part of gospel truth, with which it seems to abound. of the title of this book is a misnomer, which is con. Sunday and the Sabbath; or the Lord's Day of the Apostles tradicted by the second part. The author is a Roman compared with the Sabbath of Moses. By W. H. Johnstone, Catholic, a fact which he avows in his preface. The work M.A., Chaplain of Addiscombe, &c., &c. (London : D. F. consists of extracts from the writings of Luther, which, no Oakey.) A calm and dispassionate view of the Sabbath quesdoubt, would be exceedingly valuable in composing a biography tion. The author endeavours to prove " that Sunday gradually of that eminent man; but which, in their detached state, as here grew into a Sabbath, while Saturday as grudually ceased from given, do not really constitute what may be honestly denomi. being observed in the Christian Church "; and we think that nated a Life of Luther. If these extracts be honourably and he has proved his point. The inference is plain " that a divine truly made, they are certainly very interesting, as giving us an law like that of the Sabbath cannot be abrogated." We do not insight into his real history as a Christian, a reformer, a citizen, of course subscribe to all the arguments which he has employed and the father of a family; but separated, as they are, from the to demonstrate his proposition; but we agree in some of them, context where they occur in his writings, they are extremely and consequently in his conclusion. We have elsewhere, we liable to misconstruction; and we fear that the author, from think, employed a stronger argument for the observance of the his religious bias, is too likely to fall into this error. The book, Sabbath by all men, Christians, Jews, and Gentiles, than any however, with all its disadvantages, is a remarkable testimony he has adduced; but we rather like the way in which he makes from the hand of an avowed enemy to Protestantism, in favour the Jewish Sabbath slide into the Christian Sabbath. of one of the greatest lights of the Reformation. In a future

Negative Theology: Analysis of the Letter of the Rev. Thomas edition, we would desire to see some passages expunged, which Binney, addressed to the Congregational Union of England and offend both decency and propriety.

Wales, &c., &c. By John Campbell, D.D. (W. H. Collingridge, The Church of God; to which is added, Christian Husbandry. London.) This may well be entitled “ Negative Theology," By Ambrose rle. (Co. Waterford : Bonmahon Industrial seeing there is no theology in it, but as the author says " a root Printing School, and W. H. Collingridge, London.) We are of bitterness," whereby many are in danger of “ being defiled.” glad to see such excellent books as this, issuing from a typo. The personalities and private matters brought to light in this graphical establishment in Ireland, and we hope that they will pamphlet, would have been more wisely buried in oblivion. have an extensive circulation in that rising country. The The rule of the Christian church, Matt. xviii. 15—17, appears cheap dissemination of books on true religion will, in combina- to have been forgotten by all parties. It is an old saying, “Save tion with the practical agricultural improvements now adopted me from ny friends "; this controversy suggests an improve. by Irish capitalists, do more good in a few years, to the Roman ment in it, namely, “ Save me from myself." Catholic population, than all the nostrums of their priests have

Mr. Binney's Letter to the Members of the Congregational done for centuries. We hope the young Irish printers will be Union of England and Wales, &c., &c. (Ward and Co., London.) more careful to avoid errata ; there are too many in this volume. The following passage appears to us to be the best in this pam

The Controversy on Important Theological Questions; between phlet, which is the fourth on the “Rivulet Controversy the Eclectic Review, the Rev. Newman Hall, Rev. Thomas * I think I have a right to speak about this painful controversy. Binney, and the Rev. Messrs. Henry Allon, James Baldwin I am one of the fifteen; I am the oldest of them; and my name Brown, &c., &c., on the one side, and Mr. James Grant, Editor has been printed in large letters to catch the public eye. I of the Morning Advertiser, on the other. Reprinted, with might rest something on these particulars; but I would only additions, from the M.A. Ninth Edition. (W.H. Collingridge, say that I, perhaps, can more freely and fittingly than some London.) This is the celebrated pamphlet which was the others, venture to utter those things which seem to me to origin of the “Rivulet Controversy." It contains Mr. Grant's require to be said. I wish, then, to say this, that I think there review of Mr. Lynch's pretended Christian Hymns, bis exposure have been errors on all sides. Now, let us honestly put the of " The Eclectic Review" for praising the said hymns, the matter so, and let us see whether we cannot come to a good “ Postscript" to that Review, signed by fifteen congregational understanding. In the first place, the author of the book erred. ministers in defence of Mr. Lynch and his poems, the observa. It was an error to call his poems hymns ; and it is an error to tions of Mr Grant on the Postscript, the Eclectic, and the use them as such in public worship. In the next place, there Patriot, and his remarks on the prevalence of pernicious errors were errors on the part of the fifteen. It was an error to issue among the Dissenters. Although we much disapprove of the a protest at all; things had better been left to take their course. spirit in which this Controversy has been carried on, yet we It was an error for the protest to say all it did, because some believe that some important facts have been elicited; and we of it could be known only by those on peculiar terms of intimaoy



with the person defended ; and, further, there were words, if the Salt Lake, and then questions will arise which will demand not expressions, somewhat incautious, to say the least."

either obedience to the common law of the United States, or Mr. Lynch still uses the pretended 'hymns in public worship, resistance to it; and the latter will produce the history of the in his chapel!

first Mormon settlement over again, only on a larger scale, with The Watchman's Warning to the Churches : a Fearful View of greater violence, and less choice of a desert to fly to.”—Times. those rapid ministerial declensions from the Truth, and the widespread of Arminian, Pelagian, and Socinian Heresies. By Veritas.

We have received a pamphlet, entitled “The Mission House (W. H. Collingridge, London.) There is a good deal of truth Letter," containing a " Brief Review of Recent Proceedings," in this pamphlet; but it is couched in peculiar language. The in relation to the Rev. Ebenezer Davies, of the Caledonian reader must be acquainted with the technical phrases of theo-Road Chapel, and his accusers. We confess that we have read logians before he can thoroughly understand it; it should have this pamphlet with mingled feelings of pain and grief. The been written in a plainer style, so “ that he may run who attempt to crush a man and destroy his usefulness on an unreadeth it.” The view of the various modes of admission into founded accusation, as this appears to be, cannot be too strongly heaven, delivered at p. 18, is, in our opinion, enough to frighten reprobated. We entirely agree with the remarks of the Rev. any poor man from attempting to get there. We always thought Joseph Ketley on behalf of Mr. Davies, especially where he that God was no respecter of persons; but according to some, it

says:-"Not only have ecclesiastical nationalities become unseems to be the reverse in this

matter! How different are the popular, by reason of their proud self-exaltation, as if 'above words of Christ, Matt. xi. 28–30; John vi. 37; and Rev. xxii. 17. | all that is called God or that is worshipped'- but those purer

combinations of Christian men, whose origin is referred to their

pious repudiation of human assumptions of authority over conNotes of the Month.

science; and those societies and associations which have sprung from the loftiest motives and holiest aims for the present and

future welfare of mankind; even they are but too apt to grow The controversy with this Society about its impure versions of out of due proportion, they gradually depart from the practical the Bible, still continues. A pamphlet leaf has just been sent exemplifications of their professed principles, and establish the us, headed with the question, “ Is not the British and Foreign adage to which observation has given rise--that 'huge eccleBible Society transformed into a Protestant and Popish Penance siastical societies are huge tyrannies." Without going into the Society?" and containing a letter which lately appeared in particulars of this extraordinary case, we think the following “The London Monthly Review, and Record of the London challenge, if not accepted, will tell fearfully against a society Prophetical Society," from the pen of the Rev. James Kelly, which has hitherto stood very high in public estimation : "I dated Putney Heath. This paper states that, for some time understand that some of the Directors of the Missionary Society past, corrupt versions of the Bible have been in circulation, on the are beginning to entertain serious doubts as to my having continent in the German, French, Spanish, Italian, and Portu-written the Mission House Letter. Let them, with their minds guese languages; and that these versions are circulated by the open to conviction, ponder well the facts stated in this pamagents of the British and Foreign Bible Society; that this is done, phlet, and their doubts will soon become certainty of my innonot because sounder [query, sound] versions in these languages cence. Let them acknowledge that they may have been misled, are not to be had, for they are in the Society's depository; but and manfully withdraw the charge. By that means they will that the Committee advisedly and deliberately choose to use the put an end at once to a most painful controversy, which othercorrupt versions in preference to the pure.

wise wili not terminate with even my life.” The defence set up by the Committee for this awful dereliction THE CONGREGATIONAL DIS-UNION OF ENGLAND AND WALES. of their duty both to God and man, is the following, in their "BEHOLD, how great a matter a little fire kindleth.” Of these own words : “ The Committee have sought to treat the subject words, we are forcibly reminded by the present aspect of affairs as practical men—not as a body of learned Critics, to which in the “Congregational Union." The review of a little volume they make no pretensions. They have selected and employed of poems called "The Rivulet,” in the columns of a newspaper, versions, as in their best judgment and in the fear of God, they has threatened the dissolution of the Union; and if the obsti. have thought most adapted for circulation among the people nacy of the opposite parties into which it has thus been divided, immediately in view-seeking to be satisfied as to the general be not soon overcome, the doom of the Union is sealed. The fidelity of each version, but not deeming it to be within their late private meetings of the ministers of the body at the Milton province to attempt any material alteration or correction." Club, have, as we understand, not only failed to restore peace The paper referred to, very properly asks the following ques. and union between the contending parties, but, as is often the tions : “How can we circulate a lie although it be to bait the

case, separated them more than ever. truth? Is it to be endured that the Word of God, of which the

Printed leaves of bitterness are flying about, recriminations good providence of God has constituted England the chief are multiplying, and strangers with no friendly aim are stepping dispenser to the world, shall be adulterated in its very elements, in among the combatants. Mr. Lynch, the cause of all this in the translations sent forth from Christendom's great Bible controversy, has been harshly and unfairly handled by Dr. Society?"

Campbell, and this has been resented in a style that brings no

honour to the writers. Pamphlets are increasing so fast in “The beginning of the difficulties that will prove the destruc- number and in bitterness, that people will very soon get tired tion of the Mormon community, has appeared; the Supreme of the matter, if they are not so already; and then the com. Court of Utah has decided that the organic act extends the batants will stand in a very sorry plight before the public, both common law over the territory; and the act, being of the nature as men and as professing Christians. of a constitution, the common law overrides all the statutes of If this controversy is not soon terminated, it will be advisable the Morinon Legislature. The decision renders polygamy as to go to the root of the disease, in the manner of Junius illegal in the territory as it is in the States, and invalidates all Secundus, who, in 1850, wrote that prophetic warning to the the laws made by order of Brigham Young. As soon as his Congregational Dissenters of England and Wales, entitled community, now possessing the license of isolation, comes into “Congregational Dissent as it is and as it ought to be." His contact with the advancing population of the States, the Theo- prophecies have been more than verified; and an article shew. cracy is doomed: it will have to be extinguished, as a social, ing their fulfilment, with a comment on the whole state of things even more than a political necessity, perhaps in blood. Two as they now exist, after a lapse of six years, seems to be loudly systems of law cannot exist side by side, and that which violates called for. Such an article, from the pen of Junius Secundus the principles on which all the civilized society of the world himself, would tell with wonderful effect on the present rupture, is founded, must disappear. Separation from the “Gentiles" and might tend to bring those combatants to reason, who seem cannot be kept up by men who are Gentile in race, and saints to have forgot their duty to one another as Christians, and who only by self-declaration ; time will bring the ordinary world to are rending the body of Christ asunder by their unholy warfare.


forty-nine typical links between Joseph and Christ, and Reviews.

seventeen between Jacob and Christ. Now while we

assuredly gather that Joseph is, for reasons which may THE TYPES OF SCRIPTURE.

appear another time, an eminent figure of the Lord, we No. I.- HISTORICAL GLANCE, AND GENERAL

agree with our author that such superficial analogies as PRINCIPLES.* Every intelligent Christian will allow that the subject | sidered as types. “Thus Jacob's being a supplanter of

these writers make much of, are unworthy to be conof types is of deep interest and importance. Notori- his brother, is made to represent Christ's supplanting ously, however, many shrink from it as if it were death, sin, and Satan ; his being obedient to his parents forbidden, dangerous ground, shrouded in perpetual fog, in all things, Christ's subjection to his heavenly Father through which at intervals, some gleams of sunshine and his earthly parents ; "his purchasing his birthright pierce with difficulty. Not that this tract of Scriptural by red pottage, and obtaining the blessing by presenting of things in the Bible abounds more in living instruction, savoury venison to his father, clothed in Esau's garment, of things in the Bible abounds more in living instruction, Christ's purchasing the heavenly inheritance for us by in appeals to conscience, in comfort to the heart, in his red blood, and obtaining the blessing by offering up confirmation of faith so much the stronger in the end

the savoury

meat of his obedience, in the borrowed because indirect in appearance. All one's old knowledge garment of our nature,” &c., (vol. i. p. 30). of that blessed book abides, as far as it was real; but

From those who in ancient or in modern times had with a true insight into the types, comes a fresh and thus slipped out of the place of safe and humble insuper-added light, which attaches the affections and the mind with immensely increased tenacity to the Word of quiry into that of hasty guess-work, the reaction was God. Not merely is it sweet to ponder over the scenes, eighteenth century, which blighted, almost indiscrimithe beings, the circumstances of the past, and the ways nately, “ the precious” and “the vile” of their predeof God displayed in them: all this is enhanced when cessors. Indeed, it was not the typical portions of their typical aspect is laid hold of.

Like the bread Scripture merely which then suffered an eclipse. Christ which multiplied under the hands and word of Christ ; Himself was most indistinctly, if at all seen as the sun and yet after the thousands had fed, more is left to of the Bible system; and very naturally, that which be carefully gathered up at the end, than existed at prefigured him and his work, sank in like proportion. the beginning when none had eaten. If then the types Hence it has almost come to be an axiom among the have been commonly neglected, it is because they have popular guides of the day, “ that just so much of the been ill understood.

Old Testament is to be accounted typical as the New To this neglect the Greek fathers, and even the graver Testament affirms to be so, and no more.” (Prof. M. Latins have largely contributed ; not intentionally of Stuart.) “By what means,” says Bishop Marsh, “ shall course, but through their lack of spirituality and sound we determine, in any given instance, that what is judgment. Under their labours, if we may judge from alleged as a type, was really designed for a type? The their remains in many and ponderous folios, the field only possible source of information on this subject is produced a crop, large perhaps, but mingled with Scripture itself. The only possible means of knowing baneful and unsightly weeds. Scarcely less luxuriant that two distant, though similar historical facts, were and capricious in their fancies, though far more redolentso connected in the general scheme of divine Proviof Christ, were the divines of the seventeenth century, dence, that the one was designed to prefigure the other, such as Cocceius and Witsius abroad, or Matther and is the authority of that book, in which the scheme of Keach at home. For instance, if we select from the divine Providence is unfolded.” So too Mr. H. Horne writings of Augustine, the greatest light of patristic and many more. A principle narrower or more arbiantiquity, we have in his work on the gospel of St. trary can hardly be conceived. For it demands no John (Tract. xxiv. cap. vi. 5,) the following typical view profound research, nothing more than a careful reading of the miraculous loaves. The five loaves are taken as of the

New Testament, to observe that the way in the five books of Moses, not wheaten, but of barley, which it mentions some Old Testament personages or because they pertain to the Old Testament. As is

events, in no wise excludes others from a typical relabarley, so is the letter of that Testament, with a rough tion. Rather does it give us samples, some plain, and and tenacious integument, but the marrow within. others more obscure. Far from discouraging, the New The lad that carried them and the two fishes, is con- Testament stimulates the fullest and minutest investijectured to be Israel, carrying their burden with gation of the Old, the Holy Ghost using both as the childish feeling, but not eating. The fishes are supposed perfect source and standard of revealed truth. to set forth the two anointed offices of Priest and King ! This is certainly a match in extravagance, if not in the inferences from a given type, overstep the teaching of

If it were merely meant that we must not in our quantity of minute resemblances, to Guild, who, ac- dogmatic Scripture, none could object. If we were cording to Dr. Fairbairn, reckons up no fewer than thereby exhorted to caution, where no express warrant

labels the type, the counsel would be valuable. But it * The Typology of Scripture: viewed in connexion with the entire scheme of the Divine Dispensations. By Patrick Fairbairn, Professor of is plain, if one read Genesis without bias, that Adam Divinity, Free Church College, Aberdeen. Second Edition, much enlarged and Eve have no marks there which so unequivocally

2. Synopsis of the books of the Bible, vol. 1, Genesis to Esther. distinguish them from Cain and Abel, that the former London ; Gregg.

pair, and not the latter, had a typical design. One of No. 7. Vol. I.-- December 1, 1856.

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