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Hegelian philosophy, where it has penetrated the mass of sacraments. Such are the means wbereby our author hopes to the people, have been just as fearful and baneful.

regenerate Germany, and to maintain the authority of God's "The third point in which this modern philosophy coin-word. We need scarce add that the failure is complete, as far cides with Hinduism is the distinct denial of a personal as interpretation goes, though the integrity of the text is suisexistence after death. What an arrogance. what a selfish-tained far more than in Mr. Alford's edition, or his German proness and pride of men, they exclaim, of worms of the dust,

+ totypes, Lachmann, &c. But we must apprise all students that

& if they desire to know and examine the basis on which the to claim a personal existence after death! As one drop of

Po text is formed, (i.e. the readings of MSS. versions and Fathers.) water loses its separate existence when falling into the ocean,

they will not find them here. By far the best critical help to so man, when dying, loses his personality in God. And such readers is the seventh edition of Tishendorf's Greek Testawhat is the consequence of such a system as Pantheism ?ment, now in course of publication at Leipsic, We have received The complete degradation, the extreme ignorance and ex- the first two parts, which carry one as far as Mark x, and can cessive misery of the lower classes of Germany, only lately assure enquirers that Tishendorf's former editions were not more brought to light by the efforts of the Home Mission, are preferable to most of his rivals, than his new recension is to more or less the consequences of a godless education, and of all its predecessors. One very satisfactory result is, that this practical Pantheism ..... Yea, the disciples of Hegel go

| latest edition returns, in more than one hundred places in St. even so far as to say, that Christianity has brought extreme! Matthew alone, to the received text, which the learned Frolessor woe over mankind, by oppressing the flesh, and that they

had abandoned in his earlier efforts. We hope that this fact desire to reinstate it in its rights! Woe unto them,' the

may not be lost upon an editor, whose recent writings lead us

to fear dreadful havoc in this respect. It is Griesbach whose Bible says, that call evil good, and good evil, that put

research and acumen have laid down the grand ontlines of a darkness for light, and light for darkness.' Fearful in

revised text, though no doubt he has fallen into errors here and the extreme are the consequences of such a system, openly there, and others may correct him in details. The main taught and widely spread. The fruits are described by the desideratum, as to the letter, is a better knowledge of the famous apostle Paul, in the latter part of the first chapter of his Epistle Vatican MSS. B. to the Romans. Are we wrong, are we too severe, when A Premillennial Manual. By the Rev. John Cox, author of, &c. we call such a system diabolical, satanical ? Education with (London : Nisbet & Co., Ward & Co. “My object," says the out christian principles and opposed to the Bible, cannot

author, “ in writing and compiling has been to suit various classes. but do incalculable injury and great barm. The natives in

Those who are enquiring respecting prophetic truth may find some this country, without education, are little elevated above

directions. Those who are called to answer objections, may, animal existence. Train them up in all arts and sciences,

perhaps, gather a little assistance. There is not much teaching products of Christianity, without giving them the Bible, the

for those who have long studied the subject; this I have not word of God, without implanting christian principles, and is intended to be a companion in a quiet hour of retirement; in

aimed at .... the work is of a very miscellaneous character, and you will train them to be enemies of God and man. The a solitary walk; or during a season of affliction.” The truth is Hegelian philosophy shows us that the human mind under that the author is not acquainted with prophetic truth beyond the the most favourable circumstances, under the highest mental rudiments. Anything beyond the borderland seems to him of training and culture, when not influenced by the word [and doubtful character. Nevertheless, as his style is plain and perSpirit] of God, cannot advance a step towards obtaining spicuous, and as his matter is of the easiest digestion, we trust truth, but must fall into the most dangerous errors, which that this little work may be useful for beginners. It gives some again lead to a most immoral life and to vicious practices.”

instruction as regards the general truth of the Lord's coming and (Cited, with omissions, from Dr. Prochnow, in News of the

kingdom; but there is no light thrown upon the distinction Churches.)

between the heavenly and the earthly aspect of that corning, which is indispensable for all who desire to make progress.

The Monthly Christian Spectator, for Nov., 1856. The Ethics of Our Study.

Quotation, with a Preliminary Letter. By Silent Long. Also,

Songs Controversial, by the same. (London ; Freeman, 1856.) The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, in the As long as Mr. Lynch, however guilty, was the assailed, his original Greek, with Notes. By Christopher Wordsworth, D.D., silence had an air of dignity which contrasted favourably with Canon of Westminster. Part I.--the Four Gospels. London : the coarse vehemence of more than one assailant. But he has Rivingtons, 1856. Preface, &c., pp. lii; pp. 287, 4to. Dr. W. now spoken at length in the “Christian Spectator.” A more states that this work is the result of a design formed many years suicidal defence cannot be conceived. If he suppressed truth ago, and suggested, both by the existing greater privileges which and broached heresy before, he exhibits now levity, ribaldry, and the age enjoys for the elucidation of scripture, and by the growing malice beyond all the others. If the tracts by * Silent Long* evils of the day also. “If Christendom has had her Masora be his, self-idolatry is his also without measure. from Germany, she has had also her Cabbala.” (p. vi.) “ There is scarcely any error, however puerile or preposterous, which may not find its advocates among persons enjoying high literary and

Postscript to our Readers, Contributors and Correspondents. scientific advantages for the interpretation of the New Testament, and be gravely propounded by them, with an air of superior |

Professor Wallace has retired from the editorship of the Bible Treasury.

He, to whose hands the control of the work is now entrusted, bas ro intelligence, as a true exposition, to be received by the world in desire to mention or to conceal his name, feeling deeply that the Lord

alone can guide the writers and the readers for His own glory. If the wort evils are not confined to the range of erposition: thev menace speak aright for Christ, we have solid ground to expect that it will find

favour among those who love Him: if it prove savourless, we dare not wish scripture itself. There is scarcely any portion of the New Testa

it to be welcome, but rather to be cast out and trodden under foot. He asks ment whose inspiration, genuineness, or veracity, has not been the prayers of all God's people who may take it up, that grace and wisdom impugned by some one or more of these biblical critics. Some from above may be amply vouchsafed to all concerned, -readers, contributors, would expunge this portion of the sacred canon, some would P

proprietor, and editor.

In answer to several enquiries, the publisher begs to announce that Parts cancel that, till at last, if they are to be indulged in their ar-I and II of the BIBLE TREASURY (consisting of Four Nos. each, in a neas bítrary caprices, Christendom would hardly be permitted to wrapper) are now ready, price one shilling each part, which will be sent post possess a fragment of the documents of Christ.” (viii.) But if

free to any address on the receipt of twelve stamps. It is proposed to continue

the issue of shilling parts at regular intervals, and to conclude VOL I at the Dr. W, is thus shown to be in some degree alive to the perils of

close of the present year, with the usual title-page, indices, &c. these last days, what shall we say of his remedies ? A return No MSS. are returned unless by special request, and stamps sufficient to to the general consent of ancient Christendom, (i.e. of the third. | cover the expense of postage be sent at the same time. fourth, and fifth centuries more particularly,) and a fuller owning

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EDITOR OF THE BIBLE TREASURY, care of D. F. Oakey, 10, Paternoster Ros, of ministry in due apostolic succession and administration of the to whom all advertisements should be sent.

Hent in



self is a striking type of the state of the Jews. In these two chapters, (Gen. iii, iv,) we have sin in all its forms, as a picture set before us in Adam's and

Cain's conduct: sin in its proper original character THE TYPES OF SCRIPTURE.*

against God, and then more particularly against No. III.-TYPICAL PERSONS AND THINGS IN THE

Christ in figure, with its present consequences set BOOK OF GENESIS.

forth as regards the earth. ... ... In the history of Dr. FAIRBAIRN devotes chapter vi to "typical things Lamech we have on man's part. self-will in lust. (he in history, during the progress of the first dispensa- had two wives.) and vengeance in self-defence : but I tion.” The chapter, as long as it is varied, he subdi

pui: apprehend an intimation in God's judgment that, as vides into six sections, as follows: 1, the seed of Cain was the preserved though punished Jew, his pospromise-Abel, Enoch ; 2, Noah and the Deluge; Iterity

ge; terity at the end (before the heir was raised up, and 3, the new world and its inheritors, the men of faith; men called on Jehovah in the earth) would be seven4, the change in the divine call from the general to fold watched over of God. Lamech acknowledges he the particular-Shem, Abraham ; 5, the subjects and has

had slain to his hurt, but shall be avenged. In the channels of blessing—Abraham and Isaac, Jacob and

second chapter, then, we have man in the order of the twelve patriarchs ; and 6, the inheritance destined

created blessing. In the third, man's fall from God, for the heirs of blessing. We think that our author

by which his intercourse with God on this ground is is not a whit more successful in tracing these sha

foreclosed. In the fourth his wickedness in condows of an auxiliary and supplemental character than

nexion with grace, in the evil state resulting from we have found him in treating of the grand primary the fall. Driven from the presence of God, Cain and symbolical facts.

seeks, in the importance of his family, in the arts and Thus he considers that through Abel knowledge the enjoyments of life, temporal consolation, and tries was imparted, especially in regard to the principle

to render the world, where God had sent him forth a of election, which was to prevail in the actual fulfil- 1 vagabond, as agreeable an abode as possible, far from

t doubt God. Sin has here the character of forgetfulness of that the names, given to Cain and Abel respectively, l all that had passed in the history of man ; of hatred do indicate the hasty hopes, and perhaps the subsequent

against grace and against him who was the object and disappointment of Eve; as the name of Seth not ob

vessel of it; of pride and indifference; and then scurely bespeaks her confidence in God and His pur- I despair, which seeks comfort in worldliness. We pose, spite of her past mournful experience. Neither ha

have also the man of grace (Abel, type of Christ and do we question that in the Cainites, as compared with them that are His) reiected and left without heritage the line that followed, we have the children of the here below: man. his enemy. judged and abandoned world and the men of faith. But this principle of

to himself; and another (Seth) the object of the election is equally and even more strikingly true, when counsels of God, who becomes heir of the world on we come to the history of Ishmael and Isaac, of Esau

the part of God. We must remember, however, that and Jacob, not to speak of Abraham himself, the con

they are only figures of these things, and that, in the spicuous example of a man chosen, called, and faith-Lantits

1: called, and faith, antitype, the man who is heir of all is the same as He ful. All the emphasis of italics fails : Dr. F. states who had been put to death." merely what is common, instead of drawing the dis

As to Enoch and Noah, Dr. F. is just as vague as tinctive lesson.

usual. “Enoch, as being the most distinguished memHow much more masterly is the sketch given in the ber of the seed of blessing, in its earlier division, and Synopsis. (pp. 15-17.) “Abel comes as guilty, and the most honoured heir of that life which comes (unable as he is to draw near to God) setting the death through the ri of another between himself and God, recognizes the be view

God, recognizes the be viewed as a type of Christ.” (p. 278.) Why and in judgment of sin--has faith in expiation. Cain, la- what respects he is so to be regarded does not appear. bouring honestly where God bad set him to do so, ex- save ternally worshipper of the true God, has not the con- I that is evidently rather the characteristic of Christians science of sin; he brings the fruits which are signs of than of Christ. Nor indeed have we any doubt that the curse-proof of the complete blinding of the heart, such is the true reference: for Enoch aptly sets forth and hardening of the conscience of a sinful race, I the proper testimony and portion of the Church, as driven out from God. He supposes that all is well : Noah strikingly represents the place of the Jewish why should not God receive him ? Thus is brought

people. The one bears witness beforehand to others in, not only sin against God, which Adam had fully

ad fully of the Lord's coming in judgment, and is himself wrought, but against one's very neighbour, as it has

caught up previously, to be with Him in heaven; the been displayed in the case of Jesus; and Cain him

other, a "preacher of righteousness," is preserved

through the divine judgments to begin the new world's * The Typology of Scripture: viewed in connexion with the entire scheme of the Divine Dispensations. By Patrick Fairbairn, Professor of Divinity,

history, governing in the name of God, But the auFree Church College, Aberdeen. Second Edition, much enlarged and thor's system precludes his understanding these truths,

2 The Synopsis of the Books of the Bible, vol i, Genesis to 2 Chronicles. and consequently blinds him to their foreshadowings. London: 'T. H. Gregg, 24, Warwick Lane, Paternoster Row.

There are more than doubtful speculations in these No. 9. Vol. I.--February 1, 1857.

improved, vols, i, ii.

Edinburgh, T. &

T. Clark, 1654.

sections, but we cannot occupy ourselves with dis. conquered. Another branch of this family is marked cussing them. Noah was the chief of a state of things as forming the races in possession of the inheritance where evil existed, but was restrained by authority destined of God for His people. Shem comes last: committed to man by God; where sacrifice was the the father of Hebrews, the brother of him who has basis, and the rainbow was the sign of divine for long despised him as possessed of an elder brother's bearance, an express covenant being made that no title. flood should again destroy all flesh upon the earth. “ Such is the general result in the peopling of the

Equally indistinct is the sketch, in section 4, of the world under God's ordering. The way was this. time and persons subsequent to the deluge. As to Man sought to make a centre for himself. .... Will this we must again draw on the Synopsis. (pp. 19– characterized all now; but in a multitude of wills, all 23.) “The special judgment and the special blessing, impotent as centres, what can be done ? A common in connexion with Israel, begins to show itself, for we centre and interest is sought, independent and exclu. are yet on earth here. The historical course of Noah's sive of God. . . . . . They must get a name for themfamily is brought out in connexion with these two selves to be a centre. And God scatters into nations points, the blessing and the curse in Shem and Ham. by judgment what would not fill the earth by families But this is a new subject, and we begin afresh with in peace. Tongues and nations must be added to chap. x. Chaps. x and xi, give us the history of the families to designate men on the earth. The judged world as it was peopled and established after the place becomes the seat of the energetic will of onedeluge, and the ways of men in this new world. The the apostate power. The beginning of Nimrod's king. posterity of Noah is given by families and nations, dom was Babel. Tongues were a restraint and an iron out of which, from the race of Ham, arises the first band round men. In them God's history begins : He power which rules by its own force and founds an is the Lord God of Shem. We have dates and epochs; empire; for that which is according to flesh comes for, after all, God governs, and the world must follow first. By the side of this we have then the universal -man belongs to God ...... But of known history association of men to exalt themselves against God, God's people have ever been the centre. This comes and make to themselves a name indepedently of Him, down to Abraham. And here again a new element of an effort stamped on God's part with the name of evil had become universal, at least practically so:Babel, (confusion,) and which ends in judgment and Idolatry. (Josh. xxiv, 2.) We have seen the wickedin the dispersion of the race, henceforth jealous of andness and violence of man, his rebellion against God, hostile to each other. Lastly, we have the genealogy and Satan's craft to bring him into this state : but of the race by which God was pleased to name Him- here an immense step is made, an astonishing conself; for God is the Lord God of Shem. The im- dition of evil appears on the scene. Satan thrusts portance of these chapters will be felt. The pre- himself, to man's mind, into the place of power, and ceding chapters gave us, after the creation, the great so seizes the idea of God in man's mind, placing himoriginal principles of man's ruin, closing with judg- self between God and him, so that men worship devils ment, in which the old world found its close. Here as God. When it began scripture does not say; but we have the history of our present world. ..... The the passage cited shows that it had contaminated result of this history is that the world is set out by even Shem's family, in the part of it which scripture families. The fashion of this world has obliterated itself counts up as God's genealogy in the earth, at the the memory and the perception of this, but not the time we have arrived at. Individuals may be pious; power. It is rooted in the judgment of God; and but in every sense the link of the world with God when the acquired force of this world becomes weak, was gone. Here, therefore, we change entirely the will be ever more apparent, as it now really works. whole system and order of thought; and a principle The fountain heads were three, first named in the in exercise without doubt from the beginning, but order-Shem, and Ham, and Japheth : the first being not manifested in the order of things, declares itself, the family in which the covenant was to be established, and comes into evidence in the history of the earth. and with which God was to be in relationship ; then Abraham is called, chosen, and made personally the he who was in hostility with God's family, and last, depositary of the promises." though eldest and proudest, the Gentile Japheth. In But we must now turn to the rich field of scripthe detail Japheth is given first. The isles of the ture in which Dr. F.'s fifth section professes to glean, Gentiles in general, that is, the countries with which - Abraham and Isaac, Jacob and his sons, as the subwe are familiar, were peopled by his descendants. Ijects and channels of blessing. The history of AbraBut the great moral questions and power of good and ham he divides into three main parts--the call and evil in the world arose elsewhere, and the evil now its results; (Gen. xii-xiv ;) the covenants ; (Gen. (for it was man's day) before the good. The East, x-xvii ;) and the sacrifice of Isaac. (Gen. xxi.) as we call it, was in the hands of Ham. There Here, again, we do not overlook many observations power first establishes itself by the will of one in true and valuable, but we have to repeat that, viewed Nimrod. A mighty hunter-force and craft-works as a typical treatise, his method and applications are to bring untamed man, as well as beast, under his meagre and defective, when not absolutely erroneous. yoke. And cities arise; but Babel was the begin- But here also we must quote the “Synopsis," which ning of his kingdom; others he went out and built or is to us a far pleasanter task than criticising the

Typology. “The revelation of God, when (we are) unconditionally, though with circumcision annexed, far from Him, sets us out on the journey of faith, in- i.e., a sign which confessed the death of the flesh. spires the walk toward heaven. When in the heavenly Gen. xviii-xxi is a fresh and beautiful unfolding of position, God reveals Himself for communion and the thoughts and dealings of God connected with the worship, and a full revelation of His ways. The promised seed. Then comes the figure of the death Canaanite is in the land; but the Lord reveals Him- and resurrection of the seed in Gen. xxii; the disself, shows the heir and inheritance when the Canaan- appearance of the covenant form of blessing (Sarah) ite will be gone; and so Abraham worships by faith, in Gen. xxiii; and the call of the Bride for the risen as before he walks by faith. This is the full double Bridegroom in Gen. xxiv. The history of Jacob is function of faith. The rest of the chapter (Gen. the striking prefiguration of God's ways with the xii) is the history of his personal want of it. Pressed earthly people, Israel, as we have had before the by circumstances, he does not consult God, finds him- heavenly people, the Church. In the closing chapters, self in presence of the world, where he seeks help and which concern the twelve patriarchs, we have the refuge, and denies his true relationship to his wife, deeply interesting type, in Joseph, of Him who was (just as has been done in respect of the Church,) is sold by His brethren to the Gentiles, and, as it were, cherished by the world, which God at last judges, dead; afterwards, and unknown to his kin, exalted to sending Abraham again out from it. During this period, the right hand of the throne, whence He administers and until he was returned to the place from which all authority over the world; has, meanwhile, a Gentile he started, he had no altar. When he left Egypt and bride and children; but at length is made known to returned to his strangership in Canaan, he had what His brethren in glory, who had scorned Him in humiliahe had before. What a warning for Christians as to tion, who owed all to His sustaining wisdom and love, the relationship of the Church with Christ! And and, finally, are established through Him in the best however the world may be a help for the Church, this of the land. relationship cannot be maintained when we seek that This mere syllabus of the types contained in the help.” Then, as to Gen. xiii, it is remarked that we history of Genesis must suffice for the present, par. have in Abraham the path of the heavenly man, and in ticularly as other papers in our current and future Lot the believer linked with the world and suffering numbers will indicate what we conceive to be a truer its vicissitudes, as soon appears in Gen. xiv. “Such and more distinct application. But we cannot close are the just discipline and faithful ways of God. without a word on the sixth section, wherein the These last circumstances are the occasion of the question of the inheritance is discussed. Here, though manifestation of the Kingly Priest, King of Righteous. there is much that is sensible at the beginning, Dr. ness and King of Peace, i.e., Christ, millennial king F.'s system necessarily distorts his conclusions and deof the world, blessing victorious Abraham, and, on prives him of one half of the truth. He proves clearly Abraham's behalf, blessing the Most High God, who that the promise of Canaan to the fathers, as well as to had delivered his enemies into his hand. In this their seed, involves the resurrection from the dead. He picture, then, we have the final triumph of the family owns that, so far, the Rabbis, with all their blindness, of faith over the power of the 'world, realized in spirit seem to have had juster, because more scriptural, by the Church for a heavenly hope and association notions of the truth and purposes of God, than some with Christ, and literally by the Jews on the earth, popular Gentile theologians, who have been too much for whom Christ will be Melchizedek-priest in full tinctured by Platonic philosophy. But when he proaccomplished position-Priest on His throne, Mediator ceeds to reason that as the risen body is to be glorified, in this character, blessing them and blessing God for so the inheritance it occupies must be a glorified one them; God Himself then taking, fully and indeed, too, it is manifest that he overlooks other and conthe character of possessor of heaven and earth. When nected truths. It does not seem to occur to him that, in God had thus revealed Himself, according to this the kingdom of God, earthly things are found as well as establishment of blessing in power on the earth, heavenly. (Comp. John iii; Eph. i, 10, &c.; Col. i; through the priestly king Melchizedek, naturally the Rev. xxi.) At the least, he cannot take for granted actual blessing of the chosen people finds its place; the very thing which is denied by a large body of and in chap. xv we have the detailed instruction of christian men. Our scheme—that is, as we are conthe Lord to Abraham regarding the earthly seed and vinced, the scriptural one--is neither heaven alone, the land given to him—the whole confirmed by a nor earth alone, but both united under the dominion covenant where God, as light to guide and furnace to of the Lord Jesus Christ, with the glorified saints in try, deigns to bind Himself to the accomplishment of the heavenly places, and men, in their natural bodies, esthe whole.”

pecially Israel, blessed for 1000 years on the earth. These We need not dwell on the episode of Gen. xvi- the are harmonious but varied spheres of blessing, the risen effort on Sarah's part to forestall the promise of the saints being the instruments of the truly divine joy of Lord in the preceding chapter, which ends, as all that love and beneficence with Christ, yet more conspicuously is of the will of the flesh and of man must, in dis- than the evil spirits are now the instruments of Satan's appointment and sorrow. Gen. xvii brings in God on malicious and destructive power. It is remarkable the scene, the Almighty God, who talks with Abraham, that, as to this, Dr. F.'s quasi-spiritualism ends in opens out larger and higher hopes, not legally but denying the proper heavenly glory of the risen saints. All the inheritance they have to look for is the reno- who make this world their fatherland. “And truly if vated earth. The testimony of John xiv and xvii, the they had been mindful of that country from whence doctrine of Ephesians throughout, and of Hebrews, and they came out, they might have had opportunity to nottospeak of the Epistles of Peter and Jude, the pictures have returned: but now they desire a better country, of Revelation go for nothing. The Church is reduced to that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed a glorious earthly inheritance, after all, and, by a poor to be called their God.” Abraham had only a burying. juggle of words, this is called heaven! “God can place in the land of Canaan. As he followed God in make any region of His universe a heaven . . ... and the main faithfully, God took a particular interest in why might He not do so here,” &c. ? But why, then, him: Abraham is called "the friend of God.” There speak of both heavens and earth in the time of incipient is no uncertainty in his movements. He quits Ur of and of perfected glory ? The reason is, because the the Chaldees; he and his leave Haran subsequently Bible distinguishes what Dr. F. here labours to con-"they went forth to go into the land of Canaan, found.

and into the land of Canaan they came. To notice the appendices at any length would detain On the other hand, Lot's wife, ("remember Lot's us too long. Suffice it to say that they refer :-A. to wife,") left Sodom in bodily presence, not in heart. typical forms in nature; B. to the Old Testament Her judgment is recalled to mind by the Saviour. in the New, under six heads; C. to the doctrine of a Which of the two does Christendom resemble ? His future state; D. to sacrificial worship; and E. to the people are not in a state which God can own, if they question whether the original relation of the seed of do not say such things as Abraham, if they say them Ābraham to the land of Canaan affords any ground for not in deed and in truth. expecting their final return to it. This Dr. F. decides God communicates His thoughts to Abraham, and in the negative, chiefly because he assumes that the Abraham responds, in his measure, to such grace on present dispensation is the last, and that the brightest God's part. He is not here, as in Gen. xv, asking visions of glory in Old and New Testament prophecy something for himself; he intercedes for others. There are to be realized either in the Church as it now is, or is no lovelier scene than the opening one of Gen. xvili, in the eternal state. No room is left for the dis- upon which the infidel spues his wretched materialism, tinctive features of the millennium for earth or for and proves his moral incapacity to appreciate God's heaven. Dr. F. reads them not in his Bible.

gracious condescension to his " friend.” “ This did not Abraham.” Accustomed to the ways and words of God, he quickly feels the divine presence; yet he beautifully waits till the Lord is pleased to discover

Himself, acting all the while with a touching and inNOTES ON SCRIPTURE.

stinctive deference. Indeed, such intimacy was not No. II.

only most suitable to the infancy of man in the reABRAHAM AND LOT. GENESIS XVIII, XIX. vealed blessings of God, but it was the fitting prelude TAE destruction of Sodom is a figure of what will and preparation for Abraham to learn the high privi. happen when the Lord comes. They carried them- leges in store for him; above all, for that precious selves as if the world was to last for ever. Such is communion which rejoices in another's blessing, and still the great sin of the world, and what marks the sympathises in another's sorrows. God therein asincredulity of the heart. (2 Peter iii.) Men make all sured Abraham, in such a way as he could not pospossible arrangements for the future; and yet, since sibly mistake, of His interest and His confidence in the death of Jesus, the world cannot count upon a him. “And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abrasingle day. God is waiting till the iniquity of the ham that thing which I do; seeing that Abraham shall earth reaches its height, till it is all out and open surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the before He exercises judgment. The world takes nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? For I advantage of this. “Because sentence against an know him, that he will command his children and his evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart household after him, and they shall keep the way of of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil." the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord (Eccles. viii, 11.) It is the principle and the practice may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of infidelity all through: it was the history of the of him.” (Gen. xviii, 17—19.) Abraham enjoys the antediluvians and of the doomed cities of the plain. closest intercourse with Jehovah, who reveals His (Luke xvii, 26–30.)

counsels to him. Not only is he told afresh, with The Church, the Christian, has properly but one fuller light, of the promised seed, but he learns from object-Christ in heaven, and therefore is called to God the imminent destruction of Sodom. be in heart separated from everything here below. Now God has displayed other, richer, and more Abraham, as far as he was a stranger and pilgrim on spiritual means of assuring our hearts of His love; earth, is the type of the faithful. (Heb. xi.) He saw but nothing could be more appropriate then than His the promises afar off, was persuaded of them, embraced dealings with Abraham. He appears to him in the them, and confessed himself a pilgrim here below. Of plains of Mamre. He comes before the tent door, such God is not ashamed to be called their God. enters, converses, and walks with him. He wanted He would be ashamed to own as His people those to confirm the heart of Abraham practically; and Fle

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