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the .....,

The woman quickly left the room...... She very soon returned 1. Things to come: four short and simple Tracts on elementary with a New Testament in her hand, of the same version and points relating to the doctrine of the Premillennial Coming of the size as the one out of which the colporteur had been reading; Saviour. By the Rev. John Cox, and but, as she had said, the book was not complete, many pages 2. The Believer's position and prospects; or, Thoughts on Union to having been torn out of it. The colporteur : .. opened it, Christ. By the same. (London : Ward & Co., Paternoster when his eyes fell on the following lines, written in very large Row; Nisbet & Co., Berners Street.) letters, ‘Received at

despised at first, and The first of these pamphlets deals with the following badly used, but afterwards read, believed, and made the instru- questions :-" Is the Second Coming of Christ before or after ment of my salvation. I. L....., fusileer of the 4th company the Millennium ? What is the scripture principle of prophetic of the regiment of the line.'

interpretation ? What is the design of the Second Advent of “At the sight of this inscription the colporteur put his hand to the Saviour ? Will Israel be restored to the land of their his forehead, like a man who wanted to bring to remembrance fathers ?” There is little in it, but what there is is plain. some fact which had occurred. Light very soon broke in upon The subject of the second-Union to Christ, and the oneness him ....., and brought before his eyes the young mocker

, of the Church with Him-is not properly understood by the from whom he separated, while telling him of the terrible judg-author, any more than by “the vigorous writers of the nonconments to which he was exposing himself

. The fervent prayer formist school,” to whom he refers. The reason is clear. which he had offered up in his behalf, then also came to his The scriptural truth of “the body" cannot be intelligently disrecollection ...... and he lifted up his heart in praise to God. cerned, where the various operations of the Spirit are con

* The particulars which the mother subsequently gave about founded, and His peculiar presence since Pentecost is ignored. her son proved, beyond all manner of doubt, that he had de- The Springing Well and the Flowing Brook; or, Choice Sayings and parted in peace..... From the sad condition of the New Testa- Saroury Meat, by Masters in Israel. With a preface by J. A. ment shown to the colporteur, it could be seen that the young Wallinger, minister of the gospel, Bath. (London: W. H. soldier had at first made use of the book to light his pipe, as he Collingridge, &c.) had openly avowed. ..... But this impious work of destruction Huntingdon, Toplady, Watson, Romaine, &c., are the “masters" was at length stopped, and the owner of the book had himself in Mr. W.'s eyes. It will be inferred that the statements are related to his mother that this took place on the evening before a always strong, and often true; and that what truth there is, battle in which his regiment was ordered to occupy the perilous chiefly proves to be a lesson in the school of “experience.” post of the advance guard. At this critical moment serious thoughts came into his mind in a very strange manner, and the words of the man whom he had tricked out of the book came to his recollection like a thunder-clap-- It is a fearful thing to fall

Notes of the Month. into the hands of the living God!' And if I should to-morrow fall into l'is hands! exclaimed he, in an agony of mind. This THE SCRIPTURAL MUSEUM-INAUGURAL LECTURE thought hannted him during the whole of the night, and, .

BY SIR H. RAWLINSON, as soon as ever it became light in the morning, he took from The lectures of this new Museum were opened on the evening his knapsack the book whose terrible voice did not leave him a of January 8th, by the well known Oriental explorer. On the moment's repose. What was his astonishment, when, instead of platform were a model of Nebuchadnezzar's temple, and a slab the threats which he expected to read in the pages which still re- inscribed with cuneiform characters. The subject was --" Recent mained, he read appeals such as the following :_God sent not Oriental discoveries in relation to the Bible." Sir H. Rawlinson his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world began by urging the great value of the visible and tangible through Him might be saved.' (John iii, 17.)..... By grace illustrations of scripture history, which recent researches had are ye saved, through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the brought to light. gift of God :' (Eph. ii, 8 :) .Come unto me, all ye that labour For 2,000 years the Bible had rested chiefly on internal and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.' (Matt. xi, 28.) evidence, and that evidence was, indeed, sufficient for all earnest * This last passage

... deeply affected him. He turned and truth-seeking people. But there were others who would it over and over in his mind, ...... until at the sounding of not be at the pains to examine internal evidence, and to them the morning drum, he had to . march away to meet the hese extraneous corroborations of Biblical statements might enemy. The struggle did not last long, but it was of the most speak powerfully. The cuneiform inscriptions, the key to desanguinary description. At its close, our young soldier was ciphering which had only been discovered within the last twenty among the number of those who lay scattered over the field of years, had brought to light a great variety of Assyrian and Babybattle. A frightful wound placed him for several weeks on the lonian historic records, running contemporaneously with scripvery borders of the grave; but these were weeks which were ture narrative, and affording innumerable points of contact, and blessed for the good of his soul. .....

wherever such contact occurred, there was always found to be a * But while the health of his soul visibly improved, it was other coincidence between the two, showing incontestably the genuinewise with his bodily health. . . . . . After having been removed ness and authenticity of scripture. Coming to details, he addufrom hospital to hospital in a foreign land, there was a respite, ced proofs of correspondence between the statements of the in his sufferings, which admitted of his returning to his parental inspired volume and the deductions from monumental inscriptions roof. It was there, more especially, during the six weeks which in several leading particulars, under the heads of ethnology, he was still permitted to spend on earth, that he glorified Him mythology, geography, and history. The earliest period to who had caused him to pass ‘from darkness to light, and from which the inscriptions on the cylinders and tablets he had found the power of Satan unto God.' His mutilated Testament was positively referred, was about 2,000 years before Christ, though ever in his hand, ... ... and he sought to persuade his own there were some indications of the time before the Flood. Thus, mother, as well as every one who came near him, that one thing Babylonia, to which the early portion of scripture history refers, alone was needful, namely, to accept Jesus Christ as a Saviour. was called the country of the four rivers, and those rivers he ...... As long as his voice could be heard, he exhorted ..... believed to signify the Tigris and the Euphrates, with their two and bcsought all those whom he loved, . not to run the principal branches. The whole country of Assyria had been risk of falling in an unconverted state into the hands of the excavated in the course of his researches, and cylinders, tablets, living God; and when his soul was about to quit its earthly and prisms had been extracted from the ruins of the ancient tabernacle, it might, from the expression of happiness and temples, filled with inscriptions, which had now been deciphered, delight which was on his countenance, have been said that, like and, in many instances, they served not only to verify scripture, St. Stephen, . ‘he saw the heavens opened, and the glory but to throw light upon and explain passages which had hitherto of God, and Jesus Christ standing on the right hand of God."" been obscure. It appeared from these inscriptions, that, in (Acts vii, 55, 56.)(pp. 240—245.)

the earliest time, a colony had been led by Nimrod from There are statements to which one might justly take excep- Egypt into Mesopotamia. [?] Nimrod was a Cushite, and tion, but the interest of the volume is unquestionable.

belonged to the family of Ham. He was afterwards worshipped as a divinity, by the name of Nergal, (2 Kings xvii, 30,) whose great satisfaction in being, with others, an humble instrument attributes were equivalent to those of Mars. The inscriptions under God in strengthening the authority of His word, so far enabled Sir H. to explain the meaning of many names of early as external evidence could go. scripture history, all of which were significant. Thus, Shem, Ham, and Japheth signified the parts of the country they in- At the recent Meeting of the Asiatic Society, Sir H. Rawlinson habited. The meaning of Ham was the right hand, indicating exhibited twenty-four sheets of cuneiform inscriptions, as part that he lived in Arabia ; Shem signified the left, or Assyria ; of a great work he was editing for the British Museum. The and Japheth was the intermediate country. The names of legend belonged to Tiglath-Pileser, and dated from the twelfth Europe and Asia are purely Babylonian, meaning the setting century,(B.C.,) referring to a restored temple in the city, carrying and the rising of the sun, which names were afterwards adopted back the Chaldean Chronology to the eighteenth century, (B.C) by the Grecks. The name Shinar was really a Hammite name together with an enumeration of the four immediate ancestors of of the country ; and after the people of Nimrod had been driven the king, and a record of his conquest of Egypt and of the subinto the monntains they took the name of Shinar with them. mission of the Chisinonians, who inhabited Phænicia before the Sir H. said that the descendants of Ham were in the habit of Semitic colonization of the country. The second inscription, it counting by sixties. They divided day and night into sixty was stated, would contain the annals of the great Sardanapalus, hours instead of twenty-four hours ..... It is a remarkable recovered from the temple of Hercules on the great mound of fact, he observed, that the Indians also reckoned by sixties, Nimrud, which is now known to represent the Caneh of the which indicated a connexion between the Chaldees and Indians Bible. The third inscription exhibited was a copy of the of which there are no records. The inscriptions throw light famous cylinder or hexagonal prism of Sennacherib, found at on the meaning of the names of the gods of Babylon, and show Nineveh, and now deposited in the British Museum. He gave by the functions assigned to their gods their representatives in it as his opinion that there was as much accuracy in his system the mythology of the Grecks and Romans. The names of the of interpretation as in that by which Latin and Greek texts gods sometimes signified sentences, of which the first syllable were read. was the name, the second was the verb, and the third the object. The inscriptions, he said, present a complete tableau of ancient Assyria, by which the name and situation of every town of note

Fragments Gathered up. mentioned in the Bible can be identitied. Sir Henry addressed himself specially to the historical coincidences extending over a

As regards acceptance, their is no difference between Panl and period of 2,000 years. He had found the record of a king us. This would attribute a various value to Christ's blood, would corresponding with the Chedorlaomer of Gen. xiv, 1,900 year's make it uncertain and incomplete in the extent of its efficacy, B.C., and who was described by the epithet “the ravager of The blood of the Lamb gives to all believers their sole title to te Syria.” For about 1,000 years after this there was no point of in the glory, and gives to all an equal and perfect justification contact between profane and sacred history, but this Sir Henry from sin. But great difference there is as to reward of serrice. accounted for from the circumstance that, during that periodi

, The Christian may say, I want nothing before God-I have there was no inducement for intercourse between the Assyrians Christ there; and God would repudiate anything else. I know and the Jews. The circumstances disclosed relating to the mode that God has accepted the person and blood of His Son. God of government of Northern Arabia verified the visit of the Queen rests there, and there I rest, having nothing now to do but to of Sheba to Solomon, for it appeared that that conntry was seek to glorify Him by my life here below. ruled by queens, and not by kings. One of the most interesting

“ All fulness" is not in Christ, as a stranger at an inn, going periods in relation to which coincidences had been discovered out and coming in, but was pleased in Him to dwell. related to that of Sennacherib and Hezekiah. The explorations had brought to light the annals of Sennacherib, written by himself, or by his direction, occupying 800 lines, and the account

BOOKS, ETC., RECEIVED. they gave of his first campaign, when he was pacified by a

Try. By Old Jonathan. Square 32mo., cloth. Collingridge. tribute, corresponded in the most striking manner with 2 Kings

The Book and its Mission. 8vo., cloth. Kent & Co. xviii. To illustrate this Sir Henry read passages from the chap.

Negative Theology, and its abettors. By Rev. Brewin Grant. Svo., seved ter, and then from the annals, showing minute correspondences Collingridge. in the names of places, especially Lachish, the amount of tribute

It is Written. Monthly Magazine. Jan., 1857. Book Society. received from the Jewish king, “three hundred talents of silver

Godwin's Apocalypse of St. John. 12mo., cloth. Jackson & Falford and thirty pieces of gold” (ver 14,) and so forth. It appeared

Lowe's Inspiration a reality. 8vo., cloth. Longman & Co. from this inscription, however, that upwards of 200,000 Jews

Green's Developed Criticism. 8vo., cloth. Bagster & Sons. were taken into captivity by Sennacherib after that first cam

Gospel Cottage Lecturer. Part XIX. Collingridge. paign, and Sir Henry Rawlinson expressed the opinion that there were four distinct captivities of the Jews. There occurs in Postscript to our Readers, Contributors and Correspondents. Sennacherib's account of his wars with Hezekiah the remarkable passage, “ Then I prayed to God,” which is the only instance in E. J. H.'s Scripture Queries in our next. the whole of the inscriptions in which the Deity is mentioned A Correspondent, W. O., (Kennington,) justly objects to Dr. Prochner's without some heathen adjunct. One of the latest excavations thought and phrase, which slipped into No. 8, p. 134, "arts and sciences brought to light inscriptions referring to the time of Nebuchad- products of Christianity," when, in fact, they are the mere inventions

It was made in the ruins of the Tower of Nimrod, fallen man, (Gen. iv,) and serve, under Satan, to hide from his eyes the siwhich was supposed by some to be the Tower of Babel. These rible truth that he is but an outcast from Eden. cylinders, besides other interesting records, threw light on a

In answer to several enquiries, the publisher begs to announce that persa point regarding Belshazzar which had hitherto appeared obscure. I and II of the BIBLE TEEASTRY (consisting of Four Nos. each, in a sesi for no such name occurs in any ancient history but that of the wrapper) are now ready, price one shilling each part, which will be sent past Bible. It appeared, however, that Belshazzar was joint king free to any address on the receipt of twelve stamps

. It is proposed to contime with his father Minus, and that he shut himself in Babylon, the issue of shiling parts at regular intervals, and to conclude Vol I as the whilst the other king, his father, took refuge elsewhere. Profane close of the present year, with the usual title-page, indices, &c. historians have not mentioned Belshazzar, because he was con

No MSS. are returned unless it be specially requested, and stamps sa ident sidered subordinate to his father. Sir Henry having mentioned to cover the expense of postage be sent at the same time.


All communications and books for review to be sent addressed to the other numerous facts, concluded by a renewed expression of his sense of the importance of these discoveries, viewed more EDITOR OF THE BIBLE TreasURY, care of D. F. Oakey, 10, Paternoster Row especially as a practical refutation of the mythical theories of German Neologians. We had by this means evidence at once

ERRATA IN No. 8. visible and convincing to verify the statements of holy writ, and Page 126, col. 1, for "Ps. cxi, and Ps. xc," read Ps. Cr," bis. it was not the language of pride or boasting to say that he felt Page 134, col. 2, for “ Tishendorf" read Tischendorf," bis.

to whom all advertisements shonld be sent.



did not as the king commanded them.” The persecution of man not only drew out the favour of God in

behalf of those menaced, but in His singular and wise THE TYPES OF SCRIPTURE.*

providence, (Ex. ii,) the daughter of the cruel king

became the shield of Israel's future deliverer, in the Here we enter upon the broader field of a people the person of the infant Moses. We might have imputed special object of God's dealings. Individuals there the secreting of the babe to mere amiable or strong are still

, of course, prominent instruments for good parental feeling; but Heb. xi, 23 shows that this is to or ill

, as God or the enemy governed. But the dis- overlook a deeper thing.By faith Moses, when he tinctive display is of God's pity and power in behalf was born was hid three months of his parents.” of His unworthy Israel

, whom He redeems triumph-But, although providence responds to faith, and acts antly in the face of their oppressors. But His peo- the walk of His children, it is not the guide of faith,

in order to accomplish God's purposes, and control ple, as proud, alas ! as they were poor, abandon the two-fold revelation which God had made of Himself, though it is made so sometimes by believers who are whether as the almighty God of their fathers, Abra- wanting in clearness of light. Moses' faith is seen ham, Isaac, and Jacob, or as the one who was now first in his giving up, when grown to age, all the advantages known in peculiar relationship as Jehovah. Yes! of the position in which God had set him by His prounwittingly, but most truly, they look away from the vidence. Providence may, and often does, give that promises, and cease to lean on His outstretched arm

which forms, in many respects, the servants of God who had gotten them the victory, and at Sinai this for their work, but could not be their power in the fatal word was passed, “ All that the Lord hath spo; It gives that, the giving up of which is a testimony

work. These two things must not be confounded. ken we will do," and the law came in with its awful distance, and darkness, and death too, too near. Up

of the reality of faith and of the power of God which to this God had acted in pure grace towards Israel. operates in the soul. It is given that it may be given But they appreciated His ways no more than they up: this is part of the preparation. This faith acted judged themselves aright. With the ignorance and through affections which attached him to God, and self-confidence of the flesh, they supposed that, just consequently to the people of God in their distress, as they were, they only needed to know the will of and manifested itself, not in the helps or reliefs which God, in order to render an acceptable obedience: the his position could well have enabled him to give them, rock on which splits every unconverted man who, in but in inducing him to identify himself with that a measure, owns bis responsibility to God, but as- people, because it was God's people. Faith attaches sumes bis freedom and his power to serve. But their

itself to God, and appreciates, and would have part in, pride had a speedy fall ; and the golden calf witnessed the bond that exists between God and His people ; and the crash of the tables of stone, followed by a new thus it thinks not of patronizing them from above,

as interference of God, who, along with the law, intro- if the world had authority over the people of God, duced the mediatorial principle, and unfolded in the or was able to be a blessing to them. It feels (betabernacle and its vessels, &c., the beautiful shadows cause it is faith) that God loves His people ; that of the grace and truth which should come by the His people are precious to Him,-His own on the Lord Jesus Christ.

earth; and faith sets itself thus, through very affecSuch we conceive to be the general outline of this tion, in the position where His people find themselves.

This is what Christ did. Faith does but follow Hin glance, and with scanty help from the “Typology," in His career of love, however great the distance at

it . in. which even here (vol. ii, pp. 4–6) resumes the assault upon the proper hope of Israel, or, as it is there styled, duced Moses to remain in the position where he was! “the Church,

and this even under the pretext of being able to do Exodus i, is the preface or introduction, presenting, more for the people ; but this would have been leaning in a few graphic strokes, the children of Egypt in the on the power of Pharaoh, instead of recognizing the iron furnace, when“ there arose up a new king which bond between the people and God. It might have knew not Joseph.” Their increase and their might resulted in a relief which the world would have granted, excite his crooked and malicious policy. In vain! but not in a deliverance by God, accomplished in His " The more they afflicted them, the more they multi- love and in His power, Moses would have been plied and grew.'

Not content with a rigour which spared, but dishonoured ; Pharaoh would have been embittered the captive with hard bondage, the king flattered, and his authority over the people of God redevises a murderous scheme, which, however, depended cognized; and Israel would have remained in captivity, for its success on lowly women, who “ feared God, and leaning on Pharaoh instead of recognizing God in the

precious and even glorious relationship of His people of the Divine Dispensations. By Patrick Fairbairn, Professor of Divinity, all human reasoning, and all reasoning connected with The Typology of Seripture: viewed in connexion with the entire scheme with Him. God would not have been glorified. Yet

Second Edition, much enlarged and providential ways, would have induced Moses to reimproved, vols. i, ii. Edinburgh, T. & T. Clark, 1954.

2 The Synopsis of the Books of the Bible, vol 1, Genesis to 2 Chronicles. main in his position : faith made him give it up." London: T. H. Gregg, 24, Warwick Lane, Paternoster Row.

(“Synopsis," pp. 55–57.) No. 10. Vol. I.- March 1, 1857.

Free Church College, Aberdeen.

Nevertheless, like the blessed One whom he fore- Much is said of the hardening of Pharaoh's heart. shadowed, his own received him not. He is rejected It is really a simple matter. It has its parallel in the by that Israel whom he loved. “ There is a difference ways of God with man on a large scale; as when He (says the author of the “Synopsis," p. 58) between gave up the Gentiles to a reprobate mind, and poured this type and that of Joseph. Joseph takes the posi- judicial blindness on the Jews. So He will yet do tion, as put to death, (in figure] of Jesus raised to with professing Christendom, sending them strong dethe right band of the supreme throne amongst the lusion, because they received not the love of the truth Gentiles, in the end receiving his brethren from whom that they might be saved. In Pharaoh's case, as in he had been separated. His children are to him a all the others, the will was utterly wrong, and opposed testimony of his blessing at that time. He calls them to God from the first; when this was distinctly proManasseh (because God,' says he, “ has made me for- nounced, God did harden and covered them with darkget all my labours and all the house of my father”) ness to their merited destruction. God never made and Ephraim, (“because God has made me fruitful in Pharaoh, nor any one else, to be wicked; but they, being the land of my affliction.') Moses presents to us wicked, had adequate and urgent testimonies which, Christ separated from his brethren ; and although by God's judgment, served but to blind the king, who Zipporah (as well as Joseph's wife) might be con- from the first scornfully asked, “ who is Jehovah that sidered as a type of the Church, as the bride of the I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not rejected deliverer, during his separation from Israel; Jehovah, neither will I let Israel go." In p. 40, Dr.F. yet, as to what regards his heart, his feelings, which seems to speak of the miraculous vouchers which Moses are expressed in the names he gives to his children, was instructed to work at the commencement of his are governed by the thought of being separated from operations, as being precisely the field on which Pharaoh the people of Israel: his fraternal affections are there might be tempted to think he could successfully com

- his thoughts are there—his rest and his country are pete with Moses. But it was forgotten, perhaps, that there: he is a stranger everywhere else. Moses is though one of them—the change of the rod into a the type of Jesus as the deliverer of Israel. He calls serpent, and vice versa—was repeated before the king his son Gershom, that is to say, a 'stranger there,' and the magicians, these signs were primarily intended 'for,' says he, 'I have sojourned in a strange land.' for Israel rather than for the Egyptians. (Exodus iv, Jethro presents to us the Gentiles, among whom 1–8, and 29–31.) There is no attempt to explain Christ and His glory were driven when He was re- their significance. The first appears to set forth the jected by the Jews."

rod of power, assuming a satanic character, but afterDr. Fairbairn's observations on the “bondage "wards restored to its true place; and the second, the call for scarcely any comment, chiefly because there deeper ruin of man, as fallen into loathsome uncleanis so little in them. It is a mistake to look for typical ness, cleansed by God's immediate power and goodness. instruction here. Thus, in the first of these sections, The third, which was more judicial in its nature, does he draws the lessons : 1st, that the bondage was a not seem to have been called for by the Israelitish punishment from which Israel needed redemption; elders, but fell, in a yet more aggravated form, not and 2nd, that it formed an essential part of the pre- as a token, but as a plague on the Egyptians--the paration requisite for their occupying the inheritance. change of what was originally given for refreshing (Vol. ii, pp. 12–22.) This is followed by another man and fertilizing the earth, into the bloody image of dreary essay on the deliverer and his commission,” judgment and death. (pp. 23–33,) occupied upon some of the more obvious As to the plagues Dr. F.remarks how excellently they facts in the early part of Exodus, the position of were fitted to expose the futility of Egyptian idolatry, Moses, his first haste, his subsequent shyness, the and to show how entirely everything there was at the burning bush, and the name of God,* and closing with disposal of the God of Israel, whether for good or the deductions: 1st, as to the dueness of the time; evil. The first nine gradually ascend from the lower 2nd, as to the deliverer's arising“ within the Church to the higher provinces of nature and of nature-woritself;" 3rd, “ not altogether independent of the ship, till the tenth sounds the signal of Israel's reworld;" and 4th, as to his being a peculiarly of God.” demption in the death of Egypt's first-born, anAs little can we say of the long discussion that suc- nounced from the beginning. (Exod. iv, 22, 23.) But ceeds. ($ 3, “The Deliverance," pp. 34–57.) our author fails to discriminate the two parts in the deliverance. He notices “ the first-born,” as repre- Because He did not come in the type, it is inferred, senting all, and the blood of the lamb as the sign of most illogically, that He may not be personally looked mercy rejoicing against judgment, and the “borrowing” for in the anti-typical conflicts of the last days. But (Exod. iii, 22; xii, 35, &c.) as meaning really and if Dr. F. can thus unseasonably foist in his postsimply a demand with which the Egyptians willingly millennial prejudices, be is unable apparently to see complied, if they did not rather invite the Israelites how the entrance of the desert is inaugurated with a to ask. But the precious, spiritual import of the song of triumph, which bespeaks faith's estimate of Passover and Red sea must not be expected. For this their complete deliverance by God's power, the sewe turn to the “ Synopsis,” p. 65. What happened curity of His counsels in their behalf, and their conat the Red sea was, it is true, the manifestation of the fidence in His guidance all the way through. illustrious power of God, who destroyed with the Nevertheless, it is into the wilderness, not into breath of His mouth the enemy that stood in rebel- Canaan, that God's deliverance brings His people, and lion against Him :-final and destructive judgment in trials of every sort appear and thicken. For three its character, no doubt, and which effected the deliver-days after the song, they go through the wilderness ance of His people by His power. But the blood sig- and find no water. (Exod.

* "I AM' is His own essential name, if He reveals Himself; but as regards His government of and relationship with the earth, His name--that by which nant for its preservation from any future destruction by water. But in He is to be remembered to all generations-is the God of Abraham, of Isaac, Abraham we have one called out from the world, now worshipping other gods, of Jacob. This gave Israel, now visited and taken up of God under this name, brought into separate and immediate connexion with God, and promises giren a very peculiar place. In Abraham first God had called any out, first to him to him-a person called to be the object and depositary of God's promises given any promises. He first had been publicly called apart from the world, so This gave him a very peculiar place. God was his God. He had a separate that God called Himself his God. He never calls Himself God of Abel or of place from all the world with Him as heir of the promise. He is the stock and Noah, though, in a general sense, He is the God, of course, of every saint. root of all heirs of it. Christ Himself comes as seed of Abraham, who is the Faith itself is here pointed out as the way of righteousness. In Eden God, in father also of the faithful as to the earth. Israel is the promised nation under judging the serpent, had announced the final victory of the promised seed. this title. As regards election they are beloved for the fathers' sakes. In this In Abel He had shown what acceptable sacrifice from a sinner was—not the name consequently, as His eternal memorial, God would now deliver them. fruits of his labour under judgment, but the blood God's grace had given to At the same time God foretells, that Pharaoh will not let the people go, but him, which answered his need ; in Enoch, clear and absolute victory over takes clearly the ground of His authority an of His right over His people, death and removal from earth, God taking him; in Noah, deliverance through and of authoritative demand upon Pharaoh that he should recognize then. judgment when the world was judged. Then a new world begun, and a Upon his refusal to do so, he would be judged by the power of God." ceasing, through the sweet savour of sacrifice, to curse the earth, and a cove- (Synopsis, pp. 61, 62.)

xv, 22.) Nor is this all ; nified the moral judgment of God and the full and en- when they find some at Marah, the water is bitter. tire satisfaction of all that was in His being. God, Spite of their murmuring, the Lord hears Moses, and such as He was in His justice, His holiness, and His shows him a tree, which, when cast in, made the truth, could not touch those who were sheltered by waters sweet. *If death has delivered them from the that blood. Was there sin ? His love towards His power of the enemy, it must become known in its appeople had found the means of satisfying the require- plication to themselves; bitter to the soul, it is true, ments of His justice, and at the sight of that blood, but, through grace, refreshment of life, for in all these which answered everything that was perfect in His things is the life of the Spirit. It is death and resurbeing, He passed over it consistently with His justice rection in practice after the deliverance. Thereupon and even His truth. Nevertheless God, even in pass- we have the twelve wells and seventy palm trees ;* ing over, is seen as judge. Hence, likewise, so long types, it seems to us, of these living springs and of as the soul is on this ground, its peace is uncertain, that shelter which have been provided through instruits

way in Egypt, being all the while truly converted; ments chosen of God for the consolation of His peobecause God has still the character of Judge to it, and ple." (Synopsis, p. 68.) the power of the enemy is still there. At the Red sea Exod. xvi shows us Israel murmuring again, but the God acts in power according to the power of His love; Lord answers in nothing but grace; though, as Moses consequently the enemy, who was closely pursuing His and Aaron protested, the murmuring was against Him, people, is destroyed without resource. This is what and not them. They had murmured at Marah, yet will happen to the people at the last day, already in the bitter waters were immediately sweetened. They reality, to the eye of God, sheltered through the blood. murmured, now hungry, but the word is, “ye shall As to the moral type, the Red sea is evidently the see the glory of Jehovah." “I have heard,” says He, death and resurrection of Jesus and of His people in the murmurings of the children of Israel.” What, Him; God acting in it, in order to bring them out of then, was Moses to report ? judgment ? Wrath did death, where He had brought them in Christ

, and con- come upon them another day, when, despising the sequently beyond the possibility of being touched by manna, they insisted on meat, and persevered in their the enemy. We are made partakers of it already lust, when they ought to have been ashamed and sorthrough faith. Sheltered from the judgment of God rowing at their self-will and unbelief, rebuked by the by the blood, we are delivered, by His power, which miracle which laid it at their feet. But Taberah beacts for us, from the power of Satan, the prince of this held the graves of lust. (Numb. xi.) This, however, world. The blood keeping us from the judgment of was after the law came in, and God righteously judged God was the beginning. The power which raised us the sinners who presumed to make the blessing dewith Christ has made us free from the whole power of pend on their own power of obeying it. But up to Satan, who followed us, and from all his attacks and Sinai it was not law, but grace. “Where sin abounded, accusations. The world who will follow that way is grace did much more abound.” Accordingly the Lord swallowed in it."

told Moses to say, “at even ye shall eat flesh, and in The fourth section of this chapter introduces us to the morning ye shall be filled with bread : and ye shall the march through the wilderness, with the manna, know that I am the Lord your God.” Their absolute the water, and the pillar of cloud and fire. The op- need was now plain. In the wilderness, who but God portunity of the song of Moses was too good to lose could supply bread for such a multitude ? But He for a thrust at those who expect by and by "a cor- did supply it bountifully, and at their doors. “He poreally present Saviour, inflicting corporeal and over-that gathered much had nothing over, he that gathered whelming judgments on adversaries in the flesh.” little had no lack: they gathered every man according Dr. F. would gladly reduce the grand future dealings to his eating.” Notwithstanding it was so given that of God, to providential actings or victories to be won day by day they must depend on Himself; no store by spiritual weapons. The Lord coming to judge the

* The Lord adopted this number in His two closing missions of the disciples quick-the habitable earth—is an unpalatable truth. to Israel.


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