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manuscripts of Luke and of Josephus have a different The two next sections are devoted to Jerusalem, incinumber, * but the best agree, contrary to the common tra- dents, observations, and antiquities. The chief points spoken dition, which would naturally account for tamperings in a of are the Jews' waiting place, the Haram, and city walls, few copies.. Dr. R. suggests the opposite view; but his the place of hospital of the knights, Roman portal, ruins of hypothesis is open to the plain and insuperable objection Xenodochium, remains of knights' palace, granite columns that the versions made before the Nicopolis tradition is once belonging to the Propylaea of Constantine's Basilica, Via known to have existed, and the mass of manuscripts copied Dolorosa, Ecce Homo, &c. Search in vain for traces of second afterwards, agree in representing Emmaus as much nearer wall, traces of third wall, ancient wall west of Damascus to Jerusalem than that city. So Jerome himself, in his gate. Ground east of that gate outside, &c. We confess edition of the Vulgate, according to all extant copies save that this section IV disappoints us. The general impression the Fulgensian ; so uniformly the older Itala. It is far of the author may be gathered from his opening paragraph. more probable therefore that K (the Cyprian MS.) and N “As we thus again [April, 1852] looked abroad upon
the (of Vienna,) with the few cursives which follow them, were Holy City, after an interval of fourteen years, signs of change accommodated to that identification which prevailed in the and a measure of general improvement were everywhere fourth century and through succeeding ages. What strongly visible. The city, like the whole country, had long since confirms the usual reading of St Luke is, that after having reverted to the direct sway of the Sultan; and the various reached Emmaus, then toward evening and the day far civil and political reforms of the Ottoman empire had here spent, they sat at meat together, and the Lord opens their also been nominally introduced. A powerful foreign ineyes and manifests Himself to them. “And they rose fuence had been brought in, and was still exerted by the up the same hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the establishment of the Anglo-Prussian bishopric and the other eleven gathered together,” &c.—a highly unlikely thing, if enterprises connected with it. The erection of the Protestant the place had been Nicopolis, twenty-two Roman miles from cathedral on Mount Sion, as part and parcel of the English Jerusalem. Further, we know that it was the same day at consulate ; the opening of the Jewish hospital also on Zion, evening," when the disciples assembled in Jerusalem and the under the auspices of the English mission; and likewise of Lord stood in the midst after their return from Emmaus. the Prussian hospital under the care of the German Of course, even in the supposition of the shorter distance, deaconesses,' so called; the establishment of schools and the the evening must have been advanced. Still, Dr. R. has no introduction of agricultural labour in connexion with them; right to argue from the Lord's enquiry if they had any all had served to increase the circulation of money, and to food. For it was no question to the risen Lord of a meal, stimulate the native mind to like efforts. The convents had but of a proof to satisfy their wondering, doubting minds erected several large buildings and established schools; and that it was Himself—not a spirit, but in bodily reality, and there was a process going on in Jerusalem of tearing down capable of eating meat, though not requiring it. This, then, old dwellings and replacing them by new ones, which rein no way strengthens the notion of a longer interval than minded me somewhat of New York. There were at this time the two hours which may have occupied the returning disci- more houses undergoing this transformation in the Holy City ples. We have no doubt, therefore, that'Amwas is a different than I had seen the year before in six of the principal cities locality from the Emmaus of Luke xxiv, which was known of Holland. As a natural result there was more activity in in Josephus's day, but having been forgotten in the course of the streets; there were more people in motion, more bustle, 250 years afterwards, found a traditional successor in another and more business. and more distant Emmaus, which at that time flourished “ Along with this there was a greater influx of Franks, both under the name of Nicopolis.
as residents and travellers. The members of the London Sura is identified with the Zorah of Old Testament story, Mission to the Jews had mostly fixed themselves on Zion, in the birthplace of Samson, Kesla probably with the ancient the vicinity of the Anglican Church, and near the Jewish Chesalon, Kuriet al-'Enab as occupying the site of the old quarter. The German residents were chiefly in the same Kirjath-jeurim. “We thus reached the Holy City on the neighbourhood ...... Notwithstanding this appearance of 24th day after our departure from Beirút; a slow rate change, and in so far of improvement, Jerusalem is still in of travel certainly; but we had explored with some all its features an oriental city; in its closeness and filth, in minuteness the middle portions of Galilee and parts of its stagnation and moral darkness. It was again difficult to Samaria, which as yet were little known. We were greatly realize that this indeed had been the splendid capital of struck with the richness and productiveness of the splendid David and Solomon, in honour of which Hebrew poets and plains, especially of Lower Galilee, including that of prophets poured forth their inspired strains ; where the God Esdraelon. In these respects that region surpasses all the of Israel was said to dwell on earth and manifested His rest of Palestine. In the division of the country among glory in the temple; where He, who is Head over all things the tribes, Judah was the largest and took the largest terri- to the Church, lived and taught in the flesh, and also tory. But broad tracts of its land were rocky and sterile, suffered and died as the Lamb of God that taketh away and others desert; while even its great plain along the coast the sin of the world.' Yet it was even so; and from this was and is less fertile than those further north. Zebulun now inconsiderable place, thus degraded and trodden down, and Issachar, apparently the smallest tribes, had the cream there has gone forth in former ages upon the nations an of Palestine; while Asher and Naphtali, further north, influence for weal or woe, for time and eternity, such as the possessed the rich uplands and wooded hills of Galilee, still whole world beside has never exerted." rich and abundant in tillage and pasturage.” (p. 160.) The fifth section discusses some matters of topography,
the valley of the Tyropoeon, the hills Akra and Bezetha, * Dr. R. is not entitled to suspect John xix, 14, of an erroneous
the course of the second wall, the place of the ancient reading, since the reckoning of time probably differed from the bridge, the extent of the temple area, and the relation to it Jewish one adopted by Mark.
of the fortress Antonia, the waters and the sepulchre of † Elsewhere Dr. R. makes very little of " an unbroken tradition
Jerusalem. of fifteen centuries” as to the site of the Holy Sepulchre, and closes
Sections VI and VII are the account of excursions from the discussion with the position that all ecclesiastical tradition Jerusalem, but there is little which appears to us worthy of respecting the ancient places throughout Palestine is of no VALUE, quotation. Section VIII is the journey from Beisâu to save so far as supported by scripture contemporary history. (p. 263.) | Hasbeiyeh ; Section IX, to Banias and back; Section X, to Damascus, of which there is a full and interesting notice, sea, "and the children of Israel sball go on dry ground with a sketch of its history and antiquities. The following through the midst of the sea ?” And they “ went into the Section is the journey to Ba'albek, to which last some space midst of the sea upon the dry ground; and the waters were a is afforded; the next Section is the way by Ribleh to El- wall unto them on their right hand and on their left.” So in the Husu, and the concluding Section from thence, by way of song, “ the waters were gathered together, the floods stood the Cedars, to Beirût.
upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the A few words on this last stay at Smyrna (p. 625) must ter- heart of the sea. That the psalmists and prophets, minate our notice of Dr. R.'s book. “Our quarantine of five that the apostle Paul, understood that a notable miracle days, in the occidental mode of reckoning, would have lasted was wrought to make for Jehovah an everlasting name, is till the same hour on the following Thursday, [as the most plain. Do then men of our day pretend to under arrival was late on the Saturday afternoon.] But ac- stand Exodus better than those whom God inspired ? Do cording to the oriental rule, we were let out at sun- they insinuate that Moses, not to speak of the Holy Ghost, rise on Wednesday morning; having actually been in was guilty of exaggeration and dishonesty ? Was the great quarantine only three whole days and small portions of two lawgiver himself deceived? And was there not one of the others. This well illustrates the three days during which thousands of Israel that could unravel the cheat or clear our Lord is related to have lain in the sepulchre." up the self-deception ? And what of Joshua, at a later
The maps which are at the end, drawn up by Kiepert, day, when Israel crossed the Jordan, driven back by the of Berlin, principally from materials furnished by Dr. R., ark of the covenant, as their fathers, in his memory and the late Dr. E. Smith, and other American travellers, appear experience, had passed through the Red Sea ? If Robinto be extremely full and accurate.
son's " shoal" and Rosenmüller's “ebb-tide" will not serve From the cold, minute, business-like “Researches" of here, if these authors are compelled to accord a miracle the American traveller, we turn to Dr. Bonar's Notes of his afterwards, let them remember that scripture represents the journey to the borders of Canaan. We were disappointed one as the counterpart of the other, only on a different to find that it is spun out. It is to be followed by “Notes of scale. “The see saw it and fed ; Jordan was driven back." a Journey through the Land of Promise.” The matter would (Ps. cxiv, 3.) Alas! the inhabitants of devoted Canaan not have been too much for one volume, particularly as we were not so blind to the hand of the Lord as are not a few might have been spared, without loss, many allusions to divines of the boastful nineteenth century. (Joshua ii.) things and places at home, and oft-recurring descriptions of Nor is it in this case only that Dr. R.'s earlier researches the sky and the stars abroad, not to mention dubious scraps betray the latent poison of rationalism. His remarks on of erudition* and caustic allusions to the peccadillos of Keble's the sweetening of Marah's bitter waters are as little satisoriental descriptions. Notwithstanding, it is a great relief factory as those on the subsequent supply of water during to meet with a modern book of travels, written by a man Israel's long wanderings. We marvel, in the face of such who honestly believes in the Word of God. We may meet evident yielding to the pressure of neology, to find Dr. with almost wearisome illustration of the points of parallel Bonar vouching in any measure that the transatlantic between Old Testament allusions and the manners of the East traveller is a man "reverent towards scripture.” (p. 99.) to this day, most of them trite and some far fetched indeed. Dr. R. may not go so far as some, either in his assertions, Still there is no comparison between the general, moral, and or in a silence sometimes more ominous still; but his latest godly tone of this latest contribution, and that which pre- volume we have seen shows that, from Moses in the Old Testavailed in the more ambitious works of Lepsius, Robinson, ment, to St. John in the New, scripture has received unand others.
worthy treatment at his hands. Dr. B., of course, stands up, as becomes him, for the Dr. B. gives a dozen reasons against Lepsius' absurd miraculous passage of the Red Sea. It is not true, as some identification of the manna which God rained from heaven have said, that he snaps at his predecessors. He did not to feed the Israelites, with the gum or medicinal dew which speak in too strong terms of the way in which modern exudes at certain times from the tarfa-tree in the desert. But divines are playing into the hands of infidels. It is evident they are needless to cite, and lie for the most part on the to those who implicitly bow to the account given in Exodus, surface of Exodus xvi. Some indeed are rather too jocose, that Moses did not follow the easy and natural route to not to say coarse, and ill accord with our author's usual Palestine, at least after reaching Etham ; that Israel turned gravity. at the command of God and took a southward direction Dr. B. appears to think Ruhaibeh answers to the ancient along the Egyptian or western side of the Red Sea ; that Rehoboth, (Gen. xxvi,) not a day's march from Beersheba. this was done expressly and deliberately, in order that this These are his reflections, which we the rather quote, as they haughty oppressor, enticed by this strange and apparently are among the happiest in the book. “The home of the disastrous diversion, and thinking to cut off all possible patriarchs was here--of Isaac especially, who took up his retreat, might first and last furnish honour to the God of dwelling by the well Lahairoi; (Gen. xxiv, 62 ;) and the Israel. It is absurd to impute the passage to the strategic history of this region is a history of the patriarchs. Just skill or the topographical knowledge of Moses: for apart as the desert has only a history of forty years, the time from miraculous guidance, it had been unmitigated folly, when Israel was there, so this south country' has a history as no doubt it seemed to Pharaoh and the men of Egypt, of little more than a century, the time when the two elder Wiser far in this respect than the lights of Germany and patriarchs had their sojourn in it. They builded no cities their imitators. The shoal theory of Dr. Robinson's earlier in it, for their dwelling was in tents, and with these they columns is not foolish only, (for the shoals, as Dr. B. says, were content. Their faith rested on the city which hath lie not across, but up and down, with deep intervening chan- foundations, and until it should arrive, they were satisfied nels,) but a crime against the word of God. There is no with the tent alone. Here Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and great wonder in men's crossing a ford. Is possible that Rebekah, Ishmael and Hagar, lived. From this it was an upright man can think that this was what the Lord that Isaac was led up to Moriah, like a lamb for sacrifice ; meant when He told Moses to lift up his rod and divide the for, as Jerome notices, Abraham must have been living
here, and not in Hebron, at that time, else he would not * For instance, how could Dr. B., (p. 24,) after citing " albo have taken three days to reach Jerusalem. In after ages lapide mirifice structa," say, “Pliny or Strabo, I am not sure which”? the Romans came and occupied the country, making roads through its whole length, and building cities on the slope of its valleys. But of their doings here we know little.
Things New and Old. Cities and temples, and in later ages churches, rose where
THE MIND OF CHRIST. 1 COR. II. the tents of the patriarchs had been pitched-but these Tue mind of Christ is what belongs to the saint as a new have passed away. Not a stone is left upon another. The
man. patriarchs, though they chose it for their residence while
The Spirit of God first quickened, and now he has living did not take it as their abode when dead. They the mind of Christ, to mind the things above, as quickened selves or their children. Their dust was to be conveyed to communicated mind of God as it has formed itself in His built no tombs, they hewed out no sepulchres for them out of the system of this world. He has the intelligence of
Christ, through the Holy Ghost and the word. It is the Canaan, and rest in the cave of Machpelah. resting place in death was more than a dwelling-place in purposes of Christ
. life. The latter was of little moment, seeing they it will find its place. Where this is not the case, persons
When taught of God, we shall find proportion in truth : were strangers here; but the former was of much, seeing will overstate or wrongly apply truth, and find it will not it bore upon their resurrection hope, and of that hope they tell. Then, in place of judging themselves, they will judge desired to testify by their guarded dust and rock-hewn the truth, and make no progress. sepulchres. There were no goodly mountains here like Carmel or like Lebanon ; nor any streams, such as Jordan
Error in judgment is connected with wrongness of affecor Kishon; nor any lake, such as that of Galilee. There tion. When the man in the parable said, “ I have bought was nothing to mark the country in any special way....
five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them; I pray thee It was not the land of the palm or the olive; the vine, the have me excused,” it was as much as to say, I prefer oxen fig, the pomegranate preferred the
warmer air or the richer is not single: he cannot justify himself before God.
“If soil. It was a land of pasture, nothing more-a land where, thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.” like Abel, they might feed their flocks, without toil or care- Whenever we walk in conscience before God, we shall find with less of the ancient curse, 'the sweat of the face,' (Gen. iii, 19,) than they might have bad on more fruitful plains. clear as day.
our path simple: having the mind of Christ, things are as It was a land suited for nothing but the unbustling life of shepherds – the life that leaves most leisure, and affords
We have in Acts xiii an instance of the ability of applymost opportunity, for fellowship with God. Egypt was
ing scripture, with the mind of Christ, to the circumstances the land of those who had their portion here, and with it
in which they were. “ Paul and Barnabas waxed bold and they had nought to do. The desert was the region of the said, it was necessary,” &c. In this scripture we do not find wanderer, living on miraculous manna from heaven, and positive particular command to Paul or Barnabas ; but as water from the rock, but neither the wandering nor the having the mind of Christ, they could find command there
...The miracle was to be their portion. Canaan was the place of and say, “ for so hath the Lord commanded us” the settled habitation, where in the well-built cities their apostle found his place with Jesus. (See Isaiah xlix, 6.) children were one day to rest ; but that rest was not to be their lot. Here, however, was a land unlike all of these,
Our Study. just as their mode of life was to be unlike all that went before or should follow after. It was just such a land as and Infallible authority of Holy Scripture.
Inspiration a Reality: or a Vindication of the Plenary Inspiration suited them, the land of the stranger and the pilgrim. How lately published by the Rer. J. Macnaught, entitled, “ The Doctrine of
In Reply to a Book well did the country and the dwellers suit each other ! Inspiration.” By the Rev. Josiah B. Lowe, A.B.
, Incumbent of How beautifully does this nice, this gracious adaptation, St. Jude's, Liverpool. London : Longman & Co. 1856. show forth the wise and watchful tenderness with which Mr. Lowe's book is the production of one who believes, and the God of Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob provided for therefore understands the word of God, according to the measure His chosen family during that time when, in His un- of his faith. His answers to the unhappy clergyman, who fola explained purpose and providence, He left them still lows as closely as possible the steps of " Phases of Faith,” are outside the goodly land. Nor is the simplicity with always sensible, and often satisfactory; and they are conveyed which they trusted and followed His guidance less to be in plain forcible language. The introduction treats of the connoted. It is worthy of our imitation; and remembering nexion between Inspiration and Infallibility, and its bearing on this we gaze and gaze again upon that narrow strip of land Christian faith. Book I has for its subject the Nature and where the footsteps of faith have left so visibly their inefface- and Book III, Objections of all sorts-alleged Errors in Science,
Effects of Inspiration ; Book II, the Infallibility of God's word; able imprint. For these things were written for our learning, History, Quotation, Ethics, and Doctrine. We can frankly com; that we, through the patience and comfort of the scriptures, mend the book to such as want a convenient and concise manual might HOLD FAST THE HOPE,' (Rom. xv. 4,) even as did the of a trustworthy kind. patriarchs in the midst of far thicker clouds and keener trials of faith than we have known.” (pp. 332–336.) We Warwick Lane, Paternoster Row. 1856.
The Girdle of Truth. Vol. I. London : T. H, Gregg, 24, are thankful for these remarks as far as they go, only pro- It is probable that not a few of our readers have never seen testing against the evident mistranslation of the text cited this little volume, which has hitherto appeared also in monthly at the close, which is entirely misapprehended, and less numbers. We can assure them that they will not readily find correctly given than in the Authorized Version. For the another such choice collection of pungent gospel appeals, and idea of the Spirit, we believe, is through endurance, on the of profoundly interesting and profitable expositions of scripture. one hand, and through the comfort of the scriptures
, on Christians who desire to make progress
, and to walk thoroughly the other;" not "the patience and comfort,” &c. Some of with God, will not fail to appreciate the work. The remarks on the best authorities introduce a second through," and some of the chapters of the Romans will repay, not reading only, there certainly should be an article before comfort, whereas but spiritual study; and they are the more to be prized, because patience, or endurance, though it has one in Greek, requires without diligent search into the scriptures themselves. The
anything like a proper insight into their scope cannot be had none here in English. And the same principle applies to same thing is true of the papers on "The Whole Armour of God,” the last expression, which most decidedly ought to be " hope,” | (Eph. vi,) and on 2 Cor. iii,-subjects rarely well understood. not a particular expectation, the abstract thing, which in Às a whole we are heartily thankful for such a publication, and our language excludes, and in Greek demands, the article. for the prospect of its continuance.
interval, filled up by at least seven years, or the seventieth week Notes of the Month.
of Daniel ix, to which the central prophetic details of the RevelaA circular letter has been issued by the Committee of the tion refer; and lastly, we have the appearing of Christ and the Lancashire Independent College, on the charges brought against heavenly saints to the deliverance of the godly Jews, the overDr. Davidson's contribution to the last edition of Horne's Intro throw of the Bestial army, the binding of Satan, and the estabduction. It is a feeble and faithless production, fully justifying lishment of millennial blessing. It throws great light upon the the fears which godly men outside the
congregational body could order of events to remark that Rev. xx, 4 in no way intimates not but feel, when they noticed the insensibility to the glory of that the rapture of the Church takes place at that epoch, but Christ which the Rivulet Controversy brought to light. For it rather that before the millennium begins the saints who were soon became a question, not of Mr. Lynch, but of the London beheaded, or who otherwise suffered for Christ, after the redissenting chiefs. Naturally they did and said what they could moval of the Church, are raised to share with
their predecessors to convince others of their soundness in the faith. Letters, in reigning with Him during the thousand years. It might pamphlets, books, appeared by one or other of the fifteen, in- have seemed that all such hope was cut off when Christ had tended to convey strong impressions of their own orthodoxy. gathered the Church to meet Him in the air, and to present them But no such efforts have done away with the plain and utterly in the Father's house. But not so. The Holy Ghost will not condemning fact, that they endorse, as Christian, and as in the main fail to work in the last awful scenes of the dispensation, and sound, a writer and writings which undermine nearly all the founda- will convert souls, at least among Jews or Gentiles, who have tion truths of revelation. "Altogether akin, and proving that the not heard and rejected the gospel previously, for those who reprovinces are tainted, as well as the metropolis, is the Com- fused the love of the
truth will be given over to strong delusion mittee's judgment of Dr. D. It admits a number of petty faults,
and destruction. Those converted persons who escape the as hasty, incautious, inaccurate, and contradictory statements :
snares and the sword of the antichristian powers, will be the it pleads the variety, peculiarity, and difficulty of his task; it saved nucleus of the millennial earth, and the subjects of the urges that while many passages, taken by themselves, seem to heavenly kingdom here below. Those who are slain for their indicate unsatisfactory views, others, and especially the author's testimony, but who had only been called after the rapture, and oral explanations, fully satisfied his examiners that he holds all therefore, of course, could not share in it, do not lose but gain the vital truths impugned, and that he maintains the inspiration by dying for the Lord. Blessed are they ! for when He comes of the Bible! They characterize it as a “noble work,” through- from heaven with the previously changed saints, they too are out manifesting, reverence for the authority of scripture. The raised from the dead, so as to join in one common blissful reign result is a unanimous vote of continued confidence in Dr. D.'s over the earth.
“ This is the first resurrection." Not as if that theological views generally, with a request for published ex- phrase meant that the Old and New Testament saints are changed planations, as soon and as kindly as a due regard to the case and caught up at the same time, as the Apocalyptic sufferers and his own position will allow.' And this, in the face of the under the beast, but that all these saints, though raised at differfact that both his colleagues have disclaimed his part of their ent times, are raised before the millennium, and will reign alike joint-work with horror, and that his very publishers have felt it
with rist, in contrast with the rest of the dead, who will be needful to deal with it as unworthy of confidence ! Such an raised for judgment at the end of the thousand years. opinion from the Committee is to us a graver symptom than
“ The world to come ” is one enormous blunder, from which Dr. D.'s book.
“ Israel's Future" is not exempt. The millennium is confounded with the eternal state which succeeds it. There is a partial
accomplishment of the new heavens and earth at its beginning, To Correspondents.
but not till its end is the grand fulfilment realized in a physical
unlimited sense. This alone reconciles Isaiah lxv, lxvi, and Rer, To the “ Anxious Inquirer ” of Tiverton, who asks after the xxi, 1–8, with 2 Pet. iii, and with each other. Peter uses * the best Commentary on the Apocalypse, the Editor recommends day of the Lord” in a large sense, spreading over the entire the Notes on that book, either as they originally appeared with period of divine intervention and government. The promise is many other expositions of the Prophecies, in the “Prospect,” accomplished when it commences—at least as far as Israel (sold by Broom, 8, Athol Place, Pentonville,) or reprinted in a and their land are concerned ; and this satisfies the terms of separate volume, (Sold by Gregg, Warwick Lane.) He will Isaiah lxv, lxvi. The same promise is fulfilled in the strictest find admirable hints on every chapter, and on every prominent sense at its close, and this alone meets the requirements of Rev. topic, in this little work, which adopts substantially the same xxi. 2 Pet. iii. links both together in one moral whole, beginviews of the prophetic word that have been followed in "The ning with the morning, but not omitting to contemplate the Bible Treasury.” “Hopes of the Church,” “Studies on Daniel,” evening of the day of the Lord, within whose compass those and “Plain Papers on Prophetic Subjects” will also prove vast and glorious transactions come to pass. valuable helps. The books of Mr. C. Molyneux, “Israel's Future” and “The World to Come,” are not to be trusted ; particularly the latter, which sets aside almost all the truth that
Fragments Gathered up. is revealed respecting the millennium. Mr. M. has fallen into the strange absurdity of identifying the great white throne and As regards drawing nigh to God, the position of the Christian the judgment of the dead at the close of the thousand years with is entirely changed from that of the Jew. Then (Heb. ix) the the throne of Christ and the risen saints at the beginning of way into the holiest was not made manifest, and no one, not even that period. In other words, he makes Rev. xx, 4 to be con- the priests, could go into the presence of God, within the veil; and temporaneous with verse 11! Indeed, the different stages or pro- the services were a remembrance of sins. Now, the work of Christ cesses of the Lord's return are so huddled together as to present being accomplished, the veil is rent. It is not a people in a certain nothing but disorder to the instructed eye. The first event, as all relationship with God, yet always remaining without, drawing near confess, is the rapture of the heavenly believers, all changed” to the altar. It is full grace going out to the world, every believer of course, to meet the Lord in the air. And it is clear from having perfect boldness to enter the holiest. Rev. iv and the following chapters, that they are seen in heaven, Christ must be known by faith to the individual himself, under the symbol of twenty-four crowned elders, during the in order that he may be changed into the same image. No troubles and judgments of the latter day, ("the end of the age,”) ordinance can do this. until, in Rev. xix, the symbol of the elders gives place to that of the bride, for the marriage of the Lamb is come then. Next, the Postscript to our Readers, Contributors and Correspondents. emblem of the bride is succeeded by that of hosts which follow the Word of God, when He descends from heaven to execute No MSS. are returned unless it be specially requested, and stamps sufficient vengeance upon the beast and the false prophet with their ad. to cover the expense of postage be sent at the same time. herents. That is to say, it is the coming of the Lord which EDITOR OF THE BIBLE TREASURT, care of D. F. Oakey, 10, Paternoster Rox
All communications and books for review to be sent addressed to the gathers on high those who look for Him : then follows an to whom all advertisements should be sent.
Him, nor be condemned with the world. But if His Reviews.
face were hidden from us, it would be hidden from
Christ: it is hidden now from Israel under law and THE TYPES OF SCRIPTURE.*
the guilt of rejecting the Messiah. When we fail, it
is a cloud that rises between God and us. Our will THE PRIESTHOOD. The investiture of the priesthood, laid down in the God. Nor is it that we require to be redeemed afresh,
or our weakness is the cause, not the sovereignty of two following chapters, (Exod. axviii
, xxix,) is deeply or that the blood-sprinkling needs to be repeated ; interesting, though both clothing and consecration but we have one who acts for us, and represents us have scanty measure dealt out in the “
Typology:" worthily before God. He has the true Urim and Aaron had to be clothed with special vestments for Thummim in the breastplate of judgment. The blessdrawing near to the Lord, as representing the people ing is given according to the lights and perfections of whose names he bore: the type of what Christ does God; and our judgment is borne upon
His heart befor us in heaven, hidden in God, like the high priest fore the Lord continually; for it was a question, we in the most holy place on the great day of atonement. must always remember, not of acquiring righteousness, A priest supposes miseries, infirmities, failures; he is but of maintaining before God the cause of a failing a mediator to intercede for and represent the people people, and this, in our case, according to divine before God. By this gracious provision our wretched- righteousness, which we are made in Christ. The conness becomes the occasion, not of judgment, but of
sequence is most blessed and sure. Grace is exercised, the display of God's compassion and tenderness, not merely because we return to the God we had while our great High Priest presents us to God in His slipped or wandered from, but to bring us back. Hence perfection. The details of this appear in these types. St. John does not say, 'if any man repent,' but“ if any Redemption is supposed as the ground. Priesthood is man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus not to redeem, but to maintain those redeemed in Christ the righteous.” The love Christ exercises about spite of failure. The garments, &c., figure that which us springs from Himself. Thus we see, in Peter's is real in Christ, exercising His priesthood for us.
case, it was not after his restoration, nor even when The Ephod was characteristically the priestly gar- hiding for shame, that Christ said, “I have prayed for ment. It was made of the same materials and colours thee. It was before he fell. Christ's intercession was as the veil, save that no cherubim are here, for it was going on all the while. It is exercised because of our the emblem of Christ's essential purity and varied getting wrong, not because we are right. Our feeblegraces, apart from His judicial rights. Gold, too, was ness calls out the grace that is in Him. It may be an here, not in the veil—the emblem
of divine righteous- answer in the way of strength, or chastening, or ness, which has its appropriate place, when the veil warning, and then chastening is not needed. But in was rent in Christ, the heavenly priest. It had whatever way, it is of grace; and He obtains the needed two shoulder-pieces to it, and stones of memorial, blessing for us, according to the favour which God which bore the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. bears Him. Christ looked upon Peter, and this before There was an embroidered girdle which accompanied Peter wept. It was just at the right moment, wrong it, the sign of service, and a breastplate, which was to as Peter had been. 'We know not what Peter might be carefully secured to the ephod, and which also bore have done next; but the look sent him outside to twelve precious stones, each inscribed with the name
weep: Much more is this true now for all saints ; of a tribe. Thus, if Aaron drew near to God, the for the atonement is finished, the righteousness is weight of the people was upon his shoulders. So our accepted on high, and Christ is there to keep or set government is
upon Christ, in the presence of God. us right. He has undertaken our cause through the His glory there, His nearness to God, cannot be sepa- wilderness, where a merely righteous power could not rated from us. He is there for us. Nor is it merely bring us through, but rather consume us by the way. a question of His strength bearing us up before God, He keeps us " for a memorial before the Lord conbut in Him we find all the precious reality foreshown tinually.” He sustains us according to the power by the breastplate of judgment. If a ray of God's of inward grace before God. He bears us all and goodness and glory shines on Christ, it shines also on each in a detailed way, each by name engraved on us, who are carried on His heart; for the heart of His heart. According to our particular individuality Christ presents us before God. It is not some special He sustains us, and God looks upon us in the fulness things on our part, but ourselves that He presents, of the complacency He has for Christ; just as we reaccording to the love which reigns between the Fatherceive a child that is sent to us, according to the affecand the Son. We are continually before God, who tion we have for its father. never hides His face from us. He may chastise us This is precious, and the rather as it is the positive for our faults, that we may not lose communion with and divinely given provision for us in remembering, and
The Typology of Scripture: viewed in connexion with the entire scheme yet counteracting our individual imperfectness. Viewed of the Divine Dispensations. By Patrick Fairbairn, Professor of Divinity, as one with Christ, as members of His body, we are improved, vols. i, li. Edinburgh, T. & T. Clark, 1854.
perfect : but that is a totally distinct thing from His The Synopsis of the Books of the Bible, vol 1, Genesis to 2 Chronicles representing us before God as priest, which is ex: ,
pressly to meet our failures. In the one case we are No 12. VOL 1.-May 1, 1857,
Free Church College, Aberdeen.
Second Edition, much enlarged and