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In both cases Mr. S. appears to us guilty of “taking away saw a flight of large red-legged cranes, three feet high, near from positive revelation.
the Wâdz Huderåh, which for this and other reasons he Very unsatisfactory too is his mode of dealing with the inclines to identify with Hazeroth. “That any large flights passage of the Red sea. The magnificence of the crisis, and of birds should be seen in those parts, at any rate illustrates its long train of associations are frankly admitted. But the scripture narrative. [To what is "scripture illustrathere is a careful insinuation of all that might reduce the tion" coming ?] But if the recent explanation of the diffifact to the level of the extraordinary but natural. How cult passage in Numbers xi, 31 be correct, and the expres. either the “eastwind” of the Hebrew, or the “south wind” sion two cubits high upon the face of the earth' be applied, of the LXX, “compels us to select a portion of the sea not to the accumulation of the mass, but to the size of the where the depth is not too great to forbid the agency of individual birds; the flight of cranes such as we saw, may wind,” is to us an amazing assertion. Nobody denies the not merely be an illustration, but an instance of the incieast wind which, at the outstretched rod of Moses, brought dent recorded in the Pentateuch, and the frequency of the over the land of Egypt such locusts as were never seen phenomenon in this locality may serve to show that Kibrothbefore nor since; nobody denies the west wind which Hattaavah and Huderâh were not far distant." It is clear was used to banish every one from their coasts. Will that the animus is to pare down the miraculous supplies, as Mr. S. contend, as to Exod. x, that we are there far as possible, to the level of natural causes and results. restrained to the simple effects of a violent storm ? For to an unprejudiced believer there is no difficulty whatWe are bold to say that the employment of a wind, blow- ever, and therefore no need of abandoning the obvious ing in the suited direction, but at Moses's disposal, made meaning that the “two cubits" apply to the beight of the the miracle only the more marked, and did not in the least congregated quails, and not to the tallness of some other degree in itself account for the plague which infected the birds, nor to their flying within that distance from the land meanwhile? It connected Moses with God, much more ground, nor so far apart. There used to be whispers heard than if the locusts had suddenly come and gone without the on the continent, one scholar proposing “locusts," and anwind; which is ordinarily beyond the least control or even other “flying fish," but such notions are refuted by the the knowledge of man. Just as in the miracle of the bread, “feathered fowl” of Psalm lxxviii. There is no reason to it was as easy for the Lord to have wrought without as with question the accuracy of the English version. The modern the five barley loaves. Does the clay, which was employed Jews are ready enough to change where they have a plauin the cure of the man blind from his birth, warrant the sible pretext; but here Dr. Benisch agrees with our Bible, thought that his defect in seeing was not too great to as did Josephus and the Vulgate, if not the LXX, the forbid the agency of a plaister and then a fomentation ? German of Luther and De Wette, the Dutch, Tremellius In the present case the strong east wind was itself the and Junius, Diodati, Martin and Ostervald, not to speak of effect of Moses's stretching out his hand over the sea. No the ablest lexicographers, and such authorities in natural wind, without a miracle, could have divided the waters, and history as Bochart and Hasselquist. Dur chief reason for made the sea dry land. Floods formed a wall on either noticing a point so small is to guard the reader from being side, which assuredly could not be but by the miraculous influenced by this eagerness for change, this constant uninterference of God. But if this is allowed, whatever be settling of the Authorized Version, in little obscure points, the wind that blew, we are in no way limited to the shal- where every reader cannot follow and expose the fallacy. lower passage at the northern end. Mr. S. says that the With very different feelings would we quote the followactual description accords with this, rather than with a ing passage from chapter ii, pp. 112-111, which exemplipassage lower down the gulf, where they would have passed fies Mr. S.'s happiest manner in linking together the-exbetween, not " walls,” but mountuins of water. But he ternal features with the history and calling of the people. goes too far when he adds that no faithful narrative could The vine’ was brought out of Egypt;' what was the have failed to notice this ; for it is the habit of the inspired land in which God 'prepared room before it, and caused it writers to dwell but little upon physical wonders, such as to take deep root,' and cover the mountains with its shaman makes much of: their bursts of adoration are reserved dow ?' for any signal displays of God's grace and moral glory, I. The peculiar characteristic of the Israelitish people, miracles or none. The quiet records of the evangelists, whether as contemplated from their own sacred records, or and indeed of all the writers of scripture, when they men- as viewed by their Gentile neighbours, was that they were tion the most stupendous interpositions of God, must strike a nation secluded and set apart from the rest of the world; every unbiassed person. And as far as accurate descrip-baters,' it was said, "of the human race,' and hated by it tion is concerned, it must be evident, we think, that, let the in return. Is there anything in the physical structure and height of the waters, through which Israel were led, be ever situation of this country which agrees with this peculiarity ? so vast, walls must be considered a much more appropriate Look at its boundaries. The most important in this respect image than mountains. The watery "ramparts” might be will be that in the east. For in that early time, when of any conceivable elevation, 100 or 200 feet high. For Palestine just fell to the lot of the chosen people, the east "the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea ;" a was still the world. The great empires which rose on the phrase perfectly in keeping with the usual and correct plains of Mesopotamia, the cities of the Euphrates and the thought, not with the meagre, even if still miraculous, Tigris, were literally then what Babylon is metaphorically diminutive, which the Anglo-German theory substitutes in the Apocalypse, the rulers and the corrupters of all the There was nothing to hinder the Israelites, numerous as kingdoms of the earth. Between these great empires and they were, from crossing a channel of eight or ten miles the people of Israel, two obstacles were interposed. The between the Wady Tuârik and 'Ayoun Mousa, within the first was the eastern desert, which formed a barrier in front limits of a single night. The text of the Bible in no degree even of the outposts of Israel-the nomadic tribes on the favours the northern transit over the shoals, but on the con- east of the Jordan; the second, the vast figure of the trary, the entangling in the land after turning from Etham Jordan valley, which must have always acted as a deep is more simply explained by the more southerly localities. trench within the exterior rampart of the desert, and the
In page 83 is another unpleasant remark, not so grave, eastern hills of the Trans-Jordanic tribes. Next to the perhaps, as what we have animadverted on, bu in our Assyrian empire in strength and power, superior to it in judgment, reprehensible and baseless. Mr. S., like Schubert, arts and civilization, was Egypt. What was there on the southern boundary of Palestine to secure that the Egyptians Arabia, were at hand to remind them of those distant rewhom they saw on the shores of the Red sea, they should gions from which their first fathers, Abraham and Jacob, see no more again ? Up to the very frontier of their own had wandered into the country-from which the camels land stretched that 'great and terrible wilderness, which and dromedaries of Midian and Ephah' were once again to rolled like a sea between the valley of the Nile and the pour in. The sea whitening then, as now, with the ships of valley of the Jordan. This wilderness itself-the platform Tarshish, the outline of Chittim or Cyprus, just visible in of the Tih—could be only reached on its eastern side by the clear evening horizon, must have told of the western the tremendous pass of 'Akaba at the southern, of Safeh at world, where lay the 'isles of the Gentiles,' which should the northern end of the 'Arabah, or of the no less formi- come to their light, and kings to the brightness of their dable ascents from the shores of the Dead sea. On these rising,' &c. the two most important frontiers, the separation was most “ III. This leads us to another point of view, in which the complete. The two accessible sides were the west and the situation of Palestine is remarkably bound up with its funorth. But the west was only accessible by sea, and when ture destinies. “I have set Jerusalem in the midst of the Israel first settled in Palestine, the Mediterranean was not nations, and countries that are round about her.' .. yet the thoroughfare-it was rather the boundary and the Palestine, though now at the very outskirts of that tide of terror of the eastern nations. From the north-western civilization which has swept far into the remotest west, was coast, indeed, of Syria, the Phænician cities sent forth their then the vanguard of the eastern, and therefore of the civilized fleets: but they were the exception of the world, the dis- world, and, moreover, stood midway between the two great coverers, the first explorers of the unknown depths; and in seats of ancient empire, Babylon and Egypt. It was on the their enterprises Israel never joined. In contrast, too, with high road from one to the other of these mighty powers, the coast of Europe, and especially of Greece, Palestine has the prize for which they contended, the battle-field on no indentations, no winding creeks, no deep havens, such as which they fought, the high bridge over which they ascended in ancient, even more than in modern times, were necessary and descended respectively into the deep basins of the Nile for the invitation and protection of commercial enterprise. and Euphrates. Its first appearance on the stage of history One long line, broken only by the bay of Acre, containing is as a halting-place for a wanderer from Mesopotamia, who only three bad harbours, Joppa, Acre, and Caifa-and the passed through the land, and “journeyed, going on still last unknown in ancient times—is the inhospitable front toward the south,' and went down into Egypt.' The first that Palestine opposed to the western world. On the nor- great struggle which that wanderer had to maintain, was thern frontier the ranges of Lebanon formed two not in- against the host of Chedorlaomer, from Persia and Babylon. significant ramparts. But the gate between them was open, The battle in which the last hero of the Jewish monarchy and through the long valley of Coele-Syria, the hosts of perished was to check the advance of an Egyptian king, on Syrian and Assyrian conquerors accordingly poured. These his way to contest the empire of the then known world with were the natural fortifications of that vineyard which was the king of Assyria at Carchemish. The whole history of
hedged round about' with tower and trench, sea and de- Palestine, between the return from the captivity and the sert, against the boars of the wood,' and 'the beasts of the Christian era, is-contest between the kings of the north field.'
and the kings of the south,'— the descendants of Seleucus “II. In Palestine, as in Greece, every traveller is struck and the descendants of Ptolemy, for the possession of the with the smallness of the territory. He is surprised, even country. And when at last the west begins to rise as a after that he has heard, at passing in one long day from the new power on the horizon, Palestine, as the nearest point capital of Judea to that of Samaria, or at seeing within of contact between the two worlds, becomes the scene of eight hours three such spots as Hebron, Bethlehem, and the chief conflicts of Rome with Asia. There is no other Jerusalem. The breadth of the country from Jordan to country in the world which could exhibit the same conthe sea is rarely more than fifty miles Its length from fluence of associations as that which is awakened by the Dan to Beersheba is about a hundred and eighty miles. rocks which overhang the crystal stream of the Dog River, The time is now gone by when the grandeur of a country is where it rushes through the ravines of Lebanon into the measured by its size, or the diminutive extent of an illus- Mediterranean sea; where side by side are to be seen the trious people, otherwise than enhance the magnitude of what hieroglyphics of the great Rameses, the cuneiform chathey have done. The ancient taunt, however, and the facts racters of Sennacherib, and the Latin inscriptions of the which suggested it, may still illustrate the feeling which ap- Emperor Antoninus." pears in their own records. The contrast between the little- The rest of the chapter traces the peculiarities of Palesness of Palestine and the vast extent of the empires which tine as a land of ruins, its present condition as compared hung upon its northern and southern skirts, is rarely ab- with the past, its climate and volcanic phenomena, its phy, sent from the mind of the prophets and psalmists. It helps sical configuration, scenery, and geological features, as ilthem to exalt their sense of the favour of God towards their lustrations of scripture phrases. land by magnifying their little hills and dry torrent-beds Chapter iii is devoted to Judea and Jerusalem, as is chapinto an equality with the giant hills of Lebanon and Her- ter IV to the heights and passes of Benjamin; chapter V mon, and the sea-like rivers of Mesopotamia. ..... Thus, to Ephraim and Manasseh ; chapter VI, to the maritime although the Israelites were shut off by the southern and plain; chapter VII, to the Jordan and the Dead sea ; eastern deserts from the surrounding nations, they were yet chapter VIII, to Peraea and the trans-jordanic tribes; always able to look beyond themselves. They had no con- chapter IX, to the plain of Esdraelon; chapter X, to Ganexion with either the eastern empires or the western isles, lilee ; chapter XI, to the Lake of Merom and the source but they could not forget them. As in the words and forms of the Jordan; chapter XII, to Lebanon and Damascus ; of their worship they were constantly reminded how they chapter XIII, to the gospel history and teaching, viewed in had once been strangers in Egypt; so the height of the connexion with the localities of Palestine; and chapter hills beyond the Jordan, and of the sea beyond the Philis- XIV, to the Holy places, with an appendix of Hebrew and tine plain, were in their daily life a memorial that they topographical words, arranged under different heads. It is were there secluded, not for their own sakes, but for the curious that the finest sketches of the Canon of Canterbury sake of the world, in whose centre they were set. The are the battle scenes of ancient and mediæval times, with mountains of Gilead, and on the south the long ridges of which his accounts of cities and rivers, hill and dale, are plenti. fully bestrewed. His most frequent and perilous fault is question of God's righteousuess. If man has been proved habitual exaggeration of secondary causes, the suppression by the law to have brought forth wrongs, and only wrongs, or veiling of the divine actings in the scripture history of God must have His rights, the very first of which is raising the chosen people. We have only to add that the illustra- up Christ from the dead, and giving Him glory. Hence the tive maps, which convey the colouring and nature of the Holy Spirit is said, in John xvi, to convince the world of ground, rocks, &c., of the desert and Palestine, are in- righteousness ; and this, not because Christ fulfilled that teresting and valuable. With our author's corrections of which we violated, but because He is gone to the Father, and the Authorized Version (save of appellatives) we do not is seen no more till He return in judgment. It is not agree. Fuller knowledge, we are persuaded, would dis- righteousness on earth, but its heavenly course and chapose of not a few which are apparently, the offspring of racter, in the ascension of Christ, which is here spoken foreign criticism, and that is a most suspicious source, ex- of. So, again, in 2 Cor. v, it is in Christ glorified in heaven cept for verbal minutiæ.
that we are made, or become, divine righteousness. It is plain, then, that the phrase, though no doubt embracing
what Christians mean when they speak of Christ's rightScripture Queries and Answers. eousness imputed to us, is a far larger and more glorious
thing. It includes not only that which glorified God on
earth in living obedience, but the death of the cross, which “ THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD."
if it met the deepest need of the sinner, broke the power of Rom. i, 16, 17. What does the expression, " the right- tion for God's grace to reign through righteousness. Thus
Satan in his last stronghold, and laid the immutable foundaeousness of God," mean? It is evidently of the very in Romans i, 17, God's righteousness is said to be revealed essence of the gospel ; yet the common explanations are to in the gospel in contrast with man's righteousness claimed me most unsatisfactory. The obedience of Christ in his life (blessed and perfect as it was) could not have saved in the law; and being revealed, it is “from faith," not from sinners from the wrath of God. Will you, Mr. Editor, faith, not a work to be rendered on the ground of human
law-works: that is, it is a revelation on the principle of kindly give your thoughts upon the subject?
responsibility. Therefore it is to “ faith.” He that be
lieves gets the blessing. In Rom. iii, 21, 22, it is formally “The righteousness of God" embraces the entire dis- contrasted with anything under the law, though the law play of God's ways in Christ, one of the least of which, if and the prophets witnessed respecting it. It is “God's we are to compare things which are all perfect in their righteousness without law," by faith of Jesus Christ, and place, was His accomplishment of the law here below. For hence “ towards all men " in native tendency, but taking the law was not intended to express fully and absolutely effect only upon all them that believe." It is here in God's nature and character. It stated, if we may so say, special connexion with redemption, and therefore it is added the lowest terms on which man could live before Him. It that God has set forth Christ a propitiation (or mercy-seat) was the demand of what God could not but require, through faith in His blood. See verses 24–26. In Rom. even from a sinful Israelite, if he pretended to obey God. x, it is shown to be incompatible with seeking to establish Whereas, though the Lord Jesus was made under the law, one's own righteousness, God's righteousness being complete, and submitted in His grace to all its claims, He went much and the object of faith in Christ has to be submitted to, or farther, even in His living obedience, and infinitely beyond we have no part or lot in it. 2 Cor. v, rises higher, and it in His death. For the righteousness of the law threatens shows what the saint is, according to the gospel of the no death to the righteous, but necessarily proclaims life for glory of Christ-made divine righteousness in Him risen his portion, who magnified and made it honourable. But and glorified. Hence in the later epistle to the Philippians, God's righteousness goes immeasurably deeper as well as that ripe sample and development of Christian experience, higher. It is a justifying righteousness, not a condemning Paul, transported even to the last with this new and divine one, as that of the law must be to the sinner who has it not. righteousness, shows us that, compared with it, he would Hence the Lord Himself established the sanctions of the not have the righteousness of the law if he could. For law in the most solemn way by suffering unto death under its what was of the law had no glory longer in his eyes because curse : He bore the penalty of the ungodly, of which sub- of the glory that excelled that which is through the stitution the Ten words knew nothing, because they are faith of Christ, the righteousness of God through faith. law, and so to die is grace. There was no mitigation, much less (Phil
. iii.) Far from superseding practical godliness, this annulling of the law's authority. Divine righteousness righteousness of God in Christ strikes deep roots in the provided One who could and would settle the whole ques- heart, and springs up in a harvest of kindred fruit, which tion for the sinner with God. Nor this only; for God is by Jesus Christ to God's glory and praise. (Phil. i, 11.) raised Christ from the dead. He was delivered for our It is a singular fact that, while God used Rom. i, 17 to offences, and was raised again for our justification. He was Luther's conversion, and we may say to the Reformation, raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father ; His neither he nor his companions, or their followers, ever appremoral being, His purposes, His truth, His love, His relation- hended the full truth conveyed by this blessed expressionship, His glory, in short, was at stake in the grave of " righteousness of God.” Ilence it is habitually mistransChrist. But God raised Him up, and set Him at His own lated in Luther's German Bible, where dixalogúrn beoll is right hand in heaven, as a part of His divine righteousness; rendered “the righteousness which is available before God." for no seat, no reward inferior to that, could suit the One This, evidently, is far short of the truth; for a legal who had vindicated God in all His majesty, holiness, grace, righteousness, if accomplished by man, would have availed and truth, who had, so to speak, enabled God to carry out before God. But God, in His grace, has accomplished in His precious design of justifying the ungodly, Himself just Christ and given an incomparably higber, i.e., a divine, all the while. Thenceforward, to him who has faith, it is righteousness, and nothing less than this are we made in no longer a question of the law or of legal righteousness, Christ. Perhaps the imperfect view entertained by the great which rested on the responsibility of man, but Christ having German Reformer may account in large measure for the gone down into death in atonement, and thus glorified God fluctuations in his enjoyment of peace. The same thing to the uttermost, the ground is changed, and it becomes a applies to most Protestants up to our day, even where they are devoted Christians, and perhaps from a similar cause;
Poetry. for they have advanced little, if at all, beyond the light on this head possessed by Luther.
THE CHRISTIAN'S PROSPECT. 1 Cor. xv, 29. What is meant by being “ being baptized
We're going to our Father's home for the dead?”
In glory, glory, glory; For the due understanding of this verse, it is necessary to
Jesus Himself will shortly come
To take us hence to glory : bear in mind that a parenthesis extends from verse 20 to
There dwells our Father and our God, 28 inclusively. The connexion therefore, of verse 29 and
There dwells the Lamb who shed His blood; seq. is with the reasoning which precedes that parenthetic
The Spirits love is shed abroad revelation.
In glory, glory, glory! Now the apostle had already shown that “if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised; and if Christ be not raised,
0! fair, yet never-dying scene your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins: then they also
In glory, glory, glory,
0! waters still, O! pastures green, which are fallen asleep in Christare perished," closing with the
In glory, glory, glory! further word, “if in this life only we have hope in Christ,
The turtle's voice,* in tender strain, we are of all men most miserable." (verses 16–19.) Having
Pervading all the blissful plain, thus proved the extreme gravity of denying the resurrection
Tells how the Lord of life was slain of dead persons, as overthrowing the foundation of salva
To win for us that glory. tion for the saints alive or dead, and neutralising that hope which sustained those who suffer now for and with Christ,
Hark to the many waters'" 4 noise he interrupts the thread of argument by the positive state
In glory, glory, glory ; ment, “but now is Christ risen from the dead." Then he
List ye to heaven's awak’ning joys draws out the glorious consequences of His victory as man
In glory, glory, glory;
Ten thousand saints break forth in song, -resurrection after His own pattern for those who are His
Ten thousand roll the tide alongat His coming, and a kingdom which He will not deliver to
“To Father, Spirit, Son, belong the Father till He hath put all enemies under His feet, till
Eternal glory, glory!" the wicked dead are raised for judgment, and death is destroyed. “And when all things are subdued unto him, then
Doth not that song your spirit fire, shall the Son also himself be abject unto him that put
Ye heirs of endless glory? all things under him, that God may be all in all.” For
Wakes there not up the deep desire it is not here a question of His divine glory, but of a special
To bear your part in glory?
Come on, then, cleave no more to earth, authority vouchsafed to Him, as the exalted man, for a given
Nor wrong, ye saints, your heavenly birth, purpose and time; this over, God (Father, Son, and Holy
But boldly, steadfastly, go forth, Ghost) is all in alí.
And followť Christ to glory! Having terminated this most instructive digression, which flowed out of the statement of Christ's resurrection, the apostle takes up the argument he had dropped, and referring to verse 16, he urges, " else what shall the baptized for the
Things New and Old. dead do? If dead. [persons] rise not at all, why also are they baptized for them ?” And if he puts this case more strongly than in his first allusion to it, if he exposes the
A FEW WORDS ON ECCLESIASTES AND CANTICLES. absurdity of people following the steps of those who are in the Book of Ecclesiastes we get the man Solomon, the supposed to have perished, he in the next verses developes wisest of monarchs, seeking out that good under the sun our present misery as Christians, and his own especially, with which man may satisfy himself. He goes to prove his “if in this life only we have hope in Christ.” Whether heart with mirth and folly and wisdom, with learning, dead or living, the saints would be badly off indeed.
philosophy, natural history, music, wine, wealth, and the “To be baptized for the dead," then, means to begin the special delights of kings. His wisdom, too, remains with Christian career, as the successors of persons whom some of him. God allows him, as it were, to try what is to be found them held to have died never to rise again. To be baptized on earth. And what does it all come to ? Just this: "all is for such, with any view or reference to them, was folly, if vanity and vexation of spirit; vanity of vanities, all is they were not to rise. To stand in jeopardy every hour, vanity." to die daily, to pass through such a conflict as the apostle In the Song of Solomon we get another thing—the soul had had with his Ephesian enemies, was to persist in mad- satisfied with one object only, desirous to grasp it more ness, “ if the dead rise not.” But if the dead are to rise largely and to enter into it more fully. That object is and reign, if all outside them are merely enjoying the plea- CHRIST, the object of the soul's affections. If we have sures of sin for a season, which will give place to sure and but one object, we shall be satisfied with His goodness and stern and eternal judgment, the only wisdom was to enter loving-kindness, and we shall seek only to know its fulness. their ranks, come what might to mow them down or harass If it be said, “Well, I want to experience that the world in this life. God is only rightly known as the God of re- cannot satisfy," I answer that Solomon has far more ex: surrection. Sin-this present evil world,
tends to confuse perience than you ever can have: he fully tried it, and all and falsify all just thoughts of God, of His character, and His is vanity and vexation of spirit. But as in Canticles, when counsels
. Resurrection, as revealed of Him, puts every- the soul is satisfied with one object and that object is Christ, thing in its true place and light, and amongst others the all is peace and satisfaction : "I sat down under his shadow suffering place of the Christian, from its commencement to with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste." its close here below. Resurrection is its key, its encouragement, and its reward.
* Song of Sol. ii, 12. | Rev. xix, 6. 1 2 Tim. ii, 12, first clause.
Extracts from Correspondence.
The moral activities that are abroad are surely immense, and Notes on the Book of Genesis. London : Gregg, 24, Warwick ceivableness, I suppose, is beyond all precedent. It is desirable
the pressure upon the social system of influences full of deLane, Paternoster Row, Here is a little work which may be safely and strongly recom- the Church is a narrow and peculiar one. Even her virtues
to keep the soul increasingly alive to the fact that the path of mended, as a suitable book, both for enquiring Christians who must have a peculiar material in them. Her common honesty, desire to search into the living oracles, and for those whose her good deeds, too, her secular labours, her truthfulness, parity, souls are at all awakened to their true condition. It traverses a and the like are to be peculiar in their functions and their large and varied surface, inasmuch as the book of scripture of springs. Her discipline does not act after the pattern of the which it treats, is, when typically viewed, one of the richest mere moral sense of man. Society, as another has observed, tracts where all is rich. It also abounds in forcible appeals to would disclaim the offence contemplated in 1 Cor. v; but soevery heart, in plain, perspicuous language.
ciety would never deal with it as the Church is there called to The Apocalypse of Saint John: A New Translation, Metrically deal with it. Society, for instance, would never put covetousarranged with Scripture Illustration. London : Jackson & Walford, ness or extortion in company with it, but the saint is instructed 18, St. Paul's Churchyard. 1856.
to do so. The moral sense of man would there make distincAn interesting attempt to arrange the one prophetical book of tions, when the pure element of the house of God resents all the New Testament according to the parallelistic method of Old alike as unworthy of it. Testament poetry. There are a few turns given, in the transla- This is “fine gold,” dear brother : gold refined again and tion, which are not unhappy ; but, on the whole, it fails in repre- again. Even the morals of the Church are to be of another senting the apostle John's majestic simplicity. Who, indeed, has quality from those of men. What sanctions are brought in in succeeded ? Mr. Godwin, however, not only imparts too free 1 Cor. v, vi, as to the common matters of life. If the saint be and modern an air, but he inclines a great deal too much to the to abstain from fornication, it is because his body is a temple: not unfrequently rash changes of Lachmann and other critics. if he be to refuse the judgment of others in the affairs of this In one instance (Rev. ii, 13) he has gone beyond all, and ventures life, in their most ordinary ways of right and wrong, of debit to give a verb, instead of the proper name Antipas, and to render and credit, it is because he himself is destined to be a judge in the clause, “and in the days thou wast arraigned." He says the seat of the world to come, even from a throne of glory. Is that in this he follows some of the oldest MSS. and Versions. not this “ fine gold ?" Does not such sanction make morals Now it is true that the Coptic diverges in one direction, the divine? What, in the world's morality, is like this? And I ask Syriac, &c. in another, and that the Alexandrian copy, followed further, is not the need of this divine or peculiar agency to the by some later ones, spells the word so as possibly to mean a verb; affecting any moral results intimated in Luke xi, 21–27? If it but we are not aware of any authority for Mr. G.'s version, and be not the stronger man possessing himself of the house, is anywe have no doubt that a man's name is intended. Mr. G. leans thing done for God? If it be merely the unclean spirit going toward the Neronic date, in spite of the testimony of Irenaeus; out, the end of the history of the house is, that it becomes more and this upon the slender ground that the internal evidence fitted for deeper evil. The emptied scate, even accompanied by (i.e., his view) points to the time before the fall of Judaism and sweeping and ornamenting, is only a preparation for a worse Jerusalem. Accordingly Mr. G. makes the seals refer to Jews, condition, and nothing is done for God but when the stronger the trumpets to idolaters, and the vials “to those who, giving enters the house. No instrument of garnishing according to their homage to force and fraud, are really worshippers of Satan" | God, but Christ. And in the remembrance of these verses, -a scheme in evident accordance with German mysticism and dear brother, ask yourself what is doing in and for the house of directly tending to blunt the edge of this sharp, prophetic sword Christendom at this moment. Is not many a broom and a brush of the Lord.
sweeping it and painting it? Is this making it God's house, or The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians. London : getting it ready to be the house of the full energy—the sevenGregg, 24, Warwick Lane, Paternoster Row.
fold energy-of the enemy ? This is a companion to the version of the epistle to the
W. N. T. would be glad to be informed what may be learned Romans, noticed some short time since. It is valuable in itself
, from the discrepancy there appears to exist between the six days' and the more so from the notes which justify and explain some and “an eight days,” mentioned in Matt. xvii, 1 ; Mark is, 2 ; of the changes. I Cor. ii, 13, last clause, is rendered “com- and Luke ix, 28. municating spiritual [things] by spiritual (means]." But why The notes on Rev. i, 17, 18 appear confused, as to the person of
means ?” is not the natural supply of the ellipse furnished the Lord. The allusion to 1 Pet. iii, 19, 20, is a mistake. Christ's by the first part of the verse ---Noyous ? Not the thoughts only, Spirit (" by which also ") preached through Noah to the disobedient but the words were from the Spirit : both were spiritual. The antediluvians, whose spirits are now imprisoned. They were living sense is substantially the same as in the proposed version ; only,
men when they were preached to. as it seems to us, the simpler suggestion is also the more forcible, unless we deceive ourselves. That ovykpivovTes means here "ex
Postscript to our Readers, Contributors and Correspondents. pounding," or “communicating,” is abundantly clear. We transcribe the foot note—“The word means, literally, mixing
The present number of the BIBLE TREASURY completes a twelvernonths or putting together : but the use of it as interpreting or ex
issue : its future existence must depend upon the estimate formed by its pounding, is common in the LXX : Numb. xv, 34; Gen. xl, 8; readers of the value and usefulness of the periodical
. Up to the present xli, 12, 15, ouyrepuua and ouyapious are the words constantly used time, not only has a considerable loss been sustained ; but the circulation is in Daniel for interpretation and interpreting. It means also to
not yet sufficiently large to meet the current expenses. This latter difculty decide or decree : the communication of the judge's mind, as might probably be overcome by a slight alteration in size and the omission of well as of God's, before unknown. To this Numbers xv, 34, disinterested co-operation of the editor, the proprietor might be content to
the outer cover or advertizing sheet; and with a continuance of the present may be referred. The opposition of ávaxpıvw left no doubt in my mind before I found its use in the 'LXX.” Another in. wait results as to the former. But after much prayerful reflection he prefers
to place the matter before the readers. It remains with them to say teresting thing we may just notice is, that the translator takes whether the BIBLE TREASURY shall now close by the issue of an index and kataxpaouai, not as "abusing,” but “ using a thing as one's own. title-page on the first of June; or whether it shall be continued, if the Lord will, The apostle, (chap. ix,) as sent of the Lord to preach, had a right for another year. Those who have watched it from its commencement will be to be supported, but he did not use this right. It would not have aware of the dimculties that have necessarily attended the attempt to been an abase ; but he did not use it for himself as a thing he establish such a periodical; but it is now fairly afloat, and if a few hundreds possessed. He weighed the effect as to Christ's glory;" could be added to its circulation the matter would be settled Suggestions Tapaxpaouai, as he observes, is to misuse or abuse. We heartily remarks uport this subject may be addressed to "the proprietor of the Bible recommend the little book.
Treasury," care of the printer.