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natural day of twenty-four hours, but a period of time at the Correspondence.

close of the present dispensation, commencing with the Sa. viour's second advent, of the duration of which we have no means of judging, except from a consideration of the great

events that are to take place therein, which are spoken of in Dear Sir,—To the Scripture queries contained in the August numerous passages of Scripture. By collecting the principal number of The Bible Treasury, I beg to offer the following of those passages, and arranging them under appropriate heads,

“ Beta" may obtain an idea of the import of the expressions,

“The day of the Lord, and “ The last day." Yours, &c., S. W. With respect to Matt. x. 23, “ Ye shall not have gone over (finished) the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come,” it

MILLENNIAL HARBINGER MISSION. must be borne in mind, that when Jesus addressed these words to his disciples, he had as yet said nothing to them respecting

"Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon."

Zech. ii. 7. the coming of the Holy Spirit, or regarding the destruction of Jerusalem ; nor had he spoken to them of his going away, and

It is my unspeakable privilege to have been for upwards of of his coming again. With these matters he made them ac- twenty years beloved of the Lord, and called. It is, however, quainted at a subsequent period of his ministry. The words a source of pain to me that, only for a few years past, have i under consideration cannot, therefore, I think, have reference been led to see and appreciate the precious treasures of truth to any of these events, but must relate to some other, which and grace wrapped up in the prophecies. But of late, the

dim was known to, and looked for by the disciples. I 'submit gold has been brightened, and the lustre of the holy prophetie whether that event be not " the coming of the Son of man" page has shed upon my soul a hallowed and overwhelming spoken of by the prophet Daniel, which Christ afterwards iden- light. Still the celestial effulgence of divine wisdom, from the tified with his own coming in glory? If this be admitted, the glory of which the Spirit of God has swept back “thick clouds sense of the passage would be:

of darkness," has exposed to me the world lying in the wicked The object of your mission to Israel, on which I now send ing and sleeping, even while the Lord is at hand." This

one, and the church, as in the parable of the virgins, slumberyou, shall not be completed, or accomplished,“ till the coming brings me to the main object of my letter. of the Son of man," predicted by Daniel vii. 13; the work of I believe the Lord has, for some time past, laid it upon my evangelizing Israel shall be continued throughout the present heart to suggest to saints generally a new mission to the church dispensation, How needful this intimation of the Saviour to and to the world, a mission of holy, devoted, and Spirit-langht his disciples was, and still is, must be obvious to those who evangelists, who shall cry out in the streets, and in any place review the small amount of evangelistic labour that has hitherto else, “Behold, the bridegroom cometh!" I regard this sobeen bestowed upon the Jewish people. On the important lemnly as the work for the saints who hold the truth as it is in bearing of the words, however, as respects the church's duty to Christ Jesus, the truth concerning the second advent of the Israel, I shall not at present enter.

Lord, who is coming in clouds and fire, to take vengeance upon OVERFLOW OF THE BANKS OF JORDAN.

those who know not God, etc. The passage in Joshua iii. 15, referred to in the 2nd query, zation or operation : possibly I am not able to do this; and

I do not feel led to offer anything like a scheme for organiin which it is said, that “Jordan overflows all its banks all the perhaps the Lord has only impelled me to make the suggestion time of harvest,” is a mistranslation. The Hebrew word mala, to his people, and to ask them to unite with me and a few rendered in our authorised version, "overflows," has no such others to whom it has been mentioned, to pray over it before meaning; but signifies fills, and ought to have been so trang. the Lord, and to be ready to act as the Spirit shall direct. So lated, -" Jordan fills all its banks,” &c. That is, it runs with strongly, indeed, has the matter been impressed upon my own its banks brim-full during that season of the year; which is in mind, that my conscience has impelled me to the work, and in accordance with its present state, as observed by travellers.

private, in the house of prayer, in the street, and in the field,

has the Lord owned his servant in calling attention to his great For understanding Rev. XX. 4, in its literal and obvious and bitter cry of coming judgment upon those who believe not meaning, we possess

a divine warrant which ought to cut short the gospel, and upon a nominal and worldly church, whilst he all controversy on the subject. In ch. xi. 17, 18, the same comforts the true and loving church with the words, “ Behold,

IOTA. great events are particularly spoken of in language, the literality the bridegroom cometh! Go ye out to meet him!” of which cannot be doubted. From this passage we, moreover, learn, that the martyrs are not exclusively the subjects of the

PRESENT OR FUTURE HAPPINESS ? first resurrection, but that all the righteous dead partake therein: _"We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and subscriber,” will find the best answer to his enquiry as to the

Sir, I venture to suggest, that your correspondent, *A wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great meaning of the apostle's language, “ Eye hath not seen,” ete., 1 power and hast reigned. And the nations were angry, and thy | Cor. ii. 8, in the preceding context. The apostle in the 3rd and wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, 4th verses, contrasts the character of his preaching with that and that thou shouldest

give reward unto thy servants the prophets, of mere philosophic teachers, who sought to captivate the and to the saints, and to them that fear thy name, small and itching ears of their auditory with “enticing words.” He great." That this takes place at the commencement of the declares his preaching to have been devoid of such accessories millennial period, is clear from verse 15.


to " effect "; but in place of these, there was that which alone

could savingly operate upon the hearts of men—" demonstration There is no discrepancy between what John relates, chapter and power of the Spirit.” In the 5th verse, we have contrasted i. 35–42, respecting Andrew and Simon following Jesus at for the proximate result of his preaching : faith founded not in dan, and the account given by the other evangelists of their the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. being called at the sea of Galilee. John describes the first Then in the succeeding verses, the apostle contrasts the topic interview which those two disciples had with Jesus, but says of his preaching with that of those he had previously referred nothing regarding their subsequent call at the sea of Galilee. to; he as they, preached wisdom ; but it was not that of this That Andrew and Simon, after this interview with Jesus, re-world, nor of those who are as princes in wisdom that cometh turned to their occupation as fishermen, is very evident from to nought; but higher wisdom, divine wisdom, even the grace Luke's narrative, chapter v. 1-11.

of God which bringeth salvation, of which by faith we enjoy the earnest now, viz., peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

but are waiting for the full fruition in that glory to which we “The day of the Lord,” and “ the last day," as occurring in were ordained by God before the world, and upon which we the New Testament, do not signify, as many have supposed, a enter when Christ comoth the second time without sin unto



salvation. This precious wisdom was, as it always will be, a

Our Study. mystery to a scoffing world. They saw only the suffering Saviour, the despised and rejected of men, and the bulk of his sincerest followers, earth's lowliest sons. They scoffed at that

The Redan, a Poem. By R. M. Beverley. Second Edition, glory which is the hope of our hearts; had they known it, says (London: Hamilton Adams & Co., Paternoster Row, 1856.) The the apostle, they would not have crucified the Lord of Glory: object of this little work is commendable : it is to illustrate the But they knew it not (i.e. the glory), as it is written, “ Eye hath power of Christianity in the military profession. The author not seen,” etc. Yet is this coming glory revealed to us by the feels the difficulty of recognizing the military life as one to be Spirit now, so far as we are capable of spiritual discernment, to either chosen or retained by a Christian ; but his poem rests on comfort and to cheer us through our earthly pilgrimage.

the fact, that men of exalted piety, both in the ranks and Believers are not taught to look for happiness here. To find, among the officers, have retained the military calling ; and that or even to seek, satisfaction here is not to follow in the steps of in the late war in the Crimea this was extensively proved. Our Jesus. He was a stranger, a pilgrim and a sufferer in the author selects for the hero of his tale, a young officer, posworld. The apostle said, “ If in this life only we have hope, sessing every grace of mien and feature, educated and we are of all men most miserable." The Saviour said, “In the accomplished, brave and honourable, and withal very ambitious world ye shall have tribulation.” The teaching of the Spirit is, of military glory. He has a high sense of duty ; but is proud, "Set your affections on things above.”.“Where your treasure is, haughty, aspiring, and not under the influence of religious there will your heart be also.” “Jesus is the believer's treasure; opinion or feeling. Through the instrumentality of a sergeant with Jesus must his heart be: “ Whom have I in heaven but of his corps, he is brought to a knowledge of Christ, and thee, and there is none upon earth that I desire beside (in thenceforth becomes humble, regarding the sergeant as & comparison with) thee.”

Christian brother. Both fall in battle, and the influence of The believer is a pilgrim in the pathway of the Lord; his Christianity in inspiring an immortal hope, is exemplified in feet traversed earth's dreary deserts, and he found it a world their death, as it had been in the life of the brave and faithful lying in wickedness, but he was here to do the Father's will, and there was the joy set before him. We likewise traverse the sergeant. There are various incidents introduced; such as the

rescue of a beautiful child, and its preservation by our hero; and same guilty world, and, were we as our Lord, our testimony the fidelity to this infant of a noble dog, an episode which is touchwould be the echo of his; we likewise are here to do our ingly told. We cannot honestly say that the plot of the poem Father's will, and we also have the joy set before us, even to is well constructed; it is open to severer criticism than we care share our Saviour's glory. But before that, there comes what to indulge in. Nor is the poetry of a high order, a considerable Paul strove for the fellowship of his sufferings. It may be portion of it being prosaic enough. The author has some cathe solitary path, the scorn of men; the coldness or even hatred of fellow christians ; it may be bodily weakness, physi: pacity for portraying battle scenes; and his picture of the

storming of the Redan is true and graphic. It strikes us cal suffering, mental anguish, or the heart's own bitterness; it that there is an occasional imitation of Wordsworth. The poem may be sorrow upon sorrow, that those whose love we cherish, abounds too much in classical allusions for modern taste, having love not him whom we love. Or it may be the ever-present been probably suggested by the perusal of Milton. The author's thought that we are breathing an atmosphere poisoned with sin aim in this book is obviously to be useful to others. Had the and death : that we are passing through an enemy's country in style been more simple, and the illustrations less frequently which the prince of the power of the air, the god of this world, drawn from heathen sources, we think the work would have been goeth about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour; more popular, and better adapted to answer the author's real who holds his victims so securely that, unless the power of the design. We commend it to the notice of the Soldier's Friend Spirit is interposed in sovereign mercy for their deliverance, Society, and to the zeal of private Christians, as a means of they can never escape, and who is ever plying even God's own calling their attention to divine things. ransomed ones with the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes,

The Pope the Antichrist, and the Church of Rome the Great and the pride of life ; if by any means he may draw them away Foretold Apostacy, with a view of the Scriptures referring to the from following holiness, and thus destroy their peace of mind. Career of Russia, and the doom of Turkey, France, and Rome ; Surely if we have the mind of Christ, we have some fellowship being Strictures on the Rev. C. M. Fleury's Lecture on Prophecy with his sufferings, for to be Jesus-like, is to be a man of relating to the Russian Empire, delivered before the Young Men's sorrows and acquainted with grief! The christian can have no Christian Association. By the author of " Coming Events.” higher aim than perfect union, and communion in fellowship (Dublin: William Carson ; London : Houlston and Stoneman, and sympathy with his Lord, for time and for eternity-here 1854, pp., 132). An able little work on the great controversy his crown of thorns, there his crown of glory, even that which of the times, worthy of the attention of both Protestants and "eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither hath entered into Romanists. The author has rendered good service to the cause the heart of man."

Yours, &c.,


of truth. [Although we agree with our correspondent in what he says, as to the vast contrast which exists between the present and the future state of the Christian, yet we think that the apostle did

Notes of the Month. not mean to draw the attention of the Corinthian church to this contrast, but to that which exists between the present and the past; between the state of the Christian and that of the unbe. Dr. Macleay has published a pamphlet on the subject of the siever; between him who knoweth God and him who knoweth new translation of the Bible by this Union, which contains him not. Hence, he says, in the immediate context, “ But God some astounding revelations. From this pamphlet, it appears hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit." This happiness, then, that the revisers of the New Testament have both " added to" refers to the present life: “ Blessed art thou” (not blessed thou and “taken away from ” the received text, and have thus in. shalt be), “Simon, Barjona; for flesh and blood hath not re- curred the denunciations mentioned in the last chapter of the vealed it unto thee, but my Father who is in heaven.”. Peter book of Revelation. The specimens of erroneous translation possessed this happiness, notwithstanding all his faults, his given by the Dr. are so glaring, that we shall not offend the weaknesses, and his sins. Peter is a lively type of every true good sense of our readers by quoting them. Suffice it to say, Christian. He possessed a knowledge, and a peace, which that they are evidently the work of an Unitarian, and, as such, passeth all understanding; a peace which the world could unworthy of insertion in our pages. neither give nor take away; a peace, which constituted heaven begun below; a peace which constituted eternal life. He had passed from death to life. Hence, he could say to the believers The North British Review has, it appears, in an article on in his day, concerning Christ, “Whom not having seen ye love ; this subject, made some highly objectionable remarks on the in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice, question of the salvation of the heathen. The author of that with joy unspeakable and full of glory." —Ev.]

article has conjured up an imaginary dogma in his mind, and





has endeavoured to fasten it upon some who hold views of the love of God, in the salvation of men, opposite to his own. We The controversy on the revision of the Bible continues. “ An heartily agree with the following remarks from The News of Incumbent of the Province of Canterbury," in The Times, prothe Churches : -"The view ordinarily held on this subject is poses some reforms, which we proceed to notice. The first is precisely the view of the great missionary apostle, in the first the change of obsolete idioms to the modern phraseology." and second chapters of the Romans. The whole world, Jew and This, though proper in general, must be done with great caution. Gentile alike, lies guilty and condemned before God. The vio. It will not do to transform, “O woman, great is thy faith," lation of the law of nature is quite sufficient to condemn the into, “O lady, great is thy faith," or to turn “sirs" into “lords," Gentiles. Out of this guilty and condemned condition, there is or “gentlemen." Yet in 1 Cor. xii., it would be advisable to no way of being extricated, but through the righteousness of change " charity” into “ love" throughout. The second is, Jesus Christ. This righteousness, the apostle argues, is received "Where identical phrases occur in the original, they should be by faith alone; and in the tenth chapter, he asks, 'How shall preserved in the translation.” This is simply impossible, as in men (they) believe in him of whom they have not heard?'” John üi., where wind and spirit are identical in the Greek, and The language of the reviewer on this point is not fit to be if either be adopted in both parts of the sentence, it will make quoted; but, as the dangerous doctrine of salvation in some absolute nonsense. The third is, “Where the same proper other way than by faith in Christ, is spreading in our churches, name is spelt differently, it should be spelt the same way." we think it right to give this note of warning.

This has been done in two places already, to the complete in. jury of the real meaning of the text, see Acts vii. 45, and Heb.

iv. 8. The fourth is the "alteration of passages obscured in We are utterly astonished at the apathy of the public mind in meaning by inattention to the exact meaning of the original." relation to the spread of this pernicious error. If ever Satan This canon of reform is the only one that is strictly legitimate assumed the character of an angel of light, to the destruction of and correct. This is the grand object of revision. The fifth the human race, it was certainly in the promulgation of the doc. is a part of the fourth rule, and therefore correct, namely, the trines of Mormonism. We can conceive of nothing more hor- removal of the arrangement of chapter and verses,” which the rible, nothing more destructive of every principle of virtue, than

" Incumbent” calls insane! The sixth, “ To give the various their devilish tenet of a plurality of wives. *Can Englishmen readings in the MSS. of the original, or notes to the same effect, stand coolly, and look on at the awful degradation of their and placing doubtful paragraphs in the margin." To this we countrywomen, and allow them to cross the broad Atlantic to say, by no means; this we would most strenuously oppose. become the vile slaves of adventurers ? We have said, country- Let every proper effort be made to ascertain the genuine readwomen for all, for the persons bearing the appearance of men who ing; but let not the humble mind of the unlearned Christian join this infamous alliance are no better than women. We have be distracted by any such display of learned criticism. Ignonot words to express our detestation of the tenets of this sect, and rant infidels would be sure to make a bad use of them; and ali the horrible misery which they entail on their deluded followers. gainsayers of the truth would make these differences and dis. Yet it appears that they hold the doctrine of the personal advent crepancies a ground for rejecting the Scriptures altogether, owing and reign of Christ on earth! Can nothing be done to stop the to their total unacquaintance with the history of these variations. tide of emigration to the Salt Lake? Ominous word, Sodom It is utterly impossible to make every man a biblical critic. and Gomorrah were turned into a burning, and then into a Salt Lake! Are we to stand by" and say, "Am I my brother's ACCORDING to every conception we can form of the wisdom keeper ?" Surely it is high time that some organised effort and goodness of the Deity, as well as according to the most should at once be made for the rescue of English women, and express and unequivocal language of the Bible, “God formed man if possible, English men, from the grasp of Mormonism. Who upright :" he was furnished with a clear and sagacious mind, is on the Lord's side?-who?

with reason bright and strong, and possessed transcendent qualifications for the most elevated happiness. But, that he

might be accountable, he was necessarily created free; and, that In proportion to the spread of erroneous doctrine in our he might never forget that he was under the cognizance and churches at home, so is the increase of Popery becoming more dominion of a moral Governor, a test of obedience was set and more developed. When weak-minded Christians find that before him. In this respect, God did not deal worse with man orthodox sentiments once held by them and their ancestors than with his other creatures; but man acted worse towards are beginning to be abandoned by their ministers, and a laxity his Maker than any of them. He did not conform to the laws both of principle and discipline is becoming fashionable in of his nature, but broke his allegiance to God by choosing evil places which were formerly the strongholds of true gospel doc- instead of good. Thus he ruined his original happy state, and, trine, we cannot wonder that, having no root in themselves, according to the constitution of things, “ Brought death into the they are easily shaken from their orthodoxy, and are glad to world, and all our woe.”—Dr. Olinthus Gregory. take refuge in a church which has stood so long as the church of Rome, and which therefore lays claim to infallibility. But such individuals ought to remember that antiquity is no proof

Postscript to Contributors and Correspondents. of validity, and no test of truth. Lies have been uttered ever

Several important articles in type have been postponed for want of since the first lie was uttered by the devil, and lies have been room. believed ever since our first parents believed that lie. The Received, Beta,"

," "A Subscriber," and several others. We request antiquity of sin renders the antiquity of the church of Rome a

our correspondents to attend to the rule, that their names and addresses

must be communicated to us, privately at least, in all cases; the reasons doubtful ground of infallibility; and if the Pope, by reason of for this are sufficiently obvious, and have been previously stated. his long-established authority, fancies that his power over the

No MSS. are returned unless by special request, and stamps sufficient church will for ever remain unshaken, so may the devil, in to cover the expense of postage, be sent at the same time.

All communications and books for review to be sent addressed to the consequence of the longer continuance of his reign among EDITOR OF THE BIBLE Treasury, care of D. F. Oakey, 10, Paternoster men, imagine that his authority will never be overthrown. Row. Such, at any rate, appears to be the opinion of their respective

All arlvertisements to be sent to the publisher, D. F. Oakey, 10, Pater

noster Row. followers. But he whose right it is to rule over the kingdoms

ERRATA IN OUR LAST. of this world, will come, and will not tarry; and let all men

Page 58, col. 1, line 15; for “ spoken of not" read “not spoken of." know assuredly that when he does come, it will be to thoroughly Page 58, col. 2, line 33; for " who those" read "those who purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; while he Page 58, col. 2, line 53; for “Messiah" read “Messianic."

Page 59, col. 2, line 24; for "afflicted" read “inflicted." will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire. The chaff of Neologian Theology and Romanism will be equally swept away by his

Page 60, col. 1 in the Greek; for "o" read fan, and the strong wind of his wrath will drive it away from

Page 60, col. 2, line 50: for“ unnambiguous" read " unambiguous."

Page 61, col. 1, line 5; for“ lightly" read “ rightly." the face of the earth. Then shall the saints of God take the Page 67, col. 1, line 45; for " Preceptus" read Receptus." kingdom.

Page 69, col. 2, line 12; for "make" read "may.





word usually employed in the translation of the Hebrew

words Elohim, Eloah, and El, is God, a Saxon word A NEW BIBLE, OR A TRUE BIBLE? * signifying Good. This translation, accordingly, conveys No, I.

to our minds the idea of the goodness of the Creator, Great efforts are making among certain classes of re- instead of his power ; it substitutes the consideration ligionists to induce her Majesty's government to accede of one attribute of the Deity for that of another; and to the proposal of a new translation of the Bible, or at it tends to weaken the force of the idea intended to be least to that of a thorough revision of the authorized conveyed by the original, namely, the ascription of version, and to force, if possible, the appointment of a power to Him who made the heavens and the earth. It royal commission for the purpose of carrying this pro

is proper, however, to state that the name of God, as posal into effect. It therefore behoves the members of now used, conveys but a very indistinct conception of that government to beware how they listen to the the great Being to whom it is applied. This name, indeed, plausible schemes of designing sectarians on this im- is generally understood to include the idea of a variety portant national question, and to be cautious in permit- of attributes; to signify at once the greatest, the wisest, ting the authorized version to be subjected to important the most benevolent, and the most powerful of alí alterations, or to be superseded by a new translation, beings; and to convey, in one word, the idea of Him without the general approbation of all sections of the who lived before all worlds, and whose existence extends Christian and protestant church of these realms. It is from eternity to eternity. admitted on all sides that some revision of the Bible is

From these observations it may be inferred, that a both necessary and proper ; but before submitting any very considerable improvement, both in accuracy and in plan for carrying this into effect, it may be advisable to emphasis, would be gained, by translating the word explain the reasons why it should be done, and to ex- Elohim, by such words in our language as most clearly hibit prominent and pertinent examples of its necessity express the original idea, namely, Almighty, Omnipoand propriety.

tent, or Adorable. We prefer the second of these ; and

we doubt not but the pious English reader will be In translating the Holy Scriptures out of the original more than pleased with the following version of

Genesis i. 1: tongues into any other language, it cannot admit of a doubt that it is highly proper to employ such words in “ In the beginning, the Omnipotent created the heavens and that language as will most clearly express the meaning the earth." of any given words in the original. Let us take, for The word God is a noun in the singular number; but example, the name of the great Creator of the world. the word Omnipotent is an adjective, both in the singuThe Hebrew word most commonly used for this purpose lar and the plural, and is therefore better adapted to is Elohim; it occurs in the first chapter of Genesis, and indicate the intention of the Spirit of Inspiration, in the is used about 2,500 times in the Old Testament. This selection of the plural noun Elohim as the name of the word is the plural of the noun Eloah, which is also used Creator. for the same purpose, but occurs only about 60 times

ADUMBRATION OF THE TRINITY. in the Old Testament. Both of these words are derived

With great justice and propriety, an argument has from the word El, another name for the Deity, rarely been founded on the constant use of the term Elohim, used alone, but frequently found in connexion with an in favour of the true orthodox doctrine of the everadjunct or a cognomen, and in composition. The word blessed Trinity, the grand object of the adoration of all Ei, in Hebrew, signifies Mighty or Powerful ; and the created intelligences. This argument derives powerful derived words Eloah and Elohim have originally the support from the fact of the triple ascription of Holiness same meaning

to the Lord God Almighty, by the six-winged seraphim According to Gesenius, the great authority in that of the Old Testament, and six-winged living creatures language, the noun El is the root of the verbs Alāh and of the New, which metaphorically, but strikingly points Alăh, which signify respectively to swear and to adore, out the threefold personality of the One Living and True that is, to invoke God and to worship God. It is evident God. This argument derives additional strength from that this invocation and worship is due to God, on ac- the words of the Scriptural record concerning the last count of his might or power. Hence it appears that the and noblest act of creation, the formation of man, which plural name Elohim signifies the Mighty, the Powerful, in a still more emphatic manner indicates that this

peror the Adorable. In the authorized version, the English sonality is real and not figurative; see Gen.' i. 26 : * 1. The Pocket Paragraph Bible.-The Holy Bible, containing the Old

"And the Omnipotent said, Let us make man in our image, after and New Testaments, according to the anthorized version. Arranged in our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the paragraphs and parallelisms, with an entirely new selection of references sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over to parallel and illustrative passages, references to the several books, and all the earth. numerous notes: 12mo. No date. The Religious Tract Society, London. 2. The Annotated Paragraph Bible: containing the Old und New Tes

God was Omnipotent in the heavens and the earth, as taments, according to the authorised version. Arranged in paragraphs their Creator ; man was made omnipotent in the earth, and an entirely

new selection of references to parallel and illustrative having been made in the image of his Creator. That Pessages. The old Testament, 8vo., 1865. The Religious Tract Society, image was twofold, human and divine. The Lord Jesus Bible Union. Parallel edition. Parts I. and Il containing the Book of of the glory, and the express image of the person” of

3. Revised English Version of the Holy Scriptures. By the American Christ is, in the New Testament, called “the brightness Job, chap. i. to chap. xxix. verse 7. Trübner & Co., London.

God. Seeing then that man was created in this image, No. 6. Vol. I. - November 1, 1856.

it is now plain that the incarnation of the second person The following extract from the Greek poet, Aristophanes, of the thrice-holy and ever-blessed Trinity was dimly, in an English translation, will convey to our readers but surely adumbrated in the language used in Scripture some idea of this heathen scheme of creativn:respecting the creation of Adam. Hence, Christ is also “ First all was chaos, one confused heap, called the Second Adam, the Lord from heaven. He Darkness enwrapt the disagieeing deep; was made for a little, lower than the Elohim, but for

In a mix'd crowd, th' elements jumbled were,

Nor earth, nor air, nor heaven did appear; the suffering of death he was crowned with glory and

Till on this horrid vast abyss of things, honour. All power was given unto him in heaven and

Night teeming, spreading forth her coal-black wings, in earth.

Laid the first egg, whence after time's due course, The explanation of the use of the plural noun Elohim

Issued forth love (the world's prolific source), for the name of the Supreme Being, the ever-glorious

Glist'ning with golden wings, which flutt'ring o'er

Dark chaos, gender'd all the num'rous store Creator, on any other principle than that which admits

Of animals, and gods, and mortal men.” of a plurality in the Godhead, is entirely irrelevant and nugatory. The pretended use of the pluralis majestatis, and the sublime idea conveyed by the metaphorical

Between these gross and childish fancies of the heathen, which is set up by the opposers of the doctrine of the Anthropoputheia, or Scriptural figure of the breath of Trinity, has no foundation either in fact or in sound the Omnipotent," there is no similarity, no comparison. criticism; and is therefore equally erroneous in philo

The Bible simply represents God, as man, opening his logy and theology.

mouth, whence breath immediately issues, and saying,

“Let light be, and light was.” This view of the true THE BREATH OF THE OMNIPOTENT. .

translation of the passage in question, is remarkably In the Holy Scriptures, and especially in the Old Testa-confirmed by a parallel passage in the Psalms, which ment, the Divine Being is represented as possessing the refers to the creation, both of the heavens and the earth, organs, feelings, and dispositions of a man. This figura- Ps. xxxiii. 6–9: tive representation of God is called, in Greek, Anthro

"By the word of the Lord were the heavens made; popatheia, a word which simply means humanity, or a And all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. partaking of the nature of mankind. The reason of this He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap: assumption of humanity is evidently twofold: first, that He layeth up the depth in storehouses.

Let all the earth fear the Lord : by the adoption of language suited to our finite capacity,

Let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him. God might convey to our minds a clear understanding of For he spake, and it was: he commanded and it stood fast." those heavenly truths which concern both our temporal

In the Annotated Paragraph Bible, very recently and eternal welfare; and, secondly, that he might shadow forth that wonderful exhibition of his love and published by the Religious Tract Society, we have the mercy to fallen man, which, in the fulness of time, was in the text: “Or brooded ; a metaphor referring to the

following annotation on the word mored, which appears to be made known to us in the scheme of redemption. life and beauty which the power of the Spirit would Hence, the learned Dr. Owen says, in his treatise on the Person of Christ, " that the whole of the Old

produce." It was not the power of the Spirit,” but Testament, wherein God perpetually treats with men by creation, as clearly set forth in the passage from the

" the word of the Lord,” which produced the work of an assumption of human affections unto himself, pro Psalms just cited, and in many other passages which ceeded from the person of the Son, (through the Spirit,] will at once occur to the minds of our readers. The in a preparation for, and prospect of, his incarnation.

The first instance of the Anthropopatheia, or figura- old heathen idea of the Spirit of the Divinity brooding tive exhibition of human organs and feelings on the over chaos, and fluttering over the abyss, as a bird part of the Divine Being, which occurs in Holy Scrip-notwithstanding the express declarations of Scripture to

hatching its young, is still retained by the annotator, ture, is seen in the narrative of the first act of creative

the contrary.

The Lord Jesus Christ is invariably power, as recorded by Moses, Gen. i. 2, 3. Translated in strict accordance with this view, 'a view foundeil represented as the Creator of the world; "all things on the analogy of faith, and consonant with the sim- were made by him; and without him was not any


made that was made. In him was life." The Word, plicity of the Hebrew language, this passage reads as the Son, was the Generator of all things ; " he spake follows:

and it was.” The Spirit is the Regenerator of souls, “And the breath of the Omnipotent moved upon the face of the Author of the new creation in the heart of man; the waters, and the Omnipotent said, Let light be, and light was."

except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he That this is the true translation of the passage is cannot enter the kingdom of God.” The offices of the evident from the consideration that the idea of the Son and the Spirit are distinct, and are clearly laid down Spirit of God, a non-material existence, moving upon in the Scriptures. The Son is the Creator, the Spirit the face of the waters, a real material existence, as given is the Re-Creator. The brooding of the Spirit of God in our authorized version, is both an incongruous and on the face of the waters is, therefore, a figment of unnatural figure; and appears to have been borrowed human invention, and not the dictate of the Holy Spirit. from the notions of the heathen, concerning the origin Thus, the heathen notion concerning the hatching of the of all things. According to such notions, the Spirit of mundane egg, like a false meteor in the sky, sinks before the Divinity is represented as brooding over chaos, or the light of divine truth; while the idea of the simple the egg of the world, and hatching all things into life. fiat of the Omnipotent arises with majestic power from

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