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the obscurity of ages, and casts its native splendour When he gave to the sea his decree, over the pages of inspiration.

That the waters should not pass his commandment: It is surprising that, notwithstanding all his learning

When he appointed the foundations of the earth :

Then I was Arch tect, with him : and deep knowledge of the Scriptures, the poet Milton And I was daily his delight, rejoicing always in his presence ; should, in his Paradise Lost, have perpetuated the Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth : heathen notions which we have just controverted.

And my delights were the sons of men.” Thus, in book vii., after a figurative and highly wrought description of the creation of the world by the Son of NEW TESTAMENT MILLENARIANISM.* God, partly borrowed from the sublime poetry of the

No. VI. books of Job and the Proverbs, he says:

“The ingathering and glorification of the church " “ Thus God the heav'n created, thus the earth, is the subject of Lecture iv; in which our author Matter unform'd or void : darkness profound simply gives expression to the popular but unfounded Cover'd th' abyss; but on the wat'ry calm,

idea, that all saints from the beginning to the end of His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspread, and vital virtue infus'd, and vital warmth

time constitute the church. We are quite aware that Throughout the fluid mass, but downward purg'd

Mr. W.'s views on this point are shared by many who The black tartareous cold infernal dregs

differ from him widely on prophetic subjects; but his Adverse to life: then founded, then conglob'd mistake is not the less serious on this account. On any Like things to like, the rest to several place

other subjects than those of Scriptural inquiry and Disparted, and between, spun out the air, And earth self-balanc'd, on her centre hung."

interpretation, men would smile at such a quiet assumpThis notion of the Spirit of God brooding on the face ofterizes Lecture iv. The opening sentence declares, in

tion of the point to be proved, as that which characthe abyss has been so tenaciously held from the days of the most positive terms, the affirmative view of the antiquity, that we find it more or less cited and alluded question which ought to be discussed. “As Christ is to in the writings of almost all the commentators and the exclusive Author, so is the church mystical the annotators on the Bible. How different from this irre- exclusive recipient of salvation,” p. 140. So affirms verent conception, is the sublime description contained Mr. W. But suppose any one should deny the truth of in the book of Job, chap. xxxviii. 4–11:

this proposition, on whom would fairly rest the burden "Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth ? of proof? Surely on Mr. W. himself; but in vain Declare, if thou hast understanding.

would any one read his discourse with the view of Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest ?

obtaining it. Or, who hath stretched the line upon it?

He assumes the truth of this opening Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened ?

declaration, and reasons from it throughout, as though Or, who laid the corner-stone thereof;

it were not only uncontroverted, but incontrovertible. When the morning stars sang together,

And so has it been from the very beginning. Immediately And all the sons of God shouted for joy ?

that Adam fell was the foundation of this spiritual edifice laid The Divine Architect is here represented as laying the in the primæval promise of redemption. Successive ages foundation of the world, in the manner of a splendid beheld it rise, as one by one, Abel, Enoch, Noah, and all who, edifice, and like a wise master-builder, employing the like them, by faith obtained a good report, were builded up upon

the one chief corner-stone." measuring line and laying out the plan. What a magnificent anthropopatheia; and how admirably is it heigh-our author on prophetic subjects

, as well as of many

It may shock the prejudices of some who differ from tened by the idea of the accompanying music of the who agree with him, when we affirm our conviction morning stars, and the acclamations of the sons of God, that this paragraph expressly contradicts God's Word. the holy angels of heaven! The glorious description of Such is our conviction, nevertheless: but instead of the Son of God, the second person in the ever-blessed Trinity, contained in the 8th chapter of Proverbs, verses assuming its truth, we proceed at once to lay the 22—31, is sufficient to put to fight at once and for grounds of it before our readers. Mr. W. says, that the

foundation of the church was laid in the primæval ever, all the heathen notions against which we are con


The Lord Jesus Christ said, four thousand tending, and to establish the great Scriptural truth that it was He who said " before Abraham was, I am"- that years after the first promise was given, “Upon this created the heavens and the earth by a word, and not build" —not "I have builded,” or “I am building, but

rock (the confession of him just made by Peter) I will by the incubation of the Spirit:

I will build my church,” Matt. xvi. 18. That is, he “The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before speaks of it as a then future work. And though he bis works of old. I was appointed from everlasting: from the beginning, or

• Contributed by the Author of “Plain Papers on Prophetic and other ever the earth was.

Subjects," and a review of the following works :When there were no depths, I was brought forth ;

1 New Testament Millenarianism; or, The Kingdom and Coming of When there were no fountains abounding with water.

Christ, as taught by himself and his apostles: set forth in eight sermous, Before the mountains were settled; before the hills was I founded by the late Rev. John Bampton, by the Hon. and Rev. Samuel

preacher before the University of Oxford in the year 1854, at the lectura brought forth :

Waldegrave, M.A. rector of Barford St Martin, Wilts, and late fellow of While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields,

All Souls' College. London: Hamilton Adams, & Co., 1855; 8vo, pp. 646.

2 Notice of the above, in " The British and Foreign Evangelical ReNor the highest part of the dust of the world.

view," No. XIV., October, 1855. When he prepared the heavens, I was there :

3. Notice of the above, iu “The London Quarterly Review," No. X., When he set a compass upon the face of the deep :

January, 1856. When he established the clouds above:

4. Millennial Studies: or, What saith the Scriptures concerning the

Kingdom and Advent of Cbrist? By the Rev. W. R. Lyon, B.A When he strengthened the fountains of the deep :

Ward and Co.


was, in his own blessed person, as the Son of the living ascended, that the Holy Ghost could be sent down; and God, the foundation of the church, it was not as a living it is by his presence and power that the gathering person upon earth that he was laid as the foundation. together in one takes place. “If I go not away, the For this, his death was indispensable. “Except a corn Comforter will not come unto you, John xvi. 7. of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone ; | The Holy Ghost was not yet given, because that but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit,” John xii. 24. Jesus was not yet glorified,” vii. 39. “ Therefore, It was not until rejected of the Jewish builders, that he being by the right hand of God exalted, and having was exalted to be « the head of the corner"; and that received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, his death was indispensable to the church being builded he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear," on him as its foundation, the Epistle to the Ephesians Acts ii. 33. “By one Spirit are we all baptized into largely testifies. “For he is our peace, who hath made one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles,” i Cor. both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of xii. 13. It is of Christ, ascended and glorified, that we partition, having abolished in his flesh the enmity, the read in Eph. i. 22, 23, that "the church is his body, law of commandments in ordinances; for to make in the fulness (or complement) of him that filleth all in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; and all.” that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by Now it is of the church thus formed and constituted the cross, having slain the enmity thereby," ch. ii. 14–16. that Scripture predicates completeness at the epoch of It was thus and then the foundation was laid; and being Christ's return. How easy to see, that if statements laid, the apostle adds, “Now, therefore, ye (Gentile made in Scripture concerning this elect body of Christ believers) are no more strangers and foreigners, but be applied to all saints from the beginning to the end of fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of time, false conclusions may easily be drawn from preGod; and are built upon the foundation of the apostles mises so unsound. All our author's reasonings as to and prophets (New Testament prophets, surely*), Jesus baptism and the Lord's supper, the intercession of Christ Christ himself being the chief corner-stone”: verses and the preaching of the Word—all his attempts to 19, 20.

shew that on millenarian grounds, these would have no Do we wish, then, to deny or call in question the place after the completion of the church and the coming salvation, saintship, life, or glory, of the Old Testament of Christ—all his endeavours to reduce us to the dibelievers ? God forbid! They were quickened by the lemma of holding, either that no souls will be saved Spirit, beyond doubt. By virtue of the foreseen sacri- after Christ comes, or that they will be saved without fice of Christ, they were forgiven and saved. They the present means or channels of salvation—all rest on will all have part in the first resurrection, and partake the baseless assumption that the church consists of all of heavenly glory. But no one of these things, no, nor saved souls from the beginning to the end of time, and all of them together, constitute the church. The church all, consequently, fall to the ground. Souls were saved shares these things, life, justification, resurrection, and for four thousand years before the church had any exheavenly glory, with the saints of Old Testament times; istence, save in the counsels and purposes of God, and but that which constitutes the church is something souls will doubtless be saved throughout the millennium, additional to all these, and of which the Old Testament after the completion of this wondrous “ workmanship bears not a single trace. It is the actual living unity of his—this chef-d' æuvre of his wisdom, power, and with Christ and with each other of those, who, since grace. If there lacked not the means and appliances Christ's resurrection, are formed into this unity, by the of salvation before the church began, why should we presence of the Holy Ghost come down from heaven. God suppose any lack when the church is perfected and in had a nation in former times; and the Holy Ghost by glory with her Lord? Caiaphas teaches us, that it was for that nation Christ On the subject of the judgment, Mr. W.'s great endied.

All the blessedness, therefore, of restored and deavour is, first, to prove that millenarianism " deprives forgiven Israel in days to come, is as simply owing to it of its chiefest terrors to the ungodly"; and, secondly, the atoning death of Christ, as is now the salvation of that these terrors consist in what he regards as the individual souls. But “not for that nation only,” the doctrine of Scripture, namely, that of a simultaneous Holy Ghost adds, “but that also he should gather judgment of all the righteous and all the wicked. But together in one the children of God that were scattered as all his arguments on these topics have been answered abroad." John xi. 52. There were, then, children of again and again in well-known works on prophetic God prior to the death of Christ; but instead of forming subjects

, we will not detain our readers by any detailed one body, they were isolated individuals, “scattered remarks thereon. On Mr. W.'s theory, that the mil. abroad." For their gathering together in one, the lennium is already past, and that we are probably far death of Christ was absolutely needful. So was his advanced into the little season by which it was to be resurrection; for it is only as “the beginning, the succeeded, the doctrine of a simultaneous judgment of all first-born from the dead,” that he is the head of the at Christ's coming, may well, indeed, strike terror into body, the church,” Col. i. 18. Nor was it till he had the hearts of the ungodly. On this theory, the coming

and the judgment are both at the door. But how the * A reference

to ch. iii. 4, can scarcely leave a doubt of this. We read postponement of Christ's coming, and of all judgment, to there of the mystery of Christ, which in other ages was not made by own the end of a thousand years yet to commence, should be prophets by the Spirit" They are “prophets" to whom. with the apostles, a doctrine of greater terror to the wicked than that of line been revealed by the Spirit, that which was hid from all previous Christ's speedy appearing in the clouds of heaven, to generations.

execute judgment on his living foes, having first received with Christ are resolved into their being, while yet on his people to himself, we are perfectly at a loss to earth, "quickened together with Christ," and seated conceive.

“with him in heavenly places"; and this spiritual reign Lecture vi. is on “ the recompense of reward to be and resurrection are represented as perfectly compatible conferred upon the saints at the second coming of their with their suffering unto death at the very time they Lord.” With much that it contains we heartily agree. reign as risen with Christ! But hear Mr. W. himself: We hold as strenuously as Mr. W., that the main blessed- "If this view of the verse be correct, the thousand years will ness of the saints hereafter is in the visible and personal prove to be a period in which Christ's witnesses are witnesses presence of Christ among them, or, to be more accurate, even unto death—a period, in short, of martyrdom, not of tritheir presence thus with Christ. Heaven itself, we

umph—a period in which Satan (being precluded indeed from

the invention of fresh delusions), is able notwithstanding to delight to know, is the locality of the saints' inheri-wield those already in existence with such effect as to make the tance. If some pre-millennialists have thought other church of God to prophesy in sackcloth and

ashes," p. 386. wise, our author cannot be ignorant that it is in company

This is, no doubt, a view of the millennium quite with some of their most distinguished opponents, * that they look on the renovated earth as the eternal dwel- new to most of our readers. We will not pass upon

them the reflection which would be implied, in seeking ling-place of the saints. Our own belief is, however, to rebut a principle by which Scripture language is identical with Mr. W.'s, that the place which Jesus has made to mean exactly the opposite of what it says. gone to prepare for us, is in the heaven where his own Such a principle is not to be met by argument, but by glorified body now is, and of which he says, " that the moral reprobation which attaches to the calling good where I am, there ye may be also.”. Equally satisfied evil, and evil good. But we are as yet only on the are we, that from the moment the saints are caught up threshold of our author's system. The thrones, and to meet the Lord Jesus in the air, their state will “not sitters on them, to whom judgment was given, are the admit of any, the very slightest admixture of evil.”

powers But is it not a purely gratuitous assumption of our malice, in persecuting the saints to death! The saints

that be, employed as executioners of Satan's author's, that this unalloyed perfection of the future state of the saints, precludes any contact or connexion reigning, be it remembered, and Satan bound all the (by Divine appointment, and as ministers of good), with thousand years are finished, are “ the great body of truly

“ The rest of the dead” who rise not, till the a state of things less perfect than their own? What! is the state of the holy angels imperfect, because as which Satan is loosed from his prison and goes forth

living souls brought to God,” during the little season in ministering spirits they are now sent forth to minister

to deceive the nations of the earth afresh! The ten to them which shall be heirs of salvation ? And if angels can be made thus the channels of Divine benefi- Mr. W. as the longer, the millennial period pourtrayed

centuries preceding the Reformation are suggested by cence, remaining undefiled and uninjured, their joy in the passage before us,” while it is intimated that unclouded by the imperfection and need with which the three centuries which have rolled away since that they come in contact, but only to succour and befriend, shall it be deemed impossible for those who are blessed epoch,” have borne the marks of " the little season

which was to succeed the millennium. and holy," as having part in the first resurrection, to be

Such is the “ New Testament Millenarianism” of the ministers of blessing to the earth over which they are Bampton Lectures ; a system commended to us by the to reign with Christ a thousand years? And yet this lecturer, as one which does “not dislocate the whole is the sum and substance of Mr. W.'s argument in frame-work of Christian truth,” which he alleges is done Lecture vi. As to the resurrection and reign of the saints with Lord. To set aside such an expectation, is the great

by expecting a pre-millennial advent of our blessed Christ for a thousand years, Mr. W. judges “ that the object of his book. In this object, his reviewers of the thousand years may be even now in progress, if not London Quarterly, and the British and Foreign Evanentirely past,” p. 377. He does not venture to progelical, are heartily agreed. But as to the interpretation pound this view till he has occupied more than half of of Rev. xx., they are wide as the poles asunder. Mr. Lecture vii., with an exposition of the spiritualist w. declares it already fulfilled : the London Quarterly theory held by Whitby, Dr. Brown, Mr. Lyon, and maintains that the scenes which this Scripture pourmany others. This theory he prefers to the pre-millennial view; but after stating certain objections to it, trays are yet future,” and addresses itself to the inquiry,

Is it to be interpreted literally or figuratively”? Nor he proposes, as free from such objections, and as best is the enquiry prosecuted far, before the conclusion is entitled, in his judgment, to be adopted, his own view arrived at, and stated thus, “We have no hesitation in above stated. And though at first so modestly intro- saying, that the only consistent interpretation is the luced as a question, whether "the thousand years may be figurative one, which recognizes the revival of the early in

martyrs and confessors in their spirit and character." the course of its development, into a theory of interpre- The British and Foreign Evangelical, while dealing ation, in which the binding of Satan is reduced to his most tenderly with Mr. W.'s millennial theory, is yet Deing" for that period forbidden to invent and propa. obliged to say, çate any new (!!) religious imposture among nominal Christians”; the resurrection and reign of the saints First, the text on the face of it appears plainly tv intimate that

• There are, in our opinion, two fatal objections to this view.

the life--whatever be meant by it--was posterior to the death, Dr. Urwick, for instance, Mr. Fairburn, and Dr. David Brown himself. not contemporaneous with it ...: Throughout the New


Testament, wherever it (the word áváoraois) is used in con- and all. So that the fairest and most satisfactory test nection with death, there is not one instance in which it does which Dr. B. can imagine, by which to try the truth not signify a state posterior to death-either the intermediate of his doctrine, exposes, in effect, its total groundlessstate or the bodily resurrection, which, for our own part, we think it plain that the language of this symbolical vision ness; and confirms, in the most decided way, the speexpresses.”

ciality of the church as a body, distinct, on the one Admirable unanimity of sentiment! Here are three hand, from the Old Testament saints, and on the other, writers, who agree in denouncing the expectation of

from the millennial saints. Ministry, such as the New pre-millennial advent of Christ, and in opposing the Testament connects inseparably with the church, flows literal interpretation of John's millennial vision. But from an ascended Lord as its source and giver, and the when asked to interpret it themselves, one says, It is Holy Ghost sent down from heaven as its power. already accomplished No, says the second, its accom- Nevertheless, as beyond doubt saints there were before, plishment is future, but it is to be figuratively under-all must own that saints there may be after. stood. No, says the third, it is bodily resurrection,

Plainly, then, the testimony of Scripture is lost, in which the language of this symbolical vision expresses.

the second, third, and fourth propositions, which are Here, for the present, we conclude our notice of these connected, and as follows: books. Dr. Brown's book is by far the ablest of

“Christ's Second Coming will exhaust the object of

any which have appeared in opposition to pre-millennialism, the Scriptures. and we rejoice that an examination of it is in progress

“The sealing ordinances of the New Testament will by another pen. The Lord grant that we may not be disappear at Christ's Second Coming. permitted, amid any heats of controversy, to lose sight

The intercession of Christ, and the work of the of the solemn, sanctifying truths in which all real Spirit, for saving purposes, will cease at the Second Christians are agreed. Whereto we have already at

Advent." tained, may we walk by the same rule, and mind the

For though it be true that baptism and the Lord's same thing; remembering the promise, that if in any. Supper (.e. in theological phrase, the New Testament thing we be otherwise minded, God shall reveal this sealing ordinances) naturally terminate with the Second unto us also.

Advent, it is a mere blunder to confine the stream of
Divine grace within these rites, let them be ever so

precious; and much worse to treat them as its sole and THE PRE-MILLENNIAL ADVENT IN RELATION inseparable channel. Abel, Enoch, and Noah, Abraham, TO THE AGENCIES OF SALVATION.

Isaac, and Jacob, knew them not; yet will Dr. B. acNo. IV.

knowledge that they were saved no less than ourselves. The church of God, we have seen, is not the sum of Why should it not be so with the saints during the those saved throughout all ages, but rather the Scrip- millennium? tural designation of the one body gathered from among Let us, however, examine what is urged, and in Dr. Jews and Gentiles since the day of Pentecost — an B.'s order. The following texts are cited as instances habitation of God through the Spirit. Hence it is a of the universal teaching of the Bible :-(1) As to manifest oversight to suppose that the agencies and in- Saints, Luke xix. 13; 2 Peter i. 19; James F. 7; strumentalities which the Lord employs in founding and 1 Peter i. 13; 2 Tim. iv. 8; Phil. iii. 20: (2) As to perpetuating the church, are necessarily bound up with Sinners, 2 Thess. i. 7-10; 2 Peter iii. 10; Luke xii. the salvation of the elect. “God hath set some in the 39, 40; xvii. 26, 27, 30. "Thus one half of the Scripchurch, first apostles (not patriarchs, or elders, who of ture would be inapplicable to saints, and the other old obtained a good report through faith); secondarily, half to sinners living after Christ's coming;” Brown, prophets; thirdly, teachers”; &c. That is, a New p. 98. Testament order of things is contemplated. So in Now it is obvious that these texts are drawn exclu. Ephes. iv.: When he ascended up on high, he led cap- sively from the New Testament, and from those parts tivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.. ; and of it which describe or suppose the state of things going he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, on now, and previous to the millennium. What they evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the prove, therefore, is the experience proper to the present perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, dispensation, and nothing more. But this is useless, in for the edifying of the body of Christ: till we all come all fairness, to Dr. B., who fallaciously takes for granted in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the that these texts give us that which characterizes souls Son of God unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the in the age to come. The argument deduced from them stature of the fulness of Christ,” &c. This machinery, is no more valid against another experience in a new most appropriate to the church-state, came in with the economy, than passages descriptive of the Lord as truly ascension of Christ to his place as Head, and with the man in life and death, could disprove his eternal Godconsequent descent of the Holy Ghost. It was un- head. The Psalms and prophecies of both Testaments known to Judaism, and to the fathers. Yet all must anticipate an era when (not to speak of Satan bound, allow God had been saving souls for four thousand and the Lord, with his risen ones, reigning over the years previously, when no such means or functions world) righteousness shall flourish and evil be smitten; existed. There is not, therefore, the shadow of a pre- when the earth shall groan no more, but be glad; when sumption for maintaining that God will discontinue to both houses of Israel shall walk before the Lord in save when the church disappears, scaffolding, building, unenvying, anjealous love, and all the ends of the earth

shall fear God. These features are in contrast with ages, is saved by grace, utterly irrespective of the exthose which now appear: they suppose a time for the ternal seal, ordinance or no-ordinance; it will be so far saints on earth of good triumphant and not suffering, of the same then, whatever be the outward forms of conenjoyment, and not hope; they involve the judgment tession. If, as we believe, they differ, that depends on of wickedness when it appears, not merely solemn the revealed will of God, and merely distinguishes the warnings of future vengeance. It is perfectly right to dispensations, not the salvation. All is a question of use such Scriptures as Dr. B. refers to for our own gui- the Divine mind made known in his Word, not of what dance now: it is ignorance to neglect a mass of pro- "we may expect to find,” which is a prolific source of phecy which predicts the earth full of the knowledge mistake and confusion. Beyond a doubt, Matt. xxviii. of the Lord as the waters cover the sea, when the 18—20, and 1 Cor. xi. 26, do not extend beyond the Lord's people shall not be a little flock, and the godly time of Christ's absence from this world ; but can Dr. shall not suffer persecution. That will be a day of glory B. deny that grace saved before baptism and the Lord's doubless, but not to the drying up of the stream of active, supper? If not, it is ridiculous to argue thence that it saving mercy. “In that day shall ye say, Praise the may not save after they are taken out of the way. Lord, call upon his name, declare his doings among the Nay more: Scripture demonstrates that salvation does people, muke mention that his name is exalted.” It is go on in “the world (oikovpevn, habitable earth) to clear that now, between the advents, the Lord is come” when neither is heard of. saving the world, and not judging it: we speak of the The same reasoning, in substance, appplies to Dr. B.'s aspect of his Coming and work, not, of course, of the fourth proposition. It is true that the Epistle to the results. The error is the exclusion of another economy Hebrews (vii.-ix.) treats exclusively of the priesthood when he will both judge and save. "And it shall come of Christ carried on within the holiest, after he had to pass in that day that the Lord shall punish the host entered in once by his own blood ; it is true that this of the high ones on high, and the kings of the earth applies from beginning to end of God's work, in forming upon the earth.” This is a most extensive and positive the church of the First-born. He ascended and took his judgment; but it is in no way inconsistent with saying place as Priest, before the Holy Ghost was sent down to “ in that day, lo, this is our God; we have waited for bring in a single soul into the proper "church-state.” him, and he will save us ; this is the Lord : we have But how does all this hinder the only-wise God from waited for him; we will be glad and rejoice in his sal- putting forth his grace and power, when Christ shall take vation.” The evidence is ample. If the reader will his place on his own throne, instead of being, as now, only search into what is said of “ that day,” he will soon seated on the throne of his Father? Rev. iii. 20. The satisfy himself that, while it differs essentially from the objection is the less reasonable, because Dr. B. cannot present dispensation as the season of Divine intervention dispute the fact that Christ was not thus a Priest in Old in the judgment of the world, it will be as evidently the Testament times; had not entered into heaven by his season of the world's all but universal blessedness. own blood; had not yet obtained eternal redemption for

Hence, the disappearance of baptism and the Lord's any. If then the Old Testament saints were saved in supper need be no difficulty to any serious mind. Their spite of this lack, why not the millennial saints? If importance is indisputable the one, as the initiatory the credit of it, when it did not exist, sufficed for the and individual, and the other as the corporate, confession one class, why not for the other? In fact, it is not that of Christ and his accomplished redemption. But as they the millennial saints will be without his priesthood, but were certainly introduced late in the day of God's mercy only that its form will be changed. “He shall be a to sinners, so if God has willed it thus, there is no priest upon his throne.” So that the difference is really ground a priori why they might not pass away, when in favour of these saints, as compared with those of the that special hour which witnessed their imposition has Old Testament. come to a close. And this is exactly what Scripture The fallacy as to the work of the Spirit is equally shows, however opposed to the ordinary systems of palpable. John vii. 38, 39; xiv. 16, 17, 26; xv. 26; theology. Not that there is the slightest reason for xvi. 7, 14; Acts ii. 33; Titus iii. 5, 6; Rev. iii. 1, and expecting a new revelation, as some have rashly con- v. 6, are the texts cited. But granting that the Holy ceived : still less is it true, as our antagonist asserts Ghost may not be given in the way in which most of without an attempt at proof, that " a new dispensation these Scriptures speak, that was as true of the times necessarily implies a new revelation to usher it in,” before the first advent, as it can be after the second. If, Brown, p. 106. The Bible shows a past economy, in spite of this, the Holy Ghost did work for saving when God saved souls before the sealing ordinances of purposes in those early days (when he was not given the New Testament had appeared; it shows us the in a full New Testament way, because that Jesus was present time, and the institution of those striking rites; was not yet glorified), why not in the last days, when it shows us a future epoch clearly revealed in the Jesus is manifested in all his glories ? prophets, when they vanish away, and yet Jehovah's The argument, therefore, is weak to excess, and even house shall be called a house of prayer for all people. absurd. The fact is, that the millennial saints will In other words, the old revelation is express as to a new enjoy an outpouring of the Spirit suited to the magni. dispensation, or age, when the glory of God shall be ficent purposes of God in those days of which Pentecost manifest in Christ, and his government instead of being was but a sample. This will be plain to the unbiassed true to faith only, shall be justified in public, immediate reader of Joel ii., with its context, of Is. xxxii., xliv., action before the world. The sinner now, as in all past xlix. ; Ezek. xxxvi., xxxvii.; and Zech. xii.

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