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And the end of them both is according to their disposition and affection : for the carnal mind of man can have no other end than death; thither it leads, and there it leaves him : but, for a man to be spiritually minded, is the certain way to life and eternal peace.

VIII. 7 Because the carnal mind is enmity ugainst God : for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Neither can the carnal man look for any better issue: for his affece tions and desires are no better than mere enmity against God, utterly rebelling against the Law of God; as those, which neither are subject unto it, neither indeed, while they so continue, can be.

VIII. 8 So then they that are in the flesh, cannot please God. So then, those, that are mere unregenerate men, cannot possibly please God.

VIII. 9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. But ye are not unregenerate and carnal men, but renewed and spiritual ; if so be that ye have the Spirit of God dwelling in you, howsoever ye have withal the remainders of your corrupt nature still abiding in you. But, if any man have not the Spirit of God, whereby he is renewed inwardly, what profession soever he makes, yet he is none of his.

VIII. 10 And if Christ be in you, the body is deud because of sin ; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. And if Christ be in you by his Spirit, certainly, this corrupt nature of yours is as good as dead in you, in respect of any hurt that sin can do unto you, by it; but the Spirit of God is powerful in you, to work in you the life of grace here, and to bring you to the life of glory hereafter, because of that perfect righteousness which is in it; whereby sin is mortified, and grace wrought.

VIII. 11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. But, if the Spirit of that Almighty God, which raised up Jesus from the dead, dwell in you, ye may well be assured, that the same omnipotent power of his, which raised Christ from the dead, shall also easily be able to raise your mortal bodies from the death of sin and put a new life into them, by the efficacy of the same Spirit.

VIII. 12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. Therefore, brethren, since we are raised up from this death of sin and quickened to grace, we should have no more to do with our corruptions, as to live and walk in them ; but ought rather to frame ourselves after the guidance and motions of that Holy Spirit.

VIII. 13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die : but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

For if ye live after the flesh, doing those things which your corrupt nature moves you unto, ye shall die eternally ; but if ye mortify your evil and corrupt affections, by the power of the Spirit, ye shall live for ever.

VIII. 14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For as many as are guided by the Spirit of God to lead their lives in all holy obedience to the will of God, they have good reason to be assured they are the sons of God.

VIN. 15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear ; but


have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry Abba, Father. As for you, ye have received good evidence of your spiritual and happy condition : for ye have felt in yourselves, not that effect of the Spirit of God, which by the Law works fear and terror in the soul ; but that gracious effect of it, which comfortably assures you of your adoption, whereby we are emboldened to speak to God, under the title of a loving Father.

VIII. 16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: So as this Spirit of God joins together in testimony with our soul or spirit, to assure us, that we are the children of God : our own spirit finding in our hearts such peace of conscience, faith, hope, and other graces, that may testify this truth unto us; and the Spirit of God confirming the said testimony unto our souls, by the powerful operation thereof in us :

VIII. 17 And if children, then heirs ; heirs of God, and jointheirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may also be glorified together. And if we be children; then heirs; for all God's children are heirs of a glorious kingdomn, heirs of God, and jointheirs with Christ; if we do patiently endure to suffer with him here, that we may be also glorified with him hereafter.

Vill. 18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed And well may we resolve to endure whatsoever afflictions we can meet with here ; for we do undoubtedly know, that all the sufferings of this present life are nothing, in comparison of that exceeding glory, which is laid up for us, and shall be revealed unto us.

VIII. 19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. Neither are we alone in these sufferings, or this patient hope ; for all creatures suffer with us, and do, with an earnest expectation, as it were, wait and long for that day, wherein there shall be a full accomplishment of the glory of the sons of God, that then they may be delivered from the bondage of corruption.

VIII. 20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope. For the creation was made subject to a frail and impaired condi

in us.

tion, not of its own natural inclination, since all things do naturally affect continuance and perfection ; but by the power and just will of God, who, for man's sin, ordained this subjection ; yet not without expectation of being once freed therefrom.

VIII. 21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. Because the creature itself also shall once be fully delivered from this liableness to corruption; and shall partake of that freedom from it, which the children of God shall once enjoy, together with their full blessedness.

VIII. 22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. For we know that the whole frame of the creation doth, as it were, suffer under our sin; and groan and labour, as if it were in a sensible pain, together with us, until this happy restoring of all things.

VIII. 23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. And not only these senseless and brute creatures, but even we also, which have more excellent gifts, even the graces of God's Spirit, as the handsell or firstfruits of a full measure hereafter; even we ourselves

groan within ourselves, waiting for the consummation of those blessed privileges of our adoption; which is the perfect restoration of our bodies, and glory of our souls.

VIII. 24 For we are saved by hope : but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? For howsoever we are, for the present, afflicted, and, in our sense, distressed; yet, in assured hope, we are saved; and have already this salvation laid hold of, by the power of our hope: but therefore we must not look for a present discharge and fruition; for hope is not of things already possessed: no man hopeth for that, which he presently enjoyeth.

VIII. 25 But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it. But our hope is of absent and future things; and, if we do hope for such blessedness to come, then do we with much patience digest the present evils, and wait for the deliverance and glory promised and provided for us.

VIII. 26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And, howsoever we of ourselves are full of weaknesses, yet we have a strong helper; for the Spirit of God succoureth and relieveth our infirinities: and whereas, we, as of ourselves, know not what to pray for, or how to pray, as we ought, the Spirit of God aids us by his gracious work in us; stirring up our drowsy and dull hearts to make powerful supplications to God, with sighs and groans that cannot be expressed.

VIII. 27 And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God. And that God, which is the only Searcher of the Heart, finding his own Spirit to send up these prayers and supplications in us, cannot but accept of those holy motions and requests, which are made by the same Spirit, in the hearts of his saints; as knowing, that they proceed not from our natural desires, nor tend to the fulfilling of our own lusts, but are according to his most holy and blessed will.

VIII. 28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. And we well know, that all the miseries and evils, which we are subject unto here below, through the gracious sanctification and improvement of God, work together for the good and benefit of those which love God; which happy issue of their calamities doth not befall them, as out of the efficacy of their own wisdom and providence, but by the good hand of God, who hath effectually called them, and decreed them to glory.

VIII. 29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. For those whom God did, in his eternal counsel, own for his, out of that corrupt mass of mankind, those did he preappoint and pres destinate to be conformable to the image of his son, both in their holiness and in their patient sufferings: that so, he, being the Son of God by nature, might be the firstborn and ring-leader of many brethren, by adoption and grace.

VIII. 30 Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. Moreover, there is a strong and indissoluble chain of mercy and grace in God towards his elect, the links whereof can never be either broken or severed: for those, whom he did predestinate, them also in bis due time he effectually calleth; and those, whom he thus calleth, he also justifieth; and those, whom he justifieth from their sins, he doth also fully, at last, glorify.

VIII. 31 What shall we then say to these things ? If God be for us, who can be against us? What shall we then say to these things? What shall we need to be disheartened with any sufferings? If God be with us, as he surely is if we be bis, who can be against us?

VIII. 32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? He, that was so gracious to us, as not to spare his own natural Son, but willingly delivered him up to death for us all; how can he scant us of any other good thing? How forward must he needs be,


to give us freely, together with him who is more than all the rest, all other blessings whatsoever !

VIII. 33 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth. Neither can we have reason to doubt of God's everlasting favour to us; for, who should put us out of it? Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect, as to alienate God's love and mercy from them; when it is God himself, that freely justifieth and acquitteth them? Who can accuse, where God cleareth and alsolveth them?

VIII. 34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. Much less can there be any danger of their utter condemnation; for who is it, that can condemn them? He, that should be their Judge, Christ Jesus, is he, that died for them; yea, rather, which hath triamphed over death for them, being risen again from the dead, for their full Justification; yea, who now sitteth gloriously at the right hand of God, there making perpetual intercession for us.

VIII. 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? Now, then, let us make a bold challenge both to earth and to hell: Who shall separate us from that firm and everlasting love, wherewith Christ hath embraced us? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or death?

VIII. 36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. As it is long since written by the Psalmist, and must be still verified, even of our times, For thy sake we are, all our lives long, ex posed to the continual danger of varieties of death ; and are pointed out to the shambles, even as sheep are to the slaughter.

VIII. 37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. Nay, howsoever we may be assaulted with all these evils, yet we are more than conquerors over them all, through the mighty pow. er and unspeakable mercy of that God and Saviour, which hath loved us.

VIII. 38, 39 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. For I am fully and unremoveably persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor the very angels themselves whether good or evil, nor the principalities and powers of heaven or hell, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor the things above, nor things beBeath, nor any other created power whatsoever, shall be able to

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