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besides Whigs and Democrats, with rights as able and impartial men, from the South as members not less important and sacred than well as from the North, on committees charged theirs; and he would claim them. He pro- with the consideration of slavery questions. tested' against any bargain or agreement by Mr. STEVENS of Penn.-I wish to know which the two great parties will secure the or- from my colleague whether, from his conganization of the House to the exclusion of all versation, he had reason to believe that the or any others.
Was this resolution designed Committees would be formed of a majority of to carry out the policy of the two great par- those in favor of Free Soil ? ties upon the free-soil question ? If so, what Mr. WilmoT-I had reason to believe that is that policy? As far as he could perceive, a majority of the Committees would have had it was but to dodge responsibility.
placed on them a majority of fair Northern Mr. Bayly interrupted him to say that he men. [Laughter.] Nothing more; and that had just had a conversation with Mr. Brown, was an inference I drew from the conversaand that he was mistaken in saying that no tion. correspondence had taken place between him Mr. INGE-What do you mean by fair Northand the free-soilers. The correspondence will ern men ? be produced, and will speak for itself.
Mr. WILMOT--Men who would not act in Mr. Root continued the debate for some Committee from political considerations, or time longer in asserting the rights of the free- attachment to party, and especially to the Adsoilers and other small cliques, and seemed to ministration, and who would not be asked to be delighted at the dilemma in which the smother the expression of the people of the House was placed.
North. Mr. Brown rose to make a statement. He Mr. INGE---I understand by fair Northern acknowledged that he had had both an inter- men, those committed to the Wilmot Proviso. view and a correspondence with Mr. Wilmot, Mr. WILMOT---Not by any means. in which he had stated his principles in regard
Mr. STANLY-What then? to slavery. The letters are the following: Mr. WILMOT-Those who are resolved that "DECEMBER 10, 1849.
slavery shall go no further. I believe that the "DEAR SIR: In the conversation which I people of the country are opposed to the slave had with you this evening, you were free to
traffic. Virginia will not tolerate it; Marysay that if elected Speaker of the House of land will not tolerate it. Why is it carried Representatives you would constitute the on, in the face of the world, in the District of Committees on Territories, the Judiciary, and
Columbia ? I believe the people are opposed
to it. the District of Columbia, in a manner that should be satisfactory to myself and the
Mr. Burt said that when Mr. Brown befriends with whom I have had the honor to licitude to ascertain exactly that gentleman's
came a prominent candidate, he felt great soact. I have communicated this to my friends; and if, in reply to this note, you can give them views upon the exciting topic of the day. He, the same assurance, they will give you a
as well as other Southern gentlemen, had uncheerful and cordial support.
derstood that Mr. BROWN was not a ProvisoRespectfully yours,
ist—as being uncommitted either for or against GD. Wilmot."
the North or the South. And it was these Hon. Wm. J. Brown.
considerations that induced him and his south
ern friends to vote for the gentleman. " WASHINGTON City, Dec. 10, 1849. Mr. BAYLY stated that it was known that “Dear Sir: In answer to yours of this he had served with Mr. Brown in the 28th date, I will state that, should' I be elected Congress ; and when he began to be spoken Speaker of the House of Representatives, I of for Speaker, frequent inquiries were made will constitute the Committees on the District of him as to that gentleman's opinions and of Columbia, on Territories, and on the Judi- votes on the slavery question. He [Mr. ciary, in such manner as shall be satisfactory BAYLY] answered that no one could have tato yourself and your friends. I am a representative from a free State, and have always vouched for it that he was opposed to the agi
ken a more urexceptionable course; and he had been opposed to the extension of slavery, and tation of the exciting subjects of Abolition believe that the federal government should be and the Wilmot Proviso in any form or shape. relieved from the responsibility of slavery If he had known of the existence of the corwhere they have the constitutional power to respondence, nothing on earth could have inabolish it. I am yours, truly,
duced him to vote for the gentleman from In
“ W. J. BROWN." Hon. David WILMOT.
diana; and he was quite sure that such would
have been the feeling of the great mass of the Mr. Wilmot confirmed Mr. Brown's state- members on his side of the House. He had ments. He had only desired that the popular been quite indignant when the insinuations had sentiments of all sections of the country should been first made; but since they had led to a be permitted to be heard. He merely wanted disclosure to which the country was entitled,
he was thankful for it; and he thanked God Mr. Toombs thought that the reason why that the disclosure had been made in time to the House had not been organized was, that it save the party from a load of obloquy. was ruled by sectional feelings. The gentle
Several other gentlemen of the South com- man from New York, [Mr. DuER,] had said mented on the deception and duplicity that had that he would vote for a democrat, a whig, or been practiced, and were by no means restrain- a free-soiler, but he would not vote for a dised in their denunciation of Mr. Brown. unionist. Now sir, said Mr. T. I am not
Mr. Robinson, of Indiana, defended his afraid to declare in the presence of the House, colleague. He could see nothing to justify the in the presence of the country, and in the prefierce hunting down—nothing that was dis- sence of my God, that, if the views and senhonorable or inconsistent with the position he timents entertained by the gentleman in relaoccupied. It has been a common practice for tion to slavery, be carried into effect in the candidates to answer questions. It is quite a House, then disunion is at hand. [Applause.) new idea that it is dishonorable to do so. It may They who attempt these aggressions on the be impolitic but certainly not dishonorable. south, were bringing that very disunion upon
Mr. JACOB THOMPSON said that, though us; and the curses of heaven would fall, feeling deeply mortified by what had occur- with all their force, upon those who were the red, he was glad that the development had causes of it. In the solemn and sacred presence been made.
of my God, I declare that if these views are carMr. DUNHAM, from Indiana, made a very ried out and persisted in, then this union is disgood defence of his colleague, and attempted solved. [Applause.] The southerner, said to protect him from the many harsh charges Mr. T. have been charged with every crime in which had been showered upon him.
the decalogue, and taunted about the sin of The whole affair, from the moment of the domestic slavery. He would ask the men of first explosion to the final shots of the day, the south what they wanted with organizawas one of high excitement, and seemed to tion, if they were not permitted to carry have stirred strong passions, which to that slaves into the Territories? If this state of time had been only dreaming of future con- things continued, he would declare without flicts. The House adjourned without any hesitation that he would be in favor of disfurther voting.
union. Let the south alone, let the district Thursday, Dec. 13. Mr. Brown, of Mis- alone. Give to the south their portion of the sissippi, offered the following resolution : Territory. Until all this was done, he trust
Resolved, That Howeli. ČOBB, of Georgia, ed discord would reign-forever. is hereby chosen Speaker of the House of Re- Mr. BAKER, in the course of some remarks, presentatives for the Thirty-First Congress. denied that the people of the north, by advo
A lively debate sprung up on this resolu- cating the principles of the Wilmot Proviso, tion, which soon lost sight of the direct pur- could be justly charged with advocating prinpose, and became between Mr. MEADE, of ciples that would lead to disunion. The Virginia, and Mr. DU ER, of N. Y., of a per- threats of gentlemen are idle. The Union sonal and an offensive nature. Mr. Duer, would not be dissolved. in the course of some remarks he was making, Mr. WALLACE. We'll teach you. avowed his willingness to vote for any one, Mr. BAKER. How are you to teach us? whether from the north or the south, except a Mr. WALLACE. Let slavery be abolished disunionist. It was questioned if any such in this District, or the south be excluded from persons were present, when he pointed to Mr. the Territories, and we will show you that we MEADE, who rejoined that the accusation was mean what we say. false. Mr. Du Er is reported to have then Mr. BAKER still did not believe there was a answered Mr. MEADE that he was a liar. man in the House who thought in his heart Much confusion immediately ensued, and or his head, that the hand would ever be raisthere was danger for a moment of a resort to ed with power sufficient to destroy this physical arguments. Mr. Duer afterwards Union. begged pardon of the House for his breach of Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia, was sorry to decorum, and put it to the members if he could say that he and the people in the section of have done less than he did nder the provoca
the country that he represented, now considtion which had been given. He then said ed that the day when the compact was to be that he believed the gentleman to be a dis- rended was near at hand. Every word of unionist. He had read in his speech, that if a Mr. Toombs met with his hearty concurrence. certain state of things continued which the Do gentlemen, by uttering pæans to the Union gentleman said existed, he loathed and detest- think it can thus be preserved? If so, they ed the name of the Union.
are mistaken. If the day of the dissolution Mr. McLANE declared that the reason why of this Union is at hand, it is as well now as no election had been effected, was the too hereafter. great obstinacy shown in behalf of particular Mr. Colcock followed in the same menacing individuals.
tone. Let Congress, said he, pass a bill to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, no election, at half-past four o'clock the House or pass the Wilmot Proviso, and he pledged adjourned. himself to introduce a resolution in these Friday Dec. 14. Mr. Ashmun proposed words : Resolved, That the Union be dissolved. that the House should proceed to the election
Mr. BAKER. But we will pass one that it of a Speaker viva voce, and if, on the first call shall not be dissolved. [Laughter.]
of the roll, no person should receive a majorMr. Colcock. Thus the south would show ity of the votes, the roll should again be callto the north that we are in earnest. South ed, and the person who should receive the Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi | highest number of votes, provided it be not are all ready to vote for it.
less than one third of the whole, shall be deMr. HıLLIARD would tell gentlemen, calmly clared elected. and deliberately, that there never was such Mr. WOODWARD proposed that Lynn Boyd feeling on this subject at the South as exists should be chosen Speaker pro tempore, and now. I tell gentlemen that if they pass the that on his assuming the chair, the House Wilmot Proviso the best friends of this Union should proceed to the election of its other offimust part. It was no part of his purpose to cers, after which it should renew its attempts calculate the value of the Union; that could to elect a Speaker. This resolution was ofnot be conceived. But once let it be dissolved, fered, because the House was in the process and when and how can it be bound together of becoming a mob, and there was no one to again ? He would say to gentlemen from the enforce order. The door-keeper and sergeantNorth and South, that if the Wilmot Proviso | at-arms would never be in more demand than be passed by both Houses of Congress, then at present. It was indispensable to commence the Union must be dissolved.
an organization. Mr. CONRAD of Louisiana, deprecated the Mr. Williams acknowledged the necessity discussion. He considered it 'ill-timed, prema- of a speedy organization. If an organization ture, and could be productive of no good; but was to be effected only by riding rough-shod it might of much evil. He wished, with Mr. over a certain little party, he was willing to DUER, to adjourn over for a day to deliberate. take the responsibility. He then proposed
Mr. Marshall of Kentucky, was astonish- another method of speedily putting an end to ed to hear the dissolution of the Union agi- the voting. tated to-day. He was in favor of a gentleman Mr. Root protested against every project, for Speaker who did not represent any extreme, and considered them as iron rules—boots and and he trusted that all distracting questions thumb-screws. They were all intended to gag would be laid aside, and that the members those of ardent, glowing sentiment, who were would apply themselves to the public good. determined that slavery shall not be extended
Mr. THOMPSON, of Pennsylvania, then pro- | farther. posed, by resolution, that the House should pro- Mr. Johnson, of Tenn., commenced an atceed to vote by ballot for Speaker, and conti- tack on Mr. WINTHROP for the partial mannue so to vote until 4 o'clock, unless a Speaker ner in which he had appointed the Commitshould be sooner elected.
tees while Speaker. He accused him of Mr. Carter offered the following resolution being a Wilmot Provisoist in a mask, and inas an amendment to that ot Mr. Brown : dulged in a long speech touching a great va
Resolved, That any person who may be riety of subjects. He went on to say that his elected Speaker of this House shall be divest-' heart had swelled with pride and exultation ed of the power to construct the District and the day before, when he heard the remarks of Territorial Committees, and that the same Mr. HILLIARD, Mr. Toombs, and Mr. STEshall be made by a vote of the House.
PHENS, and saw them lay aside all other conThese resolutions, after undergoing consi- siderations, and rush to the rescue of the derable discussion, were dropped.
South. The House then proceeded to vote for the Mr. CLINGMAN said that North Carolina forty-first time. The vote for Mr. WINTHROP was now quiet, leaving other states to speak, was 59; for Mr. COBB, of Georgia, 40; Lynn but when the time for action came, no state Boyd, of Kentucky, 26; EMERY D. POTTER, would be more ready than that. He knew noof Ohio, 24; EDWIN STANLY, of N. C., 21; thing in the remarks of Mr. Toombs to which CHARLES S. MOREHEAD, 10; Thomas. H. he did not assent. He was more than gratiBayly, of Va., 6; Mr. WilmoT, 4; THAD-fied with the remarks of the other gentleman DEUS STEVENS, of Pa., 4; EDWARD MC-trom Georgia [Mr. STEPHENS). As to the GAUGHEY, of Ind., 3; Mr. McLANE, of Speakership, he had voted for Mr. WINTHROP Maryland, 2; Mr. SCHENCK, of Ohio, 2; Mr. as a matter of personal preference. Several McDowell, of Va., 2; Willis A. GORMAN, other gentlemen participated in the discussion; of la., 2; GEORGE W. JULIAN, of Ia., 2; at length Mr. VENABLES moved to lay the HENRY W. HILLIARD, of Alabama, 2; JOHN whole subject on the table, and on taking the McCLERNAND, of Illinois, 2; and 13 single question it was thus disposed of. votes for different individuals. There being A resolution offered by Mr. DIMMICK was adopted, that the House proceed to the elec- day, showed the following result: WINTHROP, tion of a Speaker and continue its efforts 27; POTTER, 22; WILMOT, 6; HILLIARD, 1 ; without debate from any member, until an STANLY, 49; Boyd, 82; STEVENS, 12; election be effected.
STRONG, 2; OUTLAW, 2; MOREHEAD, 6; The House then voted the forty-səcond time DUER, 3, and 9 scattering. with the following result:-WINTHROP, 36; Mr. HACKETT proposed by resolution that McLANE, 8; WILMOT, 6; HILLIARD, 3; no member should receive any per diem allowSTANLY, 30; H. COBB, 18; DUER, 5; Mc- ance until a speaker was elected; and Mr. Gatchey, 3; Boyd, 51; Potter, 24; MORE- | Jones, of Tenn., gave notice that he would HEAD, 9; OUTLAW, 2; McDowell, 5; Vin- move to amend by adding, "and that no memTON, 2; and 15 scattering. There was no ber shall receive any mileage, unless a speaker choice.
be elected to morrow." The resolution an Mr. McLEAN, of Ky., offered a resolution swered its purpose-produced much laughter by which the election should be effected through and was then laid on the table. The House a plurality of votes. It was laid on the table. adjourned. The forty-fourth vote, being the last this
Mahomet and his Successors. By WASHINGTON ,ceives that the lust for territory and of empire
Irving. New York: George P. Putnam, was the true and proper cause of the war, and 155 Broadway. 1850.
that the south and the north must share equal
ly in its responsibility. He defends the inde“Most of the particulars of this life of Ma- pendence of Texas before annexation. On the homet,” says the author, “were drawn from other hand, he considers that the movement of Spanish sources, and from Gagnier's transla- the army to the Rio Grande was a violation tion of the Arabian history of Abulfeda, a of the rights of Mexico, and that this advance, copy of which the author found in the Jesuits being an overt act of hostility, throws the library of St. Isidro, at Madrid."
blame of beginning the war upon the AmerIt was intended for the family library of ican people. The war was designed, he alMr. John Murray, but was thrown aside un- leges, to be commenced in such a manner as finished. It is now presented to the public re
to cast the odium of it on Mexico. The auvised, and with valuable additions from vari- thor is a friend of peace, and his endeavor is ous writers. The reader will be interested in to set forth the rights and duties of nations comparing the different handling of this
The Miscellaneous Works of Oliver Goldsmith,
including a variety of pieces now first col
lected. By JAMES PRIOR, author of the The War with Mexico. By R. S. RIPLEY, Life of Burke, Life of Goldsmith, &c. &c.
Brevet Major, &c. in the U. S. Army. 2 In 4 vols. 8vo. New York: G. P. Putvols. New York: Harper & Bros. 1849.
A very full political and military history of An excellent and complete collection of the the late war, with plans of battles. The au- works of Goldsmith, beautifully printed—an thor in his preface claims to have had a per- edition very suitable for circulating libraries. sonal acquaintance with the country on both of the principal routes of operation, an intimate acquaintance with many American officers, and some intercourse with those of the Noel on Christian Baptism. New York: HarMexican army. Various official reports and per & Bros. 1850. publications have been consulted, and every care taken to give a permanent value to the Baptist N. Noel is at present reputed the history.
most powerful and valuable writer in England of the evangelical school. The volume before us is a small 8vo, got up in cheap and
popular style. It is simply a defence of bapReview of the Mexican War, embracing the tism as the initiatory rite of Christian life,
causes of the war, the responsibility of its supported by suitable texts of Scripture. commencement, the purposes of the American government in its prosecution, its benefits, and its evils. By CHARLES T. PORTER. Auburn, N. Y: Alden & Parsons. 1849. The Twelve Stars of our Republic ; Our Na.
tion's Gift Book to her Young Citizens. New This work professes to be written without York : E. Walker. 1850. any political purpose. It contains no allusions to political parties, says the author; it is no This work is simply a collection of the bipart of its object to inquire what share be- ographies of the twelve Presidents of the longs to each of the glory or the shame of United States, with excellent portraits, beautithis war.
The subject of slavery is avoided. fully engraved on steel. It contains also seThat the extension of slavery was the object veral valuable historical papers, a synopsis of the war is denied by the author. He con- of the constitution of each state, a summary