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THE LITERARY REVIEW, No. III.
mortal, because they have originAs this is the most correct and ally contended upon a point of impartial detail of those great right; is an enemy to human events, which led to the establish- good, and does not deserve to be ment of this young and glorious quoted with honor or approbation. nation, that we have perused ; In her description of the variwe feel interested in giving the ous outrages and cruelties, perpemerits of the Lady, as much pub- trated by the European army, The licity as we are able. The princi- is authentic, but not inflamınatoples by which she is actuated, are, ry: that the enormities occurred, apparently, of the noblest nature ; cannot be denied; but, unhappily, she is willing and eager to keep such instances are infeparably conalive à due remembrance of the nected with the progress of war, R
and cannot be charged to the ex- Barre took up Mr. Townfend's clusive account of any particular concluding words, in a most fpirnation : the people of Britain are
ited and inimitable manner, fayunquestionably both brave and ing, “ They planted by Your care ! generous ; and, although the spirit No; your oppressions planted them of the empire was improperly and in America. They fled from your ruinously directed, in that mo- tyranny, to a then uncultivated mentous conflict ; we are perfuad- and inhospitable country, where ed, that both the sovereign and they exposed themselves to almost the people would have revolted all the hardships to which human from systematic barbarity. But nature is liable, to the cruelty of enough has been urged upon this a favage foe: yet actuated by prindistresling subject; the Americans ciples of true English liberty, they defended and established their met all hardships with pleasure, liberties, like heroes : and we fer compared with those they suffered vently hope, that their privileges in their own country, from the may be eternal; yet this desire hands of them, that should have can only be accomplished, by ren- been their friends." dering the general idea of free- In the latter part of this work, dom correspondent with social ne- Miss Adams has consented to the cessity: and in a rational obedi. introduction of a paragraph, which ence to the mildest and most per- militates, in its fpirit, againft the fect code of laws, that ever were avowed tenor of the publication : promulgated for the regulation of we are acquainted with the name mankind.
of the author, who is a person of There is no part of this inter- confessed talent and high respectaesting performance, which should bility, and directed, as we believe, be more indelible with every men- by the best motives ; yèt, as it opber of both countries, than her eşates to throw a doubt upon the candid and honest elucidation of efficient and durable effects of popthose principles and those acts ular virtue, we presume to think, which led to the feparation of the that the work under consideratwo nations : the Author explains tion would have been more conherself with concifeness and fidel- fiftent, without the embodying of ity: the baneful germ of conten- this article ; which, though well tion lay in the trial to enforce the written, is not perfectly free from abominable Stamp Aa, which was the heresies of a political sceptibrought into the British House of cism ; if he is right, humanity is Commons, by Mr. Charles Town- not equal to the preservation of send, who concluded a speech, on good : it insinuates a provisional its introduction, to the following doubt, to counteract an existing effect :-“ And now, will these felicity; and seems to tell the Americans, children planted by world, that our governing health your care, nourished by your in- is not analogous to our physical dulgence, and protected by your vigour, and that our political arms, grudge to cottribute their bloom is the result of a plethora, mite to relieve us from that bur- and not a found habit. then which we lie under?” “Col. Her encomiums on the ability,
integrity and spirit of the President favoured Americans ought to raise are well timed and thoroughly just: their minds in grateful aspirations it is the duty of all thinking and vir- to Heaven, that the fair prospect tuous persons to sustain the public may never be reversed, by a spirit respect towards the Chief Magif- of anarchy prevailing among the trate, as it is from the influence of people : but that GENUINE Libthis veneration, that the laws de- ERTY, united with ORDER and rive their efficacy. If a man, fo GOOD GOVERNMENT, may conillustrious in action and confirmed tinue to diffuse their bleshings in principle as JOHN ADAMS, can through the widely-extended poffibly be false to his great trust, Union.” there can be no future reliance on We have observed, with some the public or private merits of any surprise and much fatisfaction, that individual : our imbecility will our fair Hiftorian has disdained give the lie to our hope, and we to adopt those corrupt innovations must be destroyed through the upon the English tongue, which medium of that exertion, which are too prevalent in the literary was employed to support our hap- composition of the minor authors piness.
of this nation : the standard of The Lady proceeds to finish her the language has been already fixlabours, with the following re- ed, by the examples of the most marks : “ After independence was classical and admired writers of obtained by the sword, and ac- our time and the preceding age : knowledged by the neighbouring and it should be recollected by nations, a fpirit of anarchy threat- modern writers here, that all forened the subversion of our recent- eigners of illumination and taste ly-acquired liberty ; the interpo. will form a judgment upon their sition of Providence was visible, at works, agreeably to the accustomthis alarming crisis, in causing these ed rules of diction ; and may be tumults finally to terminate in the disposed to smile at any subversion establidhment of the Federal Con- of orthography, that has no strongstitution, which placed the privi- er claim to recommend it, than leges of the United States on a the love of novelty !-We have pernianent foundation.”
a gentleman among us, of more “ Exalted from a feeble state. notoriety for the quantity, than to opulence and independence, the quality of his productions, the federal Americans are now who seems to have assumed the recognized, as a nation, through- right (if such barbarism can be fo out the globe. From a compar- denominated) to torment the parts ison of their former with their of speech, and thake the venerable present circumstances, the mind is Syntax to the foundation : he expanded to contemplate scenes of boldly invests the adjective Epifuture grandeur, and is led to con- demic, who is but an aid de camp clude, that the United States are in the field of Literature, with all advancing in knowledge and hap. the honors and immunities apperpiness, while the wealth and pow. taining to the substantive Disease, er of more ancient governments who has been heretofore consideris rapidly declining. The highly ed, and universally acknowledged,
as a superior officer : he uses the antipodical, and considers Wit as fame arbitrary disposition with an hereditary foe: he has broken Executive and Authority, making the limbs of Rhetoric, and sent the first unlimited in his agency, Philosophy limping through the and suppressing the appearance of world : when he was a child he the other, with his allotted com-' lisped errors, and now he is a great panion. He has wantonly cut, boy, he reduces them to practice ; like a mad Egyptian Prieit, the he gained Academic honours by bowels out of the harmless parti- proving that Negation and Affirmciples Brought, Thought, &c. and ation may be allied by Ingenuity, filied
up the vacuity, occasioned he has introduced the Ethics into by the loss of vifcera, with an vile company, and made Theology apostrophe ; and then saucily tells a caricatura—he has sophisticated the world, that they are more the elements of Logic, and driven beautiful and strong, by the loss of Metaphysics into madness-the Jamina, members, and proportion. Grammar means to bring an action Any fondness that he might ex. for damages, and the Nomenclatare press for the terms Vanity and Fol: will petition Congress to bind him ly, would be admitted as excusa- over to his good behaviour-he ble, at least by those who know treads Adverbs under his feet, and him : but why he should treat bruises Nouns without pity-he other words so cruelly, is truly has no more passion for Genders wonderful': but perhaps the gen. than Hermaphroditus dormiens.tleman has a little of the old leav- He makes the first Person in en of oppression in him, and as he the Present Tense, the Generalisticannot mangle or coerce any thing mo of all his arguments; which, else, with impunity, in this free it must be confessed, is putting country; he is resolved to wreak Tom Thumb in the van of disprutahis appetite for yengeance, on the tion! He has made Alma Mater a offspring of prosody: he is affur- punk, and destroyed her reputaedly harmless, though his attempt tion, by the traces of his owo illeis daring. Such a Thing may gitimacy! Some have denominated cover his deformities amidst the this inundation of nonsense, as an ignorance and credulity of his as- jlliterate deluge ; but we, more sociates, but he cannot hide him- mild, characterize it as Noah's felt from the ridicule of the world. flood !
He has made Common Sense
WASHINGTON'S POLITICAL LEGACIES ;-to
which is annexed an Appendix, containing an account of his last illness, death, and the national tributes of respect paid to his memory, with a biographical outline of his life and character. Od. I Vol. Přice , Boston, JOHN RUSSELL and JOHN WEST.
WE feize the present occasion to signify to the Public, that this assemblage of important matter is now offered for sale. It is printed in a manner that would not dishonour an European prefs ; and this fupremely valuable Volume is compiled with accuracy, circumfpection and taste. It contains every letter and document appertaining to its good and great subject, as an author or orator, that it is necessary for the nation to kpow or study. [To be concluded in our next number.] Í U N 1 U. S. [Extracted from a London Magazine of August, 1799.) A CONTROVERSY having but which in truth and candour he arisen concerning the real Author will find himself bound to retract. of the celebrated Letters formerly .“ One of Mr. Boyd's nearest published under this signature, it relations has long thought that he is incumbent on the Conductors was the Author of the Letters of of a Literary Journal to take some Junius, from the following posinotice of it. Our readers will tive facts : recollect, that in our Magazine " ift. Towards the latter end for December, 1797, p. 390, of the year 1768, Mr. Boyd, who we declared our opinion that at that period resided in Great Hugh Boyd, neither was, nor Marlborough-street, began to be could, from internal evidence, be extremely fedulous in collecting the Author : we now, insert two political information of every kind, letters ; the latter the testimony and being in habits of confidential of one who has had great means intimacy with the late Mr. Laughof information, and whose decision lin Maclene, Secretary to Lord will have due weight with the Shelburne, as well as with some public. They are both addressed other distinguished political charto the Editor of The Morning acters, whom it is unnecessary to Chronicle in the following terms : mention here, he was enabled to
obtain very early and accurate in"A FEW
telligence of all Ministerial proTHE LATE HUGH BOYD, THE
ceedings. OF JUN
66 2d. Previous to the appear
ance of Junius's first letter on the « MR. EDITOR,
21st January, 1769, Mr. Boyd « The affertion of Mr. George was at wonderful pains in accufChalmers, in the postscript to his toming himself to disguise his recent publication, "That the late hand-writing ; and he fucceeded Mr. Hugh Boyd was the real so happily in doing so, that hardly Author of the Letters of Junius,' any resemblance could be traced having given rise to some com- between it and his common hande ments in The True Briton of the
3d. During the three years 16th of last month, and having that Junius wrote for The Public fince that period excited a good Advertiser, viz. from January, deal of attention in the literary 1769, to January, 1772, Mr. Boyd circles, I think it due to the mem- fent letters to that paper once, ory of Mr. Boyd, to give the pub- twice, and sometimes thrice, a lic one or two leading facts with month, superscribed in his disguifregard to the supposition of his
ed hand. having written the Letters of Ju
54th. These letters were writnius, and to contradict some ex
ten with the most scrupulous fecrepreslions highly injurious to his fy. Mrs. Boyd knew not the character, which Mr. Chalmers
contents of them, though he often has thought himself justified to use, employed her to deliver them,