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And there is positive evidence in Works, in support of his assertion contradiction to what was stated in the first volume of his Biographin The True Briton, that Mr. ical and Political Anecdotes, Woodfall never heard of any

such that Mr. Boyd was actually the letters, nor even knew that Mr. Author of Junius,' will be pubBoyd had written for his paper lished in Mr. Boyd's Life, and it before the year 1777, until he contains the strongest presumptive svas requested, about three months proofs of the fact asserted. ago, by Mr. Boyd's friends, to 66 From the talents and dili. point out those letters that had gence of Mr. Chalmers much adbeen written for The Public Ad- ditional information may be exvertiser during the three years pected when he shall present the abovementioned. The writer in public with the documents which The True Briton has told the he says he has collected. But I public with great confidence, 'that lament that a man of his fagacity Mr. Boyd's contributions to The should have been bet Public Advertiser, during the litical prejudice, or controversial time of Junius, are

not to be

rancour, into a violation of that held in comparison with the pro- decorum, the breach of which he ductions of that admirable writer.' was at the same moment condemn. Where are those contributions of ing in his opponent, by endeavourMr. Boyd's? Mr. Woodfall has ing to blacken the fair fame of dehomeftly confessed he knows noth- parted genius, and to wound the ing of them; and I defy the wri- generous feelings of an honoura. ter in The True Briton, cr any ble family. Junius," says he other man, to fhew me any letters (meaning Mr. Boyd,) was an U. of Mr. Boyd's in The Public Ad- nited Irishman by birth, by habit, vertiser in the same years with and by practice.' If he grounds those of Junius, except one to Sir this affertion on the writings of Fletcher Norton, which was sent Junius, it is too abfurd to merit a to Woodfall in Mrs. Boyd's hand- reply. Everyone knows that writing, and which will riot be Junius, although highly blameable found inferior in strength and ele. for the violence and asperity of gance of diction to the most fin- his language towards a great perilhed production of Junius's pen. fonage, was nevertheless, both in

« These fuels, together with principle and practice, a zealous fome very strong concurring cir- friend to the British Constitution, cumstances, will be given in detail and an avowed enemy to a Rein the new edition of Mr. Boyd's publican form of government. If Life, which will be published, the affertion be grounded on the along with two ołtaro volumes political writings of Mr. Boyd, of his writings, early in the ensu- published in Ireland, which Mr. ing winter. In corroboration of Chalmers has lately perused, it is the circumstantial evidence which ftill more erroneous ; inasmuch as shall be adduced in proof of Mr. there is not a single expression in Boyd having written the Letters these writings, which even the most of Junius, a letter from Mr. Al. ingenious calumny can possibly taon to the Editor of Mr. Boyd's torture into fedition, far less into

any

any meaning whatever, that will his maternal grandfather, Hugh afford Mr. Chalmers the fainteft Boyd, Esq. of Bally Castle, in colour of justice in the inference the county of Antrim, who behe has drawn. To say nothing queathed to his grandson, Hugh of the forced reasoning that would Mac Aulay, part of the estate of trace the origin of the recent con- Bally Castle, on condition of fpiracy of United Irisbmen as far changing his name from Mac Auback as the year 1776, it must be lay to Boyd. Transactions of perfectly evident to every man of this nature are fo common, that common sense, who may have read it were a waste of time to say any Mr. Boyd's political writings, that thing farther on the subject, and this affertion of Mr. Chalmers is fo pleasant, that I am sure the unfounded in fact, anjustifiable in writer in The True Briton is a argument, and altogether uncalled

man of too much taste to throxy for in the investigation in which any odiam upon them !! he was engaged. Mr. Hugh Boyd 6. Thus much I have thought was in truth throughout his whole it my duty to state in this place. life, by principle, by habit, and by When the new edition of Mr. practice, an Arijlocratical Whig; Boyd's Life shall be published and with regard to the French next winter, the public will be Revolution, he was so early as furnished with the most ample 1789 decidedly of Mr. Burke's means of judging whether he was opinions, which, until the day of in reality the celebrated Junius. his death, he uniformly and ar

" THE EDITOR OF MR. BOYD's dently continued to support. “ It remains to say a few words

Paddington, Aug. 4, 1799."
relative to another expresion in
Mr. Chalmers's Book :

Hugh
Mac Aulay,' says he, who af-

* MR. EDITOR,
fumed the name of Boyd,' &c. " I YESTERDAY heard
Now as Mr. Chalmers was per- that an article had appeared in
fectly well acquainted with the your paper of Tuesday, figned
cause of Mr. Boyd's changing his The Editor of Mr. Boyd's Works,
name, he ought to have explained and entitled, A few facts con-
it, or at least not to have used a cerning the late Hugh Boyd, the
phrase which admitted of the fol. reputed Author of Junius. I im-
lowing interpretation : Mac Au- mediately fent for the paper and
lay,' says the writer in The True read it. I mean not to interfere
Briton, ' might have changed his in the smallest degree with the
name to Boyd ; but would a man, controversy between the Editor
with the subtlety and caution of of Mr. Boyd's Works and Mr.
Junius, have subjected his char- Chalmers ; but I come forward
acter to the disgrace of an alias ? in the cause of truth, and with a
The writer of this observation view to rescue the public from the
himself will think it absurd, when gross error respecting the Author,
he is informed that Hugh Mac of Junius, into which Mr. Almon
Aulay changed his name to Boyd first, and the Editor of Mr. Boyd's
iz Itrict conformity to the will of Works and Mr. Chalmers, have

equally

WORKS.

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equally fallen, when they took up fame years with those of Junius, on them to assert, and next to at- are not to be held in comparison tempt to prove, that the late Mr. with the productions of that adHugh Boyd was the writer of the mirable writer.' Mr. Boyd was popular political letters, which ap- a respectable man, and undoubtedpeared in The Public Advertiser ly a valuable correspondent to a between the commencement of certain extent to any newspaper ; the year 1769 and a part of the but he did not possess any thing year 1772, under the signature of like an equal degree of that taste Junius.

in composition, and that com. “ That Gentleman, whoever mand of words, which so evidenthe was, wrote in The Public Ad- ly distinguish the letters figned Junvertiser under the three distinctius. The felicity of expression signatures, which constitute one and beauty of style in those letcelebrated Roman name, Lucius ters are fo captivating, that a juJunius Brutus, exclusive of, what dicious reader who would perufe he himself terms, the auxiliary them now (when the subject of part of his Correspondence,' the each is no longer impulsive on the letters figned Philo Junius. I be- paffions, but capable of calm conlieve I may safely assert, that ev. sideration, as a matter of historery one of his letters was shewn ical controversy,) will often find to me in manuscript by my broth- a weak argument rendered too er previous to publication, and no dazzling and splendid for imme. one of them ever bore the appear- diate detection, by the glare of ance of being written in a disguif- brilliant phraseology. ed hand.

“ The Editor of Mr. Boyd's “ During the period that Jun- Works asks—Where are those ius was in the habit of corres- contributions of Mr. Boyd's that ponding with The Public Adver- are to prove that they were not tiser, the late Mr. Hugh Boyd to be held in comparison with the was in that habit likewise, but not productions of that admirable as a studiously concealed writer ; writer (Junius ?) Mr. Woodfall and, howeyer Mr. Boyd might has honestly confessed, he knows disguise his hand-writing (in which nothing of them.' Has heby the bye, he could not easily When? I was present at the condeceive the acute discernment of a versation, when the Editor of Mr.' newspaper printer's eye, although Boyd's Works called on my brothhe might possibly escape the de. er, and questioned him on the tection of others,) it must be ad- subject at his house at Chelsea, and mitted on all hands, that he could I do not recollect any

such connot disguise his style, and least of fellion. On the contrary, I well all in that most extraordinary way remember that the Gentleman of writing, infinitely above his had the fullest affurances from my own reach

of literary talent. The brother, that Mr. Boyd was not writer in The True Briton was the writer of the letters ligned therefore amply justified in sayiog, Junius ; and my brother also told s that Mr. Boyd's contributions him that Mr. Boyd was his freThe Public Advertiser, in the queat correspondent.

[To be continued.

AN AUTHENTIC FRAGMENT.

Written in Scotland. By ANTHONY PASQUIN.
DURING

a very hea- of a villager, that the appeared as vy fall of snow, in the winter of if habited merely to pass from one 1784, we rode on horseback from house to another-Viewing her Berwick to Kelso, upon the banks through the misty atmosphere, we of the Tweed ; regardless of the hesitated to pronounce her huremonstrances of many; who in- man ; the contour of her body sisted that the roads were impaff- was fo softened by the intermediable to the west---and, in truth,

ate vapours, that she seemed ærial. it was an act of hardihood and

On our coming nearer; we ascerfolly, as the congealed Aakes were tained her, with extreme astonisha drifted by the blast, and beat vi- 'ments to be the wife of our comolently against our eyes and teeth panion : she had been wandering, zat every step, the jaded animals in a spirit of desperations thirteen were more than knee deep, and miles from her home and her inmay be rather said to have plung- fant, in that bleak day, to find the ed onward than otherwise. When remains of her beloved Willy ; bewe arrived, with much difficulty, lieving him, from his unusual and at a lonely alehouse, near Twee: alarming absence, to have perished zle, on the river Till ; we found in the hard weather. Upon the an inhabitant of Kelso, who had instantaneous' assurance, that the been detained in this thatched beheld her husband once more, hotel, two days, by the inclement. The issued a loud and piercing season : he fat in a contracted shriek, aud sunk motionless in the state, inclining over the embers on snow-when we had chaffed her the hearth, like the personifica- temples, and imperfe&ly recover

When he re- ed her ; fhe clasped her hands, in cognized us, his features resumed all the fervour of exceeding pierheir wonted firmness, and gath- ty, and raising her eyes to heaven, ering intrepidity from example, blessed God for her deliverance he resolved to accompany us; ala from trouble ; and a more genuthough the roads and ditches ine thanksgiving never ascended were so filled with snow, that the empyrean !---At the concluthe vast face of the country feem- Gon of her prayer, we placed the ed an unbroken, white expanse. shivering, amiable woman on the On our arrival in the middle of ableft horse, and conveyed her to a heath, which we did not ac- Coldstream, overpowered by the complifh until the dusky and in- fenfations of an excessive joy, lidious approaches of night; we fucceeding the conflicts of severe faintly discovered a female form, duty and the most agonizing woe. wading and floundering irregu- What an instance of conjugal tenJarly towards us, in the trackless derness !---Could Cornelia or Por. snow : her attire was so loose, and tia have done more ? involved fo much of the fimplicity

For

tion of the ague.

For the Columbian Phenix.
THE GENTLEMAN AT LARGE. No. I.
To hold the mirror up to nature.

Sbekesperi's Hamlet. IT

T has ever been the professed imaginations. When we perceive object of my-predecessors to de- any one endeavoring to prove the lineate human nature, and to de- fallacy of our opinions or the abfcribe its various appearances un- furdity of our conduct, we are der the control of different situa- apt to regard him as a kind of entions; and I do not fpeak with. emy, who has challenged us to out authority when I say, that an intellectual combat, or as a • there is no form in which instruc- more malignant being, who wishes tion is fo well calculated to im. to make us dissatisfied with our. prefs itself, as that, adopted by selves. the several periodical writers of This suspicion awakens all our eminence in Great Britain. resentment, and we prepare our

The axioms of morality, and selves for obviating those arguthe most evident propositions of ments, which we think are furreason, when they are laid down nished for our diminution. Thus in a style of dogma, and appear in are we prevented, by a ridiculous an abitract form, will oftentimes pride, and by a criminal obstinacy, be rejected as visionary specula- from knowing ourselves, a kind of tions, or, at best, but as the opin- knowledge the most valuable. ions of the learned. But when The only way, then, to address the moral is fo artfully protected the understanding, is through the by allegory and so secured by al- medium of the passions and the ·lusion as to appear the result of imagination. These are qualities - the reader's deduction, it gains its of that artless and playful nature, proper afcendency over the heart, that they are easy of access, and and procures a ready admiffion to easy of captivity; and when we the understanding. This way

of have once gained them over to insinuating instruction is certainly our fide, we find but little diffithe most obvious, because the culty in our way to the underi mind is, as it were, fascinated into standing. conviction ; but in the former case This indirect mode of coming it perceives the gradual approaches at the reason, has ever been fucof the assailant, and, of course, for- cessful, when attempted by writifies itself against his attacks. ters of genius and ability.

There is a false pride incident M'Kenzie, more particularly, has, to mankind, to which they owe in two instances, in the simple that ignorance of themselves, narratives of La Roche and Fawhich is a fruitful source of their ther Nicholas, done more for the unhappiness. The most candid cause of religion and virtue, than and ingenuous are bold to ac- if he had written a folio of fpecknowledge their errors, and our ulative morality. In these little prejudices will hardly allow us to stories, the principles which they part with a sentiment, wirich long illustrate carry along with them indulgence has made dear to our the most impressive recommenda

tion.

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