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President's Annual Message.
Tuesday, November 5.
in order that it might receive full consideration in the RICHARD BRENT, from the State of Virginia, depending discussions. This communication appears attended.
not to have been received; but the transmission of it Mr. ANDERSON reported, from the joint com- hitherto, instead of founding on it an actual repeal of mittee, that they had waited on the President of the orders, or assurances that the repeal would ensue, the United States, and that the President informed the British Cabinet. To be ready to meet with cordi
will not permit us to rely on any effective change in the committee that he would make a communi ality satisfactory proofs of such a change, and to procation to the two Houses this day, at twelve ceed, in the mean time, in adapting our measures to o'clock.
the views which have been disclosed through that MinOn motion, by Mr. LEIB, a committee was ap- ister, will best consult our whole duty, pointed agreeably to the forty.second rule for conducting business in the Senate; and, Messrs. and redress for other wrongs have continued to be
In the friendly spirit of those disclosures, indemnity LEIB, FRANKLIN, and Cutts, were appointed the withheld; and our coasts, and the mouths of our harcommittee.
bors, have again witnessed scenes not less derogatory On motion, by Mr. GILMAN, a committee was
to the dearest of our national rights, than vexatious to appointed agreeably to the 22d rule for conduct the regular course of our trade. ing business in the Senate; and Messrs Gilman, Among the occurrences produced by the conduct of CAMPBELL, of Tennessee, and Bibb, were appointed British ships of war hovering on our coasts, was an the committee.
encounter between one of them and the American frigOn motion, by Mr. Franklin, the Senate pro-ate commanded by Captain Rodgers, rendered unavoidceeded to the election of a Doorkeeper, agreeably able on the part of the latter, by a fire, commenced to the resolution of yesterday, and the whole num- without cause, by the former; whose commander is ber of ballots collected was 27, of which Mount. therefore alone chargeable with the blood unfortunately Joy Bayly had 20, and was accordingly elected, shed in maintaining the honor of the American flag. in the place of James Mathers, deceased.
The proceedings of a court of inquiry, requested by
Captain Rodgers, are communicated, together with the
correspondence relating to the occurrence between the
Secretary of State and His Britannic Majesty's Envoy. The following Message was received from the To these are added the several correspondences which PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
have passed on the subject of the British Orders in Fellow-citizens of the Senate
Council; and to both, the correspondence relating to and House of Representatives :
the Floridas, in which Congress will be made acquaintIn calling you together sooner than a separationed with the interposition which the Government of from your homes would otherwise have been required, Great Britain has thought proper to make against the I yielded to considerations drawn from the posture of proceeding of the United States. our foreign affairs; and in fixing the present, for the The justice and fairness which have been evinced time of your meeting, regard was had to the probabil- on the part of the United States towards France, both ity of further developments of the policy of the bellig- before and since the revocation of her decrees, authorerent Powers towards this country, which might the ized an expectation that her Government would have more unite the National Councils in the measures to followed up that measure by all such others as were be pursued.
due to our reasonable claims, as well as dictated by its At the close of the last session of Congress, it was hoped amicable professions. No proof, however, is yet given that the successive confirmations of the extinction of the of an intention to repair the other wrongs done to the French decrees, so far as they violated our neutral
com- United States, and particularly to restore the great merce, would have induced the Government of Great amount of American property seized and condemned Britain to repeal its Orders in Council, and thereby under edicts which, though not affecting our neutral authorize a removal of the existing obstructions to her relations, and therefore not entering into questions becommerce with the United States.
tween the United States and other belligerents, were, Instead of this reasonable step towards satisfaction nevertheless, founded in such unjust principles that and friendship between the two nations, the Orders the reparation ought to have been prompt and ample. were, at a moment when least to have been expected, In addition to this and other demands of strict right put into more rigorous execution; and it was com- on that nation, the United States have much reason to municated through the British Envoy just arrived, that, be dissatisfied with the rigorous and unexpected rewhilst the revocation of the edicts of France, as officially strictions to which their trade with the French dominmade known to the British Government, was denied ions has been subjected; and which, if not discontinto have taken place, it was an indispensable condition ued, will require at least corresponding restrictions on of the repeal of the British Orders that commerce should importations from France into the United States. be restored to a footing that would admit the produc- On all those subjects, our Minister Plenipotentiary, tions and manufactures of Great Britain, when owned lately sent to Paris, has carried with him the necessary by neutrals, into markets shut against them by her en instructions; the result of which will be communiemy; the United States being given to understand that, cated to you, and by ascertaining the ulterior policy of in the mean time, a continuance of their non-importa- the French Government towards the United States, tion act would lead to measures of retaliation.
will enable you to adapt to it that of the United States At a later date, it has indeed appeared that a co towards France. munication to the British Government, of fresh evi. Our other foreign relations remain without unfavordence of the repeal of the French decrees against our able changes. With Russia they are on the best foot' neutral trade, was followed by an intimation that it had ing of friendship. The ports of Sweden have afforded been transmitted to the British Plenipotentiary here, proofs of friendly dispositions towards our commerce
President's Annual Message.
in the Councils of that nation also. And the informa Your attention will, of course, be drawn to such protion from our special Minister to Denmark, shows that visions on the subject of our naval force as may be rethe mission had been attended with valuable effects to quired for the services to which it may be best adapted. our citizens, whose property had been so extensively I submit to Congress the seasonableness also of an auviolated and endangered by cruisers under the Danish thority to augment the stock of such materials as are flag.
imperishable in their nature, or may not at once be atUnder the ominous indications which commanded tainable. attention, it became a duty to exert the means com In contemplating the scenes which distinguish this mitted to the Executive department in proviđing for momentous epoch, and estimating their claims to our the general security. The works of defence on our attention, it is impossible to overlook those developing maritime frontier have accordingly been prosecuted themselves among the great communities which occuwith an activity leaving little to be added for the com- py the Southern portion of our hemisphere, and extend pletion of the most important ones; and, as particu- into our neighborhood. An enlarged philanthropy, sarly suited for co-operation in emergencies, a portion and an enlightened forecast, concur in imposing on the of the gunboats have, in particular harbors, been or national Councils an obligation to take a deep interdered into use. The ships of war before in commis est in their destinies, to cherish reciprocal sentiments sion, with the addition of a frigate, have been chiefly of good will, to regard the progress of events, and not employed as a cruising guard to the rights of our coast. to be unprepared for whatever order of things may be And such a disposition has been made of our land ultimately established. forces, as was thought to promise the services most ap Under another aspect of our situation, the early atpropriate and important. In this disposition is included tention of Congress will be due to the expediency of à force, consisting of regulars and militia, embodied in further guards against evasions and infractions of our the Indiana Territory, and marched towards our North commercial laws. The practice of smuggling, which western frontier. This measure was made requisite is odious everywhere, and particularly criminal in free by the several murders and depredations committed by Governments, where the laws being made by all for Indians, but more especially by the menacing prepara- the good of all, a fraud is committed on every individtions and aspect of a combination of them on the Wa- ual as well as on the State, attains its utmost guilt bash, under the influence and direction of a fanatic of when it blends, with a pursuit of ignominious gain, à the Shawanese tribe. With these exceptions, the In- treacherous subserviency in the transgressors to a fordian tribes retain their peaceable dispositions towards eign policy, adverse to that of their own country. It us, and their usual pursuits.
is then that the virtuous indignation of the public should I must now add that the period is arrived which be enabled to manifest itself through the regular aniclaims from the Legislative guardians of the national madversions of the most competent laws. rights a system of more ample provisions for maintain To secure greater respect to our mercantile flag, and ing them. Notwithstanding the scrupulous justice, to the honest interests which it covers, it is expedient the protracted moderation, and the multiplied efforts, also that it be made punishable in our citizens to accept on the part of the United States, to substitute for the licenses from foreign Governments for a trade unlawaccumulating dangers to the peace of the two coun- fully interdicted by them to other American citizens; tries, all the mutual advantages of re-established friend or to trade under false colors or papers of any sort. ship and confidence, we have seen that the British A prohibition is equally called for against the acCabinet perseveres, not only in withholding a' remedy ceptance, by our citizens, of special licenses to be used for other wrongs, so long and so loudly calling for it, in a trade with the United States; and against the adbut in the execution, brought home to the threshold mission into particular ports of the United States of of our territory, of measures which, under existing cir- | vessels from foreign countries authorized to trade with cumstances, have the character, as well as the effect, particular ports only. of war on our lawful commerce.
Although other subjects will press more immediately With this evidence of hostile inflexibility, in tramp- on your deliberations, a portion of them cannot but be ling on rights which no independent nation can relin- well bestowed on the just and sound policy of securing quish, Congress will feel the duty of putting the Uni- to our manufactures the success they have attained, ted States into an armor and an attitude demanded by and are still attaining, in some degree, under the imthe crisis, and corresponding with the national spirit pulse of causes not permanent; and to our navigation and expectations.
the fair extent of which it is at present abridged by the 'I recommend, accordingly, that adequate provision unequal regulations of foreign Governments. be made for filling the ranks and prolonging the enlist Besides the reasonableness of saving our manufacments of the regular troops ; for an auxiliary force, to turers from sacrifices which a change of circumstances be engaged for a more limited term; for the acceptance might bring on them, the national interest requires of volunteer corps, whose patriotic ardor may court a that, with respect to such articles at least as belong to participation in urgent services ; for detachments, as our defence and our primary wants, we should not be they may be wanted, of other portions of the militia ; left in unnecesary dependence on external supplies. and for such a preparation of the great body as will And whilst foreign Governments adhere to the existproportion its usefulness to its intrinsic capacities. Noring discriminations in their ports against our navi. can the occasion fail to remind you of the importance gation, and an equality or lesser discrimination is enof those military seminaries which, in every event, will joyed by their navigation in our ports, the effect canform a valuable and frugal part of our Military Estab- not be mistaken, because it has been seriously felt lishment.
by our shipping interests; and in proportion as this The manufacture of cannon and small arms has pro- takes place, the advantages of an independent convęyceeded with due success; and the stock and resources ance of our products to foreign markets, and of a growof all the necessary munitions are adequate to emer- ing body of mariners, trained by their occupation for gencies. It will not be inexpedient, however, for Con the service of their country in times of danger, must gress 'to authorize an enlargement of them.
The receipts into the Treasury during the year end- war, with the accompanying documents, be referred to a ing on the thirtieth of September last, have exceeded select committee, with instructions to examine the thirteen millions and a half of dollars, and have en- same and report thereon to the Senate. abled us to defray the current expenses, including Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presithe interest on the public debt, and to reimburse more dent of the United States as relates to the evasions than five millions of dollars of the principal, without and infractions of the commercial laws thereof, be rerecurring to the loan authorized by the act of the last ferred to a select committee, with instructions to exsession. The temporary loan obtained in the latter amine into the subject and report thereon to the Senate, end of the year one thousand eight hundred and ten, and that the committee have leave to report by bill, has also been reimbursed, and is not included in that bills, or otherwise. amount.
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the PresiThe decrease of revenue arising from the situation dent of the United States as relates to the manufacof our commerce and the extraordinary expenses which tures thereof, be referred to a select committee, with have and may become necessary, must be taken into instructions to examine into that subject, and report view, in making commensurate provisions for the en- thereon to the Senate, and that the committee have suing year. 'And I recommend to your consideration leave to report by bill, bills, or otherwise. , the propriety of insuring a sufficiency of annual revenue, at least to defray the ordinary expenses of Gov. ernment, and to pay the interest on the public debt,
FRIDAY, November 8. including that on new loans which may be authorized.
On motion, by Mr. Smith, of Maryland, I cannot close this communication without express
Resolved, That Mountjoy Bayly, Doorkeeper ing my deep sense of the crisis in which you are as and Sergeant al-Arms to the Senate, be, and he is sembled, my confidence in a wise and honorable result hereby, authorized to employ one assistant and to your deliberations, and assurances of the faithful two horses, for the purpose of performing such zeal with which my co-operating duties will be dis- services as are usually required by the Door. charged; invoking, at the same time, the blessing of keeper to the Senate, and ihat the sum of twentyHeaven on our beloved country, and on all the means eight dollars be allowed him weekly for that pure , that may be employed in vindicating its rights and ad- pose, to commence with; and remain during the vancing its welfare.
session and for twenty days after. Washington, November 5, 1811.
Mr. Leib gave notice that on Monday he should
ask leave to bring in a bill to authorize the transThe Message and part of the documents therein portation of certain documents free of postage. referred to were read, and three hundred copies of
Mr. VARNUM submitted the following mulion the Message and of the documents, so far as they for consideration: , have been read, ordered to be printed for the use
Resolved, That two Chaplains, of different denomiof the Senate.
nations, be appointed to Congress during the present
session, one by each House, who shall interchange WEDNESDAY, November 6.
weekly. JAMES LLOYD, from the State of Massachusetts,
Mr. WORTHINGTON submitted the following took his seat in the Senate.
molion for consideration : The Senate proceeded in reading the documents
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presi. referred to in the Message of the President of the dent of the United States as relates to Indian affairs, United States of yesterday. And, after progress, examine into that subject, and report thereon to the
be referred to a select committee, with instructions to adjourned.
Senate, and that the committee have leave to report
by bill, bills, or otherwise. THURSDAY, November 7.
The President communicated a resolution of
Monday he should ask leave to bring in a bill
The Senate resumed the consideration of the dent of the United States as concerns the relations be- motion submitted yesterday, “that so much of tween the United States and France and Great Britain,
the Message of the President of the United States with the accompanying documents, be referred to a
as concerns the relations between the United select committee, with instructions to examine and re
States and France and Great Britain, with the port thereon to the Senate, and that the committee accompanying documents, be referred to a select have leave to report by bill, bills, or otherwise. • committee, with instructions to examine and
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presi- report thereon to the Senate; and that the com. dent of the United States as relates to the encounter mittee have leave to report by bill, bills, or otherbetween an American frigate and a British ship of wise;" and, having agreed, thereto, Messrs.
GILES, CRAWFORD, GREGG, FRANKLIN, LLOYD, inė into that subject, and report thereon to the BRADLEY, and Pope, were appointed the com "Senate; and that the committee have leave to mittee.
· report by bill, bills, or otherwise." Aod having The following Message was received from the agreed thereto. Messrs. WORTHINGTON, Pope, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
CAMPBELL of Tennessee, CRAWFORD, and GREGG, To the Senate of the United States:
were appointed the committee. I now lay before Congress two letters to the Depart: The Senate resumed the motion made the 8th inent of State, one from the present Plenipotentiary of instant, for the appointment of Chaplains, and France, the other from his predecessor, which were agreed thereto. not included among the documents accompanying my Mr. Bradley presented the petition of the DiMessage of the 5th instant, the translation of them be- rectors of the Washington Canal Company, praying not then completed.
ing to be empowered by law to raise the sum of JAMES MADISON.
$52,500, by small annual lotteries, as authorized NOVEMBER 7, 1811.
by an act of the Legislature of the State of MaryThe Message and letters therein referred to land, of November, 1795. to enable them to comwere read, and twelve hundred and fifty copies plete the canal, and to drain the ground through thereof ordered to be printed for the use of the which it runs; and the petition was read, and Senate, and annexed io the documents with the ordered to lie on the table, Message of the 5th instant.
Mr. Lloyd presented the memorial and petiThe Senate resumed the consideration of the tion of J. and E. Phillips and others, citizens of motion submitted yesterday, "that so much of the the United States, resident in Boston, in the disMessage of the President of the United States trict of Massachusetts, importers of iron and other as relates to the evasions and infractions of the hardware from England, praying that provision commercial laws thereof, be referred to a select may be made by law for the importation of such committee, with instructions to examine into goods, wares, and merchandise, as were by them 'the subject and report thereon to the Senate, bona fide purchased on or before the 2d day of
and that the committee have leave to report by February last, in the dominions of Great Britain; bill, bills, or otherwise;" and having agreed or sach other relief as the wisdom and justice of thereto, Messrs. Smith of Maryland, Taylor, Congress may devise. And the petition was read, GILMAN, GOODRICH, and ANDERSON, were ap- and ordered io lie on the table. pointed ihe committee.
Oo motion by Mr. ANDERSON, the consideraation of the other resolutions submitted yesterday
TUESDAY, November 12. was postponed till Monday.
ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, from the Siate of Ohio, took his seat in the Senate.
Mr. Giles presented the petition of Larkin MONDAY, November 11.
Smith, collector of the district of Norfolk and JAMES TURNER, appointed a Sedator by the Le- Portsmouth, in Virginia, praying additional comgislature of the State of North Carolina, for the pensation, for reasons stated at large in his petiterm of six years, commencing on the 4th day of tion; which was read, and referred to a select March last, produeed his credentials; which were committee, lo consider and report thereon by bill read, and the oath prescribed by law was admin- or otherwise. Messrs. Giles. SMITH of Maryland, istered to him, and he took his seat in the Senale. and BRADLEY, were appointed the committee.
Mr. Leib asked and obtained leave to bring in A message from ihe House of Representatives a bill to authorize the transportation of certain informed the Senate that the House have passed documents free of postage; and the bill was read a bill, entitled. “ An act to authorize the transporta the first and second time by unanimous consent, ation of certain documents free of postage;" in and ordered to be engrossed and read a third time. which they desire the concurrence of the Senate.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the They concur in the resolution of the Senate, of motion of the 7th instant, "that so much of the the ilih instant, for the appointment of ChapMessage of the President of the United States lains. as relates to the manufactures thereof, be referred The bill brought up for concurrence was twice 'to a select committee, with instructions to exam- read, by unanimous conseot, and ordered to the ine into that subject, and report thereon to the third reading. Senate; and that the committee have leave to Mr. Smith, of Maryland, asked and obtained report by bill, bills, or otherwise.” And having leave to bring in a bill making further provision agreed to the motion, Messrs. VARNUM, WORTH- for the Corps of Engineers. The bill was read, INGTON, BRADLEY, Condit, and Dana, were ap- and ordered to the second reading. pointed the committee.
On motion by Mr. BRADLEY, the petition of the The consideration of the other resolution, sub- President and Directors of the Washington Canal mitted the 7th instant, was further postponed. Company, presented yesterday, was referred to a
The Senate resumed the consideration of the seleci comunittee, io consider and report thereon motion made on the 8ih instant," that so much by bill or otherwise. Messrs. BRADLEY, SMITH
of the Message of the President of the United of Maryland, and GAILLARD, were appointed the · States as relates to Indian affairs be referred to commiítee. la select committee, with instructions to exam. On motion of Mr. LLOYD, the petition of. J. and
E. Phillips and others, presented yesterday, was
THURSDAY, November 14. referred to a select committee, to consider and The Senate resumed the motion made yesterreport thereon by bill or otherwise ; and Messrs. day, by Mr. Smith, of Maryland; and, on motion LLOYD, Bradley; and FRANKLIN, were appointed by Mr. LLOYD, it was agreed that the further conthe committee.
sideration thereof be postponed until to-morrow,
The Senate resumed the motion made yesterday,
by Mr. WORTHINGTON; and, WEDNESDAY, November 13.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to The President communicated the memorial inquire if any, and, if any, what, further provisions of Matthew Lyon, slaling that he was fined and or alterations are necessary for the disposition of imprisoned under the law commonly called the the public lands of the United States, and that sedition act, and praying remission of the fine, for they have leave to report by bill or othorwise. reasons stated at large in his memorial; which Messrs. WOTHINGTON, FRANKLIN, GREGG,
GOODRICH, and BRADLEY, were appointed the The bill making further provision for the Corps committee. of Engineers was read the second time, and re
Mr. Bradley asked and obtained leave to bring ferred to a select committee, to consider and report in a bill for the relief of Charles Minifie; and the thereon; and Messr:. SMITH of Maryland, An- bill was read and passed to a second reading, DERSON, BRADLEY, CRAWFORD; and GERMAN, were The following Message was received from the appointed the committee.
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
I communicate to Congress copies of a corresponThe bill from the House of Representatives, dence between the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister entitled " An act to authorize the transportation Plenipotentiary of Great Britain and the Secretary of of certain docuinents free of postage," was read State, relative to the aggressions committed by a Britthe third time, and passed.
ish ship of war on the United States frigate ChesaOn motion by Mr. Bradley, the bill originating ference between the two countries is terminated by an
peake, by which it will be seen that that subject of difin the Senate to authorize the transportation of offer of reparation, which has been acceded tu. certain documents free of postage, was postponed
JAMES MADISON. to the first Monday in December next.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 13, 1811. The Senate proceeded to the election of a Chaplain to Congress on their part; in pursuance of the
The Message and papers therein referred to resolution of the two Houses; and, on counting
were read and ordered to lie on the table. the ballots, it appeared that the Rev. John BRECK
The following Message was also received from ENRIDGE had a majority, and was accordingly
the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: elected.
To the Senate and House of Mr. Smith, of Maryland, submitted the follow
Representatives of the United States :
I lay before Congres the result of the census lately ing motion for consideration :
taken of the inhabitants of the United States, with a Resolved, That the President of the United States be letter from the Secretary of State relative thereto. requested to cause to be laid before this House, infor.
JAMES MADISON. mation whether tobacco of the growth of the United NOVEMBER 13, 1811. States may be purchased by the regje to the full extent of the consumption of France; if not, in what propor
The Message and documents therein referred to tion may such tobacco be purchased by the regie ; whe
were read and ordered to lie on the table. ther the supplies of tobacco imported into France (and which may be transported through France into Germany and other European States) is subjected to a
Friday, November 15. transit duty; if so, what is the amount of such duty.
A message from the Houre of Representatives And, also, to cause to be laid before this House a tariff informed the Senate that the House have appointof the duties imposed by France on such of the produce ed the Reverend Mr. SNETHEN. Chaplain to Conand manufactures of the United States the entry of gress for the present session, on their part. which is permitted, and particularly of tobacco, cotton, The bill for the relief of Charles Minifie was fish oil, and dried fish, and stating (if any) the differ- read the second time, and referred to a select comence of duty charged on such goods imported from the mittee, to consider and report thereon; and on United States, and similar articles when introduced balloting, Messrs. Giløs, Bradley, and Goodinto France from other States, either over land or RICH, were elected. otherwise.
On motion by Mr. Bradley, he was excused, Mr. WORTHINGTON submitted the following as was also Mr. Gregg, standing the next highest motion for consideration :
on the ballot ; and it was agreed that Messrs. Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire Giles, Goodrich, and FRANKLIN, be the comif any, and, if any, what, further provision or alterations mittee. are necessary for the disposition of the public lands of The Senate resumed the motion made the 13th the United States, and that they have leave to report instant, by Mr. Smith, of Maryland ; and, on moby bill or otherwise.
tion, by Mr. Taylor, it was agreed that the fur.