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BY ARMAND DURANTIN.
are seen. When one thinks of the extraordinary in- doctor then proceeds to say, that, if ladies must have on the highway, the chief of the brigade of safety gives genuity which these creatures evince, and the beauty artificial complexions, how much superior would be instructions to the sixteen inspectors of lodging-houses of the processes which they go through, one feels, as such paints to the deleterious cosmetios in commen in Paris, and these make inquiries about the haunts it were, a degree of regret at the annihilation of crea- use ; and as hairs form in part the food of the insect, of the accused parties. The steps of the latter are tures which have been endowed by the Disposer of all he ingeniously remarks, that “ the pearly hairs of a dogged, every attempt is made to discover where they things with powers and habits so surprising ; but fur- grandmother might be the means of augmenting the passed the night of the crime; and if circumstances ther consideration should satisfy us that a check must beauty and saving the life of a grandchild, by af- corroborate the suspicion, they are immediately taken be put, and was intended to be put, on the spread of fording a pearl white of a delicacy of tint and harm- into custody, and placed in confinement. all these inferior creatures, if they interfere with the lessness of character that cannot be equalled by any The agents receive eight francs per arrest; but out comfort of man. An unlimited spread of these moths chemical preparation."
of these eight francs they have to pay their informants. would keep us half naked; and it would be as foolish These suggestions were made more than forty years Moreover, the higher officials levy a mulct upon the to encourage or permit such a thing, as it would be ago, and we are not aware if they have been ever paltry remainder, so that the agent pockets a few sous to foster the breed of tigers on account of the uncom- adopted for any practical purpose. They seem somne- only of his premium. Yet it is well known that the mon beauty of their skins. Hence, notwithstanding what fanciful, certainly; but when we remember that duties of the police are efficiently discharged; and the interest with which the natural history of the the cochineal insect affords one of our most common though it is impossible to prevent every crime, few clothes' moth abounds, its removal from substances dyes, we cannot but think that Dr Anderson's sugges- are left unpunished. of use to man becomes quite legitimate.
tions might have some practical value. He points The Police Agent is not very conversant with the vages which the creature commits among furs and out that shearings of cloth, an article usually treated usages of good society, nor is he there treated with fine woollen goods, are indeed so great, that much in- as refuse, and various kinds of wool and hair, might respect by his superiors, as the following anecdote will genuity has been expended upon attempts to get rid be dyed and used as food for the Tinea Pellionella and testify. The head of a department entertained several of it. Unfortunately, the means by which this may its immediate congeners, such as the Tinea Vestianella, important personages ; the invitations included a be most easily effected, are attended with disagreeable or clothes' moth of summer, the Tinea Tapetzella, or secret agent, from whom information was required. effects to the cloth or other material so cleaned. Tur- tapestry moth, and the Tinea Mellonella, or moth that Uneasy in such good company, the agent was unable pentine, or the flavour of it, when moderately strong, attacks bee-hives. We repeat that we are not aware to conceal his embarrassment. He was particularly instantaneously kills the moth; but turpentine is highly whether the plan has been tried or not since it was puzzled by the sight of the little silver spoon on each unpleasant to the human senses, and, when cloth is suggested, but it is worth an experiment. Let not salt-celler, and could not divine the use of an instruonce impregnated with it, there is no removing its any one smile at it, on account of the necessary minute- ment apparently so superfluous.* Wishing to help odour. Where this is of lesser consequence, no more ness of the proceeds of such an experiment, when tried himself to some salt, our humble guest removed the effective remedy can be used, and only one colour, at least on a small scale. How vast are the quantities salt-spoon, and coolly plunged his finger and thumb rose-colour, is affected by the oil. If goods infested of silk used in the world! Yet is it a petty grub just into the salt-celler; he then carefully replaced the by the Tinea, be put into a close place, and a saucer of such as is the Tinea Pellionella, that supplies all that mysterious instrument. The master of the house turpentine placed along with them, the fumes which enormous amount of silk. Attention and care have observing a sneer on the countenances of his guests, rise from the oil, at a moderate temperature, will de- produced these great results in the one case, and simi- turned to the secret agent, and complimented him on stroy the vermin, without the substance being actually lar means might have similar effects also in the his renowned skill in capturing thieves. Gratified by touched or sprinkled with it. To touch the cloth other.
this notice, the agent related some of his feats, and with a hair brush dipped in the liquid, will bring the
asserted that no thief could escape him. nuisance, however, to a speedier close. The best way
“ Are you so ready at tracking ?" asked the funcof banishing the consequent smell, is to hang up the
THE POLICE AGENT.
tionary. stuff for a time in the open air.
“ As a poacher after game," answered the agent. The smoke of tobacco, or a decoction of it, is also (Abridged from “ Pictures of the French, drawn by themselves,"
“ Then can you tell me," pointing to the salt-celler, effective in removing these insects. The flavour of
now in course of publication.]
“ what animal has passed there !” this substance is so disgustful to them that they are either killed by it, or avoid the tainted material. to the public, but whose manners, habits, and diplo- stances, he could arrest you in French, English,
Yet the Police Agent has a good deal of learning. There exists a class of men whose name is well known He knows all languages, and, according to circumthe senses of a majority of the human race, particu- matic address, almost defy observation—a remarkable Italian, or German, and would make himself
underlarly when it comes to them through the medium
of type in French society, but a type varied to infinity : stood in Chinese, if he had to capture a mandarin. He clothes. The following plan is another of the many we mean the POLICE AGENT.
is a very chameleon for changing at will, colour, tone, that have been proposed for the purpose under consi- We have observed that every one is acquainted with and manners. The world is his native country; he deration. Some observers discovered the curious fact his name, but very few have studied his position. We has neither friends nor relatives, and would, if need that the clothes' moth has a strong dislike to unwashed do not speak of the garde municipal, who belongs to a were, arrest himself. Seven towns assert that Homer wool, probably from the animal oil or grease incorpo- regular body of troops ; nor the policeman, the zealous was born within their walls ; an equal number would rated with it. Acting upon this discovery, many protector
of public peace and morals, who would
not rise to disown the Police Agent, if there were the people have got rid of the insect by placing unwashed scruple to take Fanny Elsler herself into custody if slightest suspicion of one of them being his birth-place. wool in layers among the infected cloth, or rubbing it she were ever to venture to dance the cachucha under He is of any age, or of none; he has names without upon the latter material, so as to communicate its the shade of the Chaumière, or in the Tivoli gardens. number, and is never known twice by the same. Toflavour thereto. Another plan is also very generally But there exists a peculiar class of agents who eschew day he has riches, honours, a title and the ribbon of followed. It had been observed that the moth was scrutiny, and are almost impenetrable to the common an order ; to-morrow he will wear a blouse, and smoke seldom if ever seen in drawers or boxes of cedar-wood, observer-in short, the scoret agents, whose mysterious a clay pipe. He knows every thing, sees every thing, and it struck some one that to place cedar shavings proceedings we have been watching in order to bring and is every where at once. With one ear he listens in drawers made of other woods might answer the them to light in this gallery.
to the instructions of his principal in the Rue de same purpose.
We believe that this very simple In truth, the notions generally entertained of the Jerusalem, while with the other he overhears the scheme has proved pretty effective upon trial. The organisation of the police, are singular enough. Many conference of certain conspirators in a garret in some cedar has rather a pleasant flavour than otherwise. worthy citizens firmly believe that there is no street, obscure faubourg. In the first days of the Republic Many other strong-smelling substances, and in parti- passage, public walk, or assembly, that is not crowded he frequented the clubs with
his chin immersed in the cular camphor, have been used for the same purpose with secret police agents,
and thieves no less numerous. folds of a large red scarf; when France was ruled by with more or less success ; but into the history of all with respoct to thieves, we do not say nay; but, the Directory, he played deep in the saloons of the these expedients it is needless to enter here. We certainly, the number of agents is limited enough : | Faubourg St Germain. Then came the Empire, and must observe, however, before concluding, that, for only they know how to multiply themselves with so he acted as spy alike upon the royalists and republicans. the banishing of moths from ordinary household much address
, that one alone would, in a case of great Governments changed; but not the agent. The suswardrobes, frequent airing of the contents is perhaps urgency, be enough to watch over Paris.
pected party of one day was in power the next; and the best of all plans that can be tried. The clothes' Thirty-two agents alone have the surveillance of the agent many a time received his orders from those moth, or its larva, delights in close, secluded, smother- the French metropolis, and the care of the safety of who a few days before were under his surveillance. ing situations, and cannot abide the open air. When its inhabitants. They are mostly chosen from among After the Restoration, decorated with orders and noble the clothes are taken out, they must be well shaken, those unfortunates who, having no other employment titles ad lib., he acted as a spy towards the Bonaparas the silken cables already alluded to, by nieans of or resources, are compelled to accept a wretched situ- tists, who could no longer reward his services. At a which the creature anchors its case, hold it very ation, of which most of them are ashamed. Doubtless, later period, after the revolution of 1830, he insinuated firmly attached in ordinary instances. In September, this is an amelioration of the moral condition of the himself into secret societies, composed of the most when the larva is young, the attachment is less secure, police, but it is perhaps an evil ; for those men who inveterate enemies of the government, and gave the and therefore that month is the best for airing and are unskilled in the trade, who are unacquainted with first signal of the emeutes. We saw one called as a shaking clothes. They will be cleared of the vermin the tricks of the thief's profession, who cannot asso- witness before the court of assize, impudently reply to completely for the whole ensuing season, if the ope- ciate with robbers, are more likely to let delinquents the judge, who was ignorant of his position, and boldly ration be then efficiently performed. September is escape than their predecessors, who had daily inter- provoke an uproar, knowing that he would be sup the best season, likewise, for smoking these insects, as course with bad characters, followed them in their ported. This agent was a more violent bonnet rouge they are more easily killed, of course, when young. nocturnal depredations, and to their secret haunts, than the wretches whom he had denounced.
We have now but one other point of interest to and watched and denounced them in time to prevent There are dandies of the profession, charged with notice relatively to this curious little creature, which the perpetration of intended crimes. The police have important operations, and certain captures that reforms, as we have seen, so striking an analogy to the indeed appreciated the inefficiency of the agents, and quire more intelligence and cunning than force and human being in two important particulars, petty and are occasionally obliged to employ men of a different courage. Not a day passes that you do not elbow one insignificant as it may appear. We allude to its stamp, who are not strictly in their pay, but who per- of them in the street; and often at the theatre, your nakedness at birth, and to its tailoring powers. The form the same duties as the ancient companions of amiable and obliging neighbour, who converses with remaining point of interest in its history has reference Vidocq. This class of spies, composed of known thieves, such good taste on all the trifling topics of the day, is to the excrementitious matters which it emits. We and men who have already been convicted, establish no other than an agent of the Rue de Jerusalem come quote Dr Anderson's Recreations in Natural History an intercourse with the police agents, and although to feel political pulses, or watch the proceedings of a upon this subject. The excrementitious matter of the they do not entirely renounce their unlawful practices, notorious member of the swell mob. larva is tinged red, blue, green, or white, just as the clandestinely give information that often leads to the The Police Agent has a wonderful faculty for every colour of its food may be, and from this peculiarity discovery of crime. Their number is unlimited; they metamorphosis. The man who a few minutes ago apDr Anderson is led to suggest," that this insect might generally meet at wine shops, taking care to place a peared so rough and ill brod, can in a twinkling assume be usefully employed by man in the preparation of scout at the door to keep watch.
the most elegant manners. This reminds me of a cu. pigmonts. It is probable that the colours thus obtained The secret police agents begin their operations in rious scene at which I was present a few summers ago might possess qualities that belong to none others, 60 Paris early in the day. Some are charged with the in a hotel at Cauterêts, when I myself was completely that it is a proper object for experiment." To a cer inspection of pickpockets, others with the apprehen- duped by a Police Agent. tain extent, Dr Anderson goes on to tell us, experi- sion of shoplifters. For this service the agent disguises
i dined that day at the table d'hôte, and by my sido ments had been already made, and from these it was himself as a workman, dandy, or what not. The fea- sat a charming young Parisian lady. A stout old found that the matters in question possessed an ex- tures of this class of thieves are known to him, and gentleman was tying a napkin round his littlo boy's traordinary fineness of tint and comminution, and not a day passes that he does not detect one or more
neck, while his wife endeavoured to cut something that “they mixed equally well with water and oil. in the very act, in spite of their artful cvasions. eatable off the lean skeleton of duck sent her by the Thus, therefore, might be obtained greens and blues Others have in their province to proceed under the young man at the head of the table. My attention of the most beautiful tints in a sta of perfection, and superintendence of their chief, M. Allard, to effect was naturally attracted by the carver, who at a table also one colour which has long been a desideratum, the dangerous arrest of housebreakers and murderers. namely, a fine opaque white for water-colours." Thé | When a man is suspected of having committed murder * [Salt spoons are a recent introduction into Franco. -Ed.)
d'hôte is too important a personage to be neglected. I “ A secret agent of police,” was the answer. “Some out success. Then he was cruelly beaten with rods observed him closely.
months ago I was his dupe in a political affair, in two several times, and they applied the torture to his He was rather a good-looking young man of about which he played the part of accomplice to act as spy head. In the interval he received a brotherly visit five and twenty; his black hair was artistically curled ; against us. Every time he sees me, he instantly from Mohammed el Telli, so that he ended by declarhe wore a small moustache, and his countenance had retreats. Whenever you chance to meet the fellow, ing as follows :-He said, " That on Wednesday, Fea very pleasing expression.
do not fear to unmask him openly, sir, as I have just bruary 5, towards evening, he had been called into the The next day, I learned that the fair traveller had done to you."
house of David Arari, where were also Joseph, Aaron, been to visit the waters of Cauterêts, and that not
and Isaac Arari, Moussa Aboulaffia, Moses Salonati, daring to venture alone, she had accepted the young THE PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS AT
and Joseph Laniado, all distinguished merchants dandy's arm.
among the Isradites. They desired him to murder For some time they walked on in silence beneath
Father Thomas, who already lay bound in a corner of the avenue of elms, and were bending their steps to- That species of persecution to which the Jewish the room, but he refused to execute a crime so horwards a neighbouring village, when a post-chaise that people were exposed in England, and other European rible. Then they dismissed him, putting into his was rapidly passing them stopped on a signal from the countries, during the middle ages, has lately been hand a sum of money to induce him to keep silence young man,
revived with barbarous atrocity at Damascus, under respecting what he had seen. He retired, without 4 What are you going to do ?” asked the fair tra- the government of Mehemet Ali. The people of this knowing the fate of Father Thomas.!. The seven reller. “Surprise you agreeably," answered the young man, this odious transaction from the report of Mr Merlato, bastinadoed; but it being remembered that as most country have been made acquainted with the details of merchants were instantly arrested and interrogated.
They denied every thing. They were ordered to be laughing. “Step in, walking is weary work, and for the Austrian consul at Damascus, addressed to M. of them were of an advanced age, they might very me this journey will be most delightful.” “Sir, you are too gallant.”
Laurin, Consul-General for Austria at Alexandria, likely die under the first strokes, it was thought that “ No one can be gallant enough for so fair a lady," dated March 23, 1840, and which has been circulated confession might be extracted by another species of torreturned her companion, carrying her unresisting in a translated form in the English and French papers. ture. They were consequently made to remain standing hand to his lips.
From the succinct account of Mr Merlato, it will be for thirty-six hours consecutively, without being al“ Come,” said she, laughing, “ I abandon myself to observed that the pretexts for the injuries committed lowed to sleep. They underwent this torture, but peryour care. What should I have done,” she added, in à tender voice, “ if I had not met you? I must have those which have been always used in similar cases on the unhappy Jews, are very nearly the same as
sisted in denying all. After this trial they were beaten
with rods, but this proceeding was soon suspended, died of ennui! You are certainly my good genius.”
for at the twentieth stroke the sufferers fainted away. The young man smiled, and made no
an unfounded charge of murdering adult or infant As they persisted in their denial, the French consul Meanwhile, the post-chaise drove rapidly onwards ; Christians, for the sake of employing their blood in judged that the punishment inflicted on them had not and an animated conversation soon ensued between certain religious offices. The following is Mr Mer- been executed according to the letter, and demanded the travellers. lato's report:
that it should be repeated. This request was acceded " Where are we going ?" exclaimed the lady. “On the 5th of February 1840, a Capuchin friar of to, but they continued to declare themselves innocent. « This is surely the high road. Postilion ! postilioni” the name of Father Thomas, a native of Sardinia, dis- In the meanwhile, the servant of David Arari was
The young man did not reply; he no longer even appeared suddenly from Damascus, where he had seized on. He was made to submit for a long time to smiled.
resided since the year 1806 or 1807; and at the same the torture of the rod. In the intervals they washed “ Sir, this conduct is infamous,” cried the young time a young man, his servant, was likewise missing his lacerated body with cold water ; at last he said, lady, in a voice of terror. “ Where are we going? Father Thomas had formerly practised medicine, and that, by order of his master, David Arari, he had Whither are you carrying me?” “ To Paris.” for a considerable time past had devoted himself ex- called on the barber to bid him come towards evening “ What do I hear ?
clusively to the vaccination of children of all classes to the house. They searched the house of David “ That, so far from being your good genius, I am, and all religions ; he was well known throughout the Arari as many as six times, in hopes of discovering on the contrary, commissioned to conduct you, first to country. He had amassed a much larger fortune than something; but fruitlessly. At length, on the eventhe Rue de Jerusalem, and thence to prison.” is consistent with the regulations of the monastic ing of the 27th of February, 1840, the servant, whose “ There must be some mistake, sir."
order to which he belonged. He was not fond of name was Murad el Fallat, was called ; after a formal “ Oh dear no, not at all-I never make mistakes. giving ; he talked a great deal, and to all kinds of promise of impunity, a promise made to him by the You are Emma Popply. What I don't you remember persons, without exception ; he was rather given to French consul, after more than one of Mohammed el Rigody ?”. So saying, the handsome young fellow intemperate habits ; he was of an easy temper, and Telli's affectionate visits, he declared “That it was he slowly took off his jet black wig, which concealed a had būt little education.
himself who had murdered Father Thomas, in the short crop of bright vermillion ; removed the falso The day after his disappearance, the French consul house of David Arari, his master, in the presence and beard and moustache that graced his bald chin and (M. le Comte de Pratti Menton), whose duty it was to by the order of the seven merchants under arrest ; the lip; and having carefully bestowed them in his great- investigate the affair, commenced the task of tracing blood of the poor friar had been received in a crystal coat pocket, he coolly proceeded to fill and light a the fate of the two unfortunate men. Ile repaired vase, for religious purposes to him unknown. The barcommon red clay tobacco-pipe, humming snatches of first to the chamber occupied by them ; money, the ber and himself were then employed to cut the body Brandhofen all the while. friar's effects, those of the servant of the hospice—all in pieces, to bray in a mortar the bones and the skull
, The chaise still drove at great speed, to the great was found untouched. At the same time several and carry the whole away to an aqueduct which flows dismay of one of its occupants. Having exhausted Israelites declared that the Friar Thomas had been through one of the streets inhabited by the Hebrews, tears and threats, she had recourse to cajoleries, and seen in the quarter of the Jews towards evening, on the at a distance from the dwelling of Arari.' They now these failing, tried an hysterical fit. But all were day on which he was missed. No one said that he had returned to the barber, interrogated him gently, in an alike unsuccessful; nothing could disturb the equa- been seen to quit it, no one testified to his having been insinuating manner. They encouraged him by fresh nimity of the agent, who, with the utinost unconcern, seen elsewhere. It was inferred from these circum- promises of impunity: he declared at last the same as watched the volumes of smoke ascend to the roof of stances, that, on his entrance into their quarters, he the servant had declared. The French consul and his the chaise,
had been murdered by the Hebrews. As soon as this followers went to the place that had been indicated, “Sir, your conduct is cowardly and beneath con; idea was conceived, the search was no longer directed preceded by the two witnesses one after the other. tempt, thus to inveigle a poor defenceless woman!" towards any other part of the town ; yet it surely These two persons were mounted on carts, their sufsaid Emma, almost bursting with rage.
would not have been improper to carry the investiga- ferings not permitting them to stand or walk. At “ You are a charming companion,” said the agent, tions beyond the quarter of the Jews, more especially the spot pointed out by them, the drain was opened, removing his pipe, and kissing her hand with mock as Father Thomas and his servant had, a short time and some bones were found, together with the remains respect.
previously, had a violent quarrel, accompanied with of a cap. Some physicians declared that they were • This insolence is not to be borne,” said the irri- blows, in the square of Hassan Pacha (a part of the human bones. These were taken to the seraglio, and tated fair one, smartly boxing her tormentor's ears. city much frequented), and as this fray had arisen shown to the seven accused men, who, nevertheless,
“ You were more amiable a few minutes ago," an- between them and some Mussulmans of the lowest persisted in repelling every accusation of guilt. They swered Rigody, still unmoved.
class, such as porters, carters, &c. Nevertheless, a were then made to suffer tortures of various kinds, « Let me go,” said she, after a few minutes' hesita- young Hebrew, who thought proper to declare that and given up to the rods, and, one after the other, tion, " and I promise you two-thirds of all I possess, he had seen him elsewhere, was so severely beaten with they all at last confessed themselves guilty of what jewels, gold, and notes.'
rods, that he expired after twenty-four hours' im- the barber and servant had declared. “ No-the thing's impossible.” prisonment.
Four days after the confession of the seven mer. “Suppose I consent to be yours ?”
Arrests followed : the bastinado was liberally used chants, an attempt was made to compel them to give “ You have just made me a better offer,” said the among the sufferers ; one Hebrew, a man sixty years up the watch and keys of Father Thomas. The unyoung man.
old, expired under the strokes ; his crime was that of happy men, perceiving that the sole aim was to pro“ Brute," cried the mortified lady, relapsing into a being doorkeeper of the Jewish quarter. The bodies long their miserable existence in the midst of the silence that was unbroken till, three days afterwards, of two Israelites lately dead were disinterred, to see most dreadful tortures, denied every thing, and dethe post-chaise stopped before the hotel in the Rue de if they were those of the two men who were missing, clared that their late confessions had been extorted Jerusalem. The entrapped lady was handed out by or at least those of two Jews who, having assisted in from them by the violence of their agonies. This her fellow traveller, and taken charge of by two police- the perpetration of the crime, might have received caused much surprise to the inquisitors, who had men, who immediately closed the iron gates behind some fatal wound in the struggle in which Father again recourse to the bastinado and other tortures, to her.
Thomas and his servant had perished. Many houses bring thein back to their former confessions, but all in I returned to Paris, and had entirely forgotten the were searched, among which were some belonging to vain." two trarellers, when one evening, about two months Austrian and Tuscan subjects, or persons protected The consul then states that similar accusations had afterwards, whom should I meet at a party but my by Austria, under the authority of my consulate ; but been made, with respect to the servant of Father handsome hero of the glossy black hair, beard, and for many days all these investigations were completely Thomas, agairst other Israelites, among whom was moustache. Having returned his bow, I inquired how fruitless.
Piccioto, an Austrian subject; that Piccioto had proved matters stood between him and his
At length the French consul demanded the release a distinct alibi by the evidence of Mr Marson, an “ Which!” asked he. “Ah! I remember. A young from prison of a Turk of low extraction, named Mo- individual under the protection of England ; that the girl, rather pretty ?"
hammed Telli, who had been confined for debt towards bones stated to have been found were afterwards de. “'The sanie. You carried her off, lucky fellow that the state, and employed him in the affair, not only to clared by an able physician to be those of animals ;
trace the guilty persons, but likewise to exhort šus- and he then proceeds as follows: “ Carried off! No, indeed ; I only took her to the pected persons and prisoners to furnish, by their con- “ I, as consul, could not allow that an unfortunato prefecture of police. If you consult the register, you fessions, some clue, some indications, for the discovery Austrian, whose reputation as an honest man and peacewill find this entry :- June 3, 1832.--Emina Popply, of the erime and its authors.
able merchant had hitherto remained unblemished, aged twenty-two, accused of purloining diamonds and Among the first persons arrested was a Jewish bar- should be given up to the malice of his enemies. Í cashmeres. Placed in confinement at five o'clock | ber; he had been interrogated at the French consu- have therefore thought that a circumstantial account this day.'
late, and in his answers were found some confusion of the procoedings should be forwarded to your impeWhy, who are you?" said I, in astonishment. and some contradictions; he was thought to be more rial consulate-general in Egypt, in order that such While I spoke, an old gentleman stopped near me, seriously inculpated than the other prisoners. He was measures may be adopted as you shall judge proper and stared hard at the young dandy, who, instead of kept at the consulate for three days, was exhorted to for preventing, not only a subject of our empire, but answering ine, changed colour, and, turning on his declare every thing, and was promised a reward, and a even any European, whoever he may be, from finding heel, disa ppeared in the crowd.
safe conduct to foreign countries—but all these means | himself, as is here the care, at the mercy and discre“Sir, can you tell me who that young man is ?” were ineffectual; he persisted in his denials ; nothing tion of this infamous judicial inquisition. I venture said I, turning towards the old grutleman, with whom could shake him. He was remanded to his excellency to hope that you will appreciate the reserve and cauI was slightly acquainted.
the Sherif Pacha. The promises were renewed with. I tion of our conduct in this deplorable business, when
you are !"
you read the correspondence which has taken place. the way in which justice is administered to your engine work, that it was not heard over the hum of Our opponents had it in their power to lay hold of a people in Damascus." The individual here alluded voices in the apartment. By means of shafts and formidable weapon against us, namely, the blind and to, and whom the Jews in Egypt dare not venture to belts, it turned a variety of apparatus requiring power ignorant fanaticism of the Christians in this country, name, is Count Pratti Menton, consul of France..a to keep them in motion. By far the most interesting Because I, as Austrian consul, did not warmly lend fact which, if true, certainly calls for some decided of these pieces of machinery that came under my obmyself to the encouragement of measures dictated by measure on the part of his government. We are servation, was Walton's patent card-making machine, stupid passions, they liave dared to address to me the glad to learn that the British government has already which is probably the most wonderful apparatus ever most opprobrious imputations, and have probably exerted itself in behalf of the much injured and peril- contrived by human ingenuity. The object of the ascribed to me the most foul and immoral intentions. lously situated Jews of Damascus, and from this cir- machine is to cut small pieces from a coil of fine steel I therefore most respectfully implore your excellency cumstance alone we may anticipate a speedy conclusion wire, bend the pieces into a particular shape, and in
sert them as rows of teeth in a flat leather belt; the to interfere actively and efficaciously towards pre- to these barbarities.
ultimate design being to employ the toothed belt in venting, for the future, the recurrence of these calumnies, and obtaining honourable reparation for the
A FEW WEEKS FROM HOME.
the carding of cotton or wool. The making and in
sertion of teeth by the hand is a laborious and tedious injured individuals. If the Egyptian government will conscientiously endeavour to obtain accurate
operation, and therefore the invention of this machine information on this strange event, it has only to sum- The improvements which I have described as having is one of the finest triumphs of skill. The apparatus, mon all the accused, in order that they may be sub- taken place in Newcastle, were accomplished in the which seems a perfect cluster of small wheels, levers, mitted to another examination, rigorous, but more in space of five years, or between 1834 and 1839, and and other minute parts, acting by short and rapid accordance with the customs of civilised nations. added new property to the town which has been jerks, performs nineteen distinct motions in the makOtherwise my opinion is, that the truth with respect valued at nearly a million of pounds. Much of this ing of every tooth, and makes and fixes 250 teeth per to this affair will always remain involved in obscu- property, however, remains unfinished or unoccupied ; minute. It was under the watchful care of a superinrity.”
a great number of the shops have never been opened tendent, who at times shifted the belt ; it had been In another statement of the same consul, the fol- for business, and are not likely to be required for seve brought from Lancashire to be exhibited, at a consilowing passages occur :
ral years ; many houses, likewise, remain without derable expense to the directors. The exhibition, I “ The Israelites of this town have undergone perse- | inhabitants. It is rather unfortunate, that, by Mr am glad to say, was warmly supported by the inhabicution, against which any other class would have risen Grainger's arrangements, there is little choice in the tants, not only of Newcastle, but of all the adjoining disin revolt. The names held in the highest estimation new erections. There is a complaint of a want of trict ; and by a liberal arrangement of the directors of among the Jews, those whose fortunes are derived variety. A shop is but one apartment, notched out the railway, persons were brought from Carlisle to see from the purest sources, those whose weakness is most of the front of a building, leaving the house otherwise the exhibition and carried back at a reduced fare. Up deserving of compassion, are equally insulted and in- from cellar to garret to form a private dwelling, till the period of my visit, 7339 season tickets, and secure. Sixty-three children have been detained in entered by a separate door. This kind of house has 21,919 single admission tickets (the latter 6d. each) prison several days ; women have been called upon to many inconveniences; it will not be selected by a had been disposed of-a fact of the most gratifying appear, and have been interrogated. At the first sus- superior order of inhabitants, who will prefer a house kind, as showing the extent of the interest now taken picion, the most respectable Jews, if not previously at a distance from the business streets, and it is too in rational and improving exhibitions. arrested, took flight; others secreted themselves in large and expensive for persons of moderate desires Newcastle has long possessed one of the best metheir houses, in order to escape the insults of the and means. The common-stair plan of building, as chanics' institutions in the kingdom, and has now an Christians."
at Paris and Edinburgh, might have been introduced institution or society for providing popular lectures The irritated Christians assembled in the public into some of the business districts with considerable and music, on Saturday evenings, at a cheap rate of squares, relate to one another the most unheard-of advantage both to proprietor and tenant. In the pre- admission. I went to one of these Saturday evening extravagances about this sect, which they hate. The sent partially occupied state in which we find both assemblies, which took place in a spacious lectureconsul has made public an Arabic translation of some new houses and shops, an annual rental, as it appears, room beneath one of the halls of the polytechnic exhibiexecrable doctrines imputed to the Jews, and drawn of L.17,416 is realised ; when fully occupied, the sum tion. The admission money was 2d., and I found prefrom a Latin book, entitled Prompta Bibliotheca. This will be increased to L.40,000.
sent about 700 persons, chiefly workmen, and some book has been furnished through the zeal of our Chris- The whole of Mr Grainger's surprising alterations young men from shops and warehouses. By some actian missionaries of the Holy Land. A copy of it has were begun and carried on towards completion with cident, the lecturer did not make his appearance, and been forwarded to his excellency Ibrahim Pacha. out an act of parliament-a circumstance only to be the entertainment was necessarily confined to music.
Finally, Mr Merlato, in a third statement, says- accounted for by the general popularity of his schemes Some pieces were well performed on the piano, and " An agent of the government yesterday discovered and his own energy of character. He was likewise sung by different individuals of both sexes, employed the retreat of Moses Fahi, son of Meir. He was greatly favoured by having to negotiate with a town for the purpose ; but other parts of the performance brought before the pacha ; they asked him where his council which had been lately remodelled, and was were less to be admired. It is a pity that this enterfather was. He answered that he did not know ; desirous of earrying useful improvements into effect. tainment should be defective in point of management, instantly he received the bastinado. The child, being So far was the civic corporation impressed with the for such meetings, when well conducted, as they are of a weak and delicate constitution, implored them to propriety of making extensive improvements, that it at Glasgow, do much good, being both a cheap and an send for his mother. She was brought, but revealed procured an act of parliament in 1837, by which, along innocent substitute for the seductions of the publicnothing. The young man was again scourged with with powers respecting matters of police and local house. rods, and the unhappy mother in despair disclosed the management, it possesses authority to remove certain Besides these institutions of a humble character in place where her husband had taken refuge. I declare old streets and buildings in divers quarters, so as to Newcastle, there are others of a higher grade, for to you, sir, that it is impossible to endure any longer open up new lines of thoroughfare from the environs. purposes of social advancement, and the cultivation of the spectacle of such atrocities, in which, underhand, This design, and also a plan for extending the quay science and the arts. Latterly, a most extensive suite the Latin monks and some Christian monks of the for shipping and steam-boats, are now slowly in pro- of public baths has been erected by subscription, and country take an active part, backed by the blind fana- gress under the care of the council
, whose funds are is now in full operation. I have seen nothing of the ticism of a mob who think their bigotry Christianity. able to permit to a certain limit this species of outlay, kind any where to compare with these baths. A subA system of espionage is publicly organised, and en- as they amount annually to about L.40,000. Of the stantial stone building of one story, covering an area couraged by promises of money. All hearts are void ultimate benefit of all these schemes of improvement, of 176 feet by 134, is laid out with large and small of compassion ; each dreads for himself the miseries of there cannot be any doubt. Newcastle had greatly baths, on a remarkably liberal scale. There are, in a which he is witness. I shall claim, in the most urgent fallen behind the taste of the age : it was not even central open part, two plunge baths, one for gentlemen manner, the interference of the superior authorities.” worthy of itself. It is now, in point of elegance and 100 feet by 50, the other for the working classes 96
M. Laurin, Consul-General at Alexandria, thus ex- comfort, on a par with, or rather superior to, most feet by 30. Leading from the various corridors around presses himself in a letter :-“The accusation has no towns of the same resources.
these, are warm, medicated, tepid, vapour, and hot air legal foundation; the avowals of guilt have been ob- At the period of my stay, the town was enjoying baths, each in a small apartment, with a dressing-room tained either by the agony of the torture, by intimida- the treat of a polytechnic exhibition, which I took the adjoining : one section is laid off for ladies, and antion, or by deceit.
opportunity of visiting, and found to be got up in a other for gentlemen, with separate entrances, and For the interest of humanity, as well as especially highly praiseworthy manner. The exhibition occu- waiting rooms. All the baths are lined with glisten. for that of our subjects who are in danger of being pied a series of large apartments, in two separate ing white tiles, and look clean and comfortable. put to death, though innocent, I am making every buildings, which were connected by a temporary co- It is evident from these and other matters which fell possible exertion to obtain from Mehemet Ali an order vered gallery thrown across a narrow street. Here under my notice, that Newcastle possesses a populato direct that proceedings may be carried on in a we found upwards of 300 paintings and drawings, a tion who are desirous of being something more than humane manner, and judgment pronounced by judges variety of pieces of sculpture and models, a very large mere money-makers ; no other town of its size is so who may be enlightened, independent, and free from quantity of objects of verta and curiosity, such as ready a patron of the fine arts, or spends so much of its prejudice. Mr Merlato deserves all praise, and every occupy public museums, an equally large quantity of gains annually on literature. London booksellers tell us assistance in his courageous efforts on behalf of the articles illustrative of the progress in the arts, and that no town in England, the metropolis excepted, has innocent."
many objects in natural history. High walls covered such a large demand for embellished and costly proIn consequence of the representations made to him, with rare and costly articles, long rows of glass-cases ductions of the press. The general habits and language Mehemet Ali interfered to stop the persecution at sparkling with gems and valuable objects of art, tables of the lower classes of the inhabitants afford some less Damascus, though it is yet uncertain whether he will loaded with a profusion of vases, jars, &c., formed some gratifying traits ; still, it is pleasing to reflect that here, make a full and proper investigation into the subject, of the details of the scene. But the principal place of at least
, is a horde of industrious human beings, who or issue such commands as will prevent a recurrence attraction was the largest of the apartments, which are not exposed every now and then to a complete of the illegal barbarities. From a passage in the usually serves as a music-hall. This room, measuring failure of the means of subsistence, in consequence of petition of the Egyptian Jews to Mehemet Ali, praying 100 feet in length by 40 in breadth, had its centre those stoppages of employment which elsewhere occur for his interference, it is evident that the persecution occupied by a circular basin of water, surrounded by a almost at fixed times, and produce such wido-spread was greatly promoted by a certain resident European. table on which was a railway with a small locomo- misery, Newcastle and its neighbourhood, embracing After adverting to the revolting and incredible charge tive vehicle and carriago running round it; it conthat the Jews would sacrifice a man and drink his tained also a canal, on which was a model steam-boat these dreadful disasters. The people--all who are able
a population of 150,000, have little or no experience of blood, the petitioners say—“ This is false on the face in motion. Arranged around the margin of the cir- and willing to work—are well employed, and at geneof it, but the old enmity of a person too powerful in cular table, there were various working models of ap- rally good wages. The manufacture of steam-engines Syria against every individual of our faith, gives credit paratus demonstrating hydraulic operations. Near and locomotive machines, which has lately been added to such a falsehood, and hence the most respectable these interesting objects were exhibited five large an- to the course of industry, is now carried on to a very people of the country are tortured; blows without nular polyzonal senses, with mirrors mounted in frame- large extent, and employs some thousands of workmen. number are inflicted on their persons; newly invented work, as now used in lighthouses of the first order, I had the good fortune to be permitted to walk through and most severe tortures afflict the unhappy race, with revolving and flashing lights ; the whole lighted the establishment of Messrs Hawthorn, where five and these are the means to induce them to confess! up every evening. In another corner of the room a hundred men are constantly engaged in making these Surely such great suffering might extort a false con- Jacquard loom was kept in constant operation, weav- engines and machines, and was astonished at the mag. fession from some of them, for, though there are ing figured waistcoating. In the middle of the floor nitude and complex details of the concern. Upwards many men who can face immediate death, there are stood a highly-finished steam-engine of five horse- of a dozen locomotives each valued, I understand, at but few who can endure torture, and in Damascus power and somewhat novel arrangement, made for the about L.1500—were pointed out to me as preparing for the tortures are greater than they have ever been in exhibition by the Messrs Hawthorn of Newcastle. the North of England and other railways. Nothing the world. Already have Israelites been known to The cylinder of the engine, which rested on the floor, more is wanted to prove that the world is in no like confess themselves guilty, and afterwards their inno- was singularly shallow, but of large diameter, and it lihood of standing still, than a visit to such an estacence hath been proved. Above one hundred children and all other parts of the mechanism were of finely- blishment. are perishing in prison from want of food. And this is polished iron : so smoothly and noiselessly did the In order to have some notion of the trade upon the Tyne, I devoted a day to a sail in a steamer down custom to the boats in going down, we thought it but irritating the little Fishmonger, ask him what he is, the river to its estuary, a distance of ten miles. fair to countenance the railway in going up. Distance he says, “What I always was,” in a tone that effecThere is nothing in tho voyage which can afford eight miles --- time twenty minutes — fare 9d.; the tually silences any further inquiry, at least for tho pleasure to the eye of a scene-hunter; all that craves thing was well done. I never was on a railway which time. Job has, I believe, no friends; the gentle patient attention belongs to coal-mining or manufacturing, pleased me so much as this. The line proceeds over creature who shares his toils and bears with his temper and indicates the character of the district. From a flat tract of land, through the midst of villages inha- seems as much in awe of him as any one else, and his Newcastle, pretty nearly all the way downwards on bited by colliers employed in the pits, and crosses, by children skulk out of the sunshine and into the shade both sides, the banks rise rather steeply from the lofty bridges, two deep ravines with rivulets tributary when they hear his footstep. He has now three little edge of the water, being in some places composed to the Tyne. All the rails are firmly screwed upon children-eighteen months ago he had six, but the of huge mounds of clay or muddy material, brought square blocks of wood, laid longitudinally, and bound scarlet fever carried off three in one week ; the little as ballast in vessels from London and other places to together like a frame-work, at the distance of every coffins, covered with decent black, left Job's lonely which coal is exported. These mud hills, the accu- twelve feet or thereabouts. By these means, the rails bleak cottage in the snow of a December morning ; mulation of centuries, in some parts cover a large rest throughout their entire length on a uniformly the coffins were placed upon a hand-barrow, the unspaco of ground, and rise to a height of perhaps 150 level basis, by which all jolting and lateral motion are dertaker supporting the front handles, and a kind feet. In tiine, they become covered with herbage, avoided. After trying all the principal railways in neighbour bringing up the rear; while Job followed and are not distinguishable from the steep banks | England, as well as several in other countries, I have with his dog and his weeping wife. Very sad, indeed, which adjoin them. Placed at favourable spots on found none on which the motion is so easy and smooth the humble procession looked, so desperately dark both sides, are numerous dingy smoking factories of as that between Newcastle and Shields; and I can upon the silver snow ; but Job shed no tear, nor even glass, pottery, paints, and chemical materials. At ascribe this to no other circumstance than the mode thanked his neighbours who attended ; if he felt, the intervals, we observe depôts of grinding stones, with of laying the rails on longitudinal bars of timber. In iron of his stern-built frame suppressed the emotion. wharfs for their shipment; and at many bold parts of proceeding along the line from Shields, the train Of all men in the parish, Job has long been instanced the banks are seen staiths for putting on board coals | passes at the distance of about half way the church as the most hard, the most severe, the most unyieldfrom the pits, which lie at the distance of from a and village of Wallsend, with the colliery of the same ing, but honest and true. His word was never doubted, quarter of a mile to eight miles from the river. For name. This place marks the terminating point of the nor his honesty questioned. He is, in short, a characthis immense coal-field, the Tyne has for ages served as Roman wall on the Tyne. The various other villages, ter over whom circumstances have no influence-he the great and commodious outlet. It has been the which are rapidly shot past, mostly consist of brick never moved his seal-skin cap in his life to any of the practice for many years to convey the coal from the and tiled dwelling-houses of a humble order, for col- powers that be-he never went to see a sight but one, mouth of the pit by a railway leading to the bank of liers and their families ; but all, as was mentioned to and that was a huge sturgeon, exhibited in Hungerthe river, where it has been taken on board of lighters, me, are clean and comfortable to no inconsiderable ford market three years ago-and then said," he was called keels, to be carried down to the ships at Shields, degree, and each, as I observed, was furnished with a a great fool, for it was nothing but a big fish after all." or on board the vessels themselves, if able to come pig-house behind the use of pork or bacon being uni- He never laughed, nor cried, except - Fine haddock alongside. By improvements in the navigation of the versal in this part of the country.
and live sole," or " lobsters,” with variations peculiarly Tyne, and the erection of staiths, the clumsy mode of On the south side of the Tyne, a railway, also lately his own, laying a long strong emphasis upon the word employing keel boats has been greatly obviated. A established, connects Gateshead with Sunderland, and " lob-bb,” and ascending by thirds into “sta-hi-hi-ers,” staith is a very peculiar apparatus. It is a species of that being joined by another railway which branches and, strange as it may seem, the cry was by no means high scaffolding of wood, forming the terminating off' to Durham, this great and rapidly improving dis- unmusical. “ You cry lobsters very pleasantly, my point of a railway from the pit, and to its brink is trict may be said to be already laced all over with mistress says," said the cook to him one day as he was brought the loaded waggon ready to be emptied into these admirable means of cominunication.
---not shouldering, but, if I may be permitted to coin a the vessel beneath. As soon as the waggon reaches
word—“heading" his lobsters.“ Does she ?" quoth he, the verge of the scaffold, it is seen to sink slowly
THE LITTLE FISHMONGER.
jerking the basket on his head ; “ eagh ! it doesn't without suffering any disturbance, and is thus let down
[BY MRS S. C. HALL.]
much matter; my cry's my own, and I shouldn't till close over the ship’s hold, when the bottom is dis
change it.” engaged, and the entire contents are deposited in their
(From " The Britannia" newspaper.)
Still, notwithstanding his ungraciousness, Job felt designed situation. The waggon, being now emptied, PEOPLE who live amid the hurry and bustle of large the compliment, for he always stops at the corner, and rises in the air to the level of the scaffold, and imme- cities are seldom able to study the various shades of gives the “Sta-hi-hi-ers” with as perfect melody as. diately runs away along the line to make way for its human character, like those who, having fewer objects possible, and then jerks the basket, as much as to say, successor. The mechanism by which this seat of falling to divert their attention, have also more time to
“ I know I did that well.” Now, would any suppose, and rising is performed is a powerful lever process, observe. In great cities people come and go-you do there was a tender chord in his bosom, which rever.
from what I have said of the little Fishmonger, that these means a vessel can receive
its load in a very short not meet the same face perhaps more than once a year berated as gently as the tones of an Æolian harp, it space of time, and the coal is likewise preserved from --and then, except that time may have underlined breathed over by the evening breeze-he who had folbeing dashed and broken, as would necessarily be the the stronger features, the face is dressed exactly in lowed three children to the same grave without a tear case if it were poured into keels, and from them the same manner—the same smile--the same ex- --who had uniformly treated his wife harshly-who shovelled into the holds of ships in the river. Keels pression, whether it be born of pain or pleasure and, was the bugbear of the neighbourhood, who was disare now used chiefly for conveying coal from the staitlis it may be, the same phrase is repeated, either in the liked by every housekeeper who bought his fish, whose above the bridge at Newcastle. The keelmen, who way of question or reply; for those “greetings in the surliness was a byword, who often ill-used the illhave latterly declined in number, are an exceedingly market-place” are all generally alike. In the busy favoured but most faithful cur that trotted at his feet; usual amount of a crew, will guide one of their little world your sympathies have no time to take root ; the and thus I know it. vessels down the river to Shields, a distance of twelve wheel revolves, the kaleidoscope is shaken, you forget
There is an immensity of privation endured by the or fourteen miles, there deliver their cargo of eight and are forgotten, the more wide your field of obser- lower classes. As an Irish woman, I see it less than chalders, or twenty-two tons, and return by the tide vation the less leisure you have to observe ; and though others, because the peasantry of my own country suffer to the place whence they set out, all within a space of you have a moral certainty that every creature you and bear so much more. Still there is a great deal, fourteen hours. It has been established by evidence meet has a distinct and positive character of his or even in neighbourhoods where the rich spend much before a committee of the House of Lords, that the her own, they dwell in your memory only as black, time, and more money, in visiting and relieving the keelmen of the Tyne receive less payment for their brown, or fair! There is the little Fishmonger, for distresses of their humble fellow-creatures. Somehow enormous day's labour than a London lighterman instance, who lives with his small fry of children in no one liked to visit Job; although it was observede enjoys for conveying the same quantity of coal from that little bleak lonely cottage near the Canal. I have and, being observed, talked about, that Job carried the ship's side to the wharf. This, however, is only passed that man scores of times, hear his voice in the herrings instead of haddocks, and shrimps instead of one of many monstrous abuses to which the coal trade distance every morning of my life, know the names of lobsters--that his cheek was less ruddy, and that poot of London is subject, and to which the people of that every one of his children, and even of his little ugly Tickle not only eyed the butcher's shop, but absolutely city submit with wonderful resignation. At New- cur dog Tickle, a misshapen, blear-eyed,
cross-grained purloined a bone, for which he was soundly thrashed castle, coal is, as might be expected, remarkably cheap. brute, as ever infested a high-road or narrow lane, and by his master. Mrs Job was not met going to market I saw some of a fino quality burning in a gentleman's whom every cat in the village, acting upon the com
as of old, and when questioned said, " she bought at house, which, I was informed, cost only six shillings bination system, sets up her back at, be she at the night.” Just when things looked “ suspicious of porerty," per ton, being rather less than a fifth of the price in street-door, or staring with her great green eyes out Job fell and broke his arm; his pale pretty wife London.
of the first-toor window. I thought I knew the cha- hawked the fish about for a time, and sad it was to On approaching the mouth of the Tyne, our steamer racter of the little Fishmonger, whose very name of hear her low gentle voice roused to the energy of a shot past successive groups of vessels ranked up in Job was given, it would seem, in derision and defiance cry in the cold winter mornings. People bought some kind of order, to the extent of many hundreds of every rule of Christian patience, for Tickle and Job from her though they did not want, for every one and waiting either for their cargo or a favourable are well matched. What the dog is, that is the liked her. One of the ladies of our district committee opportunity of putting to sea. Opposite North Shields master and what the master is, that is the dog. Job met Mary and offered her assistance, which she thankthe masses of shipping increased in density, and here, is as lame upon his two legs as his canine follower is fully accepted, and the same lady called at the cottage penetrating through their ranks, the small steamer upon double the number ; as ready to snarl and growl, to repeat the gift; Job was unfortunately at home landed us on a slip of quay, apparently the only flat and quarrel with the mistresses of the various cats, alone, and to the kind question of “ Can I be of any piece of ground in the town. North Shields, which as the cats are with Tickle ; in fact, the little Fish- use to you ?" answered a gruff “ No!" that offended may be considered the shipping port of Newcastle on monger's approach is the signal for a sort of running a kind but warm-tempered visiter. the Tyne, is a most uninviting cluster of old red brick fire from cottage to cottage ; every one quarrels with A pebble will sometimes turn the current of sucet houses, stuck on the face of a bill overhanging the Job, every one buys from Job-for his fish are good, charity. river, and is balanced on the opposite shore by a fac- and he lays them nicely out upon a snow-white cloth, Job got better-well, the people said ; but even the simile of itself, but of inferior dimensions, entitled and covers them with fresh-cut grass. He is, of course, small stock of herrings dwindled into half a basket of South Shields. Plunging through the miry and tor- a violent Radical, and was still more so; but at a beer- sprats. tuous lanes of this busy emporium of the coal trade, shop where politics are talked over regularly and “ Job," inquired a cottager's wife, “ Job, will you we emerged on a high bank beyond the town, and strongly, some one told Job that a rew prerogative warrant these sprats?", forth with proceeded a distance of about a mile to was to be given to mankind under the title of Socialism, “No!" roared the little Fishmonger; and off he Tynemouth. This is a retired and agreeable place of which bestowed more liberty than Radicals, or even went, followed by the hairy shadow of what had been summer residence, very different in aspect from its Chartists, had ever dreamed of before ; inasmuch as Tickle. neighbour, and, with its ruined priory, commands a men were to exchange wives, and wives husbands, at The question was repeated once and twice. Job charming prospect seaward. Innmediately below is pleasure. Job presupposed a case and which (con- had been imposed on, but was too honest to impose the bar of the river, distinguishable by the white foam sidering how ill he had often treated his kind, gentle, upon others. which curls in masses over it, and through whose pas- and still pretty Mary) was very natural-he supposed sages it requires considerable nautical skill to bring a
“ No,” he vociferated for the last time ; “ and I'll vessel safely into port.
that if Mary pleaded' incompatibility of temper, and carry them no longer,” and he threw the sprats into
took unto herself another husband, what was to be the nearest ditch. Some thirty years ago it was almost as difficult a matter to reach Shields from Newcastle as it was to
come of him, the three young Jobs, and Tickle! Job Lonely as his cottage had always been, it was more
went home that night a silent man, did not visit the lonely than ever. The bed and bedstead, the chest reach Margate from London ; but now all this is beer-shop the following night, hinted that he thought of drawers, the clock, whose stroke had marked the changed. First came steam-boats, and then
a railway. things were going too far, and that, perhaps, he might hour each child was born, and whose iron tongue had At present, the railway carries the day ; though the join the Temperance Society. fare by water is only 6d., the locomotives have almost
knelled the time of departure of three from a driven the steamers of the course. Having given aur of his village customers, with the charitable intent of | dren were cowering over the ashes of a miserable fire,
Still Job has not forsworn his opinions, and if any world of trouble-all were gone. His wife and chil
A BEAR HUNT IN LAPLAND. looking into the embers, with hungry eyes, that did not thrown across the Canal-twilight had deepened into dare to look into the face of him whose harshness but night, and the young moon threw a line of silver light A peasant generally goes out in search of his trail, and, increased their misery ; when Job strode into what upon its waters, that seemed a peaceful and secret bed having found it, moves in a ring some miles in circumhad been their bedroom, and locked the door ; in a for those whom earth rejects from her cares and sym- ference, to make sure of having him within it. He then corner stood, or rather lay, a box covered with dust-pathies. He laid the box on the wall, and leaning his gradually
contracts his circles, till he comes to the retreat he opened it, and brought forth an old violin. arms upon the parapet, looked down upon the deep itself of the animal. Weeks are sometimes expended in
this search ; the peasantry are then summoned to a skall Rizzio himself, in the presence of Mary, never and narrow channel. touched a harp with more tenderness than Job, when “ If I was out of the way,” he thought, “ the neighby the landshofoding, or governor of the province, and he drew the dusty bow over the two last strings of his bours would all look to Mary and the children ; it's put under the direction of the jogmoestare, or ranger of
the district, who marshals them, and commands their long-cherished instrument. me they can't bear ; but no one ever could bear me
movements. The peasants are generally formed into “Hush !" whispered his wife to her eldest living but poor Mary! After all, it's a dirty way of ending child. “ Hush !" and then she burst into tears, while one's days; all mud, and not a good fish from one end / circles, and come armed with whatever weapons they
can procure. Though opposed singly to a whole host, the youngest starveling said, with blue and quivering to the other of it. So near home, too!” And after a the bear often spreads havoc among his assailants. Every lips, “ Mammy, shall I dance ?-daddy never played lengthened pause, having, as it would seem, changed ball that enters his huge carcass but adds fire to his fury, music till now, since brothers died !"
his purpose, he took up the box, and proceeded along and wo to the individual whom his wrath has singled out. Job came out after a time—the violin and bow had the back road across the fields, passed Earl's Court, It ceases to be a mere pastime, and nothing but the
miserable been carefully dusted and replaced in the box, which until he came to a lane where the Eagle Saw-Mills greatest self-possession can save him from the little Fishmonger carried under his arm. exult in noise and smoke, through Thistle Grove, that death. While at Hernosand, I saw a representation of
an event that took place at a skall in the neighbourhood, “ Job !" exclaimed his wife, "you are not going to olla podrida of suburban architecture, across the Ful. sell that are you? Job, you have often said you would ham Road, down Milman's Row-and there flowed in 1831, and which shows that bear-hunting must be die to part with it ; you've had it seven-and-twenty the Thames. Apparently the poor
fellow had resolved The bear on this occasion was very large ; nothing like years. Oh ! Job, the only times you've been kind to to throw himself off Battersea Bridge, but, on pre
an American bear, with which an Indian can grapple, but us, was when you played it—it softened your heart, like senting himself at the toll-house, the man demanded a an enormous beast able to carry off a pony under his -- it was a friend to us. I thought the time might come halfpenny. Alas! he had it not.
arm. His temper, probably never very good, had been when you'd play it again.”
“ Are you coming back ?" asked the keeper. ruffled by ten shots lodged in different parts of his body; Job made no answer, but quitted the cottage.
“No," muttered Job ; “ I hope not.”
all present entrenched themselves, and awaited some The little Fishmonger proceeded on his way, but “Because, if you were, you might leave that box in desperate effort on his part, should not a lucky shot not rejoicing. Any one who observed his firm and pledge," observed the man.
through the head speedily give him his quietus. At this doggod step, bis bent head, and the determined gather- The little Fishimonger paused. “Well, I will,” he moment, a man, bolder than his companions, advancing
before them, the bear rushed upon him, tore the gun ing together of his entire frame, could perceive that he answered. was resolved to go through whatever he had under- “Stay,” persisted the guardian of the bridge ; “ let from his hands, and began to wound him with his tre
mendous claws. The wretched man was unable to contaken, and that the undertaking was (to him) of con- me first see its contents.”
tend with his muscular antagonist; already his wounds sequence. We are all too apt in this hastily-judging Job stood half under the shed, and opened it.
were letting out his life, when a young Norrlander, unable world--we are all, I say, too apt, according to the old “Why," he exclaimed, looking down on the vene
to look quietly on, rushed to his assistance. Besides the proverb, to measure our neighbour's corn in our own rable instrument, “it ain't worth a halfpenny !"
danger which he himself incurred, and which, of course, bushel—to fancy our own privation great, and our “Yes, it is,” said a voice behind them. Both men
he had no feeling of, there was some difficulty in shooting neighbour's small-to think, if the peasant-girl place were surprised, but the keeper touched his hat, for the the bear without striking the man. As he advanced, the a field-flower in her hair, that she trenches on our new comer was an eccentric but well-known character, bear rose on his hind legs to meet his new opponent: his prerogative-indulges in a superfluity. But I must residing not quite half a mile on the Surrey side of victim dropped before him; the Norrlander seized the finish my story, and cease moralising. The little Fish- the venerable bridge.
favourable opportunity, raised his gun with both arms monger plodded on to the beer-shop, where he had “Let me look at that instrument," said the gentlo- | high above his head, to bring it in a horizontal position first heard of the advantages of Socialism. • If," he
on a level with the bear's, and, trusting to feeling more thought within himself, " these people wish us all to Job placed it in his hands without speaking, but than sight, discharged his piece. An immediate deathshare and share alike, surely they will take a shilling fixed upon his countenance the earnest, anxious' look wound could alone save either from their enemy. chance in a raffle for my poor violin." of one whose life depended upon his decision.
success which the brave man deserved attended him, and Job entered the room. One fellow, the orator of The gentleman turned it over, tapped it gently with the ball passed through the brain of the bear, which fell the party, was making a speech, while another, acting his knuckle to ascertain if it was sound, peeped into dead on the rescued man.-Dillon's Winter in Lapland.
MAXIMS OF BISHOP MIDDLETON. on the principle of equal right to be heard, was sing the interior, again turned it over, smiled, and looked ing a song. It was evident there did not exist among at the little
Fishmonger, while taking the bow he held Employ leisure in study, and always have some work in
Persevere against discouragements. Keep your temper. them even the rude courtesy that is shown by one towards him. labourer to another; each wanted to be first ; none * The bow is new-that is to say, new compared to havet Berpunctual and methodical in business, and would be last. Some took the part of the orator, the other,” observed Job. “It's a good bow."
possession, and do not be talked out of a conviction. others of the singer, and the little Fishmonger, pressing “ Psha !” said the old gentleman, returning it. Rise early, and be an economist of time. Maintain dig. his treasure more closely to his side, squeezed himself “I bought it myself,” added Job, rather offended.
nity, without the appearance of pride; manner is some into & vacant seat, and waited the issue, or rather “ And the violin ?"
thing with every body, and every thing with some. Be waited for a pause in the contest, that he might pro- “Ah! my father had it of an old Italian gentleman, guarded in discourse, attentive, and slow to speak. Never pose a plan, which was to save his children from imme- who died suddenly ; his things were sold by the land- acquiesce in immoral or pernicious opinions. Be not fordiate starvation, and deprive him for ever of his lady; and having a turn for music, he took it in part ward to assign reasons to those who have no right to ask. cherished instrument; he was right glad of the tumult for wages due. He used to play on it to me when I Think nothing in conduct unimportant and indifferent. -for it seemed to diminish that which raged in his was a child, to dance to it-to dance ! God help me!" | Rather set than follow examples. Practise strict tempeown bosom : pride and independence had been tugging There was a world of misery in the sound of that rance; and, in all your transactions, remember the final at his heart; and when, for a moment, he closed his last sentence—“ To dance! God help me!” But the eyes, to shut himself in, as it were, with his own con- old gentleman did not heed it.
LOVE OF CHILDREN. siderations, his wife's ghastly face, and the blue quiver- “And you will sell it ?"
Tell me not of the trim, precisely arranged homes ing lips of his youngest born, rose before him. This forced him into action, much against his sullen nature, had suffered too much of prolonged sorrow during the wall;" tell me not of the never-disturbed nights and
The little Fishmonger was a chapman ; but still he where there are no children; "where,” as the good Ger
man has it, “ the fly-flaps always hang straight on the and, to the astonishment of the company," he sprang past days—too much of intense agony during the last days; of the tranquil, unanxious
, where children upon the table, and, in a voice hoarse with unusual few hours, to think of his craft, and he eagerly an
are not! I care not for these things. God sends chilemotion, declared his desire to dispose of the cherished swered, “ Yes !"
dren for another purpose than merely to keep up the treasure of his soul by raffle, charging a shilling for “ Before you tell me your price,” said the gentle- race-to enlarge our hearts, to make us unselfish, and each chance. There was an immediate desire to see man, let me ask you if you know what it is ? full of kindly sympathies and affections; to give our the instrument.
“Ough !” grumbled Job ; " to be sure I do-it's a souls higher aims, and to call out all our faculties to ex“ Shillin' a-piece for that 'un !” exclaimed a coal-fiddle.”
tended enterprise and exertion ; to bring round our fireheaver ; "vy, I wouldn't give ye a shillin' for the whole “ Ah !” said the stranger, drawing out his purse, side bright faces and happy smiles, and loving tender -box and all." 5 what do you want for it ?”
hearts. My soul blesses the great Father every day that “ Play on the two strings, Job ; let's hear the “ I would not part with it if I could help it-no he has gladdened the earth with little children !-Hope music," said another, sneeringly.
money can pay mo for it; but many that heard it On! Hope Ever! by Mary Howitt. Job looked as though he could have knocked the said it was prime ; perhaps thirty shillings”speaker down. “For that !” exclaimed the toll-keeper, contemp
SONG OF THE HAPPY MOTHER. “ John Cummins," quoth the pot-boy, “sold a gayer tuously.
[FROM THE GERMAN.] looking one than that, last week, for five bob and a The gentleman emptied his purse into Job's hand ;
Look at me, my pretty boy, pint of purl.” one, two, three, four, five golden sovereigns, and plac
With thy golden ringlets flowing, “ I tell you what, Job," said the butcher, who had ing his card upon them, said,“ Call upon me to-morrow,
Bright blue eyes, and cheeks all glowing: often declared that, but for Job's fish, he could sell and you shall have the full value of your instru
Was there ever such a one? more meat, and consequently did not regard him with ment."
No; I'm sure there can be none. particular favour, "put it up at a silver fourpence a
Look at me, my sweetest boy,
Rosy as a summer morning, chance, and I'll begin by taking three ;" and he struck an infant, inside his cloak, and departed with the air
Sweet as dew the leaves adorning : the table with his fist, and looked round, as much as to of a man who had obtained his heart's desire. Job
Was there ever such a one? my, "I have made a liberal offer." was for a moment as one palsied, but perceiving the
No; I'm sure there can be none. "Too liberal,” exclaimed another ; “ the whole con- stranger had forgotten the bow, he seized it, and ran
Look at me, my kindly boy, carn ain't worth it." after him.
Nor too froward, nor too fearful, “ If it was not worth it," answered Job, sturdily, “ It is of no value," said the gentleman; “call on
Was there ever such a one? " I should not bring it to be raffled for, though God me to-morrow at twelve.”
No; I'm sure there can be none. knows, I —!" the little Fishmonger was about to What Job received beyond the five guineas I do
Look at me, my darling boy, make a confession of his poverty, but he could not, not know but this is upon record, hat the gentle
No sad naughty child could ever and quietly stepped down off the table. man, a distinguished musical amateur, now boasts of
Be so loved and lovely-never. “God knows what ?” inquired the butcher.
You may wish for one as fine, the possession of a real Cremona ; and the little Fish“ All things," was the laconic reply, as he prepared
But, good folks, you shan't get mine. monger has declared his intention of taking a shop in
Should a merchant come to buy; to quit the house. Victoria-road, and commencing business in a first-rate
Let him ope his golden coffers, «Holloa !” said the landlord, “won't you stand any
Would I take his richest offers? thing ?” He has engaged a man to carry his basket-Mary
Never-buy where'er he can, "No," shouted Job; "there ye are all of ye, pre- goes to market by daylight-and Tickle has grown so
He should not get my pretty man! tending to more liberality than the rest of the world fat as to have lost much of his disposition towards -and-but no matter-God knows all things.” He worrying cats. Job also is decidedly better tempered, London: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W.S. rushed from the house, and walked towards town. and absolutely laughs when he cries " lob-bb-stairs” at ORR, Paternoster Row; and sold by all booksellers and news The consciousness that he had acted too hastily pressod the corner. Prosperity has extracted much acid from men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. I him still more deeply into misery; and now, when no his nature, and though the expression of his counte- Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the eyo was there to bear witness against him, heavy and nance remains the same, there is the evidence of
publishers or their agents; also, any odd nuinbers to complete bitter tears coursed each other down the rough fur- better spirit in the tones of his voice. In short, pro- pages and contents, have only to givo them into the bands of any
sets. Persons requiring their volumes bound along with titta rows in his cheeks. He came to the bridge which is sperity has improved our little Fishmonger.
bookseller, with orders to that effect.
Ever kind and ever cheerful :