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double so'oac ces q serra taxe p la dite f ritee.

Auxint sonnt ils accordez & assentuz q touz ceux de la dit fratnite tendront lour festes assembles la ou ils voillount comenent assentir & le dit jour de lour fest ils §ronnt illoeqs & pus touz irronnt ensemble la ou lour place §ra ordeigne p lo* Gcdnc? de la dite ffrite q serra pr le temps paiant chescun ces qapptiant a paier a sa porcon et devant manger Us choyseront trois Gardeins p lo* cone assent p* go9ner la dite frrite lan ensuant.

Auxint sonnt ils assentuz q si ascune de la dite f rite mene avesque luy autr q de la dite f ritie amang qant ils teignent lc* feste adonq il paiera p* luy come p' luy mesmes solonc ces q affiert chescun a sa porcon & ces serra lendemayn de lor feste.

Auxint lendemayn al hoeure de tierce ap)s le jo1 de lo* dite feste ils assembleront touz ensemble la ou ils a9ont maungez pr accompf & paier qanq affiert chescun a sa porcon. Et si ascun se absente sanz resonable cause il paiera a la dite f rite la double q auts paient.

Auxint sonnt ils accordez q si ascun de la dite frite deveignent a meschief p fortune qil nad donnt de vi9e il serra ayde de la dite S rite resonablament donnt il puisse vivr pnant de la cone boist p la semaign xvjd ob tanq il soit releve siqil prie p* touz mortz & vifs

if he will not pay and has the power, then he shall pay double according to that which shall be fined by the said Brotherhood.

Also they are agreed that all those of the said Brotherhood shall hold their feasts wheresoever they shall agree in common, and the said day of their feast they shall be there, and then they shall all go together to the place which shall be ordained by their Governor or the said Brotherhood and each one shall pay that which is his due to pay for his portion, and before eating they shall choose three Wardens by their common assent to govern the said Brotherhood in the ensuing year.

Also they have agreed that if any one of the said Brotherhood bring with him any one not of the said Brotherhood to eat when they shall hold their Feast, then he shall pay for him as for himself each according to his portion: and this shall be on the Morrow of their Feast.

Also on the Morrow at the hour of Tierce after the day of their said Feast, they shall all assemble where they have eaten, to account for and pay each as much as belongs to his portion. And if any one absent himself without reasonable cause he shall pay to the said Brotherhood double that the others pay.

Also they are agreed that if any one fall into trouble by misfortune so that he have not wherewithal to live, he shall be helped by the said Brotherhood reasonably wherewith he may live, taking from the Common Box by the week 16\d., until he be relieved, so that he pray de la di? f r1te durstnt son dit meschief.

Et si null de la dite f rite devye q touz ses confrers & soers si nulls y soient s?ont a lr dirige ove \cf vestur vestue sil ne soit p resonable cause qil ne poet venir & oflrer a iiij messes et q nully departe de illocqs tanq le corps soit ensevely sr peyne de vjd a la cone boist.

Auxint si null de la dite frite devye & il nad de quoi estr ensevely adonq il sYa ensevely a Bethlem sil le coveyte si non il 2ra ensevely la ou il desir as costages de la dite f rite.

Auxint q chescun de la dite ffr1te sil voille devyse en son) Testament ou a son) darrein volente al dite ffrite une porcon dargent solonc son poer en amendement de la f rite & de p)er devoutement pr luy.

Auxint sonnt ils accordez & assentuz q si ascun desbut soit moeve p entre ascuns de la dite frite q celuy q conte greve se doit pleyndF al d1te fr1te siq le trespace poet est? redresse ent? les pties sannz Ryate faire & null pleyne en aut? place p §itr ne p au? man)e. Et si null de eux soit rebell & ne voet est? redresse p la dite ffrite qil soit oustee de la compaignie as touz jo's.

Auxint si null de la dite frite soit trove fesant faux ovage en desceit de la cone poeple & en desclaund? de la dite frite qadonq

for all the living and dead of the said Brotherhood during his said mischance.

And if any ofthe said Brotherhood die, that all his Brethren and sisters, if any there be, shall be at their Dirige clothed in their livery unless there be reasonable cause for their not coming to offer at four Masses, and that no one depart from thence until the body be buried on pain of paying 6d. to the Common Box.

Also if any of the said Brotherhood die and have not wherewith to be buried, then he shall be buried at [the Hospital of] Bethlehem if he will, and if not he shall be buried where he shall desire at the costs of the said Brotherhood.

Also that each of the Brotherhood may, if he will, devise in his Testament or his last will to the said Brotherhood a portion of silver according to his power for the good of the Brotherhood, and that they shall pray devoutly for him.

Also they are agreed that if any dispute arise between any of the said Brotherhood, that he who feels himself aggrieved shall complain to the said Brotherhood so that the trespass may be redressed between the parties without making a disturbance, and that no one shall rcomplain in any other place nor in any other manner; and if any one be a rebel and will not be reformed by the said Brotherhood, that he be ousted from the Company for ever.

Also if any of the said Brotherhood be found doing bad work to the detriment of the Common people and to the dishonour of the il serra il ouste de la f r1te avantdit as touz jo's.

Auxint si ascun de la f nte jewe en autr jeu q convenable & ad vestu la liv"e il paiera al p)fn)e foitz j lb de cire la scde sil trespace ij lb de ci? & al tierce foitz sil ne se voet amender soit il ous? de la f rite

touz jo's.

Et si ascun jewe a lez Tables ou a le Jew appelle Mounne ou auf manle de Jewe de dees vestu la U9e qil paie al cone boist vj* v-uf.

Auxint sonnt ils accordez q touz lez ffriers & soers q paient quarterages al chapeleyn ou que plignent H9ee ou nofi paieronnt r/ la vestur de le chapeleyn & Ku & Bedell chescun solonc son por con qil 3ra taxe.

Auxint sonnt ils assentuz & accordez q touz lez ffrers & soers de la dite ff rite q voillount venir al feste ne paieronnt plus p1 lour manger q xxd quele constitucon fu trete examine & conferme en le temps Simond atte more & Will*m Waryn lan xliiij°.

Item la q la dite compaignie avoit en mayn entour trois anz passez une certeigne some dargent p ceyvantz ou un certeign rente fuist a vend? le quel nest q de la value de vj marcz p an ils bargaynerent le dit rente & p tant q lcf dite some ne suffisoit certeins gentz appsterent la remenant & sont

said Brotherhood, that then he shall be ousted from the Brotherhood aforesaid for ever.

Also if any of the Brotherhood play at any improper game being clothed in the Livery he shall pay the first time 1 lb. of wax, the second time if he trespass % lb., and the third time, if he will not amend, he shall be ousted from the said Brotherhood for ever.

And if any one play at tables or at the game called Mounne or other manner of game at Dice dressed in the Livery, that he pay to the Common Box 6s. %d.

Also they are agreed that all the Brethren and sisters who pay quarterages to the Chaplain, or who take the Livery and do not pay for the vesture of the Chaplain and 'Ku' [quarterage ?] and the Beadle, every one according to his share, shall be fined.

Also they are agreed and accorded that all the Brothers of the said Brotherhood who will come to the Feast shall not pay more for their eating than tod. This constitution was treated, examined, and confirmed in the time of Simon atte More and William Waryn in the 44th year.1

Item that the said Company had in hand about three years past a certain sum of money, and knowing of a certain tenement which was for sale, which is of the value of 6 marks by the year, they purchased it, and forasmuch as the said sum was not sufficient, certain people lent the remainder and are

1 This seemt to mean the forty-fourth year of Edward III, i.e. A. D. 1370-1. Mw1 D d

enfeffez en le dit rente tanque ils eyent levez l<y argent app)stee qei del dit rente q de lez p fitz p venantz a la dite companie queux sont [illegible] paiez as ditz enfeffez p onnt q ne rest null monoie dev*s eux. Et fuist lentente del dit p)chas tiel davoir prsuy au Roi de le avoir amorteise en eyde de tro9 un chapeleyn en la dite meson sil p)roit est?. Et si non q lez enfeoffez le denssent avoir vendu arer & levez ces q lor fuisse due & restore a la dite compaignie lor some.

enfeoffed of the said tenement until they shall have recovered their money lent, as well from the said quit-rent as from the profits proceeding to the said .Company, which are . . . paid to the said feoffees, so that there remains no money due to them. And it was the intent of the said Purchaser to have prayed the King to have it mortmained for the purpose of finding a Chaplain in the said House, if so it can be; and if not, that the feoffees should sell it and take that which was due to them and restore to the said Company the sum it had paid.

V

37 Edward III, Cap. J, <f, 1363-4

TRANSLATED (Statutes at Large)

THAT MERCHANTS AND ARTIFICERS SHALL KEEP TO THEIR OWN MERCHANDISE AND MYSTERY

c. v. Item, For the great mischiefs which have happened, as well to the King, as to the great men and commons, of that that the merchants, called Grocers, do ingross all manner of merchandise vendible; and suddenly do enhance the price of such merchandise within the realm,

futting to sale by covin and ordinance made betwixt them, called the raternity and Gild of Merchants, the merchandises which be most dear, and keep in store the other till the time that dearth or scarcity be of the same: [The Parliament hath] ordained, That no English merchant shall use no ware nor merchandise, by him nor by other, nor by no manner of Covin, but only one, which he shall choose betwixt this and the Feast of Candlemas next coming. And such as have other wares or merchandises in their hands, than those that they have chosen, may set them to sale before the Feast of the Nativity of Saint John next ensuing; and it any do to the contrary of this ordinance in any point and be thereof attainted, in the manner as hereafter followeth, he shall forfeit against the King the merchandise, which he hath so used against this ordinance; and moreover, shall make a fine to the King, according to the quantity of the trespass: And how this ordinance shall be put in execution, It is ordained, that good people and lawful of every merchandise shall be chosen and sworn, to survey that this ordinance be holden and executed; that is to say, two merchants [in] every merchandise in every town and burgh, and two merchants of every county, and redress the defaults, and of that that they may not redress, they shall certify the Chancellor, and the King's Council; and commissions shall be made to certain people, to whom and when it shall please the King to assign, to enquire in cities, burghs, and counties, where need shall be, as well of trespassers in this behalf, as of surveyors, in case that they be negligent, or of Covin with the trespassers, by the oath of six men sworn; and moreover to make process [for to hear and determine] daily, [and to punish] the trespassers and surveyors; that is to say, the trespassers according as is above ordained1, and the surveyors according to the discretion of the justices, and that by the jury of xii, in case they will put themselves upon the country of their accusement; and whosoever will sue for the King in such case, shall be thereto received, and shall have the fourth peny of the forfeiture of him that so shall be attainted at his suit.

c. vi. Item, it is ordained, that artif1cers, handicraft people, hold them every one to one mystery, which he will choose betwixt this and the said feast of Candlemas. And two of every craft shall be chosen to surveyj that none use other craft than the same which he hath chosen, and that justices be assigned to enquire by process, to hear and determine in this article, as is ordained in the article beforesaid, saving that the trespassers in this article shall be punished by imprisonment of half a year, and moreover to make fine and ransom, according to the quantity of the trespass. And the surveyors by the discretion of the justices, as before. But the intent of the King and of his Council is, that -women, that is to say, bre-wers, bakers, carders and spinners, and workers as well of wool, as of linen cloth and of silk, brawdesters, and breakers of wool, and all other that do use and work all handy works, may freely use and work as they have done before this time, without any impeachment, or being restrained by this ordinance.

c. v was however repealed by 3 8 Ed. Ill, c. 1, which enacted 'That all people shall be as free as they were at all times before the said ordinance; .. . and that all merchants as well aliens may sell and buy all manner of merchandises and freely carry them out of the realm, paying the customs and subsidies thereof due. Except that English merchants shall not pass out of the realm with wools or woolfells; and that none carry gold nor silver in plate nor in money saving victuallers that fish, and that they bring fish within the realm in small vessels which meddle not with other merchandises'; and the words in italics in c. vi were repealed by 5 Eliz. c. 4.

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