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SENATE.

Recess of Congress.

APRIL, 1812.

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Henry, she was detained by the revenue cutter Jeffer- of War, for reasons stated at large in the petition; son, and ordered back to Baltimore, where she now which was read, and referred to the Paymaster lies; all which is proved to the satisfaction of the General of the Army, to consider and report committee.

thereon. The committee, however, are of opinion that the

Mr. BRENT, from the committee to whom was case is not such as ought to induce the Senate to grant referred the bill, entitled "An act further to amend the prayer of the petition ; they therefore recommend the charter of the City of Washington,” reported that the petitioners have leave to withdraw their me- it with amendments, which were considered as in morial.

Committee of the Whole, and agreed to ; and the The report was agreed to.

President reported the bill to the House accordThe Senate resunied, as in Committee of the ingly. Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled "An On the question, Shall this bill be read a third act authorizing the departure of ships and vessels time as amended ? it was determined in the affrom the ports and harbors of the United States firmative. in certain cases ;” and it was ordered to the third reading. A message from the House of Representatives

SATURDAY, April 25. informed the Senate that the House have passed The amendments to the bill, entitled "An act the bill, entitled "An act for the establishment of further to amend the charter of the City of Washa General Land Office in the Department of the ington," having been reported by the committee Treasury," with amendments, in which they re. correctly engrossed, the bill was read a third time quest tbe concurrence of the Senate. The House as amended, and was further amended by unani. of Representatives have passed a bill, entitled mous consent. "An act for the relief of John N. Siout;" in Resolved, That this bill pass with amend. which bill they request the concurrence of the menis. Senate.

Mr. LEIB presented the petition of Thomas The Senate proceeded to consider the amend. Skelly, of the city of. Philadelphia, merchant, ments of the House of Representatives to the bill, stating that he was the owner of the brigantine entitled "An act for the establishment of a Gen- called the Meteor, and that the said brigantine eral Land Office in the Department of the Treas, was captured by a British armed vessel, while on sury;" and concurred iherein.

her return to ihe United States, on the 21st of The bill last brought up for concurrence was July, 1811, ond illegally condemned in the Britread, and passed to the second reading.

ish High Court of Admiralty, and praying relief, Mr. Bradley, from the joint committee of the for reasons stated at large in the petition ; which two Houses appointed on the subject of a recess,

was read. reported the business that demands the immediate Mr. Smith, of Maryland, from the committee attention of Congress, and the following resolu- appointed on the subject, reported a bill suppletion:

mentary to the act, entitled "An act to establish Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa- an Executive Department, to be denominated the tives of the United States of America in Congress as- Department of War;" and the bill was read, and sembled, That, during the present session of Congress, passed to the second reading. the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House On motion, by Mr. Smith, of New York, the of Representatives shall, on the 29th day of April in- petition of Nathaniel G. Ingraham and others, tostant, adjourn their respective Houses to Monday, the gether with the report of the Secretary for the 18th day of May next, then to meet at the same place Department of Treasury thereon, was referred to in which the two Houses are now sitting.

a select committee, to consider and report thereon On motion, by Mr. BRADLEY, the resolution by bill or otherwise ; and Messrs. Smith 'of New was twice read by unanimous consent; and, on York, ANDERSON, and Gregg, were appointed the motion by Mr. Pope, amended, by striking out committee. the words " eighteenth day of May next.”.

The bill, entitled "An act authorizing the de.
On the question, Shall this resolution be en. pariure of ships and vessels from the ports and
grossed, and read a third time as amended, it was harbors of the United States, in certain cases,"
determined in the affirmative-yeas 18, nays 13, was read a third time, and passed.
as follows:

The bill, entitled "An aci for the relief of Joha
YEAS-Messrs. Bradley, Condit, Crawford, Dana, N. Stout," was read the second time.
German, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Hunter,

RECESS OF CONGRESS,
Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Smith of New
York, Turner, and Worthington.

The Senate resumed the consideration of the
Nars-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of resolution for a recess of Congress from the 29th
Tennessee, Cutts, Gaillard, Giles, Howell, Robinson, inst. 10 the day of -next.
Smith, of Maryland, Tait, Taylor, and Varnum.

Mr. Pope moved to fill the blank with the 4th Mr. BRADLEY presented the petition of Simeon Monday in June. The most distant day would Knight, district paymaster, praying to be allowed probably accommodate the greatest number of one per centum on all moneys disbursed by him members; and this day would be sufficiently early and passed to his credit on the settlement of his to take measures necessary on the expiration of accounts by the Accouotant of the Department the embargo. .

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APRIL, 1812.

Recess of Congress.

SENATE.

Mr. BRADLEY moved the second Monday, the have an army, it is bringing the nation to eighih day of June. This would afford a liule the last state of degradation, not to consider more than five weeks, which, he thought, would at all the sufferings and losses which would be long enough.

be in such cases sustained. It would be a great Mr. LEIB proposed to fill the blank with Mon- error, to attempt to put this country, by a forced day the 18th day of May, which would afford a vote of Congress, into war. You cannot lead recess of about iwenty days.

this country to war as the butcher leads his The question having been put on Mr. BRAD- flock to the slaughter-house. This is a GovernLEY's motion for the 8th June.

ment of opinion ; the public sentiment will not Mr. ANDERSON said he had supposed the day be driven, but must be followed. Congress have fixed upon by the committee, viz: The 18th May, certainly done as much for the present as they would have been the day. He did not himself can. I wish to see the effect of the measures they feel the necessity of any adjournment; but, if it have taken. The Executive is clothed with all must take place, it ought either to be for a short the necessary powers to make preparation for time, or for so long a time as equally to accom.

war; and if the nation will not abide by us and modate all. If it were to be for a short time, it support the measures of Congress, it is vain to would be merely for relaxation; if for a longer say we can force the people into a war. I betime, as was now proposed, he feared it would be lieve the people will be beiter satisfied with a reconsidered as indicative of an intention to pause cess than with our sitting here from day to day in the course of measures they had commenced, without doing anything material, and there is and produce an impression abroad, among the nothing material at this moment to do. They are people, which was much to be deprecated.

not irrational; they know that Congress have Mr. Pope said he was in favor of such a time see that when we come to war, the Council of

been in session six months; they must also fore. being fixed on as should accommodate the great the Nation must be perpetually in session; they est number of the members. As to the effect of will, therefore, not be dissatisfied at a short recess. an adjournment on the public mind, he imagined if war he actually to take place at the expiration that the difference between a recess of twenty or of the embargo, this, of all others, is the time for thirty days would be very unimportant.

relaxation. Mr. G. W. CAMPBELL said it seemed to him Mr. WORTHINGTON said, he was in hopes that something like bribing the members to obtain a silent vote would have been taken on this ques. voles, to talk about lengthening the time so as to tion, but as that was not permitted, he would add accommodate the greatest number of members. I a remark or two. He was sorry, to use the gentleHe could not conceive it consistent with the man's own expression, that he had not such a honor of the country that they should decide the bribe to offer the geotleman from Tennessee (Mr. question of adjournment on the mere ground of Campbell) as would induce him to vote for thrs personal, convenience; he considered the only resolution. He said he had believed that, if the question lo be, whether a recess would have a shortest day proposed should be taken, the effect good or bad effect on the public service. He had would be this: It could not be expected that on a former occasion stated his objection to this those gentlemen who had been six or step, that it would produce an ill effect on the months from their homes and families should republic mind. Many misrepresentations have been main in this city; if they went home, many of already made to induce the public to believe you them could not possibly return in ?wenty days; are not in earnest. An adjournment for any there would, on the appointed day, be no quorum length of time would seem like deserting our in either House, and they would have to adjourn posts, and will put the seal on this belief. Under from day to day until a sufficient number appearthis view, he must vote against the adjournment, ed. When they spoke of the public interest, genbut the longer was the recess, the worse would be clemen should look at actions, not at professions. the effect on the public mind. He should, there- Mr. W. said he looked at human nature as he fore, vote for the shortest day.

found it; and considering, as regarded himself, Mr. BRADLEY said, he could not see that the that ten days at home would be of infinite advanproposed recess would be deserting their posts at tage to his private concerns, taking it for granted all. The nation knew that the Government could that all gentlemen had the same feelings and renot go to war without soldiers ; and sitting here gards as himself, he thought it a duty he owed would certainly not restore peace, Congress had himself and others, as well as his country, to vote adopted many war measures, the execution of for a recess. He believed much greater injury which they had put into the hands of the Execu-would result from sitting here than from a recess. tive; they had also authorized a loan of eleven He believed, in a day or two, there would scarcemillions. And while these measures were going ly be a quorum of the two Houses left. Did genon, could Congress, by staying here constanuy, tlemen mean to take any great measure with a add to the number of men, or expedite the loan ? bare quorum of both Houses ? He presumed they If an enemy were to invade us, without any Gov. would not. Therefore, in his opinion, it would ernment at all, they would be promptly resisted. be very proper to take such time as would suit But, if we are going to war to redress grievances, the greater number of members of both Houses. to revenge injuries received, we should choose But, if that could not be attained, Mr. W. said he our own time. If we begin war before we would still vote for a recess; for although he could

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SENATE.

Recess of Congress,

APRIL, 1812.

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not avail bimself of the opportunity to go home, he desired was, that a quorum of both Houses he would not prevent others who ipight. should be within call of iheir presiding officers,

The question on the insertion of the eighth day ready to receive Executive communications, and of June as the day of reassembling of the two act whenever it should be necessary. How could Houses, was decided as follows:

they justify to their constituents a recess at this Yes-Messrs. Bradley, Condit, Crawford, Dana, moment, il, in three weeks after they should have German, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Hunter, parted, an attack should be made on any quarter Lambert, Lloyd, Pope, Reed, Robinson, Smith of New of the United States ? Much was yet to do beYork, Turner, and Worthington-18.

fore the United States were ready for war; and Nays-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of if they were now to adjourn, very serious detriTennessee, Cutts, Gaillard, Giles, Howell, Leib, Smith ment to the public interest would, he had no of Maryland, Tait, Taylor, and Varnum-13.

doubt, be the result. So the motion was carried.

Mr. Pope said, if there was to be a recess, in The question being put on the passage of the fairness, it oughi to be so ordered as to consult resolution as amended

thereby the convenience of as many members as Mr. Bibb said it was painful for him to speak possible. Why was there to be a recess at all ? on this question, when he believed a majority of For the accommodation of members of Congress. the Senate were determined on an adjournment; Ought not that accommodation, then, to be made but he en treated gentlemen to weighi' well what equal? For himself, said Mr. P., he neither liked they were about. He said he could not but rep. the recess nor staying here. He could not be robate the mode of arguing a question of adjourn. pleased, whether the resolution passed or was ment from motives of comfort or family inierest; negatived. If the resolution did pass, be wished of personal convenience alone, without reference it io pass in a shape which should afford an equal to public interest.

chance to all. He had understood that the ExecMr. WORTHINGTON disclaimed any such argu. Sutive had been consulted, and had no coinmoviment as appeared to be attributed to him. cations to make requiring immediate attention.

Mr. Bibe continued.- If any man should give if it would be no prejudice to the public interest, a vote for adjournment from motives of that kind, he had no objection to afford the longest time. he should reprobate such conduct. So far as On these grounds he had voted for the longest gentlemen believed the public interest would not day, though he had serious duubts as to the prosuffer from such a course, there would, indeed, be priety of a recess at an. no impropriety in suffering personal convenience The question was then taken by yeas and nays to have weight. But the question, said Mr. B., as follow : is, whether our affairs are in such a situation as

Yeas-Messrs. Bradley, Condit, Crawford, Dana, would, in common regard to prudence, permit us German, Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Hunter, to depart? What is our situation ?' We have Lambert, Lloyd, Reed, Smith of New York, Turner, made preparation for war by authorizing the rais- and Worthington—16. ing an army. Is that army organized ? Are the Tennessee, Cutts, Gaillard, Giles, Howell, Leib, Pope,

Nars-Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of officers all appointed ? No. I put it to gentlemen Robinson, Smith of Maryland, Tait, Taylor, and Varwhether, from the specimen already bad, of bills and supplemental bills, we may not expect other

So it was, on the part of the Senate, supplemental bills? Can Congress reconcile it to their consciences, to leave the seat of Govern-sentatires in Congress assembled, That, during

Resolved, by the Senate and House of Reprement, when they see that our army is not organ. the present session of Congress, the President of ized, when a proposition for appointing Assistant the Senate and Speaker of the House of RepreSecretaries to the War Department, and much sentatives shall, on the 291h day of April instant, other detailed business, is before us ? The offices adjourn their respective Houses to Monday the of Commissary General and Quartermaster Gen- sth day of Jupe next, then to meet at the same eral are yet vacant; because the restrictions are place in which the two Houses are now sitting. such as to render them obstacles to the acceptånce of persons qualified to fill those offices. This must be corrected; we must either take off some

MONDAY, April 27. of the restrictions on these officers, or increase The bill supplementary to the act, entitled "An the salaries. There are many other defects in our act to establish an Executive Department, to be present laws, which, from past experience, I am denominated the Department of War," was read confident will require alteration. Now, sir, al- the second time. though I freely confess that I would not plunge A message from the House of Representatives the nation into war until the Executive shall tell informed the Senate that the House have passed us that we are in a sufficiently advanced state of a bill, entitled "An act to extend the right of sufpreparation ; although I would not remain here frage in the Illinois Territory, and for other purwith a view of declaring war belore the time of poses ;" in wbich they request the concurrence of the proposed recess would expire, yet I should ihe Senate. They have passed the bill which wish to be on the spot to complete such measures originated in the Senate, entitled "An act making as the public service appears io require. If gen. further provision for the Corps of Engineers," with tlemen desired relaxation, merely, Mr. B. said, he amendments, in which they request the concurrwas content to sit but twice a week. But, whatence of the Senate.

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APRIL, 1812.

Proceedings.

Senate.

The bill last brought up for concurrence was

Tuesday, April 28. read, and passed to the second reading.

The bill allowing an annuity to Arthur St. On motion, by Mr. VARNUM, the amendments Clair was read the second time. of the House of Representatives to the bill, enti The bill, entitled "An act to extend the right iled “An act making further provision for the of suffrage in the Illinois Territory, and for other Corps of Engineers," was referred to a select com- purposes," was read the second time, and referred mittee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. io à select committee. to consider and report SMITH of Maryland, VARNUM, and BAYARD, were thereon; and Messrs. GREGG, GOODRICH, and appointed the committee.

VARNUM, were appointed the committee. Mr. Smith, of Maryland, froin the committee

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the 10 whom were referred the amendments to the whole, the consideration of the bill concerning bill last mentioned, made report. Whereupon, merchant vessels armed for defence; and, on the

Resolved, Thaithe Senate concur in the amend question, Shall this bilt be engrossed and read a ments of the House of Representatives to the said third time? it was determined in the affirmative. bill.

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the whole, the consideration of the bill respecting Whole, the bill concerning merchant vessels armed associations for maritime security; and on the for defence; and the further consideration thereof question, Shall this bill be engrossed and read, a was postponed until to-morrow.

third time? it was determined in the affirmative. Mr. Leib, from the committee appointed to consider the subject. reported a bill allowing an an

Mr. Leib'submitted the following resolution: nuity to Arthur St. Clair; and the bill was read,

: Resolved, That the President of the Senate and and passed iu the second reading.

Speaker of the House of Representatives adjourn the The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the 16th of May, to Monday, the 25th of May.

respective Houses of Congress on Wednesday, the Whole, the bill to authorize the State of Tennes. see to issue grants and perfect litles on certain en

And the resolution was read, and passed to the tries and locations of land, therein described; and

second reading: the further consideration thereof was postponed

The bill to discharge from imprisonment the 10, and made the order of the day for, Wednes- persons therein mentioned was read the second day next.

time. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Whole, the consideration of the bill supplemenJohn N. Stout;” and on motion, by Mr. Pope, it tary to the act, entitled "An act to establish an was referred to a select committee, to consider Executive Department, to be denominated the and report thereon; and Messrs. Pope, Brent, Department of War;" and the bill baving been and GREGG, were appointed the committee.

amended, the President reported it to the House The President communicated a report of the accordingly. Paymaster General of the Army, on the petition and read a third time as amended ? it was deter

On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed of Simeon Knight, district paymaster, which was read, and ordered to be printed for the use of the mined in the affirmative. Senate.

- Mr. Pope gave notice that to-morrow he should Mr. Gregg presented the memorial of Thomas ask leave to bring in a bill more effectually to P. Cope, and others, stating that, some time sub protect the commerce and coasts of the United sequent to the proclamation of the President of States, and for other purposes. the United States, of the 20 of November, 1810, the twelfth rule for conducting business in the

On motion, by Mr. WORTHINGTON, to suspend their brig Daphne cleared from Philadelphia for Calcutta. That, in consequence of the non-im. Senate, as respects the resolution this day offered portation law, they have ordered the said vessel, authorizing the President of the Senate and and a return cargo, amounting to 239,000 dollars, Speaker of the House of Representatives to adto the island of Si. Bartholomews; that the said journ the respective Houses of Congress, it was vessel and cargo is 'exposed to capture and depre

determined in the affirmative-yeas 12, nays 9, dation in the event of war, and to condemna

as follows: tion should she enter a port in America. They,

YEAS-Messrs. Condit, German, Gregg, Howell, therefore, pray permission for the said vessel to Hunter, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Smith of Maryland, enter an American port, there to remain and be Smith of New York, Turner, and Worthington. disposed of as subsequent events may dictate; NAYS.— Messrs. Bayard, Bibb, Crawford, Dana, and the memorial was read, and referred to a se- Gilman, Goodrich, Robinson, Tait, and Varnum. lect committee, to consider and report thereon by On motion, by Mr. WORTHINGTON, the resolubill or otherwise ; and Messrs. Gregg. LLOYD, and tion was read the second time. Smith of Md., were appointed the committee. On the question, Shall this resolution be en

Mr. Smith, of New York, from the committee grossed and read a third time? it was determined to whom was referred the petition of Nathaniel. in the affirmative. G. Ingraham, and others, presented a bill to dis Mr. Gilman, from the committee, reported the charge from imprisonment the persons therein resolution last mentioned correctly engrossed. mentioned; and the bill was read, and passed to And on motion, the Senate adjourned until tóthe second reading.

morrow,

SENATE.

Maritime Defence.

APRIL, 1812.

WEDNESDAY, April 29.

wise; and Messrs. VARNUM. LEIB, and BRENT, The Senate resumed as in Committee of the

were appointed the committee. Whole, the bill to authorize the State of Tennes

MARITIME DEFENCE. see to issue grants and perfect titles on certain Mr. Pope asked and obtained leave to bring in entries and locations of land therein described ; a bill more effectually to protect the commerce and, after debate, it was agreed that the further and coasts of the Uniied Siates; and the bill was consideration thereof be postponed until to-mor- read, and passed to the second reading, row.

The bill is as follows: On motion, by Mr. LEIB, the engrossed resolu- A Bill more effectually to protect the commerce and tion authorizing the President of the Senate and

coasts of the United States. Speaker of the House of Representatives to ad

Whereas the British and other armed vessels have journ the respective Houses of Congress was read a third time.

harassed and committed depredations on the commerce

of the United States on or near the coasts thereof, in On the question, Shall this resolution pass ? it violation of the laws of nations; therefore, was determined in the affirmative-yeas 16, pays Be it enacted, &c., That it shall be lawful for the 12, as follows:

President of the United States, and he is hereby auYEAS—Messrs. Bayard, Condit, Dana, German, thorized, to instruct and direct the commanders of the Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Horsey, Howell, Hunter, armed vessels belonging to the United States to seize, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Smith of New York, Turner, take, and bring into any port of the United States, to and Worthington.

be proceeded against according to the laws and usages Nars—Messrs. Anderson, Bibb, Brent, Campbell of nations, any such British or other armed, vessel of Tennessee, Crawford, Cutts, Gaillard, Pope, Robin which shall have committed, or which shall be found son, Tait; Taylor, and Varnum.

hovering on the coasts of the United States for the So it was resolved that the President of the purpose of harassing, or committing depredations on Senate and Speaker of the House of Representa- the vessels belonging to the citizens thereof. tives adjourn the respective Houses of Congress

The bill respecting associations for maritime on Wednesday, the 6th of May, to Monday, the security having been reported by the committee 25th of May.

correctly engrossed, was read a third time, and Ordered, That the Secretary request the con- passed. The bill is as follows: currence of the House of Representatives in this A Bill respecting Associations for Maritime Security. resolution.

Be it enacted, &c., That in cases wherein the armThe bill supplementary to the act, entitled "An ing of vessels for defence may be allowed according to act to establish an Executive Department, to be the laws of the United States, it may be agreed on the denominated the Department of War," having part of the citizens of the United States in pursuance been reported by the commiree correctly en- of this act, that ships or vessels by them owned shall grossed, was read a third time as amended, and sail in concert and be associated for assistance and propassed.

tection in any voyage or voyages not contrary to law, A message from the House of Representatives and during any time or times which may be designated informed the Senate that the House have post- by instrument of writing executed by the owners or poned, indefinitely, the resolution proposing an their authorized agents. The stipulations of the parties adjournment of the two Houses of Congress on

contained in such instrument may extend to the equipthe 29th of April, 10 the 8th of June next. They authority of the masters or commanders ; the appoint

ment and force of the vessels respectively; the relative have passed a bill, entiiled "An act for the relief of John Thompson;" also, a bill, entitled "An act regulativn of signals; the direction of the general course

ment of places and times of rendezvous and sailing; the making additional appropriations for the support of the voyage or voyages; the orders to be observed in of Government for the year 1812;" in which bills cases of separation or danger; and the making of ar. they request the concurrence of the Senate.

rangements for conducting and managing the respectThe iwo bills last mentioned were read, and ive vessels, as may be most effectual for assistance in passed to the second reading.

any case of peril or misfortune; and, for protecting all Mr. Brent presented the petition of John and or any of them against forcible seizure or annoyance : Thomas Vowell, and others, merchants, of Alex- Provided, That no such agreement or stipulation shall andria, stating that they are owners of property contravene the instructions or orders which may be to a large amount in England, and in English given by the President of the United States for preports, and praying that the non-importation law venting any unlawful proceedings ; and in cases touchmay be repealed, or so

. modified as to admit the ing the use of any armament or armaments, the masimportation of British goods to the amount of ated, shall be under the control of such instructions or

ters or commanders of vessels which may be so associAmerican claims, for reasons stated at large in

orders. the petition ; which was read. Mr. Varnum presented the petition of Jonathan ships or vessels shall be holden for any stipulations as

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the respective Grout, of Philadelphia, praying Congress to au- aforesaid contained in such instrument concerning them, thorize the purchase of his patent right to a new and shall accordingly be chargeable for any compensaand improved mode of conveying intelligence, tion which may justly be demanded on account of failand giving signals, by telegraphs; and the peti. ure to perform the same, as well as for satisfying any tion was read, and referred to a select committee, reasonable claim of contribution on account of loss or to consider and report thereon by bill or other damage incurred in pursuance thereof. The rates of

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