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Come, come, at all I laugh he laughs, no doubt; The only diff'rence is, I dare laugh out. 36

F. Why yes : with Scripture still you may be free; A Horse-laugh, if you please, at Honesty ; A Joke on JEKYL, or some odd Old Wbig Who never chang'd his Principle, or Wig: A Patriot is a Fool in ev'ry age, Whom all Lord Chamberlains allow the Stage: These nothing hurts; they keep their Fashion still, And wear their strange old Virtue, as they will. If any ask you,

« Who's the Man, fo near “ His Prince, that writes in Verse, and has his ear?'

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proof of his penetration, and extensive knowlege of the world. Others perhaps would think it an instance of a narrow understanding, that, from a few of Rochefoucault's maxims, and the corrupt practice of those he commonly con. versed with, would thus boldly pronounce upon the character of his Species. It is certain, that a Keeper of Newgate, who should make the same conclusion, would be heartily laughed at.

VER. 37. Why yes: with Scripture, etc.) A scribler, whose only chance for reputation is the falling in with the fashion, is apt to employ this infamous expedient for the preservation of his fleeting existence. But a true Genius could not do a foolisher thing, or sooner defeat his own aim, · The fage Boileau used to say on this occafion, “ Une ouvrage or severe peut bien plaire aux libertins ; mais un ouvrage

trop libre plaira jamais aux personnes feveres."

Ver. 39. A Joke on Jekyl] Sir Joseph Jekyl, Master of the Rolls, a true Whig in his principles, and a man of the utmost probity. He fometimes voted against the Court, which drew upon him the laugh here described of One who bestowed it equally upon Religion and Honesty. He died a few months after the publication of this poem,

Why, answer, LYTTELTON, and I'll engage
The worthy Youth shall ne'er be in a rage :
But were his Verses vile, his Whisper base,
You'd quickly find him in Lord Fanny's case. 50
Sejanus, Wolsey, hurt not honeft FLEURY;
But well may put some Statesmen in a fury.

Laugh then at any, but at Fools or Foes ;
These

you
but
anger,

and
you

mend not those. 54
Laugh at your friends, and, if your Friends are fore,
So much the better, you may laugh the more,
To Vice and Folly to confine the jest,
Sets half the world, God knows, against the rest ;
Did not the Sneer of more impartial men
At Sense and Virtue, balance all agen.

60 Judicious Wits spread wide the Ridicule, And charitably comfort Knave and Fool.

P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth : Adieu Diftinction, Satire, Warmth, and Truth !

Ver. 47. Wby, answer, Lyttelton.] George Lyttelton, Še. cretary to the Prince of Wales, distinguished both for his writings and speeches in the spirit of Liberty.

VER. 51. Sejanus, Wolsey,] The one the wicked minister of Tiberius : the other, of Henry VIII. The writers against the Court usually bestowed these and other odious names on the Minister, without distinction, and in the most injurious

See Dial. II. ver. 137. Ibid. Fleury,] Cardinal: and Minister to Louis XV. It was a Patriot-fashion, at that time, to cry up his wisdom and honesty.

Vol. IV.

manner.

Come, harmless Characters that no one hit; 65
Come, Henley's Oratory, Osborn's Wit!
The Honey dropping from Favonio's tongue,
The Flow'rs of Bubo, and the Flow of Y-ng!
The gracious Dew of Pulpit Eloquence,
And all the well-whipt Cream of Courtly Sense 70
That First was H-vy's, F_'s next, and then
The Ste's, and then H-vy's once agen.
O come, that easy Ciceronian style,
So Latin, yet fo Englith all the while,
As, tho' the Pride of Middleton and Bland, 95
All Boys may read, and Girls may understand !
Then might I fing, without the least offence,
And all I sung should be the Nation's Sense;
Or teach the melancholy Muse to mourn,
Hang the fad Verse on CAROLINA's Urn, 80
And hail her passage to the Realms of Rest,
All Parts perform'd, and all her Children blest!

VER. 66. Henley Ofoorn.] See them in their places in the Dunciad.

VER. 69. The gracious Dew] Alludes to some court fers mons, and forid panegyrical speeches : particularly one vety full of puerilities and Aatteries ; which afterwards got into an address in the same pretty style ; and was lastly served up in an Epitaph, between Latin and English, published by its author.

VER. 78. Nation's Sense ;] The cant of Politics at that time.

VER. 80. Carolina.] Queen confort to King George II. She died in 1737. Her death gave occasion, as is obferved above, to many indiscreet and mean performances unworthy of her memory, whose last moments manifested the utmost courage and resolution,

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So-Satire is no more-I feel it die
No Gazetteer more innocent than I
And let, a God's-náme, ev'ry Fool and Knave 85
Be grac'd thro' Life, and flatter'd in his Grave..

F. Why so? if Satire knows its Time and Place,
You still may lalh the greateft-in Disgrace:
For Merit will by turns forsake them all ;
Would you know when ? exactly when they fall. 90
But let all Satire in all Changes spare
Immortal S-k, and grave Dere!
Silent and soft, as Saints remove to Heav'n,
All Tyes dissolv’d, and ev'ry Sin forgiv’n,
These may fome gentle ministerial Wing 95
Receive, and place for ever near a King !
There, where no Paffion, Pride, or Shame transport,
Lull'd with the sweet Nepenthe of a Court;

VER. 92. Immortal S--k, and grave De--re.!!] A title given that Lord by King James II. He was of the Bedchamber to King William; he was so ro King George I. he was so to King George II. This Lord was very skilful in all the forms of the House, in which he discharged himself with great gravity,

VER. 97. There, where no Pallion, etc.]. The excellent writer De l’Esprit des Loix gives the following character of the Spirit of Courts, and the Principle of Mənarchies : “ Qu'on

life ce que les Historiens de tous les tems ont dit sur la Cour

des Monarques; qu'on se rapelle les conversations des " hommes de tous les Pais sur le miserable caractère des

COURTISANS ; ce ne sont point des choses de speculation, " mais d'une triste expérience. L'ambition dans l'oisiveté, la is basefle dans l'orgueil, le defir de s'enrichir sans travail, " l'averfion pour la verité ; la Aaterie, la trahison, la perfidie, “ l'abandon de tous ses engagemens, le mepris des devoirs du

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There, where no Father's, Brother's, Friend's disgrace
Once break their rest, or stir them from their Place:
But past the Sense of human Miseries,
All Tears are wip'd for ever from all eyes ;
No cheek is known to blush, no heart to throb,
Save when they lose a Question, or a Job.
P. Good Heav'n forbid, that I should blast their
glory,

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Who know how like Whig Ministers to Tory,
And when three Sov'reigns dy'd, could scarce be vext,
Consid'ring what a gracious Prince was next.
Have I in filent wonder, seen such things
As Pride in Slaves, and Avarice in Kings ;
And at a Peer, or Peerefs, shall I fret,
Who starves a Sister, or forswears a Debt?

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VARIATION Si Ver. 112. in some editions,

Who farves a Mother, “ Citoyen, la crainte de la vertu du Prince, l'esperance de fes " foiblesses, et plus, que tout cela, LE RIDICULE PERPETVEL

JETTE SUR LA VERTU, font, je crois, le Caractére de la plupart des Courtisans marqué dans tous les lieux et dans

tous les tems. Or il est très mal-aisé que les Principaux “ d'un Etat soient malhonnêtes-gens, & que les inferieurs “ soient gens-de-bien, que ceux-la soyent trompeurs, & que “ ceux-ci consentent à n'être que dupes. Que fi dans le « Peuple il se trouve quelque malheureux honnêto-homme, le ~ Cardinal de Richelieu dans son Teflament politique infinue, " qu'un Monarque doit se garder de s'en servir. Tant-il est “ vrai que la Vertu n'est pas le ressort de ce Gouvernment."

VER. 108. gracious Prince] The style of Addresses on an acceflion.

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