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So-Satire is no more-I feel it die
F. Why fo? if Satire knows its Time and Place,
VER. 92. Immortal S--k, and grave De--re !!] A title given that Lord by King James II. He was of the Bedchamber to King William ; he was so to King George I. he was so to King George II. This Lord was very skilful in all the forms of the House, in which he discharged himself with great gravity,
VER, 97. There, where no Passion, etc.]. The excellent writer De l'Esprit des Loix gives the following character of the Spirit of Courts, and the Principie of Mənarchies : " Qu'on " lise ce que les Historiens de tous les tems ont dit sur la Cour " des Monarques; qu'on se rapelle les conversations des " hommes de tous les Païs sur le miserable caractère des
COURTISANS ; ce ne sont point des choses de speculation, " mais d'une triste expérience. L'ambition dans l'oisiveté, la " baffelse dans l'orgueil, le defir de s'enrichir sans travail, " l'averlion pour la verité ; la filaterie, la trahison, la perfidie, " l'abandon de tous ses engagemens, le mepris des devoirs du
There, where no Father's, Brother's, Friend's disgrace
VARIATION Si Ver. 112. in some editions,
Who farves a Mother, “ Citoyen, la crainte de la vertu du Prince, l'esperance de fes " foiblesses, et plus, que tout cela, LE RIDICULE PERPETVEL
JETTE SUR LA VERTU, font, je crois, le Caractére de la plupart des Courtisans marqué dans tous les lieux et dans
tous les tems. Or il est très mal-aisé que les Principaux “ d'un Etat soient malhonnêtes-gens, & que les inferieurs “ soient gens-de-bien, que ceux-la soyent trompeurs, & que “ ceux-ci consentent à n'être que dupes. Que fi dans le « Peuple il se trouve quelque malheureux honnêto-homme, le ~ Cardinal de Richelieu dans son Teflament politique infinue, " qu'un Monarque doit se garder de s'en servir. Tant-il est “ vrai que la Vertu n'est pas le ressort de ce Gouvernment."
VER. 108. gracious Prince] The style of Addresses on an acceflion.
Virtue, I grant you, is an empty boast;
125 Learn, from their Books, to hang himself and Wife?
VER. 113. Virtue, I grant you, is an empty boaft ;] A satirical ambiguity--either that those farve wbo bave it, or that those who boast of it, bave it not : and both together (he insinuates) make up the present state of modern virtue,
VER. 115. Cibber's Son,- Ricb] Two players : look for them in the Dunciad,
VER. 123. If Blount.] Author of an impious and foolish book called the Oracles of Reason, who being in love with a near kinswoman of his, and rejected, gave himself a stab in the arm, as pretending to kill himself, of the consequence of which he really died.
VER. 124. Pajeran!] Author of another book of the same kamp, called, A pbilosopbical discourse on death, being a de. fence of suicide. He was a nobleman of Piedmont, baniched from his country for his impieties, and lived in the utmost misery, yet feared to practise his own precepts.--This unhappy man at last died a penitent.
VER. 125. But fall a Printer, etc. ) A Fact that happened in London a few years past. The unhappy man left behind him
This, this, my friend, I cannot, mutt not bear ;
Let modeft Foster, if he will, excell
a paper justifying his action by the reafonings of fome of these authors.
VER. 129. This calls the Church to deprecate our Sin,] Alluding to the forms of prayer, composed in the times of public calamity; where the fault is generally laid upon the People.
VER, 130. Gin.] A spirituous liquor, the exorbitant use of which had almost destroyed the lowest rank of the People till it was restrained by an act of Parliament in 1736.
VER. 134. Landaffe.] A poor Bishoprick in Wales, as poorly supplied. VER.
135. Let humble ALLEN with an aukward Sbame --Do good by stealth, and blush to find it Fame. ] We are so absolutely governed by custom, that to act contrary to it, creates even in virtuous men, who are ever modeft, a kind of diffidence, which is the parent of Skame. But when, to this, there is joined a consciousness that, in forsaking custom, you follow truth and reason, the indignation arising from such a conscious virtue, mixing with Shame, produces that amiable aukwardness, in going out of the fashion, which the Poet, here, celebrates :
and blush to find it Fame, i.e. He blushed at the degeneracy of his times, which, at best, gave his goo:vess its due commendation (the thing he never aimed at) instead of following and imitating his example,
Virtue may choose the high or low Degree,
which was the reason why some ads of it were not done by ftcalıb, but more openly.
Ver. 138. 'Tis just alike to Virtue, and to me ;] He gives the reason for it, in the line that presently follows,
She's still the same, belov'd, contented thing. So that the sense of the text is this, “ It is all one to Virtue on “ whom her influence falls, whether on high or low, because “ it still produces the same effect, their content; and it is all one
to me, because it still produces the same effect, my love.".