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another animal of the same kind at a

DR. FRANKLIN and his son. cockpit.

In the month of February, 1801, I APOLOGIES for ABUSES.

dined with Governor F. at the house of There is no abuse, ancient or modern, a relation, and was highly entertained. for which ingenious men will not em- I heard the quondam governor describe ploy their art to find an excuse. France the much vaunted and trifling process was overrun by a swarm of drones, by which his father proved that lightsecular and regular, “ black, white, and ning was electricity. He entered into grey, with all their trumpery." A dis- . the particulars of making the kite, an play of erudition is pleaded in extenua- operation at which he himself assisted; tion of the offence of idleness. In La- the mode of letting it fly during a thunboriosus nihil agendowe discover the der-storm, at a little farm belonging to great character of the genus, and we

his father, about two miles from Philaput it to this test, but we see that it is delphia. His father had retired, in connected with some collateral good in consequence of the rain, to a shed in the species. Hence we are told that the neighbourhood, but emerged from the Benedictines cherished a love for time to time, to survey and state the the knowledge of antiquities; that the phenomena. At length the critical Dominicans, for their scholastic philo- moment occurred, but no metallic sophy, reflected lustre on their order;

thread was twined round the string, as also the Jesuits, for raising literary but being wet, it became a conductor. fabrics, formed on classic models, and

Undue importance is attached to this the Oratorians as men of capacity and experiment—no person in Europe ever information in the higher branches of doubted that lightning and electricity the mathematics.

were identical. CURE for the GRAVEL.

MAXIMS from voltAIRE. Take leek roots, cut them into pieces,

In war we ought to do that which the and boil a quart until reduced to a pint, enemy most dreads. in soft water ; then add a quartern of

The balance of power, whether well gin, and drink near a tumbler full on

or ill understood, has been the favourite going to bed. This will act as a salu- passion of the English. tary diuretic.

The Swiss cantons sell soldiers to all RIGHTS of ENGLISHMEN.

parties, and defend their country against The King of England cannot force all: although the government is pacific, any of his subjects out of the realm, not

the people are all warriors. even on an embassy, for this might be Sea fights are generally indecisive. the means of keeping them in an honour

Above 120 battles have been fought able exile.

in Europe, since the year 1600, and The chancellor, however, may grant amongst them all, ten only were deci

sive. a writ on oath made, and cause being shewn, to keep a subject within the

History is only a detail of the same jurisdiction of the laws; but neither events, repeated with some variation. he, nor any other subject can prevent

In ancient times a battle consisted of an Englishman from entering the king- there was less noise, but more slaughter

a multitude of single combats, in which dom.

than at present. Writlen by sir F. BORDETT, and affired to At the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the

JOIN HORNE TOOKE's bust, in his par- Marquis de St. Severin, said " that he lour.

came to fulfil the words of his master, Beboid the man, who, touch'd with human woe,

and that he would make peace, not as a Stood, tho'alone, Oppre-ssion's constant fue. With Reason's light revived the patriot flame,

merchant but as a king." And draggd forth public guilt to public shame. In all important state affairs there is Fell Vengeance arm'd Corruption's harpy tribe, an avowed pretext, and a concealed And simve to murder, what she could not bribe. Dauntless he brav'd the storm. still undismay'd, Proe'aimed the people and their rights betrayed.

SOCIETY. Med Nero tremble on his blood-stain'd throne, Many great authorities, from whose And Truth and Freedor wark'd lim for their own, opinion I shall not venture to deviate,



have been strenuous in maintaining that The Dutch make use of smelts which the happiest state of society, though they salt, and also a piece of the gorenot the most refined, is where the mem- bill, by way of bait. bers are equally distant from that opu The English but-men, (for so this lence which corrupts, and that misery description of vessel is termed re-visit which debases the human mind. Ame- their coasts, both in time of war and rica lays before us a sample to judge of peace. As they collect the turbots, they the accuracy of this position.

place them in boxes, and do not turn MR. PITT,

them adrift in the wells, until some time Though confessedly a great orator, after. and of superior understanding as a fi

ENGLISH GLOOM. nancier, did not possess, as I apprehend, If we may credit common fame, the an animated, natural, and consistent English character will undoubtedly be taste for literature. I do not recollect thought too grave by foreigners--not any man of letters whom he patronised so, perhaps, by the philosopher and the as such, or without some reference to man of taste, who trace humanity, the tame and graceless purposes of his clothed in various modifications of ambition—that ambition, on the surface manners. I happened one afternoon to of which deception floats.

be raiher cheerful in the company of a DR. FRANKLIN.

foreigner, who, in consequence of this I have ever been hardy enough to trifling event, gave me more surprise admire the following verse, by Tur- than delight by politely asking whether got, on that great and universally I was actually born in the island of respected character, whose portrait, it Great Britain. seems, had been presented to him by a friend.

The Earl of Chesterfield thus speaks * Eripuit fulmen cælo, sceptrumque tyrannis." of his late Majesty, while a boy, in a

The above line I suspect is an imita- letter to his son, dated London, March tion of the following, which I found in 25, 0. S. 1751. turning over some book rather hastily :

6. The death of the Prince of Wales, “ Eripuit fulmenque Jovi Phæboque sagittam." who was more beloved for his affability

I have since found another proof of and good nature, than esteemed for his the imitation, in Manilius, a poet of the steadiness and conduct, has given conAugustan age, representing the cultiva- cern to many and apprehension to all. tion of human genius :

The great difference of age in the King * Solvitque animus miracula rerum

and Prince George, presents the prosEripuitque Jovi fulmen, viresque tonanti."

pect of a minority: a disagreeable prosTURBOT FISHERY.

pect for any nation. But it is most proThis fishery is carried on solely from bable that the kiroho is now perfectly Barking, in Essex, and the vessels em- recovered of his late indisposition, may ployed, each of which has but one mast, live to see his grandson of age. He is consisted in 1809, of about sixty, all seriously a most hopeful boy: gentle having wells or reservoirs for salt water. and good-natured with good sense. Much has been said of our rivaling, and This event has made all sorts of people even excelling the Dutch, of late years, here historians as well as politicians. in this art ; but truth obliges me to de- Our histories are rummaged for all the clare the contrary, and sacrifice nation- particular circumstances of the six mial vanity at the shrine of impartiality. norities which have been since the con

Our expert and industrious neigh- quest : viz. those of Henry III Edward bours not only possess the advantage of III. Richard II. Henry VI. Edward V. fishing on their own immediate coast, and Edward VI. The reasonings and but in the plastes and salt water inlets the speculations, the conjectures and the which indent it. These we are not predictions, you will easily imagine must tempted by the law of nations to occupy be innumerable and endless in this nawith our small craft, and therefore, for tion, where every porter is a consumthe most part, we act as mere carriers mate politician only.

“ Doctor Swift says,” very humour

my heart.


bett's paper ?”


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ously, “every man knows that he un- Poor rag! thou art welcome no more, derstands religion and politics, though Thy toils and thy glories are o'er,

The days of thy service are past, he never learned them, but many people And thou and thy master are cast. are conscious they do not understand But though thou’rt forgot and betrayed, many other sciences, from having never 'Twill ne'er be forgotten by me, learned them.”

How my old lungs within thee have play'd,

And my spirits have swelled thee with

The old Duke of Cumberland was Perhaps they could swell thee no more,
wounded by a ball, at the battle of Det For Time's icy hand's on my head;
tingen, in the calf of his leg, but

My spirits are weary and sore,

perceiving that a Frenchman of the name Then adieu ! tho' I cannot but fret

And the impulse of Friendship is dead. of Guiardan, had no one to assist him, That my constancy with thee must part, he turned round, and said “begin by For thou hast not a hole in thee yet, dressing this French officer's leg, he is

Though througb thee they have wounded more hurt than I am, and I shall have I change thee for sable, more sage, help enough.”

To mourn the hard lot I abide;

And mark upon gratitude's page, When his Majesty visited Cuffnell's,

A blot that hath buried my pride. in 1804, he said the moment he entered Ah! who would believe in these lands the house, “ where is my friend Cob- Had they seen how with hearts and with

From the Whigs I should suffer a wrong? Mr. C. at that time

hands wrote in the ministerial interest.

They followed in frenzy my song.

Who'd have thought, though so eager their Prince Charles Edward, the son of


They'd condemn me thus hardly to plead ? the Chevalier de St. George, was fated Through my prime, I have toiled for your like his ancestors to experience a variety of fortunes. His grandfather, James

And you've left me, when aged, in need. II. had been dethroned, or in gentler

Could ye not midst the favours of fate,

Drop a mite where all own it is due ? language, was forced to abdicate,” for Could ye not, from the feast of the state his attachment to tyranny and the catho Throw a crumb to a servant so true? lic religion. His great grandfather,

In your scramble I stirred not a jot, Charles I. was condemned to the block And sure that all hearts would allot

Too proud for rapacity's strife ; by his own subjects. His great grand A scrap to the claims of my life. mother was put to death by Elizabeth. But go, faded rag, and while gone His father was condemned to experi

I'll turn thy hard fate to my ease ; ence an ignominious exile, and this last for the hand of kind heaven hath shewn

All crosses have colours that please. scion of so many kings of England, es Thus a bliss from thy shame I receive, caped decapitation by an effort almost

Though my body's met treatment so foul, miraculous. After contending with the I can suffer, forget, and forgive, appearance of success for the crown

And get comfort, more worth for my soul. England, he was seized as a common

And when seen on the rag-seller's rope,

They who know thee'll say ready enough, prisoner in France, and transported to “There service hangs jilted by hope, Italy, where he shortened his days by “ This once was poor Morris's buff.” intoxication.

If they let them give Virtue her name

And yield an example to teach,
The old whiG POET to his old BUFF WAIST- Poor rag, thou hast served in thy shame

Better ends than thy honours could reach Farewell, thou poor rag of the muse! But though the soul gain by the loss,

In the bag of the cloathsman go lie : The stomach and pocket still say, A sixpence thou'lt fetch from the Jews, “ Pray what shall we do in this cross ?”

Which the hard hearted Christians deny. I answer, “ be poor and be gay.” Twenty years in adversity's spite,

Let the muse gather mirth from her wrong, I bore thee most proudly along :

Smooth her wing in adversily's shower; Stood jovially buff to the fight,

To new ears and new hearts fill her song,
And won the world's ear with my song.

And still look for a sun-shining hour!
But, prosperity's humbled thy case : While I, a disbanded old Whig,
Thy friends in full banquet I see,

Put up my discharge with a smile ;
And the door kindly shut in my face, Face about—prime and load—take a swig,
Thou'st become a fool's garment to me!

And march off--to the opposite file. 2M ATHENEUM VOL. 10.




(English Magazines, November 1821.)


and the desperate fanatic Ravillac,

float along with the up-turned brim, “What man ! ne'er pull your hat upon your brows." shadowing plumes, and strange fashion

“ To begin firste with their hattes. Sometymes of their time. The Spanish hai breathes thei use them sharpe on the croune pearking up, like of soft, serenades, and the tinkling yarde above the crowne of their heades; some more, into the dark-eyed sleeping lady's the spere or shafte of a steeple, standing a quarter of a guitarra, with its delicate voice stealing some lesse, as please the phantasies of their inconstant mindes. Other sowe be flai and broad in the croune dream of love, revelling for a moment like the batilements of a house."- Philip St ubbes.

with all her fanciful and warm ideas,

and then gently, and by degrees, awaA HAT is the symbol and charac- kening her to realities, just as her loro

teristic of its wearer. It is a sign er's voice blends gently in, and seduces and token of his avocation, habits, and her to the flower-encircled casement by opinions—the creature of his phan- some magic rhymes of beauty, love, and tasy. Minerva-like, it bursts forth in constancy eternal. The formal beaver full maturity from his brain. It often reminds me of cold, voiceless meetings, serves as a beacon to the wary against habitual gravity, William Penn, and lewdness, extravagance, cold-hearted- the primitive immaculates. An operaness, and vulgarity; vain pomp and hat is associated with the delicious caparade, unblushing impudence, affected meos, eau de mille fleurs, eloquent singularity, and many other of the rul- dancing, passionate music, and a tiara ing passions, may be detected by its of living beauty, with bright eyes and form and fashion. One may ascertain beaming brows, sparkling about in dewhether a man is whimsical, grotesque, lightful exuberance. The small, eleunnaturally gross, rigidly chaste, or gant white chapeau, with its broad venially flexible in his taste, by this in- band, polished steel clasp, and flutterfallible test. . Much may be deduced ing plumes, speaks to me always of galtoo from the style in which it is worn. lant maidens, mounted on slender palOne man entombs his pericranium in freys, and fantastically gamboling over its beaver ; another sets it so lightly dewy swards richly begemmed with and delicately on, that it seems to be gay smiling margarites, and the deep dever “straining upon the start,” and, green circles formed by the lightlike the sweet pea, on tip-toe for a footed fays.” The most pathetic inanflight."

imate object I ever beheld was the gay What an infinity of associations are white beaver of a lively high-spirited linked and embodied with the different girl, floating in a calm and delusive styles and fashion of the head-covering! stream over its drowned mistress; it The monk's cowl, the turban, the mi- was a beacon which none could mistre, and the helmet, would each furnish take-a fleeting monument, that spoke themes innumerable for dissertation and more to the heart than perdurable marreflection. One might even descant with ble or erudite inscriptions. advantage on the humble mariner's cap. Every man's hat is a cast of his head,

I encountered a hat yesterday which and is strongly tinctured with his habits I had long deemed obsolete ; it remind- and prejudices. We may discover as ed me of quaint garbs, and the republi- great a variety in hats as in men. There can names of Cromwell, Fairfax, Ire- is your hat bellicose, flaunting, and solton, Bradshaw, Blake, with his well- dierly, that seems to court applause, curled mustachios, and the far-famed and your tame, pusillanimous, and battle of Marston-Moor. Henri Quatre meekly covering, without shape or feawith his particular face and half-closed ture, emollient, pliable, and unresisting eyes, the fair Gabrielle, the princely as wax; your technical dot-and-carryNiary de Medicis, the fierce leaguers, one companion to the ledger, and your

little, pert, upstart, whipper-snapper work in its present state of uncivilizachapeau. There is your hat clerical, tion and absurdity; it always inclines devout, orthodox, and sanctified; your one to fancy that the bearer has lately brazen-looking, up-turned symbol of ar- been in a fine frenzy rolling ;")—and rogant stupidity; your demure, obtuse, the obdurate, hard-brimmed, and frostand inflexible receptacle of a quaker's 'bitten hat of anti-sociality, under which caput, whose elaborate brim is one of a sharp, thin, satirical, and calumniathe chief insignia of the sect; and the ting nose juts out, with its prolonged incomparative and superlative aristo- extremity beetling over a venomous adcrat, that graces a noble buck's brows, der's nest-looking mouth, and a chin and utterly defies criticism. There is that altogether repels communion. also your deformed, mis-shapen, un I shall never forget the reverenceand brushed hat, Benedictine and matrimo- awe, with which the scholars at nial, with its “knotty and combined school were wont to inspect the hat of locks ;” and your steady, sober, bache- our head-master. “I shall not look lorly nap-lacking hat, everlasting and upon its like again.” It was large immortal, whose olden fashion and an- and expansive, encrusted with powder tique hue prove it to have enjoyed and the learned dust of many a year. its present situation since its now. It was hallowed by recollections of imwrinkled possessor first entered the perative frowns, grave lectures, and East India House as a stylish junior profound disquisitions on the Greek clerk. There is, besides, your majes- and Roman tongues.

It would have tical hat of capacity and dominion, and been deemed akin to sacrilege to touch your hat subaltern and unaspiring ; your it irreverently. He often left it in the profound, bronze-coloured, overbearing most conspicuous part of the room, to Johnsonian, and your prying, inquisi- preserve order in his absence

. No one tive, jealous, and unsatisfied imp;" could forget him who beheld his hat; your infirm, elderly beaver, and your they were so mixed up and amalgamatlusty, coarse, dog's-hair agriculturist, ed together, that the hat was a compowith its corollary of documents ; your nent, and almost essential part of the hat morose, sullen, and forbidding, with man. It looked dominant, impressive, its never-failing accompaniment of an and gubernatorial. octagon face, scowling eyes, and clenched lips, and your gay, honest, graceful, Archbishop Tillotson left nothing to but negligent harbinger of vivacity and his family but the copy of his posthugood-humour; your insinuating, silky- mous sermons, which was afterwards smiling cap of salutation and compla- sold for 2,500 guineas. King William cency, which oftener graces its wearer's granted Dr. Tillotson's widow a penhand than his head, and the supercil- sion of 600l. per annum, and forgave ious, haughty noli me tangere ; your the first fruits. money-getting Mosaic slouch, and your BURKE and DALPYMPLE. worn-out, half-naked, and ruined silk

The king is supposed by some to hat, in its last stage of existence, still have given Burke and Sir John Dal“ smiling at grief,” and striving to keep rymple access to King William's cabiup appearances.

net at Kensington, where they made The catalogue is indefinite; but I some extracts unfavourable to Sydney shall content myself, at present, with and Russel. naming two or ihree others only: the

TOOTH-ACHE. delectably light straw Creolian, with A gentleman is at this moment sitting its shady and efficient panoply, crown- by the writer, who has experienced deing a made-up, magisterial, monotonous cided benefit in a violent face ache, and mahogany visage, strongly impreg- (most probably originating from a carinated with molasses, Jamaica rum, and ous tooth) by putting a drop or two of bitter aloes;

the poetical vagary, with the prussic acid into the hollow of the its infinite and inexplicable bends, con- tooth affected, and taking two drops of tortious, freaks, and undulations (the the same internally upon retiring to rest. maker would not know his own handy- This is not the first nor the second case



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