Abbildungen der Seite

miews; 'lead him to aspire after the after higher and higher degrees of perfection of his nature, and the true refinement and perfection. end of his being. He will see that In proportion as he acquires the This connexion with Ged, the source knowledge of himself, he will see the of all perfection and felicity, is the necesfty of a ftill more excellent at. only source of his happiness in time tainment, even the true knowledge and throughout eternity. Although of God ;-a koowledge which is of we are all the children of the Uni- all the most interesting and glorious. versal Parent by creation, there is a

We indeed behold the Deity in nearer relation in which we that beautiful -display of his works him ;-a relation indiffoluble in its which nature exhibits. The whole nature! We are emanations (if I earth is full of his wonders. All may be allowed the term of that things declare his praife. But the celestial effence which can never be knowledge of him, as our preserver, annihilated. This iofinitely furpari- our strength, and refuge in this world, es every other connexion in its glo. and the source of eternal blessedness sious consequences, and will remain in the world and life that is to come, a source of undecaying felicity when can only be attained by an humble, they shall be diffolved forever. reverent attention to the dictates of

Hence the man who knows, will, his Spirit of grace, marifelted in the from a just sense of his dignity, rez-consciences of all men as their only erence himself. Although sensible fure guide and director in the way to of human weakness, he will see his his kingdoni. confequence, and feel his intellectual Whofoever follows this divide Strength ; and be conscious whence guide, this “ word nigh in the he derived it.' He will not content heart,” will, at the close of his race himself with the amusements and ac. here, be qualified to become a memquisitions which terminate with time, ber of the church triumphant, and and fense, and mortal life, but aspire join his elder brethren in glory.


If you think the folloquing worthy your pages, it is yours.

THE son of a rich Italian merchant immortal petrarch receives the part-

had been travelling for a year ing tribute of a figh from every travin the south of that kingdom, and eller as he visits chaste Laura's tomb. was to have embarked at Marseilles As he was going through the Popish to visit Spain, and thence to pass in- territory of Avignon, a murder was to England. At Nismes he fell in committed by a man dressed in a green love with a young lady, who pron- frock. The young Italian had likeifed marry

him at his return. wise a green frock; and the guards The unhappy young man, on quit- who were in search of the murderer, ting his mistress, proposes to himself guided by falfe appearances, seized the pleasure of Vauclus, where the on hiin, and two other nen not far


off ;

off ; they were all three loaded with was chained to the same oar wich irons and thrown into a gaol. The the innocent young Italian. The man in green, who was supposed to villain behaved in such a shocking have committed the murder, being manper that he was hated by all the brought before the awful magistrate, faves, and at length he completed the and interrogated, denies, with

a prop. score of his crimes by killing the er and manly assurance, the fact, and serjeant of the guards. Before his perfifts in being innocent. The im execution he declared before M. de perious Judge, unaccustomed to re- Jean, grand provost of Toulon harceive such bold answers, after load. bour, that he had committed the ing him with the most execrable ex- murder near Avignon, for which pressions, ordered him to be put to another man was sent to the gallies

. the torture. He suffered all those His testimony confirmed the whole torments invented by the most bar- of the deposition, and M. de Jean, barous and refined cruelty, with 4 in order to deliver the unhappy young surprising fortitude į they could not man from a puniskiment he did not make him own a crime he had never deserve, began to act so vigorously, perpetrated, and the only words that and so earnestly, that the King of he uttered were, I am innocent--for- France ordered the young Italian to give them, Lord, for they know not be discharged ; and declared by his what they are doing.

ļetters that he was wrongfully con. The proofs not being quite fatis- demned for a crime he had not comfactory they did not dare to condemn mitted. him to death ; but upon these semi When the young man had receiy. proofs, they sent him to the gallies ed the moft flattering hopes of M. de for five years, at Toulon. The Jean, of his delivery, he wrote to young man wrote the whole of this his mistrefs the whole of his fad hisunlucky affair to his banker at Paris, tory, and she, thoroughly convinced begging him not to let his father of the truth of his doleful tale, acin Italy know what had happened, quainted him immediately that his for fear of hastening his death, if he father and mother were dead, and thought him culpable; or of involy. that she should come to Toulon to ing him in endless trouble by at- see him. True love never harbours tempting to annul the fạtal sentence fufpicions ; she was sure her lover of Avignon ; befides, he hoped that could not deceive her, and repaired his innocence might be clearly prov- immediately to Toulon-to the very ed, as it happened soon after. "The galley, among the flaves. I leave *money his father allowed him for

to the reader to paint to his mind travelling was punctually remitted to the tender interview. The scene the gallies by the Paris banker, who affected all the beholders ; and it received the customary receipts with was with difficulty the two lovers a false date from Madrid, London were recovered to life after the mu. or Paris.

țual shock they were seized with at By the will of Providence that their first meeting. Two days after, will never permit the innocent to his Majesty's orders were obeyed, fuffer, the real murderer was con and the marriage was celebrated: demned to the gallies for another The young couple were happy in crime, and as chance would have it, each other, but the young man wish


ed to have bis character re-establish-, orders, went post to Rome, and with ed in the eyes of the world. The the king's letters ; his fuit was reunhappy young Italian, delivered ceived, and his innocence proclaimed from slavery through his Majesty's in all parts of France and Italy.

Messrs. HAWKINS & TILLOTSON, IT has long been a question among Critics, whether Rhyme is on ornament, or

a defect, in writing. The following Extract from a late periodical publication, on that subject, I think fully decides it.



WHILE the sentimental reader cred poefy, if we venture to inquire,

values himself upon * being whether the modern practice of writpleased; he knows not why, and ing verse in rhyme, be founded in cares not wherefore,” the philofo- nature and reafon, and confonant to phical critic will not think it quite the genuine principles of taste :--or, absurd, to investigate the sources of whether the pleasure derived from the pleafures we derive from literary it, be not the mere effect of arbitrary productions ; 'and to distinguish such affociation ?-whether, if the origin, as are the genuine offspring of truth nature, and effeets, of this practice and nature, from those which owe be fairly examined, it will not be their existence to false opinion or found, that ryhme; instead of being depraved taste, and are preserved by an ornament, is a defect, in verse? the mere force of habit and custom. · If we were inclined to refer the That we are often pleased with question to the decision of authority, things which ought not to please us, such an appeal would be ineffe&ual. is as true in matters of taste, as in Against the oracular decision of Dr. morals ; and, in both cases, it is only Johnson, though supported by the by bringing our feelings to the stand voice of other critics of no mean ard of reason, that we can determine name, it might be sufficient to caft whether they ought to be indulged. into the opposite scale the weighty

If, as we daily see, it is in the judgment of Milton, who has faid, power of fashion, by the capricious that “ ryhme is no necessary adjunct, Arokes of his harlequin-wand, to va or true ornament, of poem or good ry, at pleasure, the forms of beauty; verse; but the invention of a barbarand, in endless freaks, to make that ous age, to set off wretched matter which to-day is enchanting, to-nor- and lame metre, graced, indeed, row odious and shocking ; why may fince, by the use of some famous not time and habit be able, by a con- modera poets, carried away by custrary process, to reconcile us to ab- tom, but much to their own vexation, surdities ; and to make us fancy hindrance, and constraint, to express beauty and excellence, where there many things otherwise, and for the is, in reality, nothing but whim and moft part worse, than they would conceit? Will it, then, in this age of have expressed them.” If the sucinnovation, be thought too daring cess of many modern poets, in rhyme, an intrusion into the mysteries of fa- be urged as a proof, in fact, of the



excellence of this mode of versify Even the witty Butler, who has, ing, it will remain to be asked, perhaps, used rhyme to better purwhether the same genius, and the pose than any other poet, has emsame taste, exercised without “the ployed his playful fancy in ridiculing troublesome bondage of rhyming," it; and has acknowledged, that in might not have produced perform- rhyming couplets, one verse is made ances of still higher merit. If a nu for the other; and that merous band of great poets should be thought to have given this practice with which, like thips, they keer their

Rhyme the rudder is of verses, the fan&tion of their approbation, by courses." writing, for the most part, in rhyme, it should be recollected, that several If the merit of rhyme be estimatof the more eminent of our English ed by its parentage, little can be said. poets have expressed their restlesiness in its favour. It can boaft no alliunder this grievous yoke. Dryden, ance with those great masters of fine of whom Johnson has said, perhaps writing, the Greeks and Romans. with exaggerated praise, that “ to. Homer and Virgil knew nothing of him we owe the improvement, per rhyme ; and had they known its haps, the completion, of our metre," there can be little doubt that they calls ryhme

would haye despised it. If modern " At best, a pleasing found, and fair bar-research has discovered some traces of barity."

this ingenious device in the Eastern Roscommon confesses, that rhyme nations, it is certain, that with respect is the cause of many faults ; and

to us, the practice has originated that,

from bards, or monks. Among the « Too ftri&t to rhyme, we light more ufca latter, the idle hours of monastic life ful laws."

were often worn away in writing Prior, in sober prose, complains, of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or fome

Prior, in fober prose, complains, wretched Latin chymes, in honour that rhyme " is too confined ;" and

newly-created faint. About the that " it cuts off the sense at the end of every first line, which mult time that we find an acrostic, with always rhyme to the next following lines, we meet with the following

the same Jefus at each end of the and consequently produces too fre

tender rhymes : quently an identity in sound, and brings every couplet to the point of “ Jefus decus angelicum, an epigram :" “ He that writes in

In aure dulce canticum, rhymes," says this skilful rhymer,

In ore mel miricificum,

In corde nettar Calicum! 15 dances in fetters." The ingeni

Quocunquo loco fuero, ous author of Phædra and Hippoly Alecum Jefum defalere, tus laments that “ tyrannic rhyme Quam latus cum invenero! ties the poet in needless bonds."

Quam felix cum tenúero !"! “ Procrustes like, the are or wheel applies, " Jesus, my glory, name angelie ! To lop the mangl’d sense, or stretch it in 'Tis in the ear, the sweetest music ; to fize;

'Tis in the mouth, honey delicious ; At best a crutch, that lifts the weak along, 'Tis in the heart, nectar most precious; Supports the feeble, but retards the strong Whatever place to me shall be given, And the chance thoughts, when govern'd Jesus still with me, 't will be ny heaven: by the clofe,

Wrapt in delight, wherever I find him, Of rise to fuftian, or descend to prole." While in my arms I joysully bind him.”



The rest must not be copied. frequent recurrence of fimilar founds, This kind of rhymes continued to it perhaps arifes chicfly, if not catirebe the amusement of the monks, till ly, from the surprise excited by unthe reformation. Harrington, in his expected combinations, and is to be Nuge Antiqua, has preserved a hymn, considered as belonging to the lower with the notes, which was sung in species of wit. In converfation, their cells, till

, he says, “ goodlie such combinations of similar sounds king Henry spoiled their synging." feldom occur ; and therefore, when The hyma was called " Black they happen, we usually notice them Saunte,or,

or, “ Hymn to Saunte with some degree of furprise. It is Satan." From the authors of such the continuation of the same percep enchanting strains, was it too much tion which we experience, when we to expect improvements upon the hear the frequent return of rhymes Pindaric or Horatian lyre ?

in studied verse ; and hence it is, In order to estimate, correctly, that in reading long works, written the value of this improvement, let in rhyme, the pleasure, as far as deus endeavour to analyse the riature, pends upon the rhyming words alone, and investigate the operation of gradually decreases, tiil, at length, rhyme. Rhyme is the repetition the surprise ceasing, the repetition of the fame found, or founds, at in- becomes tiresome. ca Rhyme (fays tervals, either regular, or irregular. lord Kaimes) rouses the attention, Sometimes the rhyming syllables are and produces an emotion moderately hingle, sometimes double ; sometimes gay, without dignity or elevation." the rhymes occur uniformly in coup

If this be the true explanation of lets ; fometimes they are placed al. the pleasure arising from rhyming ternately, or in forms still more com words, it is evident, that the use of plex. In all these varieties, it is this ornament, if it must be called very evident, that the pleasure which such, is a kind of low wit ; and that rhymes afford, does not altogether the car is gratified by it, for the arise from the repetition of similar fame reason that the eye is amused founds. No ear would be gratified by anagrams and acrostics. It may with the recital of a column of rhym- then be fairly asked, what alliance ing words, from a spelling-book, or is there between the puerile amufea rhyming dictionary. In lines of ment of jingling syllables, and the wacqual length, written without any fublime and elegant pleasures of genregard to numbers, the effect of the uine poetry? We are displeased, rtiymes is loft ; as will be easily when Shakespeare intrudes a pun in perceived, in the following lines, the midst of his noble flights of fancy, from Dean Swift's Mrs. Harris's or tender strokes of passion : what, Petition :

but custom, could enable us to enwas never taken for a conjurer before, dure, in the more elevated kinds of I'd have you to know:

verse, the perpetual iotrufion of a Lord, faid I, don't be angry, I'm sure, I ftill lower fpecies of wit, in the un

never thought you so ; You know, I honour the cloth; I design to The noble exertions of creative ge

usual combinations of similar founds? be a parson's wife; I never took one in your coat for a conju- nius are degraded, and great things rer in all


are confounded with small, when As far, however, as the pleasure of the poet clothes his grand concepThyme is to be referred simply to the tions in the fantastic dress of rhym


« ZurückWeiter »