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2. Over the dim cloudlet, soar, musical cherub, singing, away! o'er fountain sheen and fell, o'er green mountain and moor, o'er the red streamer that heralds the day, over the rainbow's rim. (Six lines; four dimeters and two trimeters, the third line rhyming with the sixth, the others, in couplets.)
3. Let the trumpets, lads, be suing for us: to pleasure calling; calling to ruin! Our life is stormy; such is its boon. (Six lines, dimeter -catalectic.)
4. To the chief who advances in triumph, hail! Be the ever-green pine blest and honored! may the tree, in his banner that glances, the shelter and grace of our line, long flourish! (Four lines, tetrameter— catalectic-rhyming alternately.)
The following extracts are intended to illustrate some of the varieties of meter and stanza. Bring in the passages copied on paper, with the versification marked. In marking the versification, mark first each accented syllable and then mark the others as unaccented. When a number of lines in any piece have been thus marked, determine whether the movement is Iambic, Trochaic, Anapestic, or Dactylic, and divide it off accordingly into feet. The proper designation should then be given to the verse, as being Iambic, Trochaic, etc., and as being monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, etc. Thus in the following lines, the first is Iambic trimeter; the second is Trochaic tetrameter; the third is Anapestic tetrameter; the fourth is Dactylic trimeter-catalectic:
and bless | the Lord. |
in those | graves we | know not. |
1. Stand up
2. | Who are
3. At the dead | of the night | a sweet vision I saw. |
4. | Ferry me | over the | ferry. |
In the case of rhyming passages, the rhyme should be described as being in couplets, quatrains, sonnet-meter, etc., and the formula for the rhyme and stanza should be given.
1. Italy, loved of the sun,
Wooed of the sweet winds and wed by the sea,
When, since the nations begun,
Was other inheritance like unto thee?-Bayard Taylor.
2. I know not where his islands lift
Their fronded palms in air;
I only know I can not drift
Beyond his love and care.—Whittier.
3. When breezes are soft and skies are fair,
Had given their stain to the wave they drink;
And they whose meadows it murmurs through,
Have named the stream from its own fair hue.-W. C. Bryant.
4. I thought the sparrow's note from heaven,
Singing at dawn on the alder bough;
I brought him home, in his nest, at even;
He sings the song, but it cheers not now,
For I did not bring home the river and sky;—
He sang to my ear,-they sang to my eye.-Emerson.
5. If our faith in Thee was shaken,
6. Willows whiten, aspens quiver,
Flowing down to Camelot.
11. When reposing that night on my pallet of straw, By the wolf-scaring fagot that guarded the slain,
At the dead of the night a sweet vision I saw,
And thrice ere the morning I dreamt it again.—Campbell.
12. Touch us gently, Time!
We've not proud nor soaring wings:
Our ambition, our content
Lies in simple things.
Humble voyagers are we,
Touch us gently, gentle Time!-B. W. Procter.
And trusted to thy billows far and near,
And laid my hand upon thy mane—as I do here.—Byron.
14. Dwell within us, blessed Spirit;
Where thou art, no ill can come;
15. O then shall the veil be removed,
And round me Thy brightness be poured;
16. The Lord my Shepherd is; I shall be well supplied;
Since he is mine, and I am his,
17. The Lord himself, the mighty Lord,
The shepherd, by whose constant care
18. My God, permit me not to be
19. Hail to the brightness of Zion's glad morning; Joy to the lands that in darkness have lain ; Hushed be the accents of sorrow and mourning;
Zion in triumph begins her mild reign.-T. Hastings.
20. Who knows the errors of his thoughts? My God, forgive my secret faults,
And from presumptuous sins restrain;
And book of nature, not in vain.
21. Swell the anthem, raise the song;
22. In Death's kindly bosom our last hope remains:
For virtue and mankind, are heroes indeed!
23. 'Tis the wink of an eye, 'tis the draught of a breath,
26. Break, break, break,
At the foot of thy crags, O Sea!