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At a Solemn Music.

BLEST pair of Sirens, pledges of heav'n’s joy,
Sphere-born harmonious sisters, Voice and Verse,
Wed your divine sounds, and mix'd pow'r employ
Dead things with inbreath'd sense able to pierce,
And to our high-rais'd phantasy present
That undisturbed song of pure concent,


the Circumcision) were not at Compare L'Allegro, 137. See first printed together. I believe also King James's Furies in the they were all written about the Invocation. year 1629. T. Warton.

-marrying so my heavenly verse 2. Sphere-born harmonious sis- Unto the harpe's accorder. ters, voice and verse.] So, says In that King's Poeticall Exercises, Mr. Bowle, Marino in his Adone, Edinb. 4to. no date, printed by c. vii. 1.

R. Waldegrave.' T. Warton. Musica e Poesia son due sorelle.

6. --of pure concent,] So we

T. Warton. read in the manuscript, and in 3. Wed your divine sounds, &c.] the edition of 1673, and we In the manuscript it appears that prefer the authority of both to he had written these lines thus the single one of the edition in at first.

1645, which has of pure content.

6. Concent, not consent, (which Mix your choice words, and happiest sounds employ

Tonson first reads, ed. fol. 1695.) Dead things with inbreath'd sense is the reading of the Cambridge able to pierce,

manuscript. Hence we should And as your equal raptures temper'd correct Jonson, in an Epithala

mium on Mr. Weston, vol. vii. 2. In high mysterious happy spousal meet, Snatch us from earth a while,

And in the Foxe, a. iii. s. iv. p. Us of ourselves and native woes beguile, 483. vol. vii. Works, ed. 1616. And to our high-rais'd phantasy pre And perhaps Shakespeare, K. sent, &c.

Henr. V. a. i, s. 2. 3. Jonson has amplified this

For government, tho' high, and low, idea, Epigr. cxxix. on E. Filmer's and lower Musical work, 1629.

Put into parts, doth keep in one

consent, &c. What charming peals are these? They are the marriage-rites

And Lilly's Midas, 1592. a. iv. Of two the choicest pair of man's s. 1. And Fairfax's Tasso, c. delights,

xviii. 19. cent and concented Musick and Poesie:

occur in several places of Spenser. French Air and English Verse here wedded lie, &c.

The undisturbed song of pure



Aye sung before the sapphire-colour'd throne
To him that sits thereon
With saintly shout, and solemn jubilee,
Where the bright Seraphim in burning row
Their loud up-lifted angel-trumpets blow,
And the cherubic host in thousand quires
Touch their immortal harps of golden wires,
With those just spirits that wear victorious palms,
Hymns devout and holy psalms
Singing everlastingly;
That we on earth with undiscording voice
May rightly answer that melodious noise;


concentisthe diapason of the music 14. Compare P. L. vi. 882. of the spheres in Plato's system, and the Epitaph. Damon. 216. See P. L. v. 625. and the note

Lætaque frondentis gestans umbraon Arcades, 64. But Plato's ab

cula palma. stracted spherical harmony is

T. Warton. here ingrafted into the song in the Revelations. T. Warton.

17-25. That we on earth, &c. 7. -the sapphire-colour'd

-renew that song ] throne] Alluding to Ezek. i. 26. Perhaps there are no finer lines And above the firmament that was

in Milton, less obscured by conover their heads, was the likeness of ceit, less embarrassed by affected a throne, as the appearance of a

expressions, and less weakened sapphire stone.

by pompous epithets. And in 10. —in burning row] He had this perspicuous and simple style written at first in triple row.

are conveyed some of the noblest 14. With those just spirits &c.]

ideas of a most sublime philoThese lines were thus at first in sophy, heightened by metaphors the manuscript.

and allusions suitable to the sub

ject. T. Wartun. With those just spirits that wear 18. May rightly answer that the blooming palms,

melodious noise ;] The following Hymns devout and sacred psalms,

lines were thus at first in the Singing everlastingly, While all the starry rounds and arches manuscript. blue

By leaving out those harsh ill sounding Resound and echo Hallelu ;

jars That we on earth &c.

Of clamorous sin that all our music The victorious palms is in allusion

And in our lives, and in our song to Rev. vii. 9. clothed with white

May keep in tune with heav'n, till robes, and palms in their hands.

God ere long &c.



As once we did, till disproportion'd sin
Jarr'd against nature's chime, and with harsh din
Broke the fair music that all creatures made
To their great Lord, whose love their motion sway'd
In perfect diapason, whilst they stood
In first obedience, and their state of good.
O may we soon again renew that song,
And keep in tune with heav'n, till God ere long
To his celestial consort us unite,
To live with him, and sing in endless morn of light.


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18. Noise is in a good sense

Sin that first music. So in Ps. xlvii. 5. “ God Distemper'd all things, &c. is gone up with a merry noise, Nature's chime is from one of and the Lord with the sound of Jonson's Epithalamions, vol, vii. the trump." Noise is sometimes 2. literally synonimous with music.

It is the kindlie season of the time, As in Shakespeare, “Sneak's


The month of growth, which calls all noise.And in Chapman's All creatures forth Fools, 1605. Reed's Old Pl. iv. To do their offices in nature's chimé,

&c. 187. -You must get us music too,

Jonson alludes also to that ori. Calls in a cleanly noise.

ginal harmony, which Milton Compare also the ode on Christ's notices, v. 21. Sad Shepherd,

a. iii. s. 2. Nativity, st. ix. 96. and Spenser, F. Q. i. xii. 39. See more in

-giving to the world stances in Reed's Old Pl. vol. v.

Again his first and tuneful planetting. 304. vi. '70. vii. 8. x. 277. And See ode on the Nativity, st. xii. in Shakespeare, Johns. Steev. vol. xiii. T. Warton. v. p. 489. seq. Perhaps the lady 23. In perfect diapason,] Conin Comus, 227, does not speak cord through all the tones, dia quite contemptuously, though many. Plin. lib. ii. sect. 20. Ita , modestly, “such noise as I can septem tonos effici, quam diapasón “ make.”. Caliban seems, by the harmoniam vocant, hoc est, unicontext, to mean musical sounds, versitatem concentus. Richardwhen he


the “isle is full of son. so noises." T. Warton.

28. To live with him, and sing 19. - till disproportion'd sin &c.] In the manuscript the last Jarr'd against nature's chime, line stands thus, &c.]

To live and sing with him in endless So in P. L. xi. 55.

morn of light.


VIII. An Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester *. THIS rich marble doth inter The honour'd wife of Winchester, A Viscount's daughter, an Earl's heir, Besides what her virtues fair Added to her noble birth, More than she could own from earth. Summers three times eight save one She had told; alas too soon, After so short time of breath, To house with darkness, and with death. Yet had the number of her days Been as complete as was her praise, Nature and fate had had no strife In giving limit to her life. Her high birth, and her graces sweet Quickly found a lover meet;



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* This Lady was Jane, daugh- panegyric. It is dated Mar. 15, ter of Thomas Lord Viscount 1626. He says, he assisted her Savage, of Rock-Savage in the in learning Spanish: and that county of Chester, who by mar- nature and the graces exhausted riage became the heir of Lord all their treasure and skill in Darcy Earl of Rivers; and was framing this exact model of the wife of John Marquis of “female perfection.” He adds, Winchester, and the mother of I return you here the Sonnet Charles first Duke of Bolton. your Grace pleased to send me She died in childbed of a second “ lately, rendered into Spanish, son in the twenty-third year of

and fitted for the same ayre it her age, and Milton made these “ had in English both for caverses at Cambridge, as appears “ dence and feete, &c.” Howell's by the sequel.

Letters, vol. i. sect. 4. Let. xiv. 4. Besides what her virtues fair, p. 180. T. Warton. &c.] In Howell's entertaining 15. Her high birth, and her letters there is one to this lady which may justify our author's Quickly found a lover meet ;]

graces sweet


The virgin quire for her request
The God that sits at marriage feast;
He at their invoking came : 1
But with a scarce well-lighted flame;
And in his garland as he stood, ! .
Ye might discern a cypress bud.
Once had the early matrons run
To greet her of a lovely son,
And now with second hope she goes, ,
And calls Lucina to her throws;
But whether by mischance or blame
Atropos for Lucina came;



Her husband was a conspicuous are two old portraits of this lady loyalist in the reign of Charles I. and her husband at the Duke of His magnificent castle of Basing Bolton's at Hakewood, Hants. in Hampshire withstood an ob-. T. Warton. stinate siege of two years against 19. He at their invoking, came the rebels, and when taken was But with a scarce well-lighted levelled to the ground, because flame ;) in every window was flourished From Ovid, Met. x. 4, Aymez Loyauté. He died in 1674, and was buried at Englefield in

Adfuit ille quidem ; sed nec solemnia

verba, Berkshire; where, on his monu

Nec lætos vultus, nec felix attulit ment, is an admirable Epitaph by Dryden. It is remarkable, Fax quoque, quam tenuit, lacrimoso that husband and wife should

stridula fumo have severally received the ho

Usque fuit, nullosque invenit motibus

ignes. nour of an epitaph from two

Jortin. such poets as Dryden and Milton. Jonson also wrote a pathetic La cypress bud] An empoem, entitled, An Elegie on the blem of a funeral: and it is Lady Anne Pawlett, Marchioness called in Virgil feralis, Æn. vi. of Winton ; Underw. vol. vii. 17. 216. and in Horace funebris, But Jane appears in the text of Epod. v. 18. and in Spenser the the poem, with the circumstance cypress funerul. Faery Queen, of her being the daughter of b. i. cant. i. st. 8. Lord Savage.

She therefore 28. Atropos for Lucina came ;] must have been our author's One of the Fates instead of the Marchioness. Compare Cart- goddess who brings the birth to wright's poems, p. 193. There light. VOL. III.



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