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Yea, while the woman singing Death's I.

proud song

Swept with a broom, o'er royal face and COLERIDGE.

hair, I SEE thee pine like her in golden story

The dust of earth still wast thou young Who, in her prison, woke and saw,

and strong day,

Where, in the palace, smiled the anointed The gates thrown open

saw the sun

heir. beams play,


THEODORE WATTS. With only a web 'tween her and summer's

glory ; Who, when that web - - so frail, so transi

tory It broke before her breath — had fallen away,

THE HALF OF LIFE GONE. Saw other webs and others rise for aye

THE days have slain the days, Which kept her prisoned till her hair was and the seasons have gone by hoary.

And brought me the summer again, Those songs half sung that yet were all and here on the grass I lie divine

As erst I lay and was That woke Romance, the queen, to reign ere I meddled with right and with wrong. afresh —

Wide lies the mead as of old, Had been but preludes from that lyre of and the river is creeping along thine,

By the side of the elm-clad bank Could thy rare spirit's wings have pierced that turns its weedy stream; the mesh

And grey o'er its hither lip Spun by the wizard who compels the the quivering rushes gleam. flesh,

There is work in the mead as of old; But lets the poet see how heaven can shine. they are eager at winning the hay,

While every sun sets bright

and begets a fairer day. "LIFE, THE KHAN."

The forks shine white in the sun Then said Hasan : “ Most mighty, in very sooth, round the yellow red-wheeled wain O Khan, is the breath of long-descended Khans."

Where the mountain of hay grows fast; The Flying Donkey of the Ruby Hills.

and now from out of the lane O “LIFE, the Khan !” - in old Ceylon, Comes the ox-team drawing another, they say,

comes the bailiff and the beer, The lords would kneel before their dying And thump, thump, goes the farmer's nag king

o'er the narrow bridge of the weir. Obsequious to his will in everything Till thou, Death's deathless foe! hadst and though the swallows flit

High up and light are the clouds, moved away,

So high o'er the sunlit earth, When came a charioteer who dragged the

they are well a part of it, clay,

And so, though high over them, Head downwards, chained upon a car

are the wings of the wandering herne; a-swing,

In measureless depths above him Through crowds all-hushed to hear a doth the fair sky quiver and burn; woman sing,

The dear sun floods the land “ Behold, ye men, your lord of yester- as the morning falls toward noon,

And a little wind is awake O “Life, the Khan !” – while trailed the in the best of the latter June. corpse along,

They are busy winning the hay, Sweeping the streets with flesh thou and the life and the picture they make, madest fair

If I were as once I was,

I should deem it made for my sake : 1 Two Mohammedan travellers -- names unknown For here if one need not work who visited Ceylon in the middle of the ninth is a place for happy rest, century, the manuscript account of whose travels was discovered in the library of M. le Comte de While one's thought wends over the world Seignelay about one hundred and seventy years north, south, and east and west. ago, tell this striking story.



day !" 1

From The Contemporary Review. quickly awaken the reader's respect; THE PROSPECTS OF THE CIVILIZED

and he will be impressed by the keen, WORLD.

ness and originality of observation, the THERE is a distinction in kind be

philosophic calmness, the apparent distween predictions which refer to a

interestedness and openness of mind, remote future, and which are neces- with which tendencies are traced and sarily, if not professedly, more or less

probable results indicated. And the arbitrary, and those which profess to in-author touches upon all the things that fer what soon will be from what now is.

concern us most closely

- upon our beA prophecy of the latter class, if it re- liefs as to the unseen world and the life lates to social history, is a criticism of

beyond the grave, upon the relations of life. The Bible prophecies, according husband and wife and of parents and to the truer view of them which now

children, upon town and country, upon prevails, are of this nature. They paint, trained armies and volunteers, upon indeed, imaginative scenes of ultimate

poetry and art, upon science and inglory ; but for the most part they ex

Tlustrial invention : press the liveliest interest in the present, and declare what, under the divine Quidquid agunt homines, votum, timor, ira, purpose and law, the present is about voluptas, to bring forth in the future. Such a

Gaudia, discursus, nostri est farrago libelli. prophecy pronounces judgment upon But what will probably most astonish existing tendencies, and serves both the reader is the success with which for a warning and for an encourage- Mr. Pearson conceals any interest he ment. No philosophıy of causation will


feel as a fellow-man in human drive out of the leads of living men doings and fortunes. There is somethe belief that they can do something thing abnormal in the dispassionate to guide the course of things, and so coolness with which he reports upon to modify the future. Men have always the world and the downward way on been accustomed to assume, and they which it is going — a coolness which will go on assuming, that they can set the impatience of his readers may be themselves against a tendency which tempted to resent as cynical. Almost they believe to be dangerous, and give the only sign of warmth is in the ansupport by their endeavors to one that

gry bitterness of the remarks ou promises to lead to good. Some of Churches" and theology, though some ihose who are most convinced that the other antipathies may be guessed. We future is a necessary consequence to be cannot help wondering what purpose developed out of the present, and most the author had in writing the book ; sure about manifest destiny, happen to we feel as we read that so serious i be at the same time most earnest and thinker must have had some purpose importunate in denouncing what they besides that of making a good many consider to be hurtful habits and move- of his fellow-men unhappy; but the ments, and in urging their fellow-men object he hail in view is not apparent. to adopt and favor those which they He gives us a dismal prospect, and judge to be beneficial. A forecast of he writes as if he held a brief for the future which shows genuine insight discouragement; but here and there he is not only interesting to intellectual suggests that it does not much signify. curiosity, but it can scarcely fail to He gives us leave to reject his forecast have some moral influence.

if we please, on the ground that raNo one, I think, can read Mr. C. H. tional forecasts have often turned out Pearson's recent book without being in mistaken. Where he does refer to the an unusual degree excited and dis- effect which his prophecies may have quieted by it. The extraordinary range upon his readers’ minds, his language of knowledge exhibited in it must is curiously confused, and we speculate · National Life and Character: a Forecast. By in vain as to what he can really mean. Charles H. Pearson.

Thus at the close of chapter i. he says

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that, for us of the Aryan race and the when the higher races will lose their noblest Christian faith,

elements, when we shall ask nothing from

the day but to live, nor from the future but our pride of place will be humiliated. We shall wake to find ourselves elbowed that we may not deteriorate. Even so, and hustled, and perhaps even thrust aside, there will still remain to us ourselves. Sim

ply to do our work in life, and to abide the by, people whom we looked down upon as servile, and thought of as bound always to issue, if we stand erect before the eternal minister to our needs. The solitary conso

calm as cheerfully as our fathers faced the

eternal unrest, may be nobler training for lation will be, that the changes have been inevitable. It has been our work to organ

our souls than the faith in progress (p. 344). ize and create, to carry peace and law and IIcre, again, “we” are evidently our order over the world, that others may enter

descendants. 66 Eternal" always an in and enjoy. Yet in some of us the feeling impressive word, but why is it applied of caste is so strong that we are not sorry either to the calm or to the unrest ? to think we shall have passed away before that day arrives.

The unrest, at all events, was not eterIf we, who will have passed away, are

nal, for it will have been superseded by

the calm ; and the calm at any moment to wake, it will be presumably in the persons of our descendants. For whom, the progress of decay od non esse.

can scarcely be more than a stage in

Our then, will the consolation be? For us, fathers are not happily described as to whose pain the author allows no better name than that of injured caste

having cheerfully faced unrest, whether feeling? Our consolation is, that we

eternal or temporary ; it should rather

be said of them that, sustained by faith shall not see, except in prevision, the

in Divine Providence, and animated by melancholy condition to which our humane endeavors, aided by opportune themselves into the struggle of their

hope of a better future, they threw circumstances, are bringing the world. The deluge will be after our time. This time, and were a part of its “ unrest.” is a consolation which I should suppose issue, has a good old sound ; but what

To do our work in life, and abide the to be hardly worth offering. But it is

is the work of life to be, when people about as satisfactory as that which our

will ask nothing from the day but to descendants will have, in the reflection that the changes were inevitable. This live, when they know of no Taskmaster

who sets them their work and takes stoical acquiescence in the inevitable is

account of its performance, when they the solitary moral attitude which Mr.

see clearly that any good efforts which Pearson suggests to his readers. But can he really think that he is offering things worse, when “the savor of va

they might put forth would only make them consolation ? I should suggest

cant lives will go up to God from every for this purpose the reflection : “ We did our best ; it is not our fault, but lieve that our author secretly intended

home" ? (p. 338). I could willingly beNature's.” Still stranger is the passage to suggest to his readers an unspoken which concludes the volume. The

alternative ; that he would wish “ some author seems to feel that he must say of us " to say, “ These depressing progsomething in the way of moral rellec

nostics are not easy to refute ; it looks tion ; but he has nothing to say, and he does not shrink from saying that noth- world; but it will be better to resist the

as if decay may be coming upon our ing in curiously unmeaning phrases :

coming evil with all our miglt than to When Christianity began to appear gro- stare blankly at it, or to acquiesce tesque and incredible, men reconciled them- cheerfully in it; we have still enough selves to the change by belief in an age of of faith and hope at the back of our reason, of enlightenment, of progress. It is now more than probable that our science, minds and the bottom of our hearts to our civilization, our great and real advance give us courage to die fightiny." in the practice of government, are only

It seems possible that Mr. Pearson bringing us nearer to the day when the may have been vexed by the cheerful lower races will predominate in the world, anticipations of those who believe in reason; enlightenment, and progress.ganization which is already passing Those imaginative spirits who are most away, and will bring with it general excited by the movements of our time well-being, and oblige every one to be have been dreaming of universal peace amiable. To disturb these pleasant and happiness. In epochs of change, prospects of the augmenting happiness forecasts of the future have not been of the superior races, Mr. Pearson uncommon, and prophecies of evil have brings to the front the Chinese, the always added a growling accompaniment Negroes, the Indians of the tropical to the hopeful forecasts. There are parts of America, and the natives of plenty of disaffected persons in these British India. His primary argument days who rather enjoy telling us that is, that the yellow and black races are we are going to the bad ; who look with bound to multiply and advance, and so disgust on triumphant democracy, and to squeeze into narrower quarters the are sure that we are in the way to lose hitherto dominant races of the temperretinement and religion, if not on the ate zone. eve of a period of robbery and rioting. The first and gravest danger with But these Cassandra warnings do not which Europe is threatened is from the aim at being scientific ; they are rather expansion of China. Mr. Pearson, a expressions of displeasure at the turn distinguished Oxford student, has been things are taking than attempts to con- minister of education in Victoria, and ceive the actual condition of the world he looks back with keen satisfaction during the coming generations. It is upon the policy adopted by the Austraimpossible to take part in making lians towards the Chinese. What the changes, or to rejoice in their being yellow race is capable of doing was made, without believing that mankind seen and tested in Australia. China will on the whole and in the long run has a multitudinous population, trained be the better for them. The youthful to habits of industry, habituated to and poetical, who dip into the future far privation and hardships, of singular as human eye can see, have always had toughness in body and spirit, ready to visions of a better and happier as well emigrate to any land to which they are as more wonderful world. Just now, attracted by a hope of bettering themphilanthropy, which pervades all classes, selves. Mr. Pearson's auguries with and socialism, which is the creed of regard to the future development of those who are most zealous in promot- China have been to some extent anticiing social change, are looking forward pated by other observers, who have to a millennium of general comfort and predicted that both Russia and the international harmony. Attempts have British Empire may find in that power been made to give realistic representa- a formidable rival on their Oriental tions of the socialist world of the future, frontiers. I have come across a physiin which life is to be made easy and ological forecast, which goes beyond happy for all by a skilful reconciliation Mr. Pearson's, in a paper by Mr. S. S. of interests. Through no such revolu- Buckman on “ Some Laws of Heredity, tion, but as a gradual result of evolu- and their Application to Man," read tion, a satisfactory future has been before the Cotteswold Naturalists' Field anticipated by philosophers also. Mr. Club), and published in their ProceeilJ. S. Mill gave economic reasons for ings,” vol. x., part iii. :: expecting a stationary condition of soci

In time ety, in which a quiet and general pur

- a distant time truly, but none

the less certain suit of things really desirable may take

-the European, the quickthe place of eager competition and the developing race, will disappear altogether.

Medical science and philanthropy, increasing of wealth. Mr. IIerbert

though admirable for the individual, absoSpencer convinces himself that, by the lutely necessary for a high degree of civilcontinued action of existing causes, an ization, and indispensable for the evolution industrial organization of society will of scientific thought, are decidedly detricompletely supersede thc military or-'mental to the race. They keep alive and allow to multiply just those weakly mem- | throughout Asia, from England and Gerbers who would be so surely and summarily many (pp. 125, 126). weeded out by that rough-and-ready process This is the check with which England known as Natural Selection. In the dis

is most immediately threatened - a tant future, when that over-population deadly competition in the Eastern which they do so much to cherish (teste markets. And Mr. Pearson makes the India at the present day) precipitates a gen: shrewd observation, that “ the Chinese uine struggle for existence, the races in which natural selection has been checked would be less dangerous than they are the most will assuredly go to the wall. A if they were as warlike as the Turks in race in which a high level of physical vital- the sixteenth and seventeenth centuity is maintained by a constant struggle for ries, because in that case they would existence under arduous but healthy condi- waste their reproductive forces in itions, a race able to subsist on a sparing arms” (p. 96). “Every year seems quantity of food from the same cause, a to increase the pre-eminence of indusrace unaffected by so-called civilization, trial over essentially martial nations" and a race sufficiently prolific withal, is the (1). 95). But he believes that China one which is destined to occupy the place will soon become formidable as a miliof the Europeans. Strange as it may seem, the Chinese appear to be fitted for the tary power :work (pp. 315, 316).

Neither does it seem possible to imag. Mr. Pearson takes shorter views, and not some day be organized and rendered

ine that the great inert force of China will does not look forward so far as to the mobile and capable of military aggression. extinction of the European race, but is . . We have compelled her to come into content to threaten it with decline and the fellowship of nations. She has adopted torpor. He sees other inferior races steamers, and European artillery and army advancing with minatory strides, the organization ; she has accepted the telelower civilization showing more vigor graphı ; she is about to introduce railways ; than the higher ; but it is with China and she has credit enough to carry out the that we have to reckon first:

changes she needs with foreign capital. On

three sides of her lie countries that she may No one in California or Australia, where easily seize, over which very often she has the effects of Chinese competition have some old claim, and in the climate of which been studied, has, I believe, the smallest her people can live. Flexible as Jews, they doubt that Chinese laborers, if allowed to

can thrive on the mountain plateaux of come in freely, could starve all the white Thibet and under the sun of Singapore ; men in either country out of it, or force more versatile even than Jews, they are them to submit to harder work and a much excellent laborers, and not without merit Iower standard of wages. In Victoria, a as soldiers and sailors ; while they have a single trade, that of furniture-making, was capacity for trade which no other nation of taken possession of and ruined for white the East possesses. They do not need even men, within the space of something like the accident of a man of genius to develop five years. Only two large employers ex- their magnificent future. Ordinary statescluded Chinamen altogether ; and white manship, adopting the improvements of men, where they were retained, were kept Europe without offending the customs and on only to supply a limited demand for the prejudices of the people, may make them a best kind of work. Now, what Chinamen State which no Power in Europe will dare can do in Melbourne . Chinamen at to disregard ; with an army which can home could do incomparably better, if they march by fixed stages across Asia ; and a worked in establishments fitted up with tleet which could hold its own against any the best machinery and were directed by the strongest of European Powers could foremen knowing the European taste. Does afford to keep permanently in Chinese any one doubt that the day is at hand when waters (pp. 111, 112). China will have cheap fuel from her coal

The reader sees with what rerre our mines, cheap transport by railways and

One of his steamers, and will have founded technical author argues his case. schools to develop her industries? When-chief points is, that emigration has of ever that day comes, she may wrest the late years done much to promote the control of the world's markets, especially prosperity of the European, and espe

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