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King Richard the Second.
Edmund of Langley, Duke of York; Uncles to the John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancafter; }
King. Henry, furnamed Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, Son to John of Gaunt; afterwards King Henry IV. Duke of Aumerle,' Son to the Duke of York. Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.
Duke of Surrey.
Earl of Salisbury. Earl Berkley.*
Creatures to King Richard.
Earl of Northumberland: Henry Percy, his Son. Lord Rofs.3 Lord Willoughby. Lord Fitzwater. Bishop of Carlifle. Abbot of Westminster.
Lord Marshal; and another Lord.
Sir Pierce of Exton. Sir Stephen Scroop.
Queen to King Richard.
Duchefs of Glofter.
Duchefs of York.
Lady attending on the Queen.
Lords, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Two Gardeners, Keeper, Meffenger, Groom, and other Attendants. SCENE, difperfedly in England and Wales.
Duke of Aumerle,] Aumerle, or Aumale, is the French for what we now call Albemarle, which is a town in Normandy. The old hiftorians generally use the French title. STEEVENS. 2 Earl Berkley.] It ought to be Lord Berkley. There was no Earl Berkley till fome ages after.
3 Lord Rofs.] Now fpelt Roos, titles. STEEVENS.
one of the Duke of Rutland's
THE LIFE AND DEATH OF
KING RICHARD II.
ACT I. SCENE I.
London. A Room in the Palace.
Enter King RICHARD, attended; JOHN of GAUNT, and other Nobles, with him.
K. RICH. Old John of Gaunt, time-honour'd Lancaster,
Haft thou, according to thy oath and band,4 Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold fon; Here to make good the boisterous late appeal, Which then our leisure would not let us hear, Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ? GAUNT. I have, my liege.
thy oath and band,] When these publick challenges were accepted, each combatant found a pledge for his appearance at the time and place appointed. So, in Spenfer's Fairy Queen, B. IV. c. iii. ft. 3:
“The day was set, that all might understand, "And pledges pawn'd the fame to keep aright." The old copies read band inftead of bond. The former is right. So, in The Comedy of Errors:
My mafter is arrested on a band."
Band and Bond were formerly fynonymous. See note on The Comedy of Errors, A&t IV. fc. ii. MALONE.
K. RICH. Tell me moreover, haft thou founded
If he appeal the duke on ancient malice;
On fome known ground of treachery in him? GAUNT. As near as I could fift him on that argument,
On fome apparent danger seen in him,
K. RICH. Then call them to our prefence; face to face,
And frowning brow to brow, ourselves will hear
Re-enter Attendants, with BOLINGBROKE and NORFOLK.
BOLING. May many years of happy days befal My gracious fovereign, my moft loving liege!
NOR. Each day ftill better other's happiness; Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap, Add an immortal title to your crown!
K. RICH. We thank you both: yet one but flat
As well appeareth by the cause you come; Namely, to appeal each other of high treafon.Coufin of Hereford, what doft thou object Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?
BOLING. Firft, (heaven be the record to my speech!)
In the devotion of a fubject's love,