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THE EVERY DAY BOOK.--JUNE 16.
ments, under king William and queen haviour in the former. Scane Jenyn Anne, were rewarded by munificent pub- favours this doctrine of transmigration, lic grants, and a public funeral in W'est- “first, from its justice; secondly, from its minster-abbey.
utility; and lastly, from the difficulty we lie under to acconnt for the sufferings of mauy innocent creatures without it." He
says, “ If we look around us, we cannot Moss Privince Rose. Rosa muscosa.
but observe a great and wretched variety Dedicated to St. Julitta.
of this kind; numberless animals subjected by their own natures to many miseries,
and by our cruelties to many more, incaCRUELTY TO ANIMALS.
pable of crimes, and consequently incapaTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
ble of deserving them, called into being, Dear Sir,
as far as we can discover, only to be miA great deal has been lately attempt. serable for the service or diversion of ed, by men of feeling minds, to prevent others less meritorious than themselves, wanton cruelty towards animals; which without any possibility of preventing, de(unhappily even in this enlightened age, serving, or receiving recompense for their is but too prevalent.
unhappy lot, if their whole existence is The lower class of persons, to whom the comprehended in the narrow and wretchcare of the horse is intrusted, frequently ed circle of their present life." He then possess less sense than those noble ani- proceeds to observe, that the theory mals, which groan under their tyranny; here inculcated, removes all these difficul. we constantly find ignorant farriers, who ties, and reconciles all these seemingly think that a cure can only be effected, by unjust dispensations, with the strictest most violent and painful remedies. It is justice. Ii informs us, that their sufferto these brutal men, that the lameness of ings may by no means be understood, but so many horses may be attributed; for, as the just punishments of their former not understanding the beautiful and sin- behaviour, in a state, where by means of gular construction of the interior of a their vices, they may have escaped them. horse's foot, by cutting away the hoof It teaches us, that the pursued and perthey contract the foot, and gradually pre- secuted fox, was once probably some vent the elasticity so necessary: thus by crafty and rapacious minister, who had repeated shoeing, the foot is cramped, as purchased by his ill acquired wealth, that much so, as a man's who would attempt safety, which he cannot now procure by to walk in a shoe considerably too tight his flight; that the bull, baited with all for him. Lameness ensues, and these the cruelties that human ingenuity, or farriers pronounce the seat of lameness human malevolence can invent, was once any where but where it actually exists; some relentless tyrant, who had inflicted then comes firing and blistering, and all the tortures which he endures; that every possible torture, and the poor ani- the poor bird, blinded, imprisoned, and mal lamed for life, long before his time, at last starved to death in a cage, may is consigned to the lowest drudgery, and have been some unforgiving creditor; and subsequently to the dogs.
the widowed turtle, pining away life for The inhuman rate at which horses are the loss of her mate, some fashionable driven in stage coaches, conduces greatly wife, rejoicing at the death of her hujto mortality; this consumption of animal band, which her own ill-usage had occalife is, in some instances, one in three sioned. Never can the delicious repast annually.
of roasted lobsters excite my appetite, Soame Jenyns, whose works are well whilst the ideas of the tortures in which known, and who was himself a man of the those innocent crealures have expired finest feelings, in a paper On Cruelty to present themselves to my imagination Animals, adverts to the disciples of Py- But when I consider that they must have thagoras, who held that the souls of men, once probably been Spaniards at Mexice, and all other animals, existed in
or Dutchmen at Amboyna, I fall too, of perpetual transmigration, and that with a good stomach and a good conwhen by death they were dislodged from science. Never can I repose myself with one corporeal habitation, they were im- satisfaction in a post chaise, whilst I look mediately reinstated in another, happier upon the starved, foundered, accelerated, ir more miserable, according to their be- and excoriated animals which draw it, as
THIE EVERY DAY BOOK.-JUNE 16.
THE EAST WIND.
mere horses, condemned to such unme-
To the Editor of the Every-Duy Book
The perusal of your reinarks on the sea-
son and the winds, in the Every-Day many of my readers, but they are in them- Book, page 707, reminded me of some selves just and serious, and carry with lines I wrote at Ramsgate. If
know them the strongest probability of their Wellington-crescent, where they were truth. So strong is it, that I cannot but composed, you know a very pretty place, hope it will have some good effect on the for either summer or winter residence. conduct of those polite people, who are
I am, Sir, &c. too sagacious, learned, and courayeous to
June 6, 1825.
And weighs the spirit down!
O'er ocean's bosom thrown !
And tempts one forth to court its beams
I tremblingly retire:
That eastern blast, and oft have fled
Its pestilences dire !
Feel no such fear as I
Wind blowing west, south, east, or north,
If cloudless be the sky!
They tripping lightly o'er the path,
Press on—and onward still, At this season of enjoyment and leisure, With brow unwrinkled yet by care, when we derive pleasure from contem With spirit buoyant as the airplating the beautiful forms and appear
They breathe at freedom's will. ances of nature, and are grateful for annual abundance, let us reflect on the cri- Where shipwreck'd seamen oft deplore minal heedlessness wherewith we allow The loss of all their scanty store,
They rove at ebb of tide
Their anxious search abide.
The treasures home are brought Every-Day Book widely circulates in fami- To me, who plunged in gloom the while, lies; the humane sentiments that perrue At home have watch'd the sea bird's guile :it, must therefore have considerable in.
Or, in a sea of thought, fluence, and for this reason I select i as
Have sent my spirit forth to find
Else of itself the prey!
And in th' abstraction of that mood.
Full oft I've realized the good,
We boast not every day.
THE EVERY-DAY BOOK.--JUNE 17, 18.
Sometimes tho', with a courage bold, almanacs on this day, but he stands in As ever faced the arctic's cold,
the Romish calendar, on the 22d of the 1 pace the Colonnade ;*
month. And then am soon compelled to beat,
St. Alban was born at Verulam, in And seek a cowardly retreat, Within the parlour's shade!
Hertfordshire, in the third century, and
went to Rome, where he served seven Sometimes the place,t warm shelter' d close, years as a soldier under Dioclesian. He Where Sharwood's decorated house, afterwards returned to England, became
From roof to step all flowers, a Christian, and suffered martyrdom in Shines forth as Flora's temple, where
303, during the dreadful persecution Dominion falls to sea and air ;
raised by Dioclesian. Several miracles Napoleonic powers !
are said by Bede to have been wrought at There, snugly shelter'd from the blast,
his martyrdom.* My eyes right pensively I cast
The fame of Alban, recorded as it was Wnere famed sir Williams's bark by Bede, made a deep impression on the Lies moor'd, awaiting the time when minds of the superstitious. “The EcclesiThat Noah of citizens again
astical History” of that author, was pubShall venture on such ark :
lished in 731; and in the year 795, Offa, But, ah ! still round the corner creeps,
king of the Mercians, built a monastery That tiench'rous wind ! and still it sweeps
to the honour of Alban, on the place Too clean the path I tread :
where he had suffered, then called by the Arm'd as with numerous needle points, Anglo-Saxons, Holmhurst, but since, in Its paintul searchings pierce my joints, honour of the martyr, named St. Alban's.
And then capsize my head ! The town built near the abbey still retains So home again full trot I speed,
the latter appellation; and the abbey
church is even yet in existence, having, at As, after wound, the warrior's steed; And sit me down, and sig!
the suppression of the monasteries by O'er the bard-hearted fate of those
Henry the Eighth, been purchased by a rich Who feel like me these east-wind woes clothier of the name of Stump, for 4001., That biaiu and marrow try! and converted by him into a parochial
church, for the use of the inhabitants. In the Again upon the sea I look,
year 1257, some workmen repairing this Of nature that exhaustless book With endless wonder fraught :
ancient church, found the remains of some How oft upon that sea I've gazed,
sheets of lead, containing relics, with a Whose world of waters has amazed
thick plate of lead over them, upon which Man-social or untaught.
was cut the following inscription :And, spite of all that some may say,
“ In hoc Mausoleo inventum est It is the place from day to day,
Venerabile corpus SANCTI ALBANI, Proto
Dedicated to St. Nicandeo.
303. St. Botulph, Abbot, A. D. 655. Sts. Marcus and Marcellianus, A.D. 286. St. Avitus, or Avy, A.D. 530. St. Mo St. Marina, 8th. Cent. St. Elizabeth lingus, or Dairchilla, Bp. A. D. 697. of Sconage, Abbess, A.D. 1165. St St. Prior, Hermit, 4th Cent.
Amand, Bp. of Bourdeaux.
CHRONOLOGY. St. Alban. This saint, the proto-martyr of Britain, terminated the personal power of Napo
1815. The battle of Waterloo, which is in the church of England calendar and lean, was fougnt on this day.
Audley. + Brady's Clavy.
BATTLE OF WATERLOO
There was a sound of revelry by night,
And all went merry as a marriage-bell;
Did ye not hear it ?- No ; 'twas but the wind,
And nearer, nearer, deadlier than before.
Ah! then and there was hurrying to and fro,
If ever more should meet those mutual eyes,
And there was mounting in hot haste : the steed,
While thronged the citizens with terror dumb,
And wild, and high, the “ Cameron's gathering rose !"
The stirring memory of a thousand years,
And Ardennes waves above them her green leaves,
Of living valour, rolling on the foe