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Sabbath schools, and sustain churches in new and unoccupied districts (of which there are many) in all our large cities. We hope Dr. West will have abundant encouragement in his endeavours to complete the important work which the Committee has so happily commenced.

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densed translation of Herzog's Real Encyclopedia, with additions from other sources. By Rev. J. H. A. BOMBERGER, D.D., Pastor of the First German Reformed Church, Philadelphia, assisted by distinguished Theologians of all denominations. Part I. Philadelphia : Lindsay & Blakiston, 1856. [To be completed in twelve numbers, at 30.cents each.]

We omitted to allude to this invaluable work at the time of its first announcement. An examination of the first number has impressed us with the value, ability, and general candour of the work. It cannot be expected that a Religious Encyclopedia shall contain opinions and views that meet with universal acceptance. But the student and general reader will here find the richest materials on the more important topics of Religious Literature. The work is in all respects what is properly called a standard work. It will embrace all subjects belonging properly to the literature of the Protestant Catholic Religion and Church, and will furnish the most reliable results of recent study, research, and discoveries in the various departments of science in its relation to Christianity, including the several branches of

1. BIBLICAL LITERATURE-Biblical Philology, Geography, History, Botany, Geology, Natural History, Antiquities, Criticism, and Hermeneutics.

2. SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE-Apologetic, Dogmatic, Moral Sciences, Polemical and Pastoral Theology, Homiletics, Liturgical Church Polity and Church Arts.

3. HISTORICAL LITERATURE-Church History and Antiquities, History, Theology, History of Sects and Heresies, Patristic History, Biography, &c.

4. HISTORICAL SYMBOLISM; or, a Representation of the Comparative Position and Relation of the various Evangelical Denominations, and their Respective Doctrinal and other Characteristics.

The work of Herzog numbers more than one hundred contributors, including the ripest scholars and most evangelical theologians of Germany, and the articles are the result of their best judgment and most careful research. It is being edited in this country by the Rev. J. H. A. Bom. berger, D.D., assisted by distinguished theologians of various denominations.

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PREDESTINATION AND PRAYER. A Sermon delivered in the First Presbyterian Church

of Madison, Ind., March 20, 1856, by Joseph G. SYMMES, Pastor of the Church. 1856.

In this excellent discourse, its author considers the two topics of I, Predestination, and II, The place Prayer occupies in the Divine arrangements. The whole subject is exbibited in a clear and convincing light, and is calculated to relieve the difficulties of a serious inquirer, and to encourage the supplications of all Christ's people. The practical value of these great doctrines of Scripture is known in the history of the Church. We trust the good fruits of this discussion will be numerous on the soil of Madison and elsewhere.

LETTERS TO THE REV. WM. W. Patton, in reply to certain charges made against the

Presbyterian Church and Ministry, in the Religious Herald. By Thomas S. Childs, Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Hartford, Ct. 1856. Hartford. The Rev. WM. W. Patton, pastor of a Congregational Church and editor of a religious newspaper, charged Presbyterians with originating unfounded accusations against the New England Church, whilst they themselves omitted to preach important doctrines, and were virtually Antinomians, apologists of slavery, &c. The Rev. Mr. Childs defends his Church with the proper zeal, and with the success to be expected in such an encounter. Our young brother, compelled to enter into controversy, has conducted it with much ability. He has not shrunk from speaking the truth; and although isolated among our Congregational brethren, and laboring alone in a difficult field, we have no fear that a controversy of this sort will create opposition to Presbyterianism, but, on the contrary, will tend to advance the cause.



The best of men have enemies, and zealous Christians have always been spoken against. Next to the Quakers, the hardy race of the Scotch and Irish, together with the Germans, were the earliest settlers in Pennsylvania. The Scotch-Irish made their homes in the counties of Bucks, Lancaster, and York, and soon made their influence felt on the government, which had been hitherto administered by Quakers. JAMES LOGAN, President of the Council, who was connected with the Society of Friends, although he was of Irish origin, expressed himself in 1729 " glad to find that the Parliament is about to take measures to prevent their (the Irish) too frequent emigration to this country. It looks as if Ireland is to send all her inhabitants hither; for last week not less than six ships arrived, and every day two or three arrive also. The common fear is, that if they continue to come, they will make themselves masters of the province. It is strange that they will thus crowd where they are not wanted.A like prejudice existed against German emigration.

Logan's chief accusations against the Scotch-Irish were, that they were troublesome settlers to the government and hard neighbours to the Indians.” The learned and courteous author of the work before us investigates the history of the times, and presents facts which disprove the imputations cast upon Presbyterians. He writes with the true historical spirit and temper, and discharges his duty to the past and present generation with an affability worthy of a good cause. A large amount of information, gathered by patient and industrious inquiry, is imparted to the reader. The Scotch-Irish are held forth in their true character as citizens of the State; and the part they acted in the old French War and in the War of the Revolution receives its just tribute of praise. We rejoice in the seasonable publication of this able historical vindication. Its esti

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mable and gifted author-himself a noble representative of his race deserves the thanks of all parties in the Church and State. Late may hc depart to a better world!

Chr Religious World.


The annual returns from our Church, as made up by the Stated Clerk of the General Assembly, which have now been extensively published, present several points of interest. A comparison with the statistics of last year shows that whilst in some respects there is ground for encouragement, in others there is reason for regret and humiliation.

Compared with the preceding year, we find that the number of Synods and Presbyteries remains the same. We have 47 more candidates than at that time, 3 more licentiates, 59 more ministers, 67 more churches, and 2351 more communicants. There have been 25 more licensures, 11 more ordinations, 35 more installations, 14 more pastoral relations dissolved, 8 more churches organized, and 16 more ministers received from other denominations than during the preceding year; whilst the amount of moneys contributed exceeds the sum in the report for 1855 by $230,376. One very cheering fact is the apparently increasing permanency of the pastoral relation, there having been an excess of 21 installatious over the number of pastoral relations dissolved, whilst the Report of last year shows an excess of only 7. On the other hand, the number of communi. cants received on examination is 763 less than the number reported last year, and those received on certificate 120 less.

Upon the whole, these figures show that there has been progress as to the general healthfulness and soundness of the churches; but as regards the enjoyment of spiritual blessings and aggressions on the kingdom of darkness, there is no special occasion for encouragement. Our attention, particularly during the earlier part of the ecclesiastical year, was frequently directed to the comparatively few revivals, and though a more happy state of things afterwards appeared, we are still not surprised to find that the accessions from the world fall below wbat has heretofore been reported. We trust that this circumstance may make its appropriate impression on the hearts of both ministers and people, and that all may bestir themselves to pray and labour that the next returns may present more cheering results.

We have received a copy of the Minutes of the New School General Assembly, but after carefully examining it, have not been able to find that it contains the usual General Summary. Why it was omitted is not explained. By reference to the aggregate tables, however, we have collected a few of the items, which, compared with the Old School, are as follows:


VOL. VI. NO. 9.

Added on Examination,
Added on Certificate,
Total of Communicants,

New School. Old School.


148 219

482 94

240 5,704 12,322 4,730

9,266 138,760

*233,755 From The Presbyterian."



1855 AND 1856.


1856. Number of churches,


380 Number of ministers,


368 Number of members received on confession, 1609

2551 Number received by certificate,


1483 Total of communicants,

38,927 40,413 Number of adults baptized,


369 Number of infants baptized,


2754 Number in Catechetical instruction,

7796 10,729
Number in Sunday-school,

26,593 30,070
Contributions to religious and benevolent

$77,999 46 $85,898 The above useful comparative summary is taken from the September number of the Sower, the excellent monthly sheet issued by our Board of Publication. The footing in the last line will be found to differ from that given in the Minutes of Synod of this year. The difference is owing to the correction of an error made by the person who added up the summary for the Stated Clerk, as any may see by glancing over the column of the printed Minutes. The Church has made a gain during the year of sixteen churches, twenty ministers, over fourteen hundred communicants, nearly three thousand catechists, thirty-five hundred Sabbath-scholars, and nearly eight thousand dollars in benevolent contributions. The increase is gratifying, but it is far from what might be reasonably expected. Chris. Intel.



The last number of the Moravian contains the following general statistics of the United Moravian Church, or the Unitas Fratrum :

* In the General View as published, there was a typographical error of one figure, which made this total 223,755. It should have been as above.

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Ara recent commencement of this institution Professor Lane mentioned that the University had furnished 10 presidents of colleges; 36 professors of colleges, of whom 25 are now in active service; that 35 academies and classical schools are at the present time supplied with principals from the University, and more than 140 are now employed as teachers in various institutions; 35 are members of the bar; 179 are ministers of the Gospel, of whom 130 are members of the Methodist Conferences, and 19 are of other denominations. The Methodist ministers are distributed as follows: New England Conferences,

43 New York and New York East,

23 Troy and Black River,

11 Conferences in Western New York,

16 Baltimore, Ohio, and Philadelphia,

7 Southern Conferences, .

7 Western Conferences,

17 California, Liberia, and China,

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IN Palestine you are nearly as much in the wilderness as when in Arabia, for as to inhabitants they are precisely the things which do not exist, for all you can tell, except in the towns and villages you pass through. You ride on day after day, and you rise over each hill, and you sink into each valley, and except an occasional solitary traveller with his servant and his muleteer, or a Turkish official with his party, rarely does a moving object appear upon the landscape. No cattle are on the land, and no passengers are on the highways. How lonely it is ! and this loneliness strikes you more like that of the desert, for it seems unnatural, because here there should be life, and there is none. Sometimes you may make out at a distance on the hillside a single figure, a man upon a donkey. It is the only moving thing your eye can detect all round. And so you go on through this desolate land. From Jerusalem to Beyrout you scarcely light upon one single scene of rural industry—not one single scene of life that can be compared with those on the Arab pastures from the top of

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