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DECEMBER, 1811.

Foreign Relations.

H. OF R.

damned with a faint appropriation of two hun. We know the consequence. It was a fundamentdred thousand dollars, when millions were lav- al principle of free Government that a Legislaished upon miserable oyster boats. The Clerk of ture which would preserve its liberty must avoid the Senate could not forbear a sneer, when he that canker, a standing army. Are we to forget, read the title of the bill, at the recollection of the as chimerical, our notions of this institution, means to enforce it. Mr. R. had proposed him- which we imbibed froin our very, cradles, which self an annual million until the work should be are imprinted on our Bills of Rights and Constituaccomplished. He would forever stand up for tions, which we avowed under the reign of John the militia. It was not in the scoffs of the epau- Adams? Are they to be scourged out of us by lette gentry, who, for any service they have seen, the birch of the unfledged political pedagogues of are the rawest militia, to degrade them in his, the day? If he were the enemy of this Governeyes. Who were they? Ourselves--the coun- meni, could he reconcile it to his principles, he try. Arm them, and you are safe, beyond the would follow the example-set him in another, possibility of danger. "Yearly did the standing quarter, and say to the majority, go to your inarmy sweep off the money, while the militia re- evitable destruciion! He likened ihe people unceived emply, praise. He would rather see the der this joint operation of the two parties, Minis: thing reversed. But there will forever be a Court terial.and Federal, to the poor client between two and Country party. The standing army is the lawyers, or the cloth between the tailor's shears. devoted creature of the Court.' It must forever He was glad to hear from his venerable friend be so. Can we wonder that it should be cher-that this was not io be a party war. When the ished by its master? He spoke of a mercenary | last additional force bill was raised, to which this soldier, in terms of the strongest abhorrence. He was about to be superadded, it was an indispenwould ever uphold the militia ; and he detested sable preliminary. io an appointinent, to sign, or standing armies, as the profligate instruments of to promise to sign, the thirty-nine articles of despotism, as the blood-hounds of bell. They the creed of the reigning political church. But would support any and every existing Govern- now, the political millenium was at hand-alment. In all history, he remembered only one ready had John Adarns and Citizen Genet laid instance of their deserting their Governmeot and dowo, like the lion and the lamb, in the same taking part with the people; and that was when fold. And if they were not joined by their felthe Duke of Orleans had bribed the army of the low-laborer in Newgate, it was his keeper's fault, last of the Bourbon Kings. ' A mercenary soldier not that of his inclination. Citizen Genet, now was disgusting to our senses; was odious and de- an American patriot of the first order, who extestable to the eye of reason, republicanism, and tols “our WASHINGTON;" the champion of the religion. Yet, that "mere inachine of murder," laws of 'nations; the vindicator of American rude as it is, was the manufacturer of all the rights against foreign (and, of course, French) Cæsars, and Cromwells, and Bonapartes, of the aggression! He was glad to hear that it was not earth; consecrated by a people's curse, not loud to be a war for the protection of manufactureș. but deep, to the infernal gods. As from the filth To domestic manufactures, in the true sense of the kennel and common sewer, spread the pes of the term, he had always been, and ever should tilence that carried, hayoc through a great city, be, á friend; he had taken a pride in clothso from this squalid, outcast, homeless wretch, ing himself in them until it was attempted 10 sprung the scourge of military despotism. And be made a political test. He abhorred tests of yet we were told that there was no danger from all sorts, political and religious, and never would an army of 30,000 or 40,000 men. With 5,000, submit to them. He was sick of this cant Cæsar had passed the Rubicon. With 22,000, of patriotism, which extended to a man's victuhe fought the battle of Pharsalia, which rendered | als, drink, and clothes. He had, from a sort of him the master of the world. To come to later obstinacy that belonged to him, laid aside the extimes, what number had Bonaparte, when, de- ternal use of these manufactures; but he was itary fugitive from Egypt, to overturn thai Gov. They were no new things to him; no Merino hobby serting his companions in arms, he returned a sol

their firm friend, and of the manufacturers also. ernment, which, if it had possessed one particle of of the day; he had known them from his infancy. energy, if it had been possible for the civil au- He had been almost templed to believe, from the thority to cope with military power, would have similarity of character and avocations, that Heccashiered him for having ruined one of the best tor had a Virginian wife; that Lucretia herselfappointed fleets and armies that ever sailed from for she had displayed the spirit of a Virginian a European port? Well might the father of .po-matron—was a Virginian lady. Where were litical wisdom (Lord Chatham) say to the Parlia- they found ? Spinning among iheir handmaids ! ment of England,"entrench yourselves in parch- What was the occupation of a Virginian wife-ment to the teeth, ihe sword will find a passage her highest'ambition ? To atiend to her domestic to the vitals of the constitution." As good a Re- and household cares; to dispense medicine and publican as ever sat on that floor, (Andrew food to the sick;' to minister to the comfort of Fletcher, of Saltoun) had dissolved his political her family, her servants, and her poor neighbors, friendsnip with the Earl of Sunderland, when where she had any. Ai the sight of such a wohe found him supporting an army; and the event man, his heart bowed down, and did her reverjustified his sagacity. Cromwell, the affected ence. Compare with such a being your gad-apatron of liberty, always encouraged the army. I bout card-players. Mr. RANDOLPH said that, if

H. OF R.

Foreign Relations.

December, 1811.

the Empress Queen had presented herself decked honorable sentiment-but, a war of rapine, of in the spoils of a ravaged world, at the late exhi- privateering, a scuffle and scramble for plunder; bition, in contrast with our American matrons, when, like ihe duckers on the Potomac, we should bearing the triumphs of their own ingenuity and calculate at every discharge, “ so much powder industry, we should have looked - upon her, and and shot for so much game." all her splendor, with scorn and contempt in our There was one observation of his eloquent colhearts, although, from politeness to the sex, as league that could not be loo often or too strongly gentlemen, we should have suppressed the sen- enforced. That this war' must eventuate in a timent.

French alliance. We must carry our prizes (if Mr. Randolph adverted to our situation with we took any) into French ports for condemnation the Indians-10 the symptoms of discontent which and sale. Our vessels must seek a refuge there had manifested'themselves in the South, as well from pursuit, or to`refit. We must come into as in the Northwest. What might grow out of contact upon so many points, as common enethe late occurrence at Savannah? Were gen. mies to England, ihat our temporary disgust at a ilemen prepared to say ? Was this a time for French alliance would wear off. war? " But we must put on the armor of de- If in 1778, when ibe man wbo covered the re fence.” Was that armor a standing army? Is treat of the miserable remnant of Braddock's that the natural defence of this country? Wo army, from the scalping knives and tomahawks of betide us, if such be the fact. Bred up in the the French and the Indians, was at the head of school of ihe Revolution, he could not be unmind our armies and councils—if at that day, with ful of the consequences of that war. In resist the glories of the war of 1755, and the atrocious ance to British iyranny, we had been driven to massacres of France and her savage allies in the use of means ihat nothing but dire necessity fresh remembrance, we could so soon overcome could excuse-means so disgraceful and injurious, our instinctive antipathy to all thai was French, that the Constitution of 1787 had wisely prohib- what might we noi now expect after a few hard ited a future resort to them. By our paper money rubs ? When France, too, had been permitted to and tender acts; by arbitrary impressments and boast that to her we were indebted for our indeprivations of property, without semblance of pendence! Sore from her recent defeats, she had equivalent; by acis of violence and confusion, lain back, she kept at a cautious distance, until the inseparable, perhaps, from our situation, the tone capture of Burgoyne had asserted our capacity to of public morals had received a rude shock. His maintain our resistance. Then she stepped forth worthy colleague (Mr. Nelson) needed not to to cripple a hated rival, and had the eifrontery be reminded of the operation of the legal tender to pretend that we were indebted to her for our of worthless paper in discharge of bona fide debts. independence. We owed it no more to her than His noble father (General Nelson) had sacrificed to Tom Paine, the stay-maker. But if yoù bea princely fortune at the shrine of patriotism. His come a party to this war, there will inevitably was the old fashioned patriotism that spent, not be another alliance. You will sink into the arms made, money, in his country's service-noi the of Bona parte as bis ally, and awake from your patriotism of this, our day-ihe patriotism of of slumber his abject consiuprated slave. He had fice-seeking, of contracting, and commissarying- endeavored to paint, with feeble hand and timid the patriotism that quarters a man's whole fam. pencil, the aggressions of France-but formidable ily upon the public. By these acts of public rob-as was her enmity, human powers were inadebery, (for they were no less,) the public morals quate to portray the horrors of her sriendship. had been tainied. To it had succeeded the cor- He could not conclude without noticing the ruptions of the funding system-a necessary con- parallel attempted to be drawn by the gentlesequence of providing for a debt, which the pub- man from South Carolina, Mr. Calhoun-not lic beggary had caused to sell in open market, at quite indeed after the manner of of Plutarcha discount of eighty-seven and a half per cent.! between himself and an illustrious statesman, But, in this operation, the harpies of speculation (Lord Chatham.) The gentleman had been might plead that they bad not actually cheated pleased to say, that at the mention of his name, the poor soldier ; that they practised no fraud Ms. RANDOLPH's heart had seemed to smite upon him; that be sold, and they bought, with him. It had indeed smitten him: from a sensatheir eyes open; that they only cook advantage -tion which he trusted that gentleman might of his necessities—as yet, they kept within the never feel; against which he seemed well secured. letter of the law. A step furiher was made in It was a consciousness of his own unworthiness the path of iniquity. Actual swindling now to sustain the high dušies imposed upon him by cominenced. The naked granite of our moun- his country, which the recollection of that great tains was passed of, with decorations of imagi- man's name had, at the moment, called up.He nary corner trees of buck-eye and walnut, for fer- felt 'humbled in the contemplation of his worth. tile plains. A scene of depredation the most Would to God! he possessed some portion of his bare-faced and infamous ensued. Our name had powers; that he could borrow his eagle-eye, his become a by-word among the nations of the earth. withering look, the unrivalled majesty of his Nothing was wanting to give the finishing blow manner, the magic of his voice, at once the muto our character, to top the apex, but predatory sic and the thunder of the spheres, to rouse the war. Not a war for our homes and fire-sides-a, House to a sense of their country's danger. In war that might generate, or call forth manly and lone respect, however, he might boast that he pos

DECEMBER, 1811.

Foreign Relations.

H. OF R.

sessed some qualities in common with that im- Smith, John Smith, Silas Stow, William Stròng, George mortal statesman. He might assert as lofty a Sullivan, Peleg Tallman, Uri Tracy, George M. Troup, -spirit, as unyielding an adherence to the deliber. Charles Turner, jr., Pierre Van Cortlande, jr., Robert ate convictions of his own understanding, as Whitehill, David R, Williams, William Widgery, Thos. Lord Chatham himself; who, because he set his Wilson, Richard Winn, and Robert Wright-110. face against corruption, and had the art of 'mak Nars-Abijah Bigelow, Elijah Brigham, Epaphroing every coward scoundrel in the nation his foe- ditus Champion, Martin Chittenden, John Davenport

, concentrating upon himself ibe “rays of royai jr., William Ely, Edwin Gray, Richard Jackson, jun., indignation, which might illumine, but could not Lyman Law, Joseph Lewis, jr., Jonathan 0. Moseley, consume him ;" who, because with intuitive Joseph Pearson, Timothy Pitkin, jr., Elisha R. Potter, glance he penetrated, resolved, and combined Lewis B. Sturges, Samuel 'Taggart, Benjamin Tall

John Randolph, Daniel Sheffey, Richard Stanford, every interest of his country, and each design of madge, Laban Wheaton, and Leonard White—22. her enemies, and reached his object" by the flashes of bis mind, which, like those of, bis eye, lution, in the following words:

The question was then taken on the third resomight be felt, but could not be followed," was by the plodding, purblind, groping politicians of the

“ That it is expedient to authorize the President, un. day, attempted to be held up as an empty declaimer, der proper regulations, to accept the service of any a theatrical gesticulator.' Gentlemen must not number, of volunteers, not exceeding fifty thousand; expect him to quit the anchorage of his own

to be organized, trained, and held in readiness to act judgment in order to pursue the ignis fatui that on such service as the exigencies of the Government wander about Goose Creek. Mr. Speaker, my

may require."? heart is full-the recollection of that matchless

And decided as follows: orator and statesman has filled me with unspeak YEAS-Willis Alston, jr., William Anderson, Stevable feelings. To excite them there was no need enson Archer, Daniel Avery, Ezekiel Bacon, John of the cruel and insulting comparison which the Baker, David Bard, Josiah Bartlett, Burwell Bassett, gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Calhoun) William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Harmanus, had' attempted to draw between that gigantic Bleecker, Thomas Blount, Adam Boyd, James Breckstatesman and the pigmy who now addresses you. enridge, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell

, William

Butler, John C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, Martin The question was nuw taken on concurring Chittenden, James Cochran, John Clopton, Thomas ! with the Committee of the Whole in their agree B. Cooke, Lewis Condit, William Crawford, Roger ment to the ́second resolution, which is in the fol- Davis, John Dawson, Joseph Desha, Samuel Dinsmoor, lowing words:

James Emott, William Findley, James Fisk, Asa Fitch, « That an additional force of thousand regular Meshack Franklin, Thomas Gholson, Thomas R. Gold, troops ought to be immediately raised, to serve for three Charles Goldsborough, Peterson Goodwyn, Isaiah L. years; and that a bounty in lands ought to be given Green, Felix Grundy, Bolling Hall, Obed Hall, John to encourage enlistment."

A. Harper, Aylett Hawes, Jacob Hufty, John M. HyAnd decided as follows:

neman, Richard M. Johnson, Joseph Kent, William R. YEAs-Willis Alston, jr., William Anderson, Stev. King, Abner Lacock, Joseph Lefever, Peter Little, enson Archer, Daniel Avery, Ezekiel Bacon, John Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Aaron Baker, David Bard, Josiah Bartlett, Burwell Bassett, Lyle, Nathaniel Macon, George C. Maxwell

, Thomas William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Harmanus Moore, Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Samuel "Bleecker, Thomas Blount, Adam Boyd, James Breck- McKee, Alexander McKim, Arunah Metcalf

, James enridge, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William Milnor, Samuel L. Mitchill, James Morgan, Jeremiah Butler, John C.Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, James Coch, Morrow, Jonathan 0. Moseley, Hugh Nelson, Thomas ran, John Clopton, Thomas B. Cooke, Lewis Condit, Newbold, Thomas Newton, Stephen Ormsby, William William Crawford, Roger Davis, John Dawson, Joseph Paulding, jr., Joseph Pearson, Israel Pickens, William Desha, Samuel Dinsmoor, Elias Earle, James Emott, Piper, Timothy Pitkin, jr., Benjamin Pond, Peter B. William Findley, James Fisk, Asa Fitch, Meshack Porter, Josiah Quincy, William Reed, Henry M. Franklin, Thomas Gholson, Thomas R. Gold, Charles Ridgely, Samuel Ringgold, John Rhea, John Roane, *Goldsborough, Peterson Goodwyn, Isaiah L. Green, Jonathan Roberts, William Rodman, Ebenezer Sage, Felix Grundy, Bolling Hall, Ohed Hall, John A. Har: Thomas Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, John Sevier, per, Aylett Hawes , Jacob Hufty, John M. Hyneman, Adam Seybert

, Samuel Shaw, Daniel Sheffey, John Richard M. Johnson, Joseph Kent, Philip B. Key, Wild Smilie, George Smith, Silas Stow, William Strong, "liam R. King, Abner Lacock, Joseph Lefever, Peter George Sullivan, Benjamin Tallmadge, Peleg Tallman, Little, Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Uri Tracy, George M. Troup, Charles Turner, jr., Aaron Lyle, Nathaniel Macon, George C. Maxwell

, | Whitehill, David R. Williams, William Widgery, Thos.

Pierre Van Cortlandt, jr., Leonard White, Robert Thomas Moore, Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Samuel McKee, Alexander McKim, Arunah Metcall

, Wilson, Richard Winn and Robert Wright-113. James Milnor, Samuel L. Mitchill, James Morgan, ditus Champion, John Davenport, jr., William Ely,

Nais-Abijah Bigelow, Elijah Brigham, EpaphroJeremiah Morrow, Hugh Nelson, Anthony New,Thos. Edwin Gray, Richard Jackson, jr., Lyman Law, Joseph Newbold, Thomas Newton, Stephen Ormsby, William Paulding, jr., Israel Pickens, William Piper, Benjamin Smith, Richard Stanford, Lewis B. Sturges, Samuel

Lewis, jr., Elisha R. Potter, John Randolh John Pond, Peter B. Porter, Josiah Quincy, William Reed, Henry M. Ridgely, Samuel Ringgold, John Rhea, John Taggart, and Laban Wheaton-16. Roane, Jonathan Roberts, William Rodman, Ebenezer The question was next taken on the fourth resSage, Thomas Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, John Se- olution, in the following words: vier, Adam Seybert, Samuel Shaw, John Smilie, George .“ That the President be authorized to order out from

12th Cox, 1st Sess.-18

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H. OF R.

Foreign Relations.

DECEMBER, 1811.

time to time such detachments of the militia, as in his | Hawes, John M. Hyneman, Richard Jackson, junior, opinion the public service may require."

Richard M. Johnson, Joseph Kent, William R. King, And decided as follows:

Abner Lacock, Lyman Law, Joseph Lefever, Peter

Little, Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Nays-Willis Alston, jr., William Anderson, Stev. Aaron Lyle, George C. Maxwell, Thomas Moore, enson Archer, Daniel Avery, Ezekiel Bacon, John Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Alexander McBaker, David Bard, Josiah Bartlett, Burwell Bassett, Kim, Arunah Metcalf, James Milnor, Samuel L. William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Harmanus Mitchill, James Morgan, Jeremiah Morrow, Jon athan Bleecker, Thomas Blount, Adam Boyd, James Brecken- O. Moseley, Hugh Nelson, Thomas Newbold, Thoridge, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William

mas Newton, Stephen Ormsby, William Paulding, jr., Butler, John C. Calhoun, Langdon Cheves, Martin Joseph Pearson, Israel Pickens, William Piper, TimoChittenden, James Cochran, John Clopton, Thomas thy Pitkin, jr., Benjamin Pond, Peter B. Porter, Josiah B. Cooke, Lewis Condit, William Crawford, Roger Quincy, William Reed, Henry M. Ridgely, Samuel Davis, John Dawson, Joseph Desha, Samuel Dinsmoor, Ringgold, John Rhea, John Roane, Jonathan Roberts, Elias Earle, James Emott, William Findley, James Ebenezer Sage, Thomas Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, Fisk, Asa Fiteh, Meshack Franklin, Thomas Gholson, Adam Seybert, Samuel Shaw, George Smith, John Thomas R. Gold, Charles Goldsborough, Peterson Smith, William Strong, Lewis B. Sturges, George Goodwyn, Edwin Gray, Isaiah L. Green, Felix Grundy, Sullivan, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, Peleg Bolling Hall, Obed Hall, John A. Harper, Aylett | Tallman, Uri Tracy, George M. Troup, Charles TurHawes, Jacob Hufty, John M. Hyneman, Richard M. ner, jr., Pierre Van Cortlandt, jr., Laban Wheaton, Johnson, Joseph Kent, William R. King, Abner La- Leonard White, William Widgery, Thomas Wilson, cock, Joseph Lefever, Joseph Lewis, jr., Peter Lit Richard Winn, and Robert Wright-111. tle, Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Aaron Lyle, Nathaniel Macon, George C. Maxwell

, Brown, Edwin Gray, Jacob Hufty, Joseph Lewis, ji«,

Nars-William W. Bibb, Adam Boyd, Robert Thomas Moore, Archibald McBryde, William Mc- Nathaniel Macon, Elisha R. Potter, John Randolph, Coy, Samuel McKee, Alexander McKim, Arunah William Rodman, Daniel Sheffey, John Smilie, RichMetcalf, James Milnor, Samuel L. Mitchill, James ard Stanford, Robert Whitehill, and David R. WilMorgan, Jeremiah Morrow, Jonathan 0. Moseley, liams-15. Hugh Nelson, Thomas Newbold, Thomas Newton, Stephen Ormsby, William Paulding, jr., Joseph Pear

"The question was put from the Chair on the son, Israal Pickens, William Piper, Timothy Pitkin, jr., sixth resolution, in these words: Benjamin Pond, Peter B. Porter, Elisha R. Potter,

“6. That it is expedient to permit our merchant Josiah Quincy, John Randolph, William Reed, Henry vessels, owned exclusively by resident citizens, and M.Ridgely, Samuel Ringgold, John Rhea, John Roane, commanded and navigated solely by citizens, to arm Jonathan Roberts, William Rodman, Ebenezer Sage, under proper regulations, to be prescribed by law, in Thomas Sammons, Ebenezer Seaver, John Sevier, self-defence, against all unlawful proceedings towards Adam Seybert, Samuel Shaw, Daniel Sheffey, John them on the high seas.” Smilie, George Smith, John Smith, Richard Stanford,

When the resolution was, on motion, ordered William Strong, George Sullivan, Benjamin Tall- to lie on the table. madge, Peleg Tallman, Uri Tracy, George M. Troup, The three first resolutions, for filling up the Charles Turner, jr., Pierre Van Cortlandt, jr., 'Laban present establishment, for raising an additional Wheaton, Leonard White, Robert Whitehill, David number of regulars, and authorizing the acceptR. Williams, William Widgery, Thomas Wilson, ance of volunteers' services, were referred to the Richard Wion, and Robert Wright—120.

committee who reported them, with instructions Nays-Abijah Bigelow, Elijah Brigham, Epaphro- to bring in bills in pursuance thereof. ditus Champion, John Davenport, jr., Richard Jackson, jr., Lyman Law, Lewis B. Sturges, and Samuel Taggart-8.

Tuesday, December 17. The question was then taken on the fifth reso Mr. Morrow, from the Committee on Public lution, in the words following:

Lands, presented a bill directing the terms on “ That all the vessels not now in service belonging which lands sold at private sale, and that revert to the Navy, and worthy of repair, be immediately fitted for a failure in payment, shall again be sold; up and put in commission."

which was iwice read and committed. · And carried, as follows:

The following is the bill:

Be it enacted, &c., That no tract or tracts of the YEAS—Willis Alston, jr., William Anderson, Ste reserved sections or other public lands of the United venson, Archer, Daniel Avery, Ezekiel Bacon, John States, that have been or may hereafter be sold at pubBaker, David Bard, Josiah Bartlett, Burwell Bassett, lic sale, and which may have, or shall, on account of Abijah Bigelow, William Blackledge, Harmanus failure to complete the payment of the purchase moBleecker, Thomas Blount, James Breckenridge, Elijah ney, revert to the United States, shall hereafter be Brigham, William A. Burwell

, William Butler, John sold at private sale, at a price less than that for which Calhoun, Epaphroditus Champion, Langdon Cheves, the same tract was sold at public sale. Martin Chittenden, James Cochran, John Clopton, Thomas B. Cooke, Lewis Condit, William Crawford,

Mr. WILLIAMS, from the committee appointed Roger Davis, John Dawson, Joseph Desha, Samuel

on that part of the President's Message which Dinsmoor, Elias Earle, William Ely, James Emott, relates to filling the ranks and prolonging the William Findley, Asa Fitch, Meshack Franklin, Tho enlistment of the regular troops, and to an auxilimas Gholson, Thomas R. Gold, Charles Goldsborough, ary force, to the acceptance of volunteer corps, 10 Peterson Goodwyn, Isaiah L. Green, Felix Grundy, detachments of militia, and to such a preparation Bolling Hall, Obed Hall, John A. Harper, Aylett of the great body of militia, as will proportion

DECEMBER, 1811.
Mississippi Territory.

H. of R. iis usefulness to its intrinsic capacity, asked and The committee, to whom was referred the memorial obtained leave to lay on the table all the docu- of the Legislative Council and House of Representamenis obtained by that committee from the War tives of the Mississippi Territory, and the petition of Department on the subject submitted to their sundry citizens thereof, praying to be admitted into the consideration.-Referred to the Committee of Union of the United States on an equal footing with Foreign Relations.

the original States; and also the petition of the inhabMr. Newton reported a bill to deprive in cer itants of West Florida, setting forth their desire to be tain cases ships or vessels of their American char- annexed to said Territory, for reasons therein conacter, and to prevent, under certain disabilities

, tained, have had these subjects under consideration, any citizen of the United States from taking a

and beg leave to submit the following report: license from any foreign Power to navigate the

That there has existed in the Mississippi Territory a ocean, or trade with any other foreign Power. temporary government, founded on the ordinance for Twice read and committed.

the government of the Territory Northwest of the river · Mr. Newton also reported a bill to prevent the Ohio, since the eleventh day of April, one thousand exportation from the United States, or Territo- ordinance has undergone some modifications, extend

seven hundred and ninety-eight. That, although this ries thereof, of any goods, wares, or merchandise, ing, in a limited degree, the rights and privileges of the under the authoriiy of permits or licenses derived citizens, it still contains provisions incompatible with from any foreign Power; which was twice read, political liberty, and unfavorable to a due and impartial and committed.

administration of justice, in the redress of private Mr. Morrow reported a bill for the revision of wrongs and injuries. The Chief Executive Magistrate former confirmations, and for confirming certain is charged with the execution of the laws; is com. claims to land in the district of Kaskaskia, which mander-in-chief of the militia; has the sole power of was iwiee read, and committed. This bill was appointment to offices, civil and military, within the accompanied by a detailed report, which was Territory, and the removal of these officers at pleasure ; committed to the same committee.

is vested with an unqualified veto on all bills passed by The bill from the Senate for completing the the other co-ordinate branches of the Legislature ; and existing Military 'Establishment was iwice read, is, moreover, clothed with the odious and arbit-ary au. and committed.

thority to prorogue and dissolve the General Assembly The House then proceeded, on motion of Mr. whenever, in his opinion, it shall be expedient. These BLACKLEDGE, to consider the resolution summit high and regal prerogatives, constituting some of the ted by him on the 13th, which was modified so

most obvious characteristics which distinguish an absoas to read as follows:

lute monarchy from the constitution of a free State, are . Resolved, That the President of the United States confided to the discretionary exercise of a Governor, be requested to cause to be prepared and laid before who is neither chosen by, nor responsible to, the peothe House a system of rules and regulations proper to ple; He is often a total stranger to the local interests be adopted for training and disciplining the regular and circumstances of the country over which he postroops and militia of the United States."

sesses such unlimited control, and is accountable only The resolution was agreed to, and Messrs. for malconduct or corruption in office to the President Blackledge and Livingston appointed a com- against the frequent and wanton abuse of these powers

of the United States. 4he only security which exists mittee to present the same to the President.

is to be found in the mild and conciliatory disposition Mr. POINDEXTER, from the committee appointed uniformly manifested by the General Government toon the 13th ultimo, on the petition of the Legis- wards its Territories. But experience has shown that, lature of the Mississippi Territory, made a detailed in all colonial governments, officers situated at a rereport, which was read; when a motion was inade mote distance from the tribunal to which they are se. by Mr. Williams, that the report be recommit- sponsible, too frequently “feel power and forget right;" ted to the committee that reported it; which was and, by eluding the vigilance of rigid investigation, are agreed to.

enabled to practise acts of oppression with impunity. Mr. PoIndexTER, from the same committee, Your committee forbear to enter minutely into an presented a bill 10 enable the people of the Mis- examination of the various objections which might be sissippi Territory to form a constitution and State urged against the present system of Territorial governgovernment, and for the admission of such State ments. into the Union, on an equal footing with the ori The above summary of Executive powers, so oppoginal States; which was read iwice, and com- site in their nature to those principles which form the mitted to a Committee of the Whole on Monday basis of the Federal Constitution, and which are transnext.

fused through the constitution of the several States, is The House proceeded to consider the report sufficient to show that the people are deprived of all of the committee of conference on the apportion- participation in the choice of those who administer the ment, bill; when, on motion of Mr. RANDOLPH, laws, and that public functionaries are rendered inde. the further consideration, thereof was postponed pendent of the community whose interests are confided to to-morrow.

to their management and discretion. These restric

tions on the rights of the people can be justified only MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY.

by the most evident necessity, resulting from peculiar Mr. POINDEXTER, from the committee to whom and unavoidable circumstances. Your committee, therethe said report was committed, reported the same fore, consider it an act both of strict justice and sound with an amendment; which was read, and refer- policy to advance the respective Territories of the red to the Committee of the Whole on Monday | United States to the grade of a separate commonnext. The report is as follows:

wealth, whenever they shall contain the number of in

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