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ILLINOIS.

EPHRAIM BANNING.

Ephraim Banning was born in McDonough County, Illinois, July 21, 1849. He died in Chicago, December 2, 1907, as a result of injuries sustained in falling from a street car. Coming to Chicago in 1871, Mr. Banning entered the office of Rosenthal & Pence, in which he studied until his admission to the Bar in 1873. Shortly thereafter he entered into partnership with his brother, Thomas Banning, under the style of Banning & Banning, and made a specialty of patent law, in which field he achieved a national reputation.

While not active in politics, his sole political service being as presidential elector in 1896, Mr. Banning was public-spirited and took an active and effective interest in civic affairs. He had a special interest in charities, corrections and reformatory work, and, in addition to service upon the State Board of Charities, in 1897, took a leading part in securing the enactment of the Juvenile Court Law, a work in connection with which he deserves to be remembered.

Mr. Banning was a member of the American Bar Association, of the Illinois State Bar Association and the Chicago Bar Association. He held and adhered to high professional ideals, was genuinely interested in the advancement of the profession and of the law, and both as a man and as a citizen was recognized as an example of integrity and high character.

JAMES BOLESWORTH BRADWELL.

James Bolesworth Bradwell was born in Loughborough, England, April 16, 1828, but was brought to America by his parents when but sixteen months of age. In 1834 his parents settled in Cook County, Illinois, then upon the frontier. Brought up in a log cabin and trained in a log schoolhouse, in the intervals of work upon the farm and as a blacksmith, with the industry and selfreliance of a pioneer, he worked his own way through an academy

and afterwards through a college course at Knox College. On completing his education, he engaged in teaching in Tennessee, where, at the same time, he studied law and was admitted to the 'Bar. While teaching, he became acquainted with and married Myra Colby, well known afterwards as a pioneer woman lawyer and as founder and editor of the Chicago "Legal News."

In 1855, Mr. Bradwell was admitted to the Bar of Illinois and soon became a conspicuous figure in the profession. He served one term as County Judge of Cook County, declining re-election in order to assist in the conduct of the "Legal News," was twice a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, in 1873 and 1875, and reported the decisions of the Appellate Courts from 1877 to 1887.

A friend and supporter of Abraham Lincoln, Judge Bradwell was conspicuous in his opposition to slavery. He rendered signal service in the care of sick and wounded soldiers during the Civil War. He was a friend of the negro and championed his rights when it was unpopular, if not dangerous, to do so. His sympathies were actively and effectively with every humane and benevolent cause. As a citizen, lawyer, judge and man, his nobility of character won universal recognition His death, on November 29, 1907, in his eightieth year, was mourned sincerely by the whole commonwealth.

INDIANA.

ROBERT BARCLAY BEAUCHAMP.

Robert Barclay Beauchamp was born in Grant County, Indiana, October 3, 1845, and spent his boyhood on a farm, which is now within the corporate limits of the city of Marion. He was educated in the public schools and at the Spiceland Academy and read law with Steele & St. John, in Marion. He was admitted to the Bar in 1871, and was married shortly after to Miss Frazier, of Bridgeport, Illinois, and at once located in Tipton, Indiana, and engaged in the practice of his profession, continuing in Tip

ton with a constantly growing practice until his death. He was elected prosecuting attorney of his circuit in 1872 and again in 1874, and was president of the Tipton School Board at the time. of his death; but he never held any other office.

He was generally recognized throughout Indiana as in the front rank of the lawyers of the state.

A memorial adopted by the Tipton County Bar says:

"He was ever willing to assist redressing a wrong, or enforcing a right, and the rich and poor alike received the same consideration at his hands. His remarkable success at the Bar never caused him to forget that he was of the people, and he was always a willing champion of their cause. He was generally known over the State of Indiana as one of its good lawyers, but it was at home that he achieved the greatest distinction that comes to man. He enjoyed the respect, admiration and confidence of all our citizens, and his whole life was clean and upright. He preferred the honors of his profession to the spoils of politics. Busy, yet he found time outside his practice for educational matters and extensive church and Sunday-school work; time for honest and earnest investigation of every public question.

"Modest and unassuming, yet public-spirited, devout and generous to a fault, we believe that his life has done as much as the life of any other man to build up and maintain the morality and integrity of this community."

September 16, 1908, at Tipton, and in full possession of all his powers, mental and physical, at the conclusion of a hard day's work in court, without warning, he dropped dead.

IOWA.

WILLIAM BOYD ALLISON.

William Boyd Allison, born at Perry, Lake County, Ohio, March 2, 1829, died at his home in Dubuque, Iowa, August 4, 1908. During boyhood he lived on a farm and was educated in the common schools of the neighborhood, at the Wooster Acad

emy, the Allegheny College, at Meadville, Pa., and Western Reserve College, of Ohio. He was admitted to the Bar in 1850, and married in 1854 to Miss Anna Carter, who died in 1860. In 1873 he married Miss Mary Nealy, a niece of Senator James W. Grimes, and in 1883 she died. In 1857 he came to Dubuque and with Ben M. Samuels formed the firm of Samuels & Allison, which later became Samuels, Allison & Crane. In 1859 he was a delegate to the Iowa Republican State Convention, and in 1860 to the National Convention that nominated Mr. Lincoln. In 1861 he was appointed a member of Governor Kirkwood's staff with the rank of colonel and aided in organizing volunteers for the union service at the beginning of the Civil War.

In 1862 he was elected a member of the 38th Congress and re-elected in 1864, 1866 and 1868 to the 39th, 40th and 41st Congresses. He was elected U. S. Senator for the term beginning March 4, 1873, and re-elected in 1878, 1884, 1890, 1896 and 1902 for the term expiring March 4, 1909, and under the Iowa primary law, on June 2, 1908, was nominated for another term. His term of service in the Senate began eight years before that of any other member of that body, and with a single exception (that of a temporary appointment from Maryland), he had reached a greater age than any other senator, and his was the longest continuous service in the history of the Senate of United States.

He was chairman of the American Commission to the International Money Conference at Brussels in 1892, a member of the Senate Committee on Appropriations from 1873, and its chairman 1881 to 1889; 1895 to 1908.

He was also a member of the Committees on Finance, Geological Survey and the Philippine Islands.

Preferring his seat in the Senate, he declined to accept a portfolio tendered him in the cabinets of Presidents Garfield, Harrison and McKinley.

His name was presented as candidate for the nomination for President in the National Republican Conventions of 1888 and 1896.

WILLIAM J. KNIGHT.

William J. Knight, born at Kilkenny, Ireland, 1836, died at Dubuque, Iowa, 1908. He came to America at twelve years of age, was educated in the schools of Dubuque, studied law with Jeffrey M. Griffith, was admitted to the Bar in May, 1857, and joined his preceptor in the firm of Griffith & Knight, which continued till the death of Mr. Griffith in October, 1882, after which he continued alone in practice till his death.

The firm successfully conducted some of the most important cases ever litigated in the state.

Mr. Knight became the attorney for the Illinois Central and the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway companies, and so was largely withdrawn from general practice. He was elected mayor of Dubuque in 1869 and 1870, and again in 1878. In 1879 he was elected representative, and from 1886 to 1890 was senator from Dubuque in the Iowa General Assembly.

He was one of the Commissioners chosen by the General Assembly to prepare the revised code of 1873.

In 1875 he was Democratic candidate for judge of the Supreme Court. In the discharge of all his duties, professional and official, his distinguished ability, tireless energy and unquestioned fidelity were always manifest.

LOUISIANA.

WILLIAM SOMMER BENEDICT.

(Abridged from Memorial by Committee of the New Orleans Bar.)

Born at Gainesville, Alabama, February 11, 1843, Mr. Benedict. came, at an early age, to live in New Orleans, where he spent the years of youth and manhood, and where he contracted the ties which are dearest to man. He died February 1, 1908, at the age of sixty-five, after a career of incessant activity in varied and difficult work, a veteran and successful lawyer, supported by the confidence of a numerous body of clients, and leaving a memory dear to his family and to his many friends.

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