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rous Celts and Gauls had to contend with
obstacles which their ignorance Of this usage in Scotland, commencing on New-year's eve, there was not room in and superstition presented, it is very the last sheet of the former volume, to in- probable that the clergy, when they were
unable entirely to abolish pagan rites, clude the following interesting communication. It is, here, not out of place, because, would endeavour, as far as possible, to in fact, the usage runs into the morning cast ; and of the turn which many heathen
twist them into something of a christian of the New Year.
ceremonies thus received, abundant in
are afforded in the Romish 10 the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
The performance of religious MysTESir, the first notice of the acting in our Daft much licentiousness, and undoubtedly The annexed account contains, I believe, RIES, which continued for a long period,
seems to have been accompanied with Days. I have put it hurriedly together,
was grafted upon the stock of pagan obe but, if of use, it is at your service.
servances. - It was discovered, how. I am, Sir, &c.
ever, that the purity of the christian relia JOHN Wood REDDOCK. Falkirk, December, 1825.
gion could not tolerate them, and they
were succeeded by the MORALITIES, the During the early ages of christianity, subjects of which were either historical, or when its promulgation among the barba- some existing abuse, that it was wished
• The name of some horse.
: The natae of another horse.
• The Qame of a con
to aim a blow at. Of this we have an in- vokingly improbable, that decision is ren. teresting instance in an account given by dercd extremely difficult. With no term sir William Eure, the envoy of Henry is this more the case, than HOG MENAY. So the Eighth to James the Fifth, in a letter wide is the field of conjecture, as to the to the lord privy seal of England, dated signification of this word, that we shall 26th of January 1540, on the performance not occupy much space in attempting to of a play, or morality, written by the cele- settle which of the various etymologies is brated sir David Lindsay. It was enti- the most correct. tled The Satire of the Three Estates, and Many complaints were made to the was performed at Linlithgow, “before Gallic synods of the great excesses comthe king, queene, and the whole counsaill, mitted on the last night of the year and spirituall and temporall," on the feast of first of January, by companies of both Epiphany. It gives a singular proof of sexes dressed in fantastic habits, who ran the liberty then allowed, by king James about with their Christmas boxes, calling and his court witnessing the exhibition of tire lire, and begging for the lady in the a piece, in which the corruptions of the straw both money and wassels. The chief existing government and religion were of these strollers was called Rollet Follet. treated with the most satirical severity. They came into the churches during the
The principal dramatis personæ were a vigils, and disturbed the devotions. A king, a inshop, a burges man, “armed in stop was put to this in 1598, at the repreharness, with a swerde drawn in his sentation of the bishop of Angres; but hande, a poor man, and Experience, debarred from coming to the churches, “clede like ane doctor.” The poor man they only became more licentious, and (who seems to have represented the peo- went about the country frightening the Fle) “ looked at the king, and said he was people in their houses, so that the legislaTot king in Scotland, for there was an- ture having interfered, an end was put to ther king in Scotland that hanged Johne the practice in 1668. Armstrong with his fellows, Sym the The period during the continuance of nird, and mony other mae. He then these festivities corresponded exactly with makes a long narracione of the oppres- the present daft days, which, indeed, is sion of the poor by the taking of the corse- nearly a translation of their French name presaunte beits, and of the herrying of fêtes de fous. The cry used by the bapoor men by the consistorye lawe, and of chelettes during the sixteenth century has mony other abusions of the spiritualitie also a striking resemblance to the still and church. Then the bushop raised and common cry « hogmenay trololay-gi'us rebuked him, and defended himself. Then your white bread and nane o' your grey," the man of arms alleged the contrarie, and it being " au gui menez, Rollet Follet, au commanded the poor man to go on. The gui menez, tiré liré, mainte du blanc et poor man proceeds with a long list of the point du bis.” bushop's evil practices, the vices of clois- The word Rollet is, perhaps, a corrupo ters, &c. This is proved by EXPERIENCE, tion of the ancient Norinan invocation of who, from a New Testament, showes thé their hero, Rollo. Gui, however, seems to office of a bishop: The man of arms and refer to the druidical custom of cutting burges approve of all that was said against branches from the mistletoe at the close of the clergy, and allege the expediency of a the year, which were deposited in the reform, with the consent of parliament. temples and houses with great ceremony. The bushop dissents. The man of arms A supposition has been founded upon and burges said they were two and he but the reference of this cry to the birth of our one, wherefore their voice should have the Saviour, and the arrival of the wise men most effect. Thereafter the king in the from the east; of whom the general belief play ratified, approved, and confirmed all in the church of Rome is, that they were that was rehearsed."
three in number. Thus the language, as None of the ancient religious observ- borrowed from the French may be "homances, which have escaped, through the me est né, trois rois allois !" A man is riot of time and barbarism, to our day, born, three kings are come! have occasioned more difficulty than that Others, fond of referring to the dark which forms the subject of these remarks. period of the Goths, imagine that this It is remarkable, that in all disputed ety- name had its origin there. Thus, minne inological investigations, a number of was one of the cups drunk at the feast of words got as explanatory, are so pro- Yule, as celebrated in the times of hen. thenism, and vel is the general term for It is deemed lucky to see the new mooz festival. The night before Yule was called with some money (silver) in the pocket. noggin-nott, or hogenat, signifying the A similar idea is perhaps cconected yrith slaughter night, and may have originated the desire to enter the new year rife o from the number of cattle slanghtered on roughness. The grand affair among the that night, either as sacrifices, or in pre- boys in the town is to provide themse.ves paration for the feast on the following with fausse faces, or masks; and those with day. They worshipped the sun under the crooked horns and beards are in greatest name Thor. Hence, the call for the ce- demand. A high paper cap, with one of lebration of their sacrifices would be their great grandfather's antique coats, "Hogg-minnel Thor! oel! oel!" Re- then equips them as a guisard—they thus member your sacrifices, the feast of Thor! go about the shops seeking their hogmethe feast!
nay. In the carses and moor lands, howThat the truth lies among these various ever, parties of guisards have long kept up explanations, there appears no doubt; we the practice in great style. Fantastically however turn to hogmenay among our dressed, and each having his character alselves, and although the mutilated legend lotted him, they go through the farm which we have to notice remains but as a houses, and unless denied entrance by few
scraps, it gives an idea of the exist. being told that the OLD STYLE is kept, perence of a custom which has many points form what must once have been a conof resemblance to that of France during nected dramatic piece. We nave heard the fétes du four. It has hitherto escaped various editions of this, but the supstance the attention of Scottish antiquaries. of it is something like the following :Every person knows the tenacious ad.
One enters first to speak the prologue herence of the Scottish peasantry to the in the style of the Chester mysteries, call. cales and observances of auld lang syne, ed the Whitsun plays, and which appear Towards the close of the year many super- to have been performed during the maystitions are to this day strictly kept up oralty of John Arneway, who filled that among the country people, chiefly as con- office in Chester from 1268 to 1276. It nected with their cattle and crops. Their is usually in these words at present social feelings now get scope, and while
Rise one may rejoice that he has escaped diffi- Dinna think that we're beggars,
up gudewife and shake your feathers culties and dangers during the past year, We are bairns com'd to play another looks forward with bright antici- And for to seek our bogmenay; pation for better fortune in the year to Redd up stocks, redd up stools, come. The bannock of the oaten cake gave Here comes in a pack o' fools.* place a little to the currant loaf and bun, Muckle head and little wit stand behint the and the amories of every cottager have
door, goodly store of dainties, invariably includ. But sic a set as we are, ne'er were here be
fore. ing a due proportion of Scotch drink. The countenances of all seem to say
One with a sword, who corresponds “ Let mirth abound; let social cheer
with the Rollet, now enters and says: Invest the dawnin' o' the year,
Here comes in the great king of Macedon, Let blithsome Innocence appear
Wbo bas conquer'd all the world but ScotTo crowa our joy,
land alone. envy wi' sarcastic sneer,
When I came to Scotland my heart grew so Our bliss destroy.
cold When merry Yuleday comes, I trow
To see a little nation so stout and so bold, You'll scantlings find a hungry mou;
So stont and so bold, so frank and so free! Sma' are our cares, our stomacks fu' Call upon Galgacus to fight wi' me O'gusty gear
If national partiality does not deceive An' kickshaws, strangers to our view Sin' fairnyear.
us, we think this speech points out the
origin of the story to be the Roman inThen tho' at odds wi' a' the warl,
vasion under Agricola, and the name of Among oursels we'll never quarrel Galgacus (although Galachers and sain Though discard gie a canker'd snarl To spoil our glee,
• The author of Waverly, in a note to the Abbat, Ao lang's there pith into the barrel
mentions three Moralities played during the time of We'll drink and gree !"
the reformation-The Abbot of Unreason, The Boy
Bishop, and the Pepe o Fools-may not pack of joola Ferguson's Daft Days. be a corruption of this last?
Larorence are sometimes substituted, but really problematical. The strange event. most probably as corruptions) makes the ful history however is wound np by the famous struggle for freedom by the Scots entrance of Judas with the bag. He says: under that leader, in the battle fought at the foot of the Grampians, the subject of Here comes in Judas Judas is my name, this historical drama.
If ye pit nought sillar i'my bag, for gude
sake mind our wame! Enter Galgacus.
When I gaed to the castle yett and tirl't at
the pin, Here comes in Galgacus—wha doesna fear They keepit the keys o' the castle wa', and
my naine ? Sword and buckler by my side, I hope to win I've been i' the east carse,
wad na let me in. the game!
I've been i' the west carse, They close in a sword fight, and in the I've been i' the carsa o' Gowric, “hash smash” the chief is victorious. Where the clouds rain a' day wi' peas and Ile says:
wi' beans ! Down Jack! down to the ground you must And the farmers theek houses wi' needles
and prins! go
I've seen geese ga'in' on pattens ! Oh O! what's this I've done?
And swine fleeing i' the air like peelings o' I've killed my brother Jack, my father's
onions ! only son !
Our hearts are made o' steel, but our body's Call upon the doctor.
sma' as ware, Enter Doctor (saying)
If you've onything to gi' us, stap il in there! Flere comes in the best doctor that ever
This character in the piece seems to Scotland bred.
mark its ecclesiastical origin, being of Chief. What can you cure ?
course taken from the office of the betrayer The doctor then relates his skill in sur
in the New Testament; whom, by the way, gery.
he resembles in another point; as extreme Chief. What will ye tak to cure this
jealousy exists among the party, this perman? Doctor. Ten pound and a bottle of of the bag The money and wassel, which
sonage appropriates to himself the contents wine.
usually consists of farles of short bread, or Chief. Will six not do ? Dortor. No, you must go higher.
cakes and pieces of cheese, are therefore
frequently counted out before the whole. Chief. Seven?
One of the guisards who has the best Doctor. That will not put on the pot, voice, generally concludes the exhibition &c.
by singing an “auld Scottish sang." The A bargain however is struck, and the
most ancient melodies only are consiDoctor says to Jack, start to your feet and dered appropriate for this occasion, and stand ! Jack. Oh hon, my back, I'm sairly have not found their way into collections :
many very fine ones are often sung that wounded. Doctor. What ails your back ?
or the group join in a reel, lightly tripping Jack. There's a hole in't you may turn
it, although encumbered with buskins of
straw wisps, to the merry sound of the your tongue ten times round it!
fiddle, which used to form a part of the Doctor. How did you get it?
establishment of these itinerants. They Jack. Fighting for our land.
anciently however appear to have been acDoctor. How
companied with a musician, who played Jack. I killed a' the loons save ane, the kythels, or stock-and-horn, a musical but he ran, he wad na stand.
instrument made of the thigh bone of a Here, most unfortunately, there is a sheep and the horn of a bullock. “ hole i'the ballad," a hiatus which irre- The above practice, like many customs parably closes the door upou our keenest of the olden time, is now quickly falling prying. During the late war with France into disuse, and the revolution of a few Jack was made to say he had been “fight years may witness the total extinction of ing the French," and that the loon who this seasonable doing. That there does took leg bail was po less a personage than still exist in other places of Scotland the Nap. le grand! Whether we are to re- remnants of plays performed upon sunilar gard this as a dark prophetic anticipation occasions, and which may contain many of what did actually take place, seems interesting allusions, is very likely. That
you kill :
December that year,
noticed above, however, is the first which large coney-warren belonging to the lord. we remember of seeing noticed in a par- The occupiers of messuages and cottages ticular manner.
within the several towns of Hutton CoThe kırk of Scotland appears formerly nyers, Baldersby, Rainton, Dishforth, and to have viewed these festivities exactly as Hewick, have right of estray for their sheep the Roman church in France did in the lo certain limited boundaries on the com. sixteenth century; and, as a proof of this, mon, and each township has a shepherd. and of the style in which the sport was an
The lord's shepherd has a preeminence ciently conducted in the parish of Falkirk, of tending his sheep on every part of the we have a remarkable instance so late as common; and wherever he herds the the year 1702. A great number of farmers' lord's sheep, the several other shepherds sons and farm servants from the “ East are to give way to him, and give up their Carse" were publicly rebuked before the hoofing-place, so long as he pleases to session, or ecclesiastical court, for going depasture the lord's sheep thereon. The about in disguise upon the last night of lord holds his court the first day in the
" acting things un- yeas, to entitle those several townships to seemly;" and having professed their sor- such right of estray; the shepherd of each row for the sinfulness of the deed, were township attends the couri, and does certified if they should be found guilty of fealty, by bringing to the court a large the like in time coming, they would be apple-pie, and a twopenny sweetcake, proceeded against after another manner. (except the shepherd of Hewick, who Indeed the scandalized kirk might have compounds by paying sixteen pence for been compelled to put the cutty stool in ale, which is drank as after mentioned,) requisition, as a consequence of such pro- and a wooden spoon ; each pie is cut in miscuous midnight meetings:
two, and divided by the bailiff, one half The observance of the old custom of between the steward, bailiff, and the te' first fits" upon New-year's day is kept nant of the coney-warren before menup at Falkirk with as much spirit as any tioned, and the other half into six parts, where else. Both Old and New Style and divided amongst the six shepherds of have their " keepers," although many of the above mentioned six townships. In the lower classes keep them in rather a the pie brought by the shepherd of Rain
disorderly style.” soon as the steeple ton an inner one is made, filled with clock strikes the ominous twelve, all is prunes. The cakes are divided in the running, and bustle, and noise; hot-pinis same manner. The bailiff of the manor in clear scoured copper httles are seen provides furmety and mustard, and deliin all directions, and a good negin to the vers to each shepherd a slice of cheese well-known toast, “ A gude new
year, and and a penny roll. The furmety, well a merry han’sel Monday,” is exchanged mixed with mustard, is put into an earthen among the people in the streets, as well pot, and placed in a hole in the ground, as friends in the houses. On han’sel in a garth belonging to the bailiff's house; Monday 0. S. the numerous colliers in to which place the steward of the court, the neighbourhood of the town have a with the bailiff
, tenant of the warren, and grand main of cocks; but there is nothing six shepherds, adjourn with their respective in these customs peculiar to the season.
woollen spoons. The bailiff provides Falkirk, 1825.
J. W.R. spoons for the stewards, the tenant of the
warren, and himself. The steward first pays respect to the furmety, by taking a
large spoonful, the bailiff has the next The following are recorded particulars honour, the tenant of the warren next, of a whimsical custom in Yorkshire, by then the shepherd of Hutton Conyers, and which a right of sheep-walk is held by the afterwards the other shepherds by regular tenants of a manor :
turns; then each person is served with a
glass of ale, (paid for by the sixteen pence Hutton Conyers, Com. York.
brought by the Hewick shepherd,) and the Near this town, which lies a few miles health of the lord of the manor is drank; from Ripon, there is a large common, then they adjourn back to the bailiffs called Hutton Conyers Moor, whereof house, and the further business of the William Aislabie, esq. of Studley Royal, court is proceeded in. (lord of the manor of Hutton Conyers,) Each pie contains about a peck of is lord of the soil, and on which there is a flour, is about sixteen or eighteen inches
ANNUAL JOCULAR TENURE.