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Note 138, page 33, col. 2.

mist longuement et cousterent grans deniers. Si y fist The chief a cross-bow beld.

on les gens entrer q'a ceux du chastel devoient combattre. The cross-bow was some time laid aside in obedience Quand ilz eurent passe la moitie de la reviere, ceulx du to a decree of the second Lateran council held in 1139.

chastel desclinquerent quatre martinetz qlz avoient faitz a Artem illam mortiferam et Deo odibilem ballistario- nouvellement pour remedier contre lesdiız eschauf

faulx. Ces quatre martinetz gettoient si grosses pierres rum adversus cbristianos et catholicos exercere de cetero sub anathemate prohibemus. This weapon was

et si souvent sur ces eschauffaulx qlz furent bien tost again introduced into our armies by Richard I, who froissez tant que les gensdarmes et ceux que les conduibeing slain with a quarrel shot from one of them, at

soient ne se peurent dedans garantir. Si se retirerent the sicge of the castle of Chaluz in Normandy, it was

arriere le plus lost quilz peurent. Et ainçois qlz fussent considered as a judgment from heaven inflicted upon fons de leaue.-Froissart, 1, feuillet 82.

oultre la reviere lung des eschauffaulx fut enfondre au him for his impiety. Guilliaume le Breton relating the death of this king, puts the following into the mouth

Note 145, page 34, col. 2. of Atropos :

A moving tower the men of Orleans wheel.
Hác volo, non alia Richardum morte perire

The following extract from the liistory of Edward III ['t qui Francigenis ballistæ primitus usum

by Joshua Barues will convey a full idea of these moving Tradidit, ipse, sui rem primitus experiatur,

towers:–«Now the earl of Darby had layn before Reule Querque alios docuit in se vim sentiat artis.

more than nine weeks, in which time he had made two Note 139, page 34, col. 1.

vast belfroys or bastilles of massy timber, with three

stages of tloors; each of the belfroys running on four Who, kneeling by the trebuchet.

liuge wheels, bound about with thick boops of iron ; From the trebuchet they discharged many slones ac and the sides and other parts that any ways respected quee by a sling. It acted by means of a great weight the town were covered with raw hides, thick laid, to defastened to the short arm of a lever, which being let fend the engines from fire and shot.

In every one of fall, raised the end of the long arın with a great velo- these stages were placed an hundred archers, and becity. A man is represented kneeling to load one of tween the two bastilles there were two hundred men these in an ivory carving, supposed to be of the age of with pick-axes and mattocks. From these six stages Edward Jl.-Grose.

six hundred archers shot so fiercely all together, that no Note 140, page 34, col. 1.

man could appear at his defence without a sufficient He in the groove the feather'd quarrel placed.

punishment: so that the belfreys being brought upon

wheels by the strength of men, over a part of the Quarrels, or carreaux, were so called from their ditch which was purposely made plain and level by the Lieads, which were square pyrainids of iron.

faggots and earth and stones cast upon them, the two Note 141, page 34, col. 1.

hundred pioneers plyed their work so well under the The watery fence.

protection of these engines, that they made a consider

able breach through the walls of the town.» The tortcises, etc. and moveable towers having reached the walls, the besiegers under them either

Note 146, page 34, col. 2. began to mide, or batter them with the ram. They

of archers, through the opening, shot their shafts. also established batteries of balistas and mangonels on

The archers and cross-bowmen from the upper stories the counterscarp. These were opposed by those of the in the moveable towers essayed to drive away the

garrison from the parapets, and on a proper opportunity Note 142, page 34, col. 2.

to let fall a bridge, by that means to enter the town. Or charging witb buge stones the murderous sling. In the bottom story was often a large ram.-Grose. The matafunda.

Note 147, page 34, col. 2.
Note 143, page 34, col. 2.

And from the arbalist the fire-tipt dart.
--- or in the espriocal

Against the moveable tower there were many modes Fix the brass-winged arrows.

of defence. The chief was to break up the ground The espriugal threw large darts called muchetiæ, over which it was to pass, or by undermining it to oversome times winged with brass instead of feathers. Pro- throw it. Attempts were likewise made to set it on copius says that because feathers could not be put to fire, to prevent which it was covered with raw hides, tike large daris discharged from the balista, the ancients or coated over with alum.-Grose. lised pieces of wood six inches thick, which had the same effect.

Note 148, page 35, col. 1.

The bridge reclines.
Note 144, page 34, col. 2.

These bridges are described by Rollin in the account
From some bage martinet.

of the moving towers which he gives from Vegetius:Le lendemain vindrent deux maistres engingneurs au « The moving towers are made of an assemblage of due de Normandie, qui dirent que, si on leur vouloit li- beams and strong planks, not unlike a house. To srer boys et ouvriers, ilz feroient quatre eschauffaulx et secure them against the fires thrown by the besieged,

que on meneroit aux murs du chastel, et seroient they are covered with raw hides, or with pieces of cloth si haulz q'Iz surmonteroieat les murs. Le duc com- made of hair. Their height is in proportion to their manda qlz le feissent, et fist prendre tous les charpen. base. They are sometimes thirty feet square, and liers du pays, et payer largement. Si fureut faiız ces sometimes forty or lifty. They are higher than the quatre eschauffaulx en quatre grosses nefi, mais on y walls or even towers of the city. They are supported



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upon several wheels, according to mechanic principles, covering his forces, flocks about the Virgin. The by the means of which the machine is easily made to English double the storm upon the thickest of the move, how great soever it may be. The town is in troops. The Virgin fighting in the foremost ranks and great danger if this tower can approach the walls; for encouraging her men to do well was shot through the it has stairs from one story to another, and includes arm with an arrow; she, nothing amazed, takes the different methods of attack. At bollor it has a ram to arrow in one hand and her sword in the other, “This batter the wall, and on the middle story a draw-bridge is a favour!' says she, let us go on! they cannot made of two beams with rails of basket-work, which escape the hand of GOD!'» lets down easily upon the wall of a city, when within Chapelain bas dilated this exclamation of the Maid the reach of it. The besiegers pass upon this bridge, I into a ridiculous speech. to make themselves masters of the wall. Upon the

Quoy! valeureux Guerriers ! qaoy! dans vostre avantage higher stories are soldiers armed with partisans and

Un peu de sang perdu vous fait perdre courage! missive weapons, who keep a perpetual discharge upon Pour moy, je le repute un supreme bonheur, the works, When affairs are in this posture, a place

Et dans ce petit mal je trouve un grand honneur ;

Lo succes, bien qu' beureux, n'eust eu rien d'honorable, seldom held out long: for what can they hope who

Si le Ciel n'eust permis un coup si favorable; have nothing to confide in but the height of their ram Vous n'en verrez pas moins vos bras victorieur, parts, when they see others suddeoly appear which J'en verray sculement mon nom plus glorieus.

L. iii. command them? The towers or belfreys of modern times rarely ex

Note 152, page 36, col. 1. ceeded three or four stages or stories.

Was Glacidas.

MooNote 149, page 35, col. 1.

I can make nothing English of this name.

strelet calls him Clacedas and Clasendas. Daniel says The brass-winged darts. These darts were called viretons, from their whirling Scales, Fastolffe, « et un nomme Glacidas ou Glacidas,

the principal leaders of the English were Suffolk, Talbot, about in the air.

dont le mérite suppléant à la naissance l'avoit fait parNote 150, page 35, col. 2.

venir aux premieres charges de l'armée.» When grappling with his monstrous enemy.

The importance attached to a second name is well! « And here, with leave bespoken to recite a grand exemplified by an extract in Selden, relating to u the

creation of Robert carle of Giocester natural sonne to fable, though dignified by our best poets, while Brutus on a certain festival day, solemnly kept on that shore king Blenry 1. The king having speech with Mabile where he first lauded, was with the people in great jord of Glocester, told ber (as it is reported in an old

the sole daughter and leire of Robert Fitz Hayman jollity and mirth, a crew of these savages breaking in

English rithmical story attributed to one Robert of among them, began on the sudden another sort of

game than at such meeting was expected. But at length

Glocester), that by many hands overcome, Goemagog the lugesi, in

he scold his sone to her spousing avonge, height twelve cubits, is reserved alive, that with him

The maid was ther agen, and withsaid it long.

The king of sought her suith ynon, so that atten ende Corineus, who desired nothing more, might try his Mabile bim answered, as gode maide and hende, strength ; whom in a wrestle the giant catching aloft Sir, hvo sede, well ichot, ibat your hert ope me is, with a terrible hug broke three of his ribs : neverthe

More vor mine heritage that vor my sulve iwis.

So vair eritage as ich abbe, it were me greie sbame, less Corineus coraged heaving him up by main force

Vor to abbe an lonerd, bote he had an tovamo. and on his shoulders bearing him to the next high rock, Sir Roberd le Fit Ilaim my faders name was, threw him headlong all shattered into the sea, and left And that be might nought be his that of his kunne nought bas, his name on the cliff, called ever since Langocmagog,

Therefore, sir, vor Gour's love, ne let me do ruon owe,

Bote he abbe an twoname war throu he he ik nowe, which is to say, the giant's leap.»— Milton.

Damoysale, quoth the king, tbou seist well in this case, The expression brule vastness is taken from the same Sir floberd de Fitz llain thy fader twoname was ; work of Milton, where he relates the death of Morindus: And as udir two name be sball abbe, gif me him may bisa « Well fitted to such a beastial cruelty was bis end; for

Sir Robes de Fitz Rey is name shall be.

Sire, quoth this maid tho, that is a vaire name hearing of a huge monster that from the Irish sea in

As w bo seith all bis life and of creats fame fested the coast, and in the pride of his strength Ae wat bold his sonne bote thanpe and be that of bim coma, foolishly attempting to set inanly valour against a brute So ne might bii bote, whereof nameth gone. vasiness, when his weapons were all in vain, by that

The king understood that the maid pe sodo no outrage,

And that Gloucestre was chief of ire beritago. horrible mouth he was catched up and devoured.»

Dameseile he wede tho, thi loverd shall have a name

Vor him and vor his hairs vair without blame,
Note 151, page 36, col. 1.

Vor Roterd earle of Glouccatro is name shall be and his,
This is a favour!

Vor be shall be earlo of Gloucestre and bis heires iwis.
The tournelles adjoining to the bridge was kept hy

Sire, quoth diis maid tho, well liketh mo this

In this forme ichole that all my gode be his. Glacidas (one of the most resolute captains ainong the Thus was parle of Gloucestre first imade there English), having well encouraged his men to defend Ae his Roberd of all thuike that long bivore were, themselves and to fight for their lives.

This was end leve bundred yeare, and in the ninib yeer right

After that ure louerd was in his moler a hiçbt.. « The skirmish begins at nine of the clock in the

Selden's Titles of Honor. morning, and the ladders are planted. A storm of English arrows falls upon our men with such violence

Note 153, page 36, col. 1. as they recoiled. “How now!' saith the Virgin,' have

Suoking the inner court. we begun so well to end so ill ? let us charge! they are On entering the outer gate, the pext part that preour own, seeing God is on our side!' so every one re sented itself was the outer hallium, or bailey, separated

from the ioner ballium by a strong em battled wall and charged with the weight of this multitude, sinks into towered gaie.

the water with a fearful cry, carrying all this multitude

with it. - De Serres. Note 154, page 36, col. 2.

This circumstance lias been maguiled into a miracle. The engines shower'd their sheets of liquid fire.

« The French, for the most part, draw the institution When the Black Prince attacked the castle of Romo of the order of Si Michael principally from a purpose rantin, a there was slain hard by him an English esquire that Charles had to make it, after the apparition of the named Jacob Bernard, whereat the prince was so dis archangel upon

Jeans bridge, as the tutelary angell pleased, that he took his most solemn oath, and sware of France assisting against the English in 1428.»— by his father's soul not to leave the siege, till he had selden's Titles of Honour. the castle and all within at his mercy. Then the assault

The expressions are somewhat curious in the patent was renesed much botter than ever, till at last the of this, L'ordre de Monsieur St Michael Archange. prioce say there was no likelibood of prevailing that Louis XI instituted it « à la gloire et louange de Dieu way. Wherefore presentiy be gave order to raise cer

nostre createur tout puissant, et reverence de la glotait engines, where with they cast combustible matter rieuse vierge Marie, à l'honneur et reverence de Stevtlamed after the manner of wild fire into the base Michael, premier chevalier, qui par la querelle de Dieu,

court so fast and in such quantities, that at last the bataille contre l'ancien enemy de l'humain liyuage, et | whole court seemed to be one huje fire. Whereupon le fit tresbucher de Ciel.» : the excessive heat prevailed so, that it took hold of the roof of a great tower, which was covered with reed,

Note 157, page 37, col. 2. and so began to spread over all the castle. Now there

Tbe ascending flames. fure when these valiant captains within saw, that of ne Les dictes bastiles et fortresses furent presentement essity they must either submit eptirely to the prince's arses et demolies jusques en terre, affin que nulles

gens sariesy, or perish by the most merciless of elements, de guerre de quelconque pays quilz soient ne si peussent they all together came down and yielded themselves plus loger.-— Monstrelet, ii, f. 43. absolutely to bis grace.»Joshua Barnes.

Note 158, page 38, col. 1.
Note 155, page 37, col. 1.

Silence itself was dreadful.
I bare pot rear'd the oriflamme of death.

Un cry, que le besoin ou la peur falt joster,
The oriflamme was a standard erected to denote that Et les airs agités les peuvent agiter,
Do quarter would be given. It is said to have been of L'ne baleino, un soupir et mesme le silence

Aus chefs, comme aux soldats, font perdre l'assurance. red silk, adorned and beaten with very broad and fair

Chapelain, 1. ir. lilies of gold, and bordered about with gold and vermillion. Le Moyne has given it a suitable escort:

Note 159, page 38, col. 1.

On that foul priest.
Ensuite l'orifamme ardente et luminense,
Yar bc euron grand char, dont la forme est affreuse.

The parliament, when llenry V demanded a supply,
Quatre eborues dragobs d'un or ombre ecaillez,

entreated iim to seize all the ecclesiastical revenues, Et de pourpre, d'azur, et de vert emailler,

and convert them to the use of the crown. The clergy Dacs quelque occasion que le besoin le porte,

were alarmed, and Chichely, archbishop of Canterbury, La fost une pompeuse et formidable es orte. Dans leur terribles yeux des gredos arrondis,

endeavoured to divert the blow, by giving occupation Dc leur leu, de kar sang, font peur aux plus hardis,

to the king, and by persuading him to undertake a war Et si ce feu paroist allam r leur audacu,

against France. --- Hume.
Aussi paroist ce sang animer leur menace.
Le char roulant sous eux, il seinble au roulement,

The Archbishop of Bourges explained to the king, in
Qa'il les fasse voler 'aveoque sifflement:

the hall of thic bishop of Winchester, and in the preEt de la puuro, en l'air, il se fait des fumées

sence of the dukes of Clarence, Bedford, and Gloucester, A lears buches du vent et du bruit animées.

brothers to the king, and of the lords of the council, Philip is said by some historians to have erected the clergy, chivalry, and populace, the objects of his cmoriflamme at Crecy, wliere Edward in return raised up bassy. The archbisbop spoke first in Latin, and then bus burning dragon, the English signal for massacre. in the Walloon language, so cloquently and wisely, The oritlanıme was originally used only in wars against that both English and Frenchi who heard him were the lufidels, for it was a sacred banner, and believed 10 greatly surprised. At the conclusion of his harangue have been sent from fleaven.

he made offers to the king of a large sum of ready

inoney on his marriage with the princess Catherine, Note 156, page 37, col. 2.

but on condition that he would disband the army he Sized on the Freoch-an universal cry.

biad collected at Southampton, and at the adjacent scaAt this woman's voice amidst the sound of war, the ports, to invade France: and that by these means an combat grows very hot. Our men, greatly encouraged eternal peace would be established between the two king. i by the Virgin, run headlong to the bastion and force a doms.

Foint tbereof; tben fire and stones rain so violently, The assembly broke up when the archbishop had as the English being amazed, forsake their defences: ended his speech, and the French ambassadors were some are slain upon the place, some throw themselves kindly entertained at dinner by the king, wlio then apdown headlong, and fly to the tower upon the bridge. pointed a day for them to receive luis answers to their In the end this brave Glacidas abandous this quarter, propositions by the mouth of the arclıbishop of Canterand retires joto the base court upon the bridge, and bury. after him a great number of bis soldiers. The bridge In the course of the archbishop's speech, in which Creatiy shaken with artillery, tried by fire, and over he replied, article by article, to what the archbishop of

Bourges had offered, he added to some and passed over buman imputation ; and Dissention, the mother of others of them, so that he was sharply interrupted by Anger, has been raised from the dead. the archbishop of Bourges, who exclaimed, « I did not « We, however, appeal to the sovereign Judge, who say so, but such were my words.” The conclusion, is neither swayed by prayers nor gifts from doing right, however, was, that unless the king of France would that we have, from pure affection, done every thing in give, as a marriage portion with his daughter, the du our power to preserve the peace; and we must now chies of Acquitaine, of Normandy, of Anjou, of Tours, rely on the sword for regaining what is justly our herithe counties of Ponthieu, Maine, and Poitou, and every tage, and those rights which have from old time belonged other part that bad formerly belonged to the English to us; and we feel such assurance in our courage, chat monarchs, the king would not desist from his intended we will fight till death in the cause of justice. tavasion of France, but would despoil the whole of that « The written law in the book of Deuteronomy ordains, kingdom which had been unjustly detained from him; that before any person commences an attack on a city and that he should depend on his sword for the accom- he shall first offer terms of peace ; and although vioplishment of the above, and for depriving king Charles lence has detained from us our rightful inheritances, of his crown.

charity, however, induces us to attempt, by fair means, The king avowed what the archbishop had said, and their recovery; for should justice be denied us, we may added, that thus, with God's aid, he would act; and then resort to arms. proinised it on the word of a king. The archbishop of « And to avoid having our conscience affected by this Bourges then, according to the custom in France, de- matter, we make our personal request to you, and exmanded permission to speak, and said, O king! how hort you, by the bowels of Jesus Christ, to follow the canst thou, consistently with honour and justice, thus dictates of his evangelical doctrine. Friend, restore wish to dethrone and iniquitously destroy the most what thou owest ; for such is the will of God to prevent christian king of the French, our very dear lord and most the effusion of the blood of man, who was created in his excellent of all the kings in christendom? 0 king! with likeness. Such restitution of rights, cruelly torn from all due reverence and respect, dost thou think that he us, and which we have so frequently demanded by our has offered by me such extent of territory, and so large ambassadors, will be agreeable to the supreme God, a sum of money with his daughter in marriage, through and secure peace upon earth. any fear of thee, thy subjects or allies? By no means; « From our love of peace we were inclined to refuse bur, moved by pity and his love of peace, he has made fifty thousand golden crowns lately offered us; for being these offers to avoid the sledding of innocent blood, more desirous of peace than riches, we have preferred and that Christian people may not be overwhelmed in enjoying the patrimony left us by our venerable anthe miseries of war; for whenever thou shall make thy cestors, with our very dear cousin Catherine, your promised attempt he will call upon God, the blessed noble daughter, so iniquitously multiplying our treaVirgin, and on all the saints, making his appeal to them sures, and thus disgracing the honour of our crown, for the justice of liis cause; and with their aid, and the which God forbid! support of his loyal subjects and faithful allies, thou «Given under our privy seal, in our castle of Southwilt be driven out of his dominions, or thou wilt be ampton, the 5th day of the month of August.» made prisoner, or thou wilt there suffer death by orders

Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 137. of that just king whose ambassadors we are. « We have now only to intreat of thee that thou

Note 160, page 38, col. 1. wouldst have us safely conducted out of thy realm;

Sure that boly bormit spake. and that thou wouldst write to our said king, under thy

While Henry V lay at the siege of Dreux, an honest band and seal, the answer which thou hast had given hermit, unknown to him, came and told him the great to us. »

evils lie brought upon christendom by his unjust amThe king kindly granted their request, and the am- bition, who usurped the kingdom of France, against all bassadors, having received handsome presents, returned

manoer of right, and contrary to the will of God; by way of Dover to Calais, and thence to Paris.

wherefore in his holy name he threatened him with a Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 129. severe and sudden punishment, if he desisted not from Within a few days after the expiration of the truce, his enterprise. Henry took this exhortation cither king Henry, whose preparations were now completed, as an idle whimsey, or a suggestion of the Dauphin's, sent one of his heralds, called Glocester, to Paris, to de- and was but the more confirmed in his design. But the liver letters to the king, of which the contents were as blow soon followed the threatening; for within some ollows :

few months after, he was smitten in the fundament - To the very noble prince Charles, our cousin and with a strange and incurable disease. Mezeray. adversary of France, Henry by the grace of God, king of England and of France. To give to every one what is

Note 161, page 38, col. 1. their due, is a work of inspiration and wise council,

The hour of vengeance. very noble prince, our cousin and adversary. The poble

Reseraverat antrum kingdoms of England and France were formerly united,

Tartareus Rector pallens, utque arma nefanda now they are divided. At that time it was customary

Spectarept, caperentque sui solatia fati,

Invisas illuc Libyes emiserat ombras: for each person to exalt his name by glorious victories,

Undique consedere arvis, nigraque corona and by this single virtue to extol the honour of God, to

Infecere diem, versatilis umbra Jugurtbæ, whom boliness belongs, and to give peace to his church,

Annibalis saevi Manes, captique Syphocis, by subjecting in battle the enemies of the public wcal;

Qui nunc eversas secum Carthaginis arres

Ignorere Deis, postquam feralia campi but alas! good faith among kindred and brotherly love

Pralia Thapsiaci, et Latios videre furores. have been perverted, and Lot persecutes Abraham by

Supplementum Lacani, Lib. m.

An armet.

then on the berald

I am not conscious of having imitated these lines; Que lors qu'il faut camper, le soldat qui s'en sert but I would not lose the opportunity of quoting so fine

En fait comme une butte, et s'y met à couvert.

Alaric. a passage from Thomas May, an author to whom I owe some obligations, and who is not remembered as his

Note 168, page 40, col. 1. merits deserve. May himself has imitated Valerius Flaccus, though he has greatly surpassed him:

The armet or chapelle de fer was an iron bal, ocER pater orantes exsorum Tartarus umbras,

casionally put on by knights when they retired from Nube cava, tandem ad meritæ spectacula pugnæ

the heat of the battle to take breath, and at times when Emittit; summi nigrescunt culmina montis.

they could not with propriety go unarmed.
Note 162, page 38, col. 2.

Note 169, page 41, col. 1.
Man unassisted 'gainst tbe powers of hell.

Fix'd their last kisses on their armed hands.
To some, says Speed, it may appear more honourable

Sed contra OE notria pubes to our nation, that they were not to be expelled by a

Non ullas voces ducis aut præcepta requirit. buman power, but by a divine, extraordinarily reveal

Sat motres stimulant, patique, et cara supinas ing itself.

Tendentum palmas lacrimantiaque ora parentum.

Osteptant parvos, vagituque incita pulsant
Note 163, page 38, col. 2.

Corda virùm, armatis infigunt oscula dextris.

Silius Italicus, xii, 587.
For by their numbers now made bold in fear.
Nec pavidum murmur; consensu audacia crevit,

Note 170, page 42, col. 2.
Tantaqae turba metu panarum solvit ab omni.

He brake a sullen smile.
Sup. Lucans.

She sternly shook her dewy locks, and brake
Note 164, page 38, col. 2.

A melancholy smile.

Quarles. Joy ran throagh all the troops. la Rymer's Fædera are two proclamations, one

Note 171, page 42, col. 2. «contra capitaneos et soldarios tergiversantes, incananonibus Puelle terrificatos ;» the other, «de fugitivis

A robe rich-furr'd and broider'd be bestow'd. ab exercitu quos terriculamenta Puellæ exanimaverant, When the armies of England and France lay in the arestaadis.

plain between Viron fosse and Flemenguere, 1339, Note 165, page 38, col. 2.

Edward sent to demand a day of battle of the French

king. « An herald of the duke of Gueldres, being well The social bowl.

skilled in the French tongue, was sent on this errand : Ronsard remarks,

he rode forth till he came to the French host, where Rien n'est meilleur pour l'homme sonlager

being admitted before the king and his council, he spake Apres le mal, que le boire et manger.


aloud these words, “Sir, the king of England is here

hard by in the fields, and desires to fight you power Note 166, page 39, col. 2.

against power; and if you please to appoint him a day Upplumed casqaetel.

he will not fail to meet you upon the word of a king: A lighter kind of helmet.

This message being thus delivered, king Philip yielded Note 167, page 59, col. 2.

either to give or take battle two days after, and in token

of his acceptance of the news, richly rewarded the Hung from her Deck the shield.

herald with furred gowns, and other gifts bestowed on The shield was often worn thus : – « Among the him, as well by himself as others, the princes and lords | Freachmen there was a young Justy esquire of Gas- of his host, and so dismissed him again.»—Barnes.

cigue, named William Marchant, who came out among the foremost into the field, well mounted, his shield

Note 172, page 42, col. 2. about his neck, and his spear in his land. »–Barnes.

And at ibe third deep sound. This is frequently alluded to in romance. « Then Every man was warned to rise from sleep at the first the knight of the burning sword stept forward, and lift- sound of the trumpet; at the second to arm without i ing up his arm as if he would strike Cynocephal on the delay, and at the third to take horse in his due place

top of bis head, seized with his left hand on the shield, under the colours.-barnes.
which be pulled to him with so much strength, that
plucking it from his neck he brought him to the

Note 173, page 42, col. 2. groand. »--Amadis de Greece.

Sometimes the shield was laced to the shoulder. Religious ceremonies seem to have preceded all

The shield of the middle ages must not be confounded settled engagements at this period. On the night bewith that of the ancients. The knight might easily bear fore the battle of Crecy, « King Edward made a supper bis small shield around his neck; but the Grecian war in his royal pavilion for all his chief barons, Jords, and

Tor stood protecting his thighs, and his legs, his breast captains : at which he appeared wonderful chearful and | also and his shoulders with the body of his broad shield. pleasant, to the great encouragement of his people. Μπρους τεκνημας τε κατω και στερνα και ωμους

But when they were all dismissed to their several Ασπιδος ευρετης γαστρι καλυψαμενος. .

quarters, the king himself retired into his private oratory,

and came before the altar, and there prostrated himself TYPTAIOS.

to Almighty God, and devoutly prayed, “That of his | But the most convenient sbields were used by

infinite goodness he would vouchsafe to look down on ! Cear qu'on voit demeurer dans les iles Alandes,

the justice of his cause, and remember his unfeigned Qui portent pour parois, des escailles si grandes, endeavours for a reconcilement, altho' they had all

To shrive them.

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