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ans for the antiquity of their nation, and were the inventors of many arts. Befides these were the Nasamones, Pfylli, Nomades,Troglodyt3E, Garamantes, Mauri, Ga;tuli, Nubii,Nigritiæ,Æthiopes Anthropophagi, or Canibals, now called Caffres or Hottentots.
The greatest island near the African coast is that of Madagascar, discovered in 1492; the islands of CapeVerd, Madeira, and the Canaries, with that of St. Thomasand St.HelenaintheÆthiopic sea, deserve notice,
It is bounded on the north by the Arctic Lands; on the south by the straits of Magellan, which separate it from Terra del Fuego; on the east by the Atlantic or Western ocean; on the west by the Pacific or South sea.
The whole continent of America is divided into north and south, by a narrow isthmus pasting between them.
In North America are the following countries:
of \vhi<Ji the
— New York.
Arctic Lands, New Wales, Greenland.
Labrador or New Britain.
New Albion, California.
Mexico or New Spain, in which is the city of Mexico.
New Mexico or Grenada, with the town of Santa Fe.
Louisiana, with the city of New Orleans.
Florida, with thecity of St. Augustin.
Canada, in which the principal town is Quebec.
Nova Scotia, principal town Halifax.
Principal riversin North America are, St. Laurence, and Misliflipi.
South America is divided into the following great parts: Terra Firma, with the city of Panama; Peru, in which is Lima; Brasil, with St. Salvador; Land of the Amazons; Chili, in which is St. Jago; Paraguay, with the town called Assumption; Magellanic lands.
Principal rivers in South America are, the Rio de la Plata, and Amazon.
The chief of the American islands are as follows: Newfoundland, Cape Breton, Bermudas, &c.
§ 30. Islands in the West Indies. Cuba, Hispaniola or St. Domingo, Jamaica, Porto Rico, Barbadoes, Lucayos or Bahama Isles; the Antilles or Caribbees; with many others of less note.
§ 31. Arctic Lands.
The lands included under this name are New Guinea, which lies to the east of the Molucco islands in the East ladies; New Britain, a little to the east of New Guinea ; New Holland, to the south of the Moluccos; Van Diemen's land, to the south-east of New Holland; the Terra Australia, to the southwest of the Cape of Good Hope in Africa; the lands of the Holy Spirit, which lie about 20 degrees to the east of New Holland; and New Zeland, which lies as many to the east of Van Diemen's land.
A New Chronological Table of Remarkable Events, Discoveries, and Inventions:
Also, the Æra, the Country, and Writings of Learned Men.
Yhe whole comprehending in one View, the Analysis or Outlines of Geneial History from the Creation to the present Time.
4004 r~j-NHE creation of the world, and Adam and Eve.
4003 X The birth of Cain, the first who was born of a woman.
3017 Enoch, for his piety, is translated into Heaven.
2348 The old world is destroyed by a deluge which continned 377 days.
2247 The Tower of Babel is built about this time by Noah's posterity, upon
which God miraculously confounds their language, and thus disperses
them into different nations. About the fame time Noah is, with great probability, supposed to have
parted from his rebellious offspring, and to have led a colony of some
of the more tractable into the East, and there either he or one of his
successors to have founded the ancient Chinese monarchy. 2234 The celestial observations are begun at Babylon, the city which first gave
birth to learning and the sciences. 2188 Misraim, the son of Ham, founds the kingdom of Egypt, which lasted
1663 years, down to the conquest ofCambyses, in 525 before Christ. 2059 Ninus, the son of Be!us, founds the kingdom of Assyria, which lasted above
loco years, and out of its ruins were formed the Assyrians of Babylon,
those of Nineveh, and the kingdom of the Medes. 1921 The covenant of God made with Abram, when he leaves Haran to go into
Canaan, which begins the 430 years of sojourning. 1897 The cities of Sodom and Gomorrah are deiiroyed for their wickdnefs, by
fire from Heaven. 1836 The kingdom of Argos, in Greece, begins under Inachus. 1822 Memnon, the Egyptian, invents the letters. 1715 Promethus first struck fire from flints. 1635 Joseph dies in Egypt, which concludes the book of Genesis, containing a
period of 2369 years. .
1574 Aaron born in Egypt: 1490, appointed by God first high-priest of the Israelites. 1571 Moses, brother to Aaron, born in Egypt, and adopted by Pharaoh's
daughter, who educates him in all the learning of the Egyptians. 1556 Cecrops brings a colony of Saites from Egypt into Attica, and begins the
kingdom of Athens, in Greece. 1546 Scamander comes from Crete into Phrygia, and begins the kingdom of
1493 Cadmus carried the Phœnician letters into Greece, and built the citadel of
Thebes. 1491 Moses performs a number of miracles in Egypt, and departs from that
kingdom, together with 6oo,»oo Israelites, beside* children; which
completed the 430 years of sojourning. They miraculously pass through
the'Red Sea, and come to the desert of Sinai, where Moses receives from
God, and delivers to the people, the Ten Commandments, and the other
l#ws, and feu up the tabernacle, and in it the ark of the covenant.
r 1485 Th«
148; The frst ship that appeared in Greece was broupht from Egypt by Danaua,
who arrived at Rhodes, and brought with him his Siry daughters. I453 The first Olympic games celebrated at Olympia, in Greece. 1452 The Pentateuch, or five firil books of Moses, are written in the land of
Moab, where he died the year following, aged no. 1451 The Israelites, after sojourning in the wilderness forty years, arc led under Joshua into the land of Canaan, where they fix themselves, after - having subdued the natives; and the period of the sabbatical year commences. 1406 Iron is found in Greece from the accidental burning of the woods. 1198 The rape of Helen by Paris, which,' in 1193, gave rife to the Trojan war, and siege of Troy by the Greeks, which continued ten years, when that city was taken and burnt. IC41? David is sc!e king of Israel. 1004 The Teniple is solemnly dedicated by Solomon, 896 Elijah, the prophet, is translated to Heaven. I94 Money first made of gold and silver at Argos. 86^ The city of Carthage, in Africa, founded by queen Dido. 814 The kingdom of Macedon begins.
753 Æra of the building of Rome in Italy by Romulus, first king of the Romans. 720 Samaria taken, after three years siege, and the kingdom of Israel finished, by Salmanasar, king of Assyria, who carries the fen tribes into captivity. The first eclipse of the moon on record. 653 Byzantium (now Ccnltantinople) built by a colony of Athenians. 604 By order of Kecho, king of Kgypt, some Phœnicians sailed from the Red
Sea round Africa, ai-.d returned by the Mediterranean. 600 Thalcs, of Miletus, travels into Egypt, consults the priests of Memphis, acquires the knowledge of geometry, astronomy, and philosophy; returns to Greece, calculates eclipses, gives general notions of the universe, and maintains that one Supreme Intelligence regulates all its motions. Maps, globes, and the signs of the Zodjac, invented by Anaximander, the scholar of Thales. 597 Jehoiakin, king of Judah, is carried away captive, by Nebuchadnezzar, to
Babylon. 587 The city of Jerusalem taken, after a siege of 18 months. 562 The first comedy at Athens acted upon a movcable scaffold. 559 Cyrus the first king of Persia.:
538 The kingdom of Babylon finished; that city being taken by Cyrus,' who,
in 536, issues an edict for the return of the Jews. £34 The first tragedy was acted at Athens, on a waggon, by.Thefpis. j26 Learning is greatly encouraged at Athens, and a public library first
founded. 515 The second Temple at Jerusalem is finished under Darius. 509 Tarquin, the seventh and last king of the Romans, is expelled, and Rome is governed by two consuls, and other republican magistrates, till the battle of Pharfalia, being a space of 461 years. 504 Sardis taken and burnt by the Athenians, which gave occasion to the Persian invasion of Greece. 486 Æschylus, the Greek poet, first gains the prize of tragedy. 481 Xerxes the Great, king of Persia, begins his expedition against Greece. 458 Ezra is sent from Babylon to Jerusalem, with the captive Jews, and the vessels of gold and silver, &c. being seventy weeks of years, or 490 years before the crucifixion of our Saviour.
4S4 The 454 The Romans fend to Athens for Solon's laws.
451 The Decemvirs created at Rome, and the laws of the twelve tables compiled
and ratified. 430 The history of the Old Testament finishes about this time.
Malachi, the last of the prophets. 400 Socrates, the founder o£ moral philolbpby among the Greeks, believes the immortality of the foul, and a state of rewards and punishments, for which, and other sublime doctrines, he is put to death by the Athenians,, who soon after repent, and erect to his memory a statue of brass. 331 Alexander the Great, king of Macedon, conquers Darius king of Persia, and other nations of Asia. 323, Dies at Babylon, and his empire is divided by his generals into four kingdoms. 285 Dionysius, of Alexandria, began his astronomical æra on Monday June 26, being the first who found the exact solar year to consist of 365 days, 5 hours, and 49 minutes. 284 Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, employs seventy-two interpreters to translate the Old Testament into the Greek language, which is called the Septuagint. 269 The first coining of silver at Rome. 264 The first Punic war begins, and continues 23 years. The chronology of the
Arundelian marbles composed. 260 The Romans first concern themselves in naval affairs, and defeat the Car*
thaginians at sea. 237 Hamilcar, the Carthaginian, causes his son Hannibal, at nine years old, to
swear eternal enmity to the Romans. 218 The second Punic war begins, and continues 17 years. Hannibal pastes the Alps, and defeats the Romans in several battles; but, being amused by his women, does not improve his victories by the storming of Rome, igo The first Roman army enters Asia, and from the spoils of Antiochus brings
the Asiatic luxury first to Rome. 168 Perseus defeated by the Romans, which ends the Macedonian kingdom. 167 The first library erected at Rome, of books brought from Macedonia. 163 The government of Judea under the Maccabees begins, and continues 126
years. 146 Carthage, the rival to Rome, is razed to the ground by the Romans. 135 The history of the Apocrypha ends. 52 Julius Cæsar makes his first expedition into Britain:
47 The battle of Pharfalia between Cæsar and Pompey, in which the latter is defeated. The Alexandrian library, consisting of 400,000 valuable books, burnt by accident. 45 The war of Africa, in which Cato kills himself.
The solar year introduced by Cæsar. 44 Cæsar, the greatest of the Roman conquerors, after having fought fifty pitched battles, and slain 1,192,000 men, and overturned the liberties of his country, is killed in the senate-house. 35 The battle of Actium fought, in which Mark Anthony and Cleopatra are
totally defeated by Octavius, nephew to Julius Cæsar. 30 Alexandria, in Egypt, is taken by Octavius, upon which Anthony and Cleopatra put themselves to death, and Egypt is reduced to a Roman province. 27 Octavius, by a decree of the senate, obtains the title of Augustus Cæsar, and an absolute exemption from the laws, and is properly the first Roman emperor. ■ •
g Rome at this time is fifty miles in circumference, and contains 463,000 men fit to bear arms.
The temple of Janus is shut by Augustus, as an emblem of universal peace, and JESUS CHRIST is bom on Monday, December 25.
12 ■—— Disputes with the doctors in the Temple;
Zy — is baptized in the Wilderness by John;
31 is crucified on Friday, April 3, at 3 o'clock P. M.
His Resurrection on Sunday, April 5: his Ascension, Thursday, May 14. 36 St. Paul converted.
39 St. Matthew writes his Gospel. Pontius Pilate kills himself.
40 The name os Christians first given at Antioch to the followers of Christ.
43 Claudius Cæsar's expedition into Britain.
44 St. Mark writes his Gospel.
49 London is founded by the Romans; 368, surrounded by Ditto with a wall, some parts of which are still observable.
51 Caractacus, the British king, is carried in chains to Rome.
52 The council of the apostles at Jerusalem. 55 St. Luke writes his Gospel.
59 The emperor Nero puts his mother and brothers to death. - persecutes the Druids in Britain.
61 Boadicea, the British queen, defeats the Romans; but is conquered soon after
by Suetonius, governor of Britain.
62 St. Paul is sent in bonds to Rome—writes his Epistles between 51 and 66. 61 The Acts of the Apostles written.
Christianity is supposed to be introduced into Britain by St. Paul, or some of his disciples, about this time. 64 Rome set on fire, and burned for six days; upon which began (under Nero)
the first persecution against the Christians. 67 St. Peter and St. Paul put to death.
70 Whilst the factious Jews are destroying one another with mutual fury, Titus, the Roman general, takes Jerusalem, which is razed to the ground, and the plough made to pass over it. 83 The philosophers expelled Rome by Domitian.
85 Julius Agricola, governor of South Britain, to protect the civilized Britons from the incursions of the Caledonians, builds a line of forts between the rivets Forth and Clyde; defeats the Caledonians under Galgacus on the Grampian hills; and first fails round Britain, which he discovers to be an island. 96 St. John the Evangelist wrote his Revelation—his Gospel in 97. 121 The Caledonians reconquer from the Romans all the southern parts of Scotland; upon which the emperor Adrian builds a wall between Newcastle and Carlisle; but this also proving ineffectual, Pollius Urbicus, the Roman general, about the year 144, repairs Agricola's sorts, which he joins by a wall four yards thick. 13- The second Jewish war ends, when they were all banished Judaja. 139 Justin writes his first Apology for the Christians. 141 A number of heresies appear about this time.
152 The emperor Antoninus Pius stops the persecution against the Christians. 217 The Septuagint said to be found in a cask.
222 About this time the Roman empire begins to sink under its own weight. The Barbarians begin their irruptions, and the Goths have annual tribute not to molest the empire. 260 Valerius is taken prisoner by Sapor, king of Persia, and flayed alive. «
■ .274 Silk