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The Inventory taken in the reign of Edward VI. gives under GREEN COPES
for double Feasts for Standers. Green was also used on the Feast of Relics. Fabric Rolls, 23+.
PURPLE Was the colour for the more solemn and splendid Offices for the Dead.
Test Ebor, vol. i., 24. From the will of Thomas Beek, formerly Bishop of Lincoln ; date of will, A.D. 1346 :
Lego Ecclesiæ Cath. de Lincoln vestimentum meum de purpureo velveto ad celebrandum pro mortuis in solleninibus exsequiis.
I assume this to have been the use of York and Sarum as well as Lincoln; in fact the general use.
It may be taken as a corroboration that in the list of vestments belonging to the Minster in 1500, are given twenty-one copes of purple velvet with gold ornaments, but no purple copes of other material, nor any sets of Vestments of this colour.
1 Vestmentt de nigro worsitt for Requiem. Test. Ebor iii. 227. John of Gaunt's will.
Moun entier vestiment de carnaca noir à deserver pour Messe de Requiem.
Fabric Rolls, 306. Inventory taken in the reign of Edward VI.One
cope of black cloth of gold for obites.
OTHER COLOURS MENTIONED. 1. At the altar of S. Anne, S. Anthony, and S. Crux
Unum bonum vestimentum coloris crocei de serico. 2. At the altar of the Holy Innocents
One vestimente of yawlow. 3. At the altar of S. Cuthbert
One of violet damask. Of these probably the yellow was used indifferently with green, and the violet with black or purple. So it is laid down in the Exeter Rule of Colours given in MS. Lansdowne, 451. British Museum, and elsewhere :
Color croceus et viridis pro eodem habentur.
In the list of Vestments belonging to the Cathedral of York, soon after A.D. 1500 (Fabric Rolls, p. 228), are found
Copes. White, 84.
At the altar of All Saints-
Una coopertura pro Quadragesima alba.
A blew vestement with two dalmatickes for Lent. Test. Ebor iv. 178—
Volo quod comparetur unum vestimentum album operis Quadragesimalis ad deserviendam Ecclesiæ par. de Rudstan, cui olim præfui vicarius, singulis temporibus Quadragesimalibus.
Feasts OF THREE LECTIONS seem to have reckoned only as Ferial days.
Fabric Rolls, 276. At the Altar of St. Andrew were
Vestimenta sufficientia pro Duplicibus, pro Novem Lectionibus, pro feriis.
Ibid., 983. At the Altar of St. Edward in A.D. 1360 were
Unum vestimentum pro Festis Duplicibus, unum vestimentum pro Novem Lectionibus : tertium Feriale.
The following entries in the same volumes with respect to books used in Churches in the Diocese of York, which were not. of York Use, are curious :
Fabric Rolls, 254. At the Church of Larethorp (Layerthorpe, a suburb of York)—
Missale non est de usu Ebor.
Missale, sed est insufficiens, quia non de usu.
Among the Wills are the following legacies of books according to the Use of Sarum, to York Churches,
I. 190. Lego Ecclesiæ meæ de Prestecote (in S. Lancashire) unum Portiphorium magnum notatum usus Sarum.
II. 125. Lego uni Ecclesiarum de Herdeby (Harby, near Nottingham), Plomgarth, Barkeston (in Elmet), et Redwrell, maxime indigenti, unum librum Portiforium nostrum de usu Sarum pro summo altari.
Ibid., 39. Lego Ecclesiæ parochiali de Easington unum Missale de usu Sarum pro summo altari.
Ibid., 181. Lego Ecclesiæ parochiali de Gedelyng (Nottingham) unum Missale, unum Processionale et unum Manuale secundum usum Sarum, et unum novum Gradale.
III. In the List of Articles belonging to the Chapel of Thomas Morton, Canon Residentiary of York, occur, besides books of York Use
Unum magnum Portiferium de usu Sarum.
Unum parvum Portiferium de usu Sarum.
Unum Portiferium de usu Sarum.
IV. 143. Archbishop Rotherham gave to the College he founded at Rotherham
2 Missals, one of York, the other of Sarum Use.
In IV. 75. Robert Bellamy, Master of S. Leonard's Hospital, York, directs
Et dicti presbyteri (Ecclesiæ ubi contingit me sepeliri) dicent in dies Exsequias cum Laudibus et commendatione secundum ordinem Sarum.
The following Editions of the York Missal are mentioned :
(1.) York Fabric Rolls, 294. At the Altar of S. Mary Magdalen, at some date subsequent to 1520
Item a noder MS. boke pryntid, incipit “Sti." A suggestion of Mr. W. H. Allnutt, of the Bodleian Library, appears to explain this correctly, that it was an imperfect copy of the 1517 4to York Missal, which commences on fol. A vi.“ sti me Ego Dominus." (2.) Ibid., p. 301, date A.D. 1520.
Missale pressum ex dono M. Colyns 2do folio mine. This is Violette's edition, Rouen (without a date). (3.) Ibid., p. 303, date A.D. 1520, 1521.
Missale impressum secundo folio virtute. This does not correspond with any of the known editions of the Missal. It must therefore be set down as an edition of which no copy is known to remain.
(4.) Ibid., p. üü. Among the Expensæ minutæ. A.D. 1543, 1544.
For thre processioners in Englishe, 12d.
The Rev. S. Greatheed has again been kind enough to take charge of the Plain Chant in this Volume. So much only, it should be said, of the Plain Chant, either in case of the Manual or of the Processional, will be found in this volume, as has appeared to possess sufficient interest to make its reprint desirable.
I subjoin a literal translation of the Anglo-Saxon Rubrics in the Form for the Visitation of the Sick, pp. 1808-186*, for which I am indebted to the Rev. W. Buckley, late Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Oxford :
Page 180*.-Here beginneth the Order of Visiting or Anointing the Sick. First, the priest should hallow water with ashes of the vine outside the house, and when they be gone in within the house of the sick man should they say thrice,“ Par huic domui," and thea begin the Antiphon, “A sperges me," and then sprinkle the water over the sick and over his house, singing the Psalm, “ Miserere mei Deus."
Page 181*.-Afterwards by the sick man shall his confession be declared, and afterwards then a litany (i.e., after that a litany).
Page 183*.-Then the priest should work Christ's rood-token with the holy water and with the ashes over his breast, and lay on haircloth (sackcloth) or woollen, and smear him with the holy oil, and others between them sing the psalms that are here appointed.
Page 114*.- When the sick man is anointed on the outlines of the mouth and on the forehead, and on the temples and on his face (or nose), then should the priest say tbis prayer.
When thou anointest the eyes, this prayer.
Page 185*.—When thou anointest the hands without (i.e., the back of the hands) this prayer.
When thou anointest the feet, this prayer.
Wheresoever the sore aileth most, there let man anoint the more. · After the anointing, these prayers.
Let him taste then of God's body and blood, thus saying.
Page 186*.-All these things being thus completed, the priests should say these prayers over the sick, as many as there may be separately. If there then a bishop be, his service is this.
It now only remains for me to express my gratitude for the kindness which has been shown by the loan of valuable Manuscripts and old Printed Books in aid of this reprint of Ancient Offices, especially by the Deans and Chapters of York, Ripon, and Hereford ; by Sir John Lawson, of Brough Hall; to the Rector of Stonyhurst College, and the President and Fellows of St. John's College, Oxford. I have also to thank for much valuable assistance the Rev. H. O. Coxe, Bodley's Librarian ; the Rev. Canon Simmons; the Rev. James Raine; and the Rev. W. Buckley, both in indicating sources of information and in verifying results.
W. G. HENDERSON.
GRAMMAR School, LEEDS,
June 25th, 1875.